“We found that four of the pesticides most commonly found in beehives kill bee larvae,” said Jim Frazier, professor of entomology, Penn State. “We also found that the negative effects of these pesticides are sometimes greater when the pesticides occur in combinations within the hive. Since pesticide safety is judged almost entirely on adult honeybee sensitivity to individual pesticides and also does not consider mixtures of pesticides, the risk assessment process that the Environmental Protection Agency uses should be changed.”
Wanyi Zhu, Daniel R. Schmehl, Christopher A. Mullin, James L. Frazier. Four Common Pesticides, Their Mixtures and a Formulation Solvent in the Hive Environment Have High Oral Toxicity to Honey Bee Larvae. PLoS ONE, 2014; 9 (1): e77547 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0077547
Bee feeding larva in the hive. Credit: Maryann Frazier/Penn State
This beauty (a.k.a. Idiacanthus) lives about a mile deep underwater. They have weirdly stalked eyes as baby larvae (A) and the stalks somehow disappear as they mature (B). Almost nothing is known about their reproductive habits (how, when and where), but you can see that they dine on jellyfish (look inside B’s throat). Idiacanthus live in all the oceans of the world. These gorgeous pictures were taken by Dr. Christina Wahl and appear in her book, Morphometrics.