Latin Lesson: The Chocobros
By popular request, I created a post detailing the Latin in Final Fantasy XV. The post was so long, however, I decided to split the post to make it easier on the eyes and the brain. Thus, I will be covering the Final Fantasy XV Latin over several lessons. Perhaps once a week?
In any case, our first Latin Lesson will be our four Best Boys: Noctis Lucis Caelum, Gladiolus Amicitia, Ignis (Stupeo) Scientia, and Prompto Argentum. As you’ll see across the lessons, “night” and “darkness” are common naming themes in Final Fantasy XV. Further, pay extra attention to Noctis’ name used in phrases and the others’ names as it relates to their personality. ( ͡° ͜ʖ ͡°)
More Latin Lessons
Before we begin, I want to note the pronunciations of Latin in Final Fantasy XV. In most cases—but not all—the characters uses Ecclesiastical Latin pronunciation rather than Classical Latin pronunciation. I made a comparison below; bold indicates the pronunciation the game uses, if any.
Name | Classical | Ecclesiastical | Alternate
Noctis | nohk-tis | nohk-tis
Lucis | loo-kis | loo-sis | loo-shis
Caelum | kahy-loom | tsee-lum | kahy-lum
Gladiolus | gla-dee-ohl-oos | gla-dee-ohl-uhs
Amicitia | ah-mi-kee-tee-ah | ah-mi-tsee-tee-uh
Ignis | ig-nis | i-nis
Stupeo | stoo-pay-oh | stoo-pay-oh
Scientia | skee-en-tee-ah | see-en-shee-uh
Prompto | prohmpt-oh | prohmpt-oh | prompt-oh
Argentum | ahr-ɡehn-toom | ahr-jen-tum
Noctis Lucis Caelum
Noctis: genitive singular of nox.
- nox, noctis (f): night; darkness; blindness; obscurity. nocte, noctū: by night. dē nocte: during the night.
Lucis: genitive singular of lūx; dative plural and ablative plural of lūcus.
- lūx, lūcis (f): light (of the sun, stars, etc.); daylight, day; splendor; eyesight; life; (fig) public view; glory, encouragement, enlightenment. lūce: in the daytime. prīma lūce: at daybreak. lūce carentēs: the dead.
- lūcus, lūcī (m): grove (sacred to a deity); wood.
Caelum: nominative singular, accusative singular, and vocative singular of caelum.
- caelum1 , caelī (nt): heaven; sky; climate, weather, air; (fig) height of success, glory. caelum ac terrās miscēre: create chaos. ad caelum ferre: extol. dē caelō dēlāpsus: a messiah. dē caelō servāre: watch for omens. dē caelō tangī: be struck by lightning. digitō caelum attingere: be in the seventh heaven. in caelō esse: be overjoyed.
- caelum2 , caelī (nt): graving-tool, chisel.
Gladiolus: nominative singular of gladiolus, diminutive of gladius.
- gladiolus, gladiolī (m): small sword, knife.
- gladius, glad(i)ī (m): sword; (fig) murder, death. gladium stringere: draw the sword. suō sibi gladiō iugulāre: beat at his own game.
Amicitia: nominative singular, ablative singular, and vocative singular of amīcitia.
- amīcitia, amīcitiae (f): friendship, alliance, affinity.
Ignis (Stupeo) Scientia
Ignis: nominative singular, genitive singular, vocative singular, and accusative singular of ignis.
- ignis, ignis (m): fire, a fire; firebrand; lightning; brightness, redness; (fig) passion, glow of passion, love.
Stupeo: present active participle of stupeō.
- stupeō, stupēre, stupuī, stupītum: (vi) to be stunned, to benumbered; (vi) to be astonished, to be stupified; (vi) to be brought to a standstill; (vt) to marvel at.
Scientia: nominative singular, genitive singular, and vocative singular of scientia; nominative neuter plural, accusative neuter plural, and vocative neuter plural of sciēns, the present active participle of sciō.
- scientia, scientiae (f): knowledge; understanding, expert knowledge; skill.
- sciēns, scientis (adj): expert, knowledgeable; knowing, purposefully; versed in, acquainted with.
- sciō, scīre, scīvī, scītum (v): to know; to know of; to have skill in; (with infinitive) to know how to. prō certō: know for certain. quod sciam: as far as I know. scītō: you may be sure.
Prompto: dative masculine singular, dative neuter singular, ablative masculine singular, and ablative neuter singular of prōmptus; present active participle of prōmptō. Prōmptus is also a noun which is the present passive participle of prōmō, but neither word has the inflection promptō.
- prōmptus1 , prōmpta, prōmptum (adj): plainly visible, evident; at hand, ready, prompt, quick; resolute; easy; glib, insincere.
- promptō, promptāre (vt): to distribute
- prōmptus2 , prōmptūs (m). in prōmptū sum: be in full view; be obvious; be within easy reach for use.
- prōmō, prōmere, prōmpsī, prōmptum (v): to take, to bring out, to bring forth; to bring into view; to bring out on the stage, to display on the stage; to produce; to disclose, to make known.
Argentum: nominative singular, accusative singular, and vocative singular of argentum.
- argentum, argentī (nt): silver; silver plate; money.
- Marr, V. (ed.). (2003). Collins Latin concise dictionary. HarperCollins Publishers, New York.
- Morwood, J. (ed.). (2005). Oxford Latin desk dictionary. Oxford University Press, New York.