On This Day: June 8
World Oceans Day
- 1794: French Revolution: The new state religion, the Cult of the Supreme Being, is inaugurated with festivals across France.
- 1809: Thomas Paine dies in New York City. He authored Common Sense & inspired workers in their struggles for independence.
- 1852: First known labour strike in San Francisco occurs as Chinese labourers working on the Parrott granite building demand a wage increase.
- 1884: In Italy, Pilade Cecchi, editor of the anarchist publication La Questione Sociale is sent to prison for 21 months and fined 2,000 lire.
- 1903: Italian shoemaker and illegalist Vittorio Pini dies in Cayenne, French Guiana.
- 1904: Colorado militia & striking Dunnville mine workers clash; 6 union members die.
- 1913: Volonta begins publishing in Ancona, operating under the immediate editorship of Errico Malatesta until the Red Week a year later.
- 1930: Death of French anarchist, speaker, bookstore manager and writer Antoine Antignac.
- 1939: Emmy Eckstein, anarchist Alexander Berkman’s longtime companion, dies in Nice, France.
- 1942: Spanish anarchist and Durrutti Column member José Pellicer-Gandia executed following a fascist military tribunal.
- 1949: Helen Keller, Dorothy Parker, Danny Kaye, Fredric March, John Garfield, Paul Muni & Edward Robinson named by FBI as Communists.
- 1949: George Orwell’s novel 1984 published.
- 1966: 35,000 American workers in machinists’ union begin 43-day strike against 5 carriers.
- 1972: Photographer Nick Ut photos 9-year-old Phan Thị Kim Phúc running down a road after being burnt by napalm.
- 1984: Homosexuality is declared legal in the Australian state of New South Wales.
- 1987: New Zealand establishes a national nuclear-free zone.
- 2010: Spanish Catalan militant anarcho-syndicalist Sara Berenguer Laosa dies in Montady, France.
- 2013: Thousands march in memory of murdered French anti-fascist Clément Méric.