laura wallace

venresdi  asked:

When a son of a noble inherits a lord title, what would be the position of his (younger) brother? Is he important? How much can he inherit after their father? Is he dependent on the oldest brother?

One might think this is an easy thing to answer, but titles are a science in and of themselves.

If we are talking about Great Britain, which I will assume we are, then the younger brother would not be a so called “peer” but a “commoner”. Peerage goes from father to son, if there is a son to inherit the title. (Some peerage is created “for life” and not hereditary and in the case of no son you would have to look at the direct linage, but let’s not go there). Below are the courtesy titles. These are possible titles before the oldest son inherits his peerage title from his father.

  • The eldest son of a Duke can adopt the title of Marquess, the younger son/s would be Lord (first name, last name).
  • The eldest son of a Marquess can adopt the title of Earl, the younger son/s would be Lord (first name, last name).
  • The eldest son of a Earl can adopt the title of Viscount, the younger son/s would be The Honourable (first name, last name).
  • For sons of Viscounts and Barons, all their sons would be The Honourable (first name, last name).[1]

The oldest son inherits the title. A younger son does not, instead he would have a courtesy titles (as long as nothing were to happen to the oldest son).

So, in short, no; a younger son would not be important when it comes to peerage but he would have some form of title as seen above. Your character, the younger son, would not have a special position beyond the fact that he belongs to the aristocrat. He will not have a seat in the House of Lords, for example. (But he is allowed one in the House of Commoners). If your story takes place in the Middle Ages, he might pursue knighthood. If it takes place in the 1700 or 1800s, he might try to work towards a career as perhaps a lawyer or a politician. 

As for what the younger son inherits, it’s the older son who inherits the estate and the land. Few countries had such a strict primogeniture as Britain and while other countries would divide inheritance between at least the sons, in Britain all of it went to the oldest son. However, since the twelfth and thirteenth centuries landowners made use of the maritagium - which meant that the landowner could donate land to daughters but also younger sons once they married. In the fourteenth century the maritagium became an entail and the landowner could more freely decide what was to happen to his land after his death. [2] How much “money”, to make it simple, the rest of the children would inherit would differ. It depended on the settlement which would be made on a sliding scale and take into account numer of children and the money in total as well as what is to be inherited to the oldest. [3] So, once you decide how much the family is worth, you can decide how much your characters will inherit.

Hope that helps, good luck with your writing!

Signed, Captain.

[1] Laura A. Wallace. “Courtesy Tittles”

[2] Eileen Spring. Law, Land, and Family: Aristocratic Inheritance in England 1300 to 1800. London: The University of North Carolina Press, 1993. 68-69.

[3] Ibid. 77.

Brain-spark needed: Halloween

I have left this till very late indeed … but I need to figure out a pop-culturey Halloween costume. I’d like it to be suited to my age (43) and I want it to be A) recognizable and B) something I can walk in. Last year I went as Joyce from Stranger Things – it was awesome – but I can’t think of anything like that to do this year. Help??? Bonus points if it’s a couples costume that I can get my tall, lanky H to go in on (he’ll commit fully, if he likes the idea; last year he went as a [very thin] Hopper to my Joyce, and we have also been H.I. and Ed McDonough, etc.). M&S are unfortunately out, because we did that years ago and we don’t do repeats. booooooo!
Who Won Science Fiction’s Hugo Awards, and Why It Matters
After a group of fans tried to guarantee a whiter, more male slate, most of the big Hugos instead went to "No Winner."

A fascinating, in-depth look at the issues around this year’s Hugos and how the outcome relates to fandom, the broader “culture wars,” privilege, race, gender and more. 

u15 recall

101 Gavina Zuccarello Southern England
105 Lauren Clarke Ulster
106 Clare Murray Macritchie New England USA
108 Natalie Vesergom Ulster/MidAtlantic
109 Lisa Gaughran Leinster
121 Ellena Nsajja Southern England
122 Hannah McGowan Munster
126 Roisin Naughton Connacht
136 Ella McCabe Southern England
137 Caroline Murphy MidAtlantic 
140 Hannah Mazzei MidAmerica
143 Georgia McCann Leinster
150 Olivia Gough Ulster/MidAtlantic
156 Niamh Fitzgerald Connacht
163 Olivia Sewell Ulster
165 Anna-Rose King Southern England
166 Ellie Cullen Midlands
169 Marina Flatley-Griffin MidAmerica
173 Caroline Leeber New England
183 Kate Lyons Munster
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186 Mikaela Wallace Ulster
187 Laura Best Ulster/MidAtlantic
190 Alannah Lynch Leinster
196 Margaret Nowakowski MidAmerica
200 Eleanor Burke Connacht
201 Saoirse Deboy Southern USA
204 Paidin Wilson New England USA
209 Kyra Carey Ulster
210 Amy Maher Munster
214 Ela Kohen-Murray Connacht
219 Shannon Flanagan Northwest England
222 Olivia Drury Southern England
238 Gianna Cheeseman MidAtlantic
245 Ava McLaughlin Ulster ** START NUMBER FOR SET ROUND
249 Aoife Galvin Leinster
255 Livvi Place Northeast England
259 Julia O'Rourke Ulster/MidAtlantic 
261 Orla Dunne Northwest England
262 Amanda Hansen MidAtlantic 
263 Abigail Monaghan Southern England
265 Abbie Turner Munster
271 Rebecca Seery Leinster
273 Brooke Romeo MidAtlantic 
276 Ciara-Mae Crone Western Australia
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284 Skylar Jenks MidAtlantic 
285 Laura Johnston Connacht
288 Julia Sullivan Eastern Canada
289 Ciara Horan Munster