THE HEART OF OLD SEOUL: The Korean capital may be forward-looking and microchip-fast, yet the traditions of yesteryear meld with modern life in surprisingly graceful ways - photography: Marcus Nilsson - text: Manny Howard - CNTraveler April 2014
Jogyesa Temple (조계사) is the center of Korean Buddhism, serving as the main temple as well as the district head temple of Jogye order in Seoul. The temple was built in the late 14th century during the Goryeo period.
St Stephen, reputedly the first Christian martyr, was stoned to death in AD 34. To remind people of this fact, artists traditionally painted him with rocks on his head. Sometimes just one rock, often two or even three. Perhaps unsurprisingly, he never looks particularly happy with this situation.
During the period of 1170-1220 the Anglo-Normans began the colonization of Ireland, building Motte and Bailey Castles throughout the island. The wooden castle that stood on the top of the motte at Clonmacnoise was destroyed by fire and later in 1214 the Justiciar of Ireland, Henry of London, built a stone castle on the motte. This was to guard the bridge across the River Shannon.
The castle was destroyed during the Gaelic Resurgence in the late 13th to early 14th century. Originally it had three stories but very little remains of the castle today. The ruins are very dangerous, delicately balanced in a bizarre but fascinating position on the edge of the mound.
Kilbrannan Chapel or Skipness Chapel, is a medieval chapel near Skipness, Argyll and Bute, Scotland. The chapel was built in the late 13th or early 14th century by Clann Somhairle and was dedicated to St. Brendan.
What STDs did they have in the middle ages? Asking for a friend whose name is Falstaff
I’m by no means an authority on the history of medicine and disease but I do know that syphilis entered Europe in the late 15th century, most likely through the Columbian Exchange (the trade of both goods and illnesses between Europe and the New World) so he should be okay on the syphilis front.
However, gonorrhea is known as far as 700 years ago, so it definitely existed in the Henriad period, I’d suggest getting tested for that. When Pistol says Doll (or Nell in some editions) died of the “French Malady” it means gonorrhea, which was associated with French hookers as far back as the Middle Ages.
From what I understand, tracing illnesses of any kind can be difficult because of how things were treated/identified and what people knew about the disease’s origin, so best I can tell you that I know of for certain was extant and known in that period (late 14th to early 15th century) is gonorrhea.
Anyone who knows more about medicine want to chime in?
I’ve been looking for some more non-Indo-European-origin words, but unfortunately there are not very many instances where a non-IE word has been borrowed multiple times. These two words are one such case, however.
The word zero derives from Italian zero, via French, from the Medieval Latin zephirum, a borrowing from Arabic
ṣifr “empty”, the zero representing an blank in place-notation, a relatively recent concept introduced to Europe by Arabic mathematicians, and originally developed in India.
“Cipher” comes from the same Arabic form, through Old French cyfre, first appearing in the late 14th century. It originally meant “zero”, but soon developed a more generic meaning of “Arabic numeral”. Around the 1520s the sense of “encoded message” developed from the use of numbers to replace letters in early ciphers.