latinos in science

10 Amazing Latin@s in STEM

Luis Federico Leloir (born 1906. Paris, France)

Argentine biochemist received Nobel Prize in chemistry for his discovery of metabolic pathways in lactose.

Jacinto Convit Garcia (born 1913. Caracas, Venezuela)

A Venezuelan physician, he developed a vaccine to fight leprosy and conducted studies to cure different types of cancer. He was nominated for the Nobel Prize in medicine in 1988.

Ellen Ochoa (born 1958. Los Angeles, CA)

Ochoa became the first Hispanic woman in space aboard the space shuttle Discovery in 1993. She is also an inventor and pioneer of spacecraft technology.

Arnaldo Tamayo Mendez (born 1942. Guantanamo, Cuba)

Member of the Soyuz 38 Crew. Became the first Cuban and first Latin American in space in 1980.

Helen Rodriguez Trias (born 1929, NYC)

Puerto Rican-American pediatrician. Became first Latina president of the American Public Health Association. Helped expand the range of public heath services for women and children in minority and low income groups. 

Jose Hernandez (born 1962. French Camp, CA)

Mexican-American engineer and NASA astronaut. Helped develop a digital mammography imaging system. First person to tweet in spanish from space. (also a UCSB graduate, go gauchos!)

Guillermo Gonzalez Camarena (born 1917, Guadalajara)

Mexican electrical engineer and inventor of early color television transmission system. Brought color television to Mexico. A television system similar to his was used by NASA in 1979 aboard Voyager to take pictures of Jupiter.

Nitza Margarita Cintron (born 1950. San Juan, Puerto Rico)

Puerto Rican scientist and chief of space medicine and health care systems at NASA’s Johnson Space Center. Served as project scientist for Space Lab 2 mission in the 1980s

Mario J Molina (born 1943. Mexico City)

Currently a professor at UCSD , he received the Nobel Prize in chemistry in 1995 for his role in the discovery of the threat to the Earth’s ozone from chlorofluorocarbon gasses (CFCs).

Martha E. Bernal (born 1931. San Antonio)

Mexican-American psychologist and first Latina to receive a psychology PhD in the United States. Promoted diversity in the field of psychology.

Happy Birthday, Cam'ron!

Cameron Ezike Giles (born February 4, 1976), better known by his stage name Cam'ron (formerly Killa Cam), is an American rapper and actor from Harlem, New York City, NY. He is the de facto leader of East Coast Hip-hop groups The Diplomats (also known as Dipset), and The U.N. (Us Now).

Cameron Giles was born and raised in Harlem, New York. He went to school at Manhattan Center for Science and Mathematics, where he would meet his long time friends Mase and Jim Jones. He was a promising basketball player alongside Mase, however, he was unable to take advantage of scholarship offers due to his poor academic standing. He instead enrolled in a college in Texas, even without graduating from high school, but soon dropped out and returned to Harlem where he began selling drugs before starting his rap career. He began his musical career in the mid 1990s, rapping alongside Big L, Mase and his cousin Bloodshed in a group called Children of the Corn. However, after Bloodshed’s death in a car accident in 1997, the group disbanded and the remaining members continued solo careers.

Two years before Big L’s murder in 1999, Cam'ron was introduced to The Notorious B.I.G. by Mase who was signed to Bad Boy Records at the time. Biggie was so impressed by Cam'ron that he introduced him to his partner Lance “Un” Rivera who signed Cam'ron to his Untertainment label, distributed by Epic Records. His debut album, Confessions of Fire, was released in a year later, July 1998 and included singles such as “3-5-7” (which was also featured in the movie Woo), and “Horse and Carriage” featuring Mase which reached the R&B Top Ten and just missed out on reaching the pop Top 40. The album achieved gold status and made the Top 10 of both the pop and R&B charts.

In 2000, Cam'ron was working with music executive Tommy Mottola and released his second album S.D.E. (Sports Drugs & Entertainment) on Sony/Epic Records. With features from Destiny’s ChildJuelz SantanaJim JonesN.O.R.E., and producer Digga, it included the relatively successful singles, “Let Me Know” and “What Means The World To You”. The album reached Number 2 on the R&B/Hip-Hop Albums chart, and Number 14 on the Billboard 200.

After demanding a release from Sony/Epic Records, Cam'ron signed with his childhood friend and new manager Damon Dash to Roc-A-Fella Records in 2001, alongside artists such as Jay-ZBeanie SigelFreeway and Memphis Bleek. A reported $4.5 million record deal was agreed upon with and Damon Dash and his Roc-A-Fella partners Kareem Biggs and Jay-Z in the form of a record advance.[3] His third and most successful album Come Home With Me was released in 2002 featuring guests such as Jay-ZBeanie Sigel, andMemphis Bleek, and production from Just BlazeKanye West and The Heatmakerz. It included the hit singles “Oh Boy” and “Hey Ma”, which both featured The Diplomats newest member and protégé, Juelz Santana. The album achieved platinum status and served as a stepping stone for Cam'ron’s group The Diplomats to sign with Roc-A-Fella.

In 2003 Cam'ron teamed up with his fellow Diplomats Members Jim JonesJuelz Santana, and Freekey Zeeky to release the Diplomats’ debut double disc album, Diplomatic Immunity, in 2003 under Roc-A-Fella/Diplomat Records, which was quickly certified gold by the RIAA. The album featured the lead single “Dipset Anthem,” a remix to Cam'rons hit “Hey Ma” and the (street anthem) single “I Really Mean It,” as well as boasting production from Kanye WestJust Blaze, and The Heatmakerz. A year later, the Diplomats released their second album, Diplomatic Immunity 2. Although not as successful as their debut, it still was boosted to gold status. Around this time in the height of his mainstream fame, Cam'ron was known for popularizing the color pink. During this period, Cam'ron was always seen wearing pink clothing and even bought an all pink Range Rover which can be seen in his video for “Killa Cam”. Cam'ron’s fourth studio album, Purple Haze, was released on December 7, 2004 on Def Jam/Roc-A-Fella Records. It featured collaborations withKanye WestJaheimTwistaJuelz Santana, and various other artists and ultimately reached gold status. The album was also a critical success, being ranked 114th on Pitchfork Media’s Top 200 Albums of the first decade of the 21st century List, and 10th on Rhapsody’s Hip Hop’s Best Albums Of The Decade List. However, after feeling that the album was poorly promoted and that his projects were not receiving the attention they deserved, Cam'ron requested his release from Roc-A-Fella Records.

On April 28, 2005, Cam'Ron officially joined the Warner Music Group under the Asylum Records imprint. He began work on what would be his first project for the new label. Cam'ron’s fifth studio album, entitled Killa Season, was released on May 16, 2006 featuring production from long term collaborators The Heatmakerz, Charlmagne and Ty Fyffe, as well as others such as Alchemist and I.N.F.O.. Along with the album, Cam'ron released his first film, in which he wrote, directed and starred in, also titled “Killa Season”. Despite selling 112,000 units in the first week and debuting at #2 on the charts, Killa Season failed to have the same sales strength as his two previous releases and failed to reach gold or platinum status quickly, Eventually, Killa Season became certified gold.

After the release of Killa Season and his feud with 50 Cent in 2007, Cam'ron took a three year hiatus from music after his mother suffered three strokes which left her paralyzed on her left side. He moved to Florida with her to set up her rehabilitation and therapy, and stayed there until she had fully recovered. Cam'ron’s 2009 album, Crime Pays was released on Asylum/Diplomat Records, featuring the majority of the production handled by Skitzo and AraabMuzik. Although none of the singles managed to chart, the album still reached Number 3 on the Billboard 200 but only sold 150,000 units, making this the lowest selling album of his career. In 2009 Cam'ron formed a new label, Dipset West, and new group, The U.N..

In late 2009/early 2010, Cam'ron released a series of mixtapes hosted by DJ Drama called “Boss of All Boses” which featured his new upcoming artist Vado. He has also released an album with Vado entitled Cam'ron & The U.N. Presents: “Heat in Here Vol 1; the first single off the album was "Speaking Tongues” which peaked at number 82 on the U.S. R&B charts. Cam'ron announced that he would be releasing a joint album with his new group The U.N.. called “Gunz n’ Butta”. After 3 years Cam'ron & Jim Jones have decided to start working on a third installment of the Diplomatic Immunity album along with other Diplomat artists such as Juelz Santana & Freekey Zekey. Cam'ron announced that the Diplomat album’s release will take place around Christmas 2010. The first single featuring the reunited Diplomat members is called “Salute”. Produced by upcoming Diplomat producer AraabMuzik, the track was rumored to appear on Jim Jones next album Capo. He was featured on the song “The Bluff” off Wiz Khalifa’s second studio album ONIFC. His next studio album Killa Season 2 will be released in 2013. The album will feature guest appearances from Dipset, T.I., Nicki Minaj, and Wiz Khalifa. Prior to that he released a mixtape titled, Ghetto Heaven Vol 1 on October 1, 2013.

In 2003, Cam'ron went on to appear in the Damon Dash produced film, Paid in Full, in which he played one of three main characters alongside Mehki Phifer and Wood Harris. In 2006 started shooting his movie for his album entitled Killa Season, the film would mark both Cam'ron’s screenwriting and directorial debuts, as well as his return to acting. Killa Season was released to DVD on April 25, 2006, after a special two-day theatrical release.

Although there had been rumors of a beef between the two emcees, Cam'ron went public first with a track on “Killa Season” called “You Gotta Love It (Jay-Z Diss)” featuring ex-Dipset member Max B. In the song, Cam'ron takes jabs at Jay-Z’s age, his alleged “biting” (stealing) of lyrics, and his current girlfriend. He references Jay-Z using The Notorious B.I.G.’s rhymes, rapping “You ain’t the only one with big wallets got it my shit’s brolick but ya publishing should go to Miss Wallace.” He then released another song “Swagger Jacker (Biter Not a Writer)” to highlight the many songs Jay-Z has borrowed lines from. In the next issue of XXL, Cam'ron explained the beef originated when Jay-Z became CEO and President of Roc A Fella Records. In 2010 Cam'ron stated he does not have any issues with Jay-Z anymore.

On February 1, 2007, Cam'ron and 50 Cent had a live argument on The Angie Martinez Show on Hot 9 radio. 50 Cent commented that Koch Entertainment was a “graveyard”, meaning major record labels would not work with their artists. Cam'ron then ridiculed the record sales of G-Unit members Lloyd Banks and Mobb Deep by stating that Jim Jones outsold their albums despite being signed to an independent label and that his group, The Diplomats, had a distribution deal from several labels. Both rappers released “diss” songs with videos on YouTube. 50 Cent suggested in “Funeral Music” that Cam'ron is no longer able to lead The Diplomats and that Jim Jones should take his place. Cam'ron responded with “Curtis” and “Curtis Pt. II”, in which he makes fun of 50 Cent’s appearance, calling him “a gorilla, with rabbit teeth”. 50 Cent responded by releasing “Hold On” with Young Buck. Since 2009, the feud between the two has seemed to calm down.

During this time Cam'ron was not speaking to his fellow Diplomat members Juelz Santana and Jim Jones, leading to speculation that the group had broken up. However, despite admitting that he did not want to contact Jim Jones, he said that he had no hard feelings towards him. In an interview with Miss Info, Cam'ron said: “I still haven’t spoken to Jim. But Jim ran with me for over 10 years, he worked hard, and I wish him the best of luck. Everybody thinks I’m mad at Jim. Why am I mad? I told people for years that Jimmy was gonna be a star. So its better on my resume. I wish him the best.” But After three years of not speaking, Cam'ron and Jim Jones mended their differences in April 2010. In late 2011, both appeared together on Wolfgang Gartner’s album Weekend in America, on the track “Circus Freaks.”

After it was evident to the fans that The Diplomats had separated and were no longer on speaking terms, Cam'ron explained in an interview that he was scared for Juelz Santana stating he was “addicted to the drink Sizzurp” and even talked to his mother about his possible “addiction”. Juelz Santana responded back by asking why Cam'ron would say false accusations. Additionally, with The Diplomats seeming to be broken up and diminished, Cam'ron decided to sell Juelz Santana’s contract from Diplomat Records to Def Jam Records for $2,000,000. However, Juelz Santana said there were no hard feelings between the two and that they have since reconciled.

Both Cam'ron and Jim Jones took out their frustrations on former label-mate Kanye West in defense of former CEO Dame Dash by releasing a song entitled “Toast” rhyming over Kanye West’s song “Runaway”. Saying “And Kanye, you a sucker nigga / Dissed Dame, so my attitude is "fuck a nigga” / Sucka Jigga how you gone live with that / Took ya beat now come get it back". Despite this diss-track, when asked in an interview on Hot 97 with Funkmaster Flex of his take on the subject, Kanye responded by saying “Man, you don’t understand how much I love Dipset. But it’s so necessary; Dipset is so necessary. ”Additionally, Kanye said he understands that people do not agree with the way he does certain things and he, himself, does not even agree with some of the stuff he’s done. Currently, neither Cam'ron nor Jim Jones have responded back. The feud has later ended, since Cam'ron, Jim Jones, and Kanye West collaborated on a song called “Christmas in Harlem”.

On October 23, 2005, Cam'ron was leaving a nightclub in Washington D.C., having performed the day before at Howard University. While stopped at a traffic light at the intersection of New York and New Jersey Avenue shortly after midnight, a passenger of a nearby car threatened Cam'ron to “give up” his 2006 Lamborghini. Cam'ron resisted, and the man then shot him. Cam'ron was struck at least once as he was holding the steering wheel, but he was able to drive, going the wrong way on streets and flashing his lights, until a fan drove him to Howard University Hospital. The gunman and passenger fled and crashed into a parked car and fled the scene. D.C. Metro Police recovered a cell phone from the scene of the crash, which they tried to use to trace the suspects. He stated that he does not know who shot him.

On April 22, 2007, Cam'ron was interviewed on 60 Minutes as part of a piece on the Stop Snitchin' movement. He also stated that he would “not help the police” try to locate the shooter saying he is “not a snitch” and helping the police would probably hurt his record sales. He stated in the interview, “Because with the type of business I’m in, it would definitely hurt my business. And the way that I was raised, I just don’t do that. I was raised differently, not to tell…It’s about business but it’s still also a code of ethics”“ When asked by Anderson Cooper if he would tell the police if a serial killer was living next to him, Cam'ron replied "I would probably move,” but would not inform the police.

After the 60 Minutes interview aired, Cam'ron received a lot of media criticism for his statements.

Cam'ron later issued an apology for his comments, calling it an “error in judgement”: "Where I come from, once word gets out that you’ve cooperated with the police that only makes you a bigger target of criminal violence. That is a dark reality in so many neighborhoods like mine across America. I’m not saying its right, but its reality. And it’s not unfounded. There’s a harsh reality around violence and criminal justice in our inner cities.“ Cam'ron has had contact with the police in the past. According to The Smoking Gun, New York Police Department records indicate that Giles filed a police report with police after he was assaulted at a park in Harlem in 1999.

Black on Black Love is Important.

Black Males loving and Building lasting relationships with Black Females. As Well as Strong Black Brotherhood and Black Sisterhood.

Perhaps the scariest thing about Donald Trump supporters is when you realize (through FB or in casual office conversation or whatever) that you know one. “Wait, oh, fuck, he got to you too? No! Why? Aaaaaahhhhhh!!!!” It’s like Invasion of the Body Snatchers. Only real.

anonymous asked:

hartmon high school au tho

“You’re doing it wrong," should really be the title of Hartley Rathaway’s autobiography, in Cisco’s opinion. It would probably be a New York Times bestseller, not that Hartley needs any more fame or fortune than he already has. He certainly doesn’t need anything else inflating his ego, either; he’s unbelievable sometimes — which is actually all the time, if Cisco’s being perfectly honest.

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Holiday In Arizona (Flash Fiction)

Holiday In Arizona
story by ShaunWrites / art by Pati

The day a girl becomes a woman always comes so suddenly. Acceloright Robotics recommended that Nate schedule that day sometime between Dyna’s fourteenth and fifteenth power cycle. That way, they could replace her childhood frame with parts that would grow with her into adulthood and switch out her 14 year-old dust trap for a clean one at the same time. A poorly-maintained dust trap, after all, was the most common way to die before your 15th cycle.

Nate had packed sandwiches for the long ride through the desert to the Acceloright Maintenance and Wellness facility. Dyna sat in the passenger seat, looking out the window, counting cacti. 

“Did you remember your ID?” Nate asked. 


“You have a pen? Just in case you need to write something down.”


“And when you get in there, if there’s anything wrong with the appointment…”

“I know, okay? I’ll take care of it.”

“…call me alright? I’ll talk to them. I’ll handle it.”

“I got it. It’s not going to be a problem.”

“They’re just getting so sloppy over there. I remember when you could get an appointment easy, and then, when you got there… no problems. Now? Forget about it. I’m thinking about cancelling this appointment and taking you to Reno instead.”

“They’re just fine over here.”

“Okay. Well we’ll see when you get inside.”

“You have your ID?”

“You already asked. I said yes.”

Dyna counted her 912th cactus before she realized how hot she was. She pointed the car’s air vents at her face and cranked the fan up full blast. She had defective pores, so she needed to prepare for when they’d have to turn off the AC while going up the desert hills. 

“You see all the new construction out here?” Nate asked.

“What new construction?” All Dyna saw were cracked desert flats and cacti.

“That strip mall we passed by about 20 minutes ago. That whole lot wasn’t there last time we came out here. Remember that?”

“Haha, you mean when the car nearly exploded?”

“It just overheated –“

She laughed. “No seriously, when a car just stops, that means it ‘overheated.’ The car sounded straight-up angry.”

“I wouldn’t drive you in a car that I thought was ever going to explode.”

“I know. I’m just joking…”

“You were little. You thought it was funny.”

“It was.”

He sighed. “I kept the air conditioner on because I know you get hot. I would break down a million times before I let you overheat.”

“I know.”

Nate suddenly derailed the conversation. “You have something on your face.”


“Yes you do. Look at the mirror.”

Dyna took the mirror out of the glove box and checked. "Come on, it’s like a little thing, okay? Like a tiny, little eye crusty.“

"Did you wash your face this morning?”

“Of course, I did.”

“Why do you sound like that?”

“Because you’re accusing me of not washing my face. Like basic hygiene.”

“If you did, you wouldn’t have that in your eyes, would you?” Nate paused. 

Dyna hoped he’d lose interest and stop lecturing. He didn’t.

“Always take care of how you look. Look good. Clear your pores. You know how important it is to clear your pores.”

“I just want to go to sleep for the rest of the ride, can I do that?”

“You’re sitting in the passenger seat, now. It’s not like when you were younger, and you could sleep in the back. The person who’s in that seat needs to be watching the road.”

“Then pretend that you’re driving by yourself then.”

“What if we get into an accident?” Nate looked over and saw Dyna slouched in her seat, eyes closed. “No, open your eyes.”

Dyna counted her 2428th cactus. It was one of those saguaro ones: huge and prickly, with two hands thrown up in the air. It kinda reminded her of her dad. 

“I made sandwiches.” Nate said.


Nate looked over. Dyna’s arms were folded. She stared out her window brows furrowed, scowl-faced. 

Nate continued: "I thought we could stop off and eat them soon. Stretch our legs.” He paused waiting for Dyna to say something. "There’s not really anything around to eat for another couple hours until we get to the complex.“

She didn’t respond.

"Mom would be so excited if she were here right now, you know? This is a big day,” he said looking straight ahead at the road.


“What’s the matter? You not feeling well? Do we have to pull over?”


“You afraid you’re gonna fall behind because you’re missing school?”

Finally, she turned and made eye-contact.  "Am I going to be alright after this treatment?“

"This is just a routine thing, you know? Same thing as every year except this time they’re using longer lasting parts that will grow with you.”

“So I’m going to be normal now? I won’t have to do the maintenance anymore?”

“This is completely normal. All girls like you have to do this when you get this age. There isn’t anything that’s all that different, or scary, or dangerous about today.”

“But after this, I’m never gonna have to come back, yeah?”

“Well…” he trailed off.

She interrupted: “I mean, only if I get sick or something.”

“…It all depends on what they say once you get there.”

“These drives are just a lot weirder now,” she said not looking up until about a minute of silence had passed.  Dyna read Nate’s face. He looked like he just got punched in the gut.

“I’m just trying to do right, Dyna. You know I would never do anything or take you anywhere that was going to hurt you.”

“No, no, it’s not you. And it’s not mom not being here. I know that’s what you think I mean.” She stopped and took a moment to think. She needed words for what she was feeling. “It’s like… I’m sick. I feel like a sick person because I have to do all this stuff, and nobody else I know does. Like all my friends don’t have to go here, and get taken apart, and lie around in bed afterwards for two days. Like I don’t have any friends who are Skins, so it’s not like I can talk to my friends about this stuff.”

“I told you not to use that word.”

“It’s not a bad word.”

“It is a bad word.”

“Well, people don’t use it like a bad word anymore.”

“Things are different now, but not that different. So I don’t want you saying that word. And you don’t let anyone call you that.”

“Okay, yeah sure. But I mean. I just feel like it’s weird being the only person I know who has to do this.”

“You want me stop paying all that money I pay for private school and send you to the Acceloright school instead, so you can be with everyone else like you?”

“No, that’s not what I’m saying.”

“Because you know that’s the only school they’ll let you go to.”

“I know.”

“And you know what happens when you go there, right? No future.”

“I know.”

“So I don’t understand.”

“I just wanna know if they can do something so I don’t have to ever go back anymore, like at all. Like, right now I have to make up excuses why I took three days off, so no-one will laugh at me.”

“That’s good you didn’t tell anyone. Don’t tell anyone your business. Except for your family. It’s just the two of us now, alright? If I die tomorrow, remember, don’t trust anyone with your business.”

“Everyone at school thinks this is weird.”

“This isn’t weird, Dyna. Be a leader, not a follower. You don’t know what these kids did to get the things they have.” Nate paused to check his rear view mirror. “You might think you’re sick because you have to do this, but one day, they’re going to get sick – really sick – and you’re not.” He stopped for a second, but it was clear he wanted to keep talking. “You were just telling me last week about how everyone was out from school because of chickenpox. And you can’t get the chickenpox… See everyone is just different.”

“Can you just ask and see if the people at the Center can do something to make this the last time I have to come back?”

Nate paused and thought about it. “I’ll ask.”

“No, really ask. Promise me. Okay?”

Dyna saw Nate check the time on the dashboard. She read the big green highway sign on the side of the road. Whenever they reached that sign, Dyna knew they were only about 150 miles out. “Your mom would be really proud of you right now.”

“I know.”

“I’m not looking forward to when you turn sixteen, you know?”

“How come?”

“You get your driver’s license.”


“So I won’t be able to drive you out here anymore.” Nate turned off a side road to find a good place to stop the car. “I know you hate it, but driving around – out here with you – it’s something I look forward to every year…”

“Yeah, well…”

“I’m gonna call the Center and see if they have any long-term or permanent maintenance options when we stop for lunch. Okay?”

“Thanks, dad.”

“I made sandwiches.”

“Yeah, what kind?”

“Did you remember your ID? Double check." 

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Diego Luna Joins ‘Star Wars Anthology: Rogue One’

“Director Gareth Edwards has found another rebel fighter to battle the Empire in “Star Wars: Rogue One.” Sources tell Variety that Diego Luna is in talks for a lead role alongside  Felicity Jones and Riz Ahmed, with Ben Mendelsohn set to star as the film’s primary villain. Disney and Lucasfilm had no comment on the casting.

At a panel with Edwards and Lucasfilm president Kathleen Kennedy at the recent Star Wars Celebration convention in Anaheim, Edwards revealed that the plot of “Rogue One” revolves around the heist of the Death Star plans by a group of rebel fighters, with Jones starring as one of the rebel soldiers. Sources say Ahmed and Luna also play rebel fighters.

The film will take place between Episode III and Episode IV, but closer chronologically to “A New Hope.” It’s set to bow December 16, 2016…”

Read the whole article at  variety

I have no interest in recruiting under-respresented minorities (women, black americans, native americans and latino americans) into the sciences. Every time i think about it I think of that MLK quote about integrating people into a burning house. The environment is toxic and I can’t, in good conscious, tell people to subject themselves to it because"science need people like them.“ They should do it because they love it, because they’re one of the best, and because they wouldn’t be happy doing anything else. But unless they’re at a few specific places, they will be devalued and isolated and excluded. I’m not going to lie about that. 

If they try it and they decide its too hard, its not worth it, they could do something easier for more money and respect, I’ll tell them to do that in a heart beat. Because all of that is true. It takes longer to be fully fledged scientist than it does to be doctor (5 yrs PhD on average, plus a 3-4 year post doc before anyone in industry or academia will consider hiring you, and the time lines on those are only getting longer). If they want to persevere I will respect that, but if they leave, I will respect that too, because they did what was best for them. 

People are always talking about a "leaky pipeline” when it comes to under-represented minorities in science. That people start, but they don’t finish, or they finish, but don’t go to the next level, or they go to the next level but ultimately change careers. Thats the problem. Not that there aren’t enough people interested in those fields to begin with. But as long as we pretend that the problem is people not going into the field, we don’t have to examine problems within the field. The issue is “them” not “us”. 

So when I say I’m interested in developing programs to increase diversity in science, I’m not talking about outreach. I’m talking about lifting up the people who are already here. I’m talking about giving them support, easing their burdens, and educating the people around them. That’s the work that needs to be done. Not telling highschoolers that science is great and setting a few hydrogen balloons on fire.