large bronzes


Large Urartian Bronze Cauldron with Feline Feet, 8th-6th Century BC

Urartu is famous for its bronze cauldrons and their decorations, which were cast separately and added to the relatively simple cauldron forms. These decorations included things like the feet here, bull heads, winged deities, and other symbols of animals, gods, and royalty. Urartian cauldron ornaments seem to have been wonderfully popular in the ancient world, and they have been found in Rhodes, Athens, and Etruria. The Etruscans in particular seem to have emulated this style and created their own decorated bronze cauldrons. These decorated cauldrons were made to be used in ceremonies and religious rituals and were buried in royal tombs.  15.5" W x 10.4" H (39.4 cm x 26.4 cm)


The Guns that Brought Down Constantinople,

By the mid 15th Century, the might Eastern Roman Empire had suffered under centuries of conquest by Arab and Turkish invaders, resulting in the empire stretching no father than the ancient capitol of Constantinople itself. The great city was no better off than the empire as a whole, its population reduced from a million inhabitants to less than 50,000, while the Byzantine Army could muster little more than 7,000 men. In contrast the Ottoman Empire completely surrounded the city, and was amassing a force of 50,000 - 80,000 men to complete the final conquest of Byzantium.

The last hope of the Byzantines were a series of large walls and fortresses which had successfully defended Constantinople since ancient times.  The city walls had fended off many invaders in the past, and Constantinople was considered the most heavily fortified city in Europe at the time. Storming Constantinople would certainly not be easy, however the Ottomans had an ace up their sleeves.

In 1452 a Hungarian military engineer named Urban offered his services as a cannon maker to the Byzantine Emperor Constantine XI.  The Emperor had neither the money to pay Urban, nor the resources to craft the cannon which Urban offered. As a result, Urban went to the Emperor’s rival, the Ottoman Sultan Mehmed II, who certainly could pay Urban and had the technology and resources to produce his cannons.

To bring down the walls of Constantinople Urban directed the casting of several large bronze siege guns.  The largest was a massive cannon that fired massive 25 inch stone balls.  Weighing 19 tons, it took 2-3 hours to load and had to be transported by a team of 60 mules.

The Siege of Constantinople began on the 6th of April 1453.  Over the next 53 days, the Ottomans pounded the city walls with Urban’s guns. After nearly two months of constant bombardment, the walls of Constantinople could no longer hold out against the attack resulting in several breeches. On May 28th, the Ottoman Army stormed the city, easily overwhelming the outnumbered Byzantine defenders.

With the exception of the short lived Empire of the Trebizond, the Ancient Roman State had fallen for good. Mehmed II made Constantinople the new capitol and quickly sought to take on the mantle as emperor of a new Roman Empire, declaring himself Kayser-i Rum (Caesar of Rome), and declaring the Ottoman Empire as the “Third Roman Empire”.

Scribble-Doodle: Shh, Better Not Tell

Parabatai feelings ahoy! Set after the S2A finale!

“You do realize I know all your hideouts, right?” Alec comments dryly as he climbs into the bell tower and lets the wooden trapdoor fall shut with a dull thump.

Jace, who’s sitting on the dusty floor, leaning against the stone wall with his arms resting on his bent knees, sighs and rolls his eyes. But he’s not really annoyed. If he didn’t want Alec to find him, he would’ve left the Institute.

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(Requested by thelittlewolfpup) (Admin Ziggy note: Thank you for requesting this omfg I had way too much fun writing it.)

The impala rumbled to a stop right outside ‘The Lodge.’ You grimaced at the worn looking building, the crackling ‘OPEN’ light in the window giving you a hint of how many years it had been since it was first hung.

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O.L.V. ~ Our Lady of Victory Bascilica National Shrine in Lackawanna, New York just south of Buffalo, NY. This large white marble & bronzed roof bascilica was built during the Great Depression in the 1930s as a symbol of hope & faith by Father Baker. Father Baker was later canonized on his path to Sainthood by Pope John Paul II.


You can find my Masterlist HERE!

Prompt: what about prompt where male!reader is feminine and gets picked on by the saviors a lot but Negan takes a liking to him and is always giving looks and being over-protective of reader

Ships: Negan x Male!Reader
Words: 1,639
Warnings: Curses, Prejudice against reader (Not Negan) you have been warned

You were in an old warehouse that would’ve been used for storage before the end of the world. Now it had been converted into a school like cafeteria with long tables and equally long, uncomfortable, wooden church pews as seats. You were carrying a trey with a plastic plate atop it with piping hot mashed potatoes and a few vibrant orange carrots with a thick dousing of lumpy gravy. The Sanctuary wasn’t acclaimed for their food.

As you passed by a dusty window you could see yourself carrying your tray, your lips held a bright red rouge and you had put on some mascara with a neutral eyeshadow. You were wearing a floral patterned skirt which flowed lightly around you. Your broad shoulders fought against the tight black shirt but you couldn’t care less. You ran your free hand over your stubble absently.

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Large and Finely Modeled Roman Bronze Stag, 1st Century AD

A large bronze walking stag with head held up and antlers curving up; cast mark to the top of the tail with hole in center; head detaches and with crenelated edges for securing. 22.2 kg, 85cm (33 ½").

The piece could have been a decorative piece for a villa garden, as seen in examples from Pompeii, Herculaneum and the area surrounding Vesuvius. The stag, along with the doe, was also sacred to the goddess Diana, and is seen in statues of her, most notably the cult image of the goddess at Ephesus. The stag was also sacred to the Gaulish deity Cernunos who was shown as a human/stag hybrid and was adopted by the Romans who set up a number of altars to the god in the province, most notably that found beneath Notre Dame cathedral in Paris that was set up by a guild of boat men, and now in the Musée National du Moyen Age, and which provides the only epigraphic evidence for the god’s name, which means ‘the horned one.’

Watch the video about this artifact here

au for @everythingelsegoesherethen: dean winchester owns the marauders’ map and uses it to make sure he and castiel always ‘accidentally’ meet at strange times.

Since he became a Prefect at the beginning of his fifth year, Castiel Novak has dealt with a lot of troublemakers who clearly just haven’t read the Hogwarts rulebook.

Dean Winchester is not one of these.

Dean Winchester is clever. He knows exactly what he’s doing. He’s read the handbook and

And he never, ever gets caught.

Which is why Castiel is confused when he apprehends Dean for the third time in a month, trying unsuccessfully to get into a secret passage out of the school that Cas /knows he knows exactly how to access. And yet he’s tapping all over the one-eyes witch with his wand, cluelessly trying every combination of “Let me in!” that he can, acting for all the world as though he’s under some kind of Confundus charm.

He turns the light of his wand on Dean, and Dean turns around, doing a very good job of pretending to be startled.

“Dean Winchester?”

“Yeah, that’s me,” the boy grins, blushing and looking down at the floor but not seeming at all upset that he’s just been caught breaking five school rules at once.

“Yes, well, you’re out of bed after lights out, you’re messing with school property and you’re using magic in the corridors.” Cas is a little flustered and he can’t even explain why, but he still manages to tick at least some of the offenses off on his fingers.

“I /am? Oh, man, Cas, I’m so sorry. And I promise you it won’t happen again.” Dean is all mock-apologetic as he claps Cas on the shoulder and starts to walk away down the corridor.

“F-five points from Gryffindor!” Cas calls after him in a shaky voice.

This becomes a recurring problem. The following week, Cas runs into Dean in the restricted section of the library without a note giving him permission to be there. A few days later, he catches Dean in the act when he’s just about to set off a whole box of Weasleys’ Wizard Wheezes fireworks. Another time, he finds Dean on the Quidditch pitch after dark when it’s supposed to be locked up, flying loops just to show off. Sometime after that, Cas goes to take a bath in the Prefects’ bathroom at the end of a long day, and he finds the tub already overflowing with bubbles, Dean in a pair of red swimming shorts lazily swimming laps.

And for some reason it’s always harder for Cas to keep his cool around Dean that it is around anyone else. Usually he’ll dole out detentions without even blinking;the whole school respecting his authority, but something about this kid has him barely remembering the name of the red and gold house that he’s supposed to be taking points from. It /irks him, because he was given the Prefect position for a /reason, and he’s supposed to be unbiased and impartial and above such things.

After all this has been going on for a good few months, and Cas is no closer to figuring out what exactly is going on in Dean Winchester’s unfairly pretty head, he finds a piece of parchment on the floor. It’s on his normal patrol route, but not on a main corridor - it’s on one of the back routes that only Cas is responsible for walking down on his shift after lights out. It’s placed right in the middle of the corridor where Cas is guaranteed to see it. Almost as though it was left especially for him.

He picks it up. It looks blank at first, but when he unfolds it, he sees that it’s a map - an incredibly detailed map of the whole of Hogwarts castle, every room drawn, Cas believes, perfectly to scale, labelled in calligraphy, every secret passage and hidden entryway marked. Not only that, but the map is enchanted, constantly moving, staircases twisting their way through the halls in what Cas suspects is real time, and most importantly of all, tiny sets of footprints making their way through the castle halls, each with a name attached to them. Cas spots his own name next to his own footprints, which are still in the exact spot that he’s in.

He takes a step forward, and the footprints move with him.

Most of the spots are clustered in the common rooms and dormitories at this time of night; just a few Prefects and professors wandering up and down the corridors. But Cas has a sneaking suspicion he knows who this map belongs to, and the person doesn’t seem to be in the Gryffindor boys’ dormitories where he should be. Against his will, Cas finds his eyes skating over the map, looking for the potential offender.

Dean Winchester’s spot is pacing the Tallest Astronomy Tower.

Of course, none of this necessarily means that the map /actually corresponds to where people actually are. It could just be an example. Could be everyone is placed randomly and doesn’t move, no matter where they really are.

Which, of course, explains why Cas is already walking purposefully towards the Astronomy tower, taking each set of stairs two at a time, checking the map every few seconds to make sure Dean is still in the same place.

He reaches the door to the tower, and he’s not even completely conscious of why he’s doing it, but he runs a hand through his hair to fluff it up and he straightens his blue and bronze tie before he walks inside.

Dean’s there, as predicted, no longer pacing but standing in the center of the room - waiting for him? The tower is open to the heavens - not like the Great Hall, not like an enchanted version of the sky, but actually open, the summer night stars glinting down and reflecting off of magical lights that have been conjured and left to hover all around the edge of the circular tower room, a light breeze ruffling Cas’ robes as he steps towards Dean, noticing that the usually bare wooden floor is scattered with large, puffy gold and bronze cushions.

Cas holds out the map. “I think this is yours.”

Dean takes it from him, not at all surprised to see Cas there. “Don’t think it’s really anyone’s. Thing kind of has a mind of its own. But yes, I’ve been using it for a while.”

“Tell me something?” Cas asks. “You just admitted this is yours. With this you can see anyone coming at any time, you can always stay one step ahead of any professor or prefect, you never have to get found out by anyone. But you keep letting me catch you. Why?“

"That depends,” Dean says with a smirk. “Why’d you bring the map back instead of handing it into a professor? Seems like it’s a contraband object. Seems like I /should get in trouble.”

Cas opened his mouth to retort to that, but realized he didn’t have anything to say. Why /had he come here? Dean was right, after all. His first instinct, as a Prefect with designs on Head Boy at some point in the future, should have been to turn the object over to a member of staff. His mind shouldn’t even necessarily have jumped to Dean. But it had, and now he was here.

“Alright. That aside, why’d you wait for me? Why’d you pick a specific place, here, that you have /no reason to be and just pace around hoping I’d show up to find you?”

Dean spluttered, but quickly recovered. “Why’d you look for me on the map? Why’d you stare at it for so long that you saw where I was in the first place?”

“Why’d you decorate? The stars, the lights, the cushions? Why’d you set this all up for a special occasion?”

They stared at each other for a while, breathing heavily, waiting for the other one to be the first to break.

Cas cracked, and Dean gave up at the same moment, and then he both of them were lunging towards each other, Dean grabbing Cas by the tie he’d just straightened, pulling it askew, Cas fisting both of his hands in Dean’s robes, both yanking the other towards them, crashing their lips together so hard that it was almost painful when they met, their bodies falling into each other, their teeth clashing and their noses bumping and when they pull apart, they both tumble down onto the pile of cushions they’ve set up and /now Cas understands why they’re there, /now it makes sense because their landing is soft and they can reach for each other again immediately, both of them lying on their sides in the heap of fluffy pillows, kissing each other over and over and over again, each one making their lips tingle. Over time, as they grow used to the feeling, the kisses become slower, softer, more languid, and the hooded eyes when they pull away from each other are less from desire and more from tiredness, and they’re both sure they’d be happy to sleep here.

"So, what? You’ve been risking detention and house points for Gryffindor and your reputation as someone who never gets caught just to… just to get my attention?” Cas asks finally, propping himself up on one elbow.

Dean tugs him back down and kisses him again. “Well, you’re risking your Prefect position right now. But I feel like you always have to risk a little something to get the best things in life.”

And between holding hands on long walks by the lake, between screaming themselves hoarse together at Quidditch matches, between feeding each other Bertie Botts’ Every Flavour Beans while studying in the library, and between many, many more long nights in the Astronomy tower, Cas learns that as frustrating and complicated as he is; Dean is definitely one of the best things in his life.


Today was the big let-go-to-the-other-side-of-the-country-even-though-it’s-snowing-day… because I really wanted to see the Albert Moore exhibition which is currently at Museum De Buitenplaats. Since it was on my way, I stopped at Rodin - Genius at Work at the Groninger Museum as well.

I will post a link to a small blogpost on the Moore show in the next few days. There were some beautiful works there.

The Rodin exhibition was… interesting. There were a lot of peope and somehow, most of them were elderly men and ladies giggling about the amount of nudity in Rodin’s works. WHAT DID YOU EXPECT come on, lots of his works are charged with erotic elements. They’re showing it. Who are the grown-ups now? In comparison, there were a lot of children as well who were not laughing because suddenly!private parts but mesmerised by the large bronzes and marbles.

The works shown were great, actually. They had five different The Age of Bronze bronzes, all together with subtle light changes, so you could see the difference between the sculptures (and if there ever would be a male version of Galatea can it be him please because he’s fine, seriously). There were some watercolours and a lot of 19th-century pictures of his works and atelier, which I loved.

In one of the hallways some pictures by Dutch photographer Erwin Olaf were shown and they were absolutely stunning. The models are residents of the Nationaal Ballet and it’s fascinating to see pictures where the focus is so much on the muscles. I’m a dancer (not ballet though) and I like looking at dancers bodies, see their muscles, feel the strength through the picture. Amazing.

Temple of Tibidabo - Barcelona, Spain 

This Roman Catholic church is located on the summit of Mount Tibidabo in Barcelona. Built in various stages between 1902 and 1961, the bottom half of the church reflects a Romanesque fortress, while the top is neo-gothic in design, accessible by two grand stairways. . 

Stained glass windows adorn the Church, some of which are dedicated to Paul the Apostle, John Bosco and Pope Pius X. Sitting above the church like a crown, is a large bronze statue of Jesus. 

A large bronze workshop has been found next to the ancient royal palace of Angkor Thom in Cambodia. Archaeologists collected evidence of stone-making, but they found other things too: half-finished bronze sculptures, hefty furnaces, fragments of unused metal and weighty crucibles that could hold up to two liters of molten bronze. The discovery is exciting. The most common theory before was that “sculptures were created on the site where they were to be installed or venerated,” one researcher said, by the great temple complexes of Angkor Wat. This workshop near Angkor Thom, which the team estimates could be as long as a kilometer, suggests that the sculptures’ creation, or at least a large percentage of it, was centralized and industrial. Angkor’s masterpieces were ordered for takeaway.

Inside Out headcanon

INSIDE OUT SPOILERS so put a pot over your head and bang the side with a wooden spoon or whatever you do to avoid spoilers.

At some point in the future, Riley finds an old drawing of Bing Bong she made as a child.

Inside her head, Joy is convinced that now she remembers Bing Bong, that means he’ll return. That night she leaves headquarters to Imagination Land, because hey, if he appears anywhere, he’ll appear there, right?

And then she finds a large bronze statue of Bing Bong

With one hand stretched out over Imagination Land as if to say, Look, look at this wonderful place.

And his other hand is clasping a young Riley’s

And a plaque on the base of the statue says:


And for the second time in her life, Joy cries.

More monsters for AU's
  1. Abominable Snowman - Giant human-like body, white shaggy fur, big feet
  2. Aigamuxa - Human-like mythical creatures with eyes on their feet
  3. Amarok - Gigantic wolf that hunts alone
  4. Amphisbaena - Snake with a head at each end
  5. Antmen - Four weapon bearing arms, red eyes and a crushing jaw 
  6. Bonnacon - Wild bull-like creature with horns
  7. Bunyip - Large water monster, huge mouth, crocodile tail
  8. Camazotz - A giant, evil vampire bat demon
  9. Caladrius - Mythical snow-white bird
  10. Cerastes - Large and extremely flexible serpent with horns
  11. Chupacabra - Small bear-like, hairless beast with spikes
  12. Ciguapa - Blue or brown nude females with backwards feet
  13. Cretan Bull - A giant and beautiful white bull
  14. Cthulhu - Large green body, long tentacles, wings and talons
  15. Cyclopes - Big hairy giants with one eye
  16. Dragons - List of various dragons
  17. Erymanthian Boar - Huge wild boar with sharp teeth
  18. Fenrir - Gigantic wolf
  19. Frankenstein - A hideous monster made of deceased human body parts
  20. Gogmagog - Distorted human-like body and twice the size
  21. Golems - Human-like body made of clay, rock or wood
  22. Gremlins - Small pesky little monsters with point ears
  23. Grendel - Giant and deformed, troll-like human
  24. Hecatoncheires - Giants with fifty heads and one hundred arms
  25. Hopkinsville Goblins - Little gray aliens with orange glowing eyes
  26. Huitzilopochtli - Blue human dressed in feathers
  27. Hybrids - List of mythical human and animal hybrids
  28. Jack-o-Lantern - Scary pumpkin head
  29. Jersey Devil - Deformed body and head of a horse, horns & wings
  30. Jormungand - Enormous snake with huge fangs and a flat tail
  31. Kelpie - Deadly shape-shifting water horse
  32. Kludde - Gigantic black dog with a blue flame around it’s head
  33. Kongamato - Large bird with teeth, leathery skin and bat-like wings
  34. Kraken - Gigantic squid or octopus
  35. Lernaean Hydra - Serpent with nine heads
  36. Loch Ness Monster - Long neck, large body, flippers and a tail
  37. Mister Hyde - Evil version of Dr. Jekyll
  38. Mngwa - Oversized and out of control, deadly tabby cat
  39. Mokele-mbembe - Large water creature with a flexible and long neck
  40. Mongolian Death Worm - Enormous, slimy red worm with long fangs
  41. Morgawr - Popular, large hump-backed water serpent
  42. Mothman - Huge moth with red glowing eyes
  43. Nandi Bear - Overgrown hyena-like beast
  44. Nemean Lion - Super strong lion with impenetrable skin
  45. Ogopogo - Large sea serpent with horns and flippers
  46. Ogre - Large and ugly humanoid with deformed facial features
  47. Orcs - Evil creatures with long fangs, red eyes and long arms
  48. Owlman - Large human sized owl with red glowing eyes
  49. Pegasus - Magnificent winged horse
  50. Phoenix - Multi-colored fire bird
  51. Roc - Gigantic bird with a forked tongue
  52. Skunk Ape - Large orange and furry beast with long forearms
  53. Sleipnir - Giant eight legged, black horse
  54. Springheeled Jack - Mask wearing monster that breaths blue flame
  55. Stymphalian Bird - Large bird with bronze feathers, metal beak & claws
  56. Talos - Gigantic human-like body made of bronze
  57. Thunderbird - Extremely large bird that could shoot lightening
  58. Trolls - Large and ugly beast-like monsters
  59. Undead - List of the undead
  60. Unicorns - Horse-like mythical creatures with a horn on their foreheads
  61. Valkyrie - Beautiful female Viking warriors

Large Roman Phallic Enameled Bronze Fitting,  2nd-4th Century AD

Rectangular bronze fitting with a raised umbonate central boss decorated with green, orange and blue enameled squares and triangles. Two phallic studs, one either side of central boss protrude from main plate. There are three fixing/suspension loops on the top and bottom. 68mm x 45mm

Back In the City: A Newtina Fanfiction

Chapter One

Tina sat at her desk, quill in hand. She had no idea how she was going to do this. She chewed the end of her quill in nervous thought. Maybe if-

Her thoughts were interrupted by a paper airplane colliding with her head. She rubbed her scalp where it had hit her as she watched it unfold itself on her desk.

Ms. Goldstein,

There is a dangerous creature loose in central park. It needs to be captured and relocated before it can cause more damage. Please attend to this at once.

Tina sighed. Even though she was back on the investigative team, she was still given meaningless tasks. It was as if she had never been promoted again in the first place.

She stood, hurriedly stuffing her papers back into a drawer and locking it with her wand. She would have to deal with that later.

A dragon was loose in central park. Tina could tell by the charred tree trunks and the patches where the thick layer of snow had melted. Following the trail, Tina made her way towards the center of the park.

All of the sudden, the dragon came into sight. It was gigantic, with bright yellow eyes and large bronze horns. Tina drew her wand from her coat pocket as she hurried closer.

The dragon was crouched down on all fours, staring intently at something in front of it. Telltale smoke was rising from its nostrils. Tina could make the a familiar, sandy-haired, lanky figure the dragon was staring down. She smiled, relaxing her outstretched wand hand.

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Huge tomb of Celtic prince unearthed in France

The tomb of an Iron Age Celtic prince has been unearthed in a small French town. The ‘exceptional’ grave, crammed with Greek and possibly Etruscan artefacts, was discovered in a business zone on the outskirts of Lavau in France’s Champagne region.

The prince is buried with his chariot at the centre of a huge mound, 130 feet (40 metres) across, which has been dated to the 5th Century BC. A team from the National Archaeological Research Institute, Inrap has been excavating the site since October last year. They recently dated it to the end of the First Iron Age - a period characterised by the widespread use of the metal.

Its discovery could shed light on Iron Age European trade, researchers say. The 2,500-year-old burial mound has at its heart a 14 square metre burial chamber, not yet opened, of an ancient royal.

'It is probably a local Celtic prince,’ Inrap president Dominique Garcia told journalists on a field visit.

The most exciting find, he said, was a large bronze-decorated cauldron that was used to store watered-down wine. It appears to have been made by Etruscan craftsmen from an area that is today in Italy. The cauldron  has four circular handles decorated with bronze heads that depict the Greek god Acheloos. The river deity is shown with horns, a beard, the ears of a bull and a triple mustache. Eight lioness heads decorate the edge of the cauldron.

The mausoleum contained a decorated ceramic wine pitcher made by the Greeks. Decorations on the vessel reveal the god Dionysus, lying under a vine and facing a woman.

The archaeologists also found remains of a iron wheel, from a chariot buried with the prince.

Another interesting discovery was a perforated silver spoon that was part of the banquet utensils, presumably to filter the wine.

[Source: DailyMail]

Bronze Age axe heads found in Coity declared treasure

Early Bronze Age axe heads found by a metal detectorist in south Wales have been declared treasure by a coroner.

Paul Howells made the discovery at a field in Coity, Bridgend, on 8 May 2015.

The hoard included a large bronze flat axe with a wide-blade edge and a small bronze axe chisel dating back to 2200-2050 BC.

Late Bronze Age tools and weapons were also found two sites in Llanharan, Rhondda Cynon Taff.

A dig at the Coity site found the two axe heads had been placed underneath a large limestone capping stone.

Archaeologists suggest hoards of this kind were buried during religious ceremonies, possibly as gifts to the gods and goddesses. Read more.