latin nerds

anonymous asked:

Can you write a post explaining German cases please?

If they could be explained in one post, i’m sure we’d all have less problems lmao but i’ll try! 

1. What cases are there? 

German has four cases: Nominativ, Genitiv, Dativ und Akkusativ. (for any Latin nerds: Same as in Latin minus Ablative and Vocative.) 

2. Why are they necessary? 

Well, for once, you’ll need them if you want native speakers to understand what you’re saying. But let’s go a little deeper and compare German to English: 

In English, the meaning depends on the sentence structure. “The man bit the dog” and “The dog bit the man” have very different meanings even though both sentences use the same words - that’s because of the typical SVO-order. In English, the subject generally comes first, then some kind of verb, then the object (there are more difficult cases of course, but let’s not go into that rn). English has very little morphology, meaning that nouns/pronouns/determiners don’t inflect (a lot) depending on the case they’re in. 

In German, you can switch stuff around until you’re dizzy. “Der Hund biss den Mann” and “Den Mann biss der Hund” both mean the same, because “den” indicates that “Mann” is in the Akkusativ, thus he’s the one being bitten, no matter where you put him in the sentence. The case morphology allows a freer sentence order without leading to possible misunderstandings. 

3. So how do I know which case I need? 

This is the moment where it gets more complicated. You can associate the following questions with each case: 

  • Nominativ = Wer oder was? (Who?. The subject of a sentence is always in the nominative case.)
  • Genitiv = Wessen? (Whose?. Typically describes possession or comes as a rule after certain prepositions like “wegen” or verbs like “gedenken”.)

Okay, we can deal with that. Now on to the more difficult stuff: 

  • Dativ = Wem? 
  • Akkusativ = Wen oder was? 

To understand this, some knowledge of grammar is definitely an advantage. Consider the following sentences: 

  • I have a book. = Ich habe ein Buch. 
  • This is all well and nice. Subject (NOM), Verb, Object (AKK). 
  • In English, you would call “a book” a direct object because the verb “to have” is transitive, meaning it carries one object. “I have.” isn’t generally a full sentence and is expected to be followed by an object.

So apparently all our problems are solved with the Akkusativ/direct object. What now? 

  • I give you a book. = Ich gebe dir ein Buch. 
  • This is the critical moment. Subject (NOM), Verb, Object (DAT), Object (AKK). 
  • Suddenly we have two objects because the verb “to give” makes us expect information about what we’re giving (direct object, AKK) and to whom we’re giving it (indirect object, DAT). 
  • Such verbs are called ditransitive, meaning they can carry two objects. Just saying “I give.” leaves us wondering what you’re talking about because we’re missing key information. 
  • English, as explained above, solves this with sentence order by making the indirect object come first or by indicating it with “to” (“I give a book to you”). German solves it with inflection, putting the indirect object in a different case. 
  • That’s why things like “Ein Buch gebe ich dir” and “Dir gebe ich ein Buch” are both possible in German.
  • There are also intransitive verbs which carry either no object at all or just a dative object (“Ich antworte ihm”). 

4. How do I know which verbs carry which object(s)? 

This list will save you.  At some point (once you’ve gotten to a certain level in German), you’ll have a gut feeling about which object(s) to use just from experience. Give it some time! 

5. What about determiners and pronouns? 

I actually think this is less work because it’s one table of endings each, and once you’ve got that down you should be fine. 

side note: As a native speaker and language nerd who loves grammar, it’s hard for me to judge if this was helpful or just confusing as hell. I hope I still answered your question to some extent! If you need more help or have problems with a specific sentence, let me know and i’ll try my best! :) 

Let’s talk some more about Cuban Derek Malik Nurse because this has officially become important for my sanity

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Some curses in Latin

Osculum mihi asinum - kiss my ass

Pedicabo in asino - fuck me in the ass

Futue te ipsum - fuck off

Stercus accidit - shit happens

Lupa - whore (ik this because i accidentally put lupa in a latin test when trying to find the 3io conjugation for lupis)

Deodamnatus - damnit

Mala pituita - nasty nasal drippings

Lambere meus penis, moecha putida - lick my dick, dirty slut

And my personal favourite

FUTUTUS ET MORI IN IGNI - FUCK OFF AND DIE IN A FIRE

ad astra per aspera (a rough road leads to the stars)

@flange5 is terrible because she likes to send me headcanons for headcanons:

Because I am terrible, I’m imagining Tony buying Steve a star every year after he gets out of the ice. Even during the CW. Even after he ‘dies.’ He actually does it twice the year of the brain delete because, well, he doesn’t remember the first time. 

He doesn’t tell Steve. Ever. Especially now that Steve will barely speak to him after the incursions and everything else. But he just can’t help himself. It still feels like such a great metaphor, you know? The perfect light he can’t touch but which is all the better for that. There’s something almost therapeutic about putting Steve’s name, variations of it, his epithets, nicknames, even the stupid things the baddies called him in fights years ago, on the stars. 

Steve actually finds out when it comes up on an astronomy show as a bit of trivia. Even though Tony’s been doing it anonymously, and the show doesn’t say who it was, floating the idea of maybe a fan club or something, when they call him to ask for a comment, he knows immediately, and he doesn’t even know what he says. It must be vaguely acceptable, because they go away.

Your choice where it goes from there, whether Steve at first gets mad and sees it as an attempt to manipulate or buy his way, or if he recognizes it, or if he just misses his friend. 

Or buys him a star and sees if Tony notices. 

I have this total vision of them sending messages in a bottle via stars, neither of them admitting that this is them tentatively rebuilding their friendship. Meanwhile, a few astronomers are following it on twitter, not knowing who is having this epic conversation, but completely shipping it. 

Eventually, they actually have to meet bc heroing, and it’s harder, but they are able to do it.

And later they can literally tell people, should they choose, that (hee) their relationship is written in the stars.

It literally brought tears to my eyes and so I just had to try writing SOMETHING for it. 

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ID #83855

Name: Hanka
Age: 15
Country: Czech Republic

 I’m awkward teen who talks too much for anyone to listen. I’m geeky, sarcastic nerd with love for drawing, reading, TV shows, anime, memes, languages, history and cats. I speak Czech (Slovak) and English, but I study French and Russian, too, and I want to start Latin and Japanese. I’m interested in learning about other languages (the perspective of a native speaker is always so interesting) and cultures. I also “occasionaly” indulge in “deep” talks about meaning of life.

Preferences:  Preferably someone of my age group, as I sometimes get really self-conscious when speaking to someone older than me. Also, I don’t like racist or anti-LGBT+ people.

wittenberg  asked:

yooo right so I know you don't hc Enj with tattoos but I was wondering if you would want to try it just for one sketch? like idk if I've ever seen heavily tatted enjy and I'm in need recently 😘 he's my punk son (I've been thinking abt tattoos a lot lately, partly your fault lol) 💖❤ no worries if you're busy ofc!!

OKAY
so this ask really made me stay there and think about the possibilities
so here it is: an enjolras’ tattoos whole sheet because things really go out of hand (ily chlo, thanks)

as I said… things really got out of hand

  • Ancient Rome, teaching Latin: The third conjugation is evil. It's evil and it hates us.
  • North Italy to South Italy: Just like you!
ID #41960

Name: Leah

Age: 16

Country: Germany

hi! I found this site by a coincidence and since I am interested in making friends from all over the world I thought it would be really good to give it a try!
about me: I’m an introvert and quite nerdy (haha). I like languages although I can only speak German, English and read Latin but I am currently learning Norwegian!
My interests are books (I love reading so much), The Raven Cycle (Maggie Stiefvater in general), Dan and Phil, (YouTube), Skam, series, twenty one pilots, The Legend of Zelda, different cultures, aesthetic stuff and sleeping. (honestly, sleeping is the best).
I’m looking forward to talk to people with the same interests and make friends!! And maybe we could vent to each other about various topics. 

Preferences: Please be nice and open-minded and around the age of 14-19! I would prefer tumblr to talk to each other.

anonymous asked:

hi there, just wondering what "si creabis, fit redunda" means? i google translated it but i don't get it! XD btw, i enjoy your posts a lot, particularly one i think you reblogged about variations on cookies/breads/cakes etc.

It’s the unofficial Stark Family Motto as coined by me and translated into Latin with the aid of several Latin nerds who are bigger Latin nerds than I am. Roughly it means “If it’s worth doing, it’s worth overdoing.” (More literally “If you’re gonna do it, overdo it.”) 

Glad you’re enjoying the blog! 

anonymous asked:

Maybe you can write head canons or a fanfic of an outside perspective on Clace->Jace. Like Alec or Izzy seeing how happy Jace is in a relationship with Clary and their opinion on it

So this is going to do Alec and kind of how he came to understand how Jace really feels about Clary

  • Izzy asks Alec to look for a very specific book on demon venoms in the library for an autopsy she’s working on
  • Alec ends up just wondering the library trying to find it and ends up finding where Jace is helping Clary study up on some shadowhunter stuff
  • They’re sitting really close and he doesn’t want to interrupt but he’s not having luck finding the book and Jace is his best friend so he decides to eavesdrop a little
  • He ducks behind the shelves and looks through the books
  • At first nothing really stood out to him. He spent about 8 years studying with Jace and Jace tudor Izzy a lot so he was kind of used to it.
  • Alec started notice changes in Jace when Clary started teasing him about being a “Latin Nerd” when he was helping her with a translation 
  • Latin was Jace’s favorite subject (Something Alec obviously already knew) and he does get kind of nerdy about it sometimes
  • Clary tells Jace that she thinks it’s cute and to Alec’s absolute shock Jace blushes just a little bit of pink on his cheeks but Alec has never seen him do it before 
  • The two of them kind of flirt back and forth until they eventually forget the studying completely. 
  • The entire time Jace has this big goofy smile on his face that Alec’s only ever seen him give to their family.  
  • And every time Clary touched his hand or his arm Alec could see Jace get more relaxed and comfortable. More relaxed than Alec has seen him in a long time. 
  • Eventually Alec realizes that this is why Jace is drawn to Clary in the first place. There’s something about her that makes Jace feel safe. And while Alec doesn’t fully understand how someone that’s basically a mundane could make him feel that way, he’s thankful that someone does 
Random nerdiness

Did you know: the word photography is actually made up of two Greek root words, photo and graph? Photo means ‘light’ and graph means 'drawing’ so a photograph is a drawing of light!
Funny story time: in my art class this year, we had a visiting photographer come, he started off his speech by saying “can anyone define the word photography for me?’ after a few seconds of everyone looking confused I raised my hand, because I just so happened to have studied this at home with my Greek and Latin root word flash cards! So I raised my hand and gave the definition that you see up there^ and the photographer (and my teacher) just stared for a few seconds, before he told me, 'none of my c o l l e g e students are able to answer that, good job!’ It’s worth noting that I was an eighth grader in middle school at the time, I’ll be a freshman next year, so yeah, now I am really into photography and just bought a $500 camera, and I feel like that’s one of the things that made me love photography.