languager

A tip to learn Spanish (or any language)

Switch everything you can to Spanish. Install your software in Spanish. Watch your series with Spanish subtitles if they have them. Watch Spanish movies and shows with English subtitles. Change your videogames options to Spanish if possible. Listen to Spanish music and translate the lyrics yourself. 

That’s mostly how we, the 90% of the rest of the world, learned English + lessons/classes.

youtube

A highly entertaining, tongue-twisting example of German compounding. With the images, I think it’s fairly understandable even if you don’t speak much German (”Rhabarber” is rhubarb), but this version has an English translation in the description just in case. 

One of the most difficult things to hear is when someone is happy that I don’t let it stop me. Both because I’m not sure what it really means and it’s not true.

My disabilities stop me, daily. I am not ashamed of this. They are not the only thing stopping me, nor would being fully abled open every door that’s been shut. I live at an intersection. I work with what I have. I’ve learned to ask for accommodations and do what I need to make sure my needs are met. Sometimes even with my best efforts, I’ll fall short and need to stop.

The idea that if I stop I fail is damaging. Self care is more; it allows leeway to stop and restore ourselves before we burn out. Do we lack the language to appreciate our ability to be bodily fragile and still show up for ourselves? Let’s stop pitting our bodies against us as though they’re separate.  

She doesn’t let it stop her.  

She shows up for herself.

Speak Brazilian Portuguese ~300 words

(Before I start please note that I’m not Brazilian, I am Portuguese! Which means, there are things that aren’t as accurate, but don’t worry, it’ll still be correct!)

Brazilians use the “gerúndio” = gerund. The Europeans not as often. 

First Verbs

+ gerund

Be – Ser or Estar ** (sendo – Ele está sendo simpático) / estando

there is – Há/ Existir (havendo/existindo)

have – Ter (tendo)

do – Fazer (fazendo)

go – Ir (I believe the most common verb is vai – Você vai às compras (You are going shopping)

want – Querer (querendo)

can – Conseguir (conseguindo)

need – Necessitar/Precisar (necessitando/precisando)

think – Pensar (pensando)

know – Saber (sabendo)

say – Dizer (dizendo)

like – Gostar (gostando)

speak – Falar (falando)

learn – Aprender (aprendendo)

understand – Perceber/Compreender (percebendo/compreendendo)

 

Conjunctions

that (as in “I think that…” or “the woman that…”) - que

and - e

or - ou

but - mas

because - porque

though – apesar de

so (meaning “therefore”; e.g. “I wanted it, so I bought it”) – por isso (e.g. “Eu queria, por isso comprei)

if – se

Prepositions

Of – de/do/da – E.g. Correction of the homework – Correção do trabalho de casa. (the difference between the three is: neutral/masculine/feminine)

To - para

From - de

In – em/num/numa (See this ask where a Brazilian explained this)

at (a place) – em (Brasília)

at (a time) – às (15:00) (we use the military time for writing but you can say 3 da tarde – 3 of the afternoon)

with - com

about - sobre

like (meaning “similar to”) - como

for (warning, this one has several meanings that you need to take care of) – para/por

before (also as a conjunction) - antes

after (also as a conjunction) - depois

during – durante

Question Words

Who – Quem?

What – O quê?

Where – Onde?

When – Quando?

Why – Porquê?

How – Como?

how much – Quanto?

Which – Qual?

 

Adverbs

a lot - muito

a little - pouco

well - bem

badly - mal

only - apenas

also - também

very - muito

too (as in “too tall”) – demasiado (alto)

too much - demais

so (as in “so tall”) – tão (alto)

so much - tanto

more (know how to say “more … than …”) – mais (mais… do que…)

less (know how to say “less … than …”) – menos (menos … do que…)

as … as … (e.g. “as tall as”) – tão … como (tão alto como)

most – maior (parte)

least – menos

better - melhor

best – o/a  melhor

worse - pior

worst – o/a pior

now - agora

then - depois

here - aqui

there - ali

maybe - talvez

always - sempre

usually - normalmente

often – comum/normalmente

sometimes – às vezes

never - nunca

today - hoje

yesterday - ontem

tomorrow - amanhã

soon - brevemente

almost - quase

already – já

still – ainda assim

even - até

enough – suficiente

Adjectives

the, a (technically articles) – o/a ; um/uma

this - isto

that - aquilo

good - bom

bad - mau

all – tudo/todos(plural)

some – algum/alguns(plural)

no - não

any – algum/alguns

many - muitos

few - poucos

most – maior parte

other - outro

same – o mesmo

different - diferente

enough - suficiente

one - um

two - dois

a few – algum/alguns; pouco/poucos

first - primeiro

next – a seguir

last (meaning “past”, e.g. “last Friday”) – último/a

last (meaning “final”) – último/a

easy - fácil

hard - difícil

early - cedo

late - tarde

important - importante

interesting - interessante

fun – divertido/a

boring - aborrecido

beautiful – bonito/a

big - grande

small - pequeno

happy  - feliz

sad - triste

busy – ocupado/a

excited – entusiasmante ­

tired – cansado/a

ready – preparado/a

favourite – preferido/a

new - novo

right (meaning “correct”) – correto/certo

wrong - errado

true – verdade

 

Pronouns

 

Know them in the subject (“I”), direct object (“me”), indirect object (“to me”), and possessive (“my”) forms.

I/me/to me/ my – Eu/ (word)- me/ para mim/ meu ou minha

You/ you/ to you/ yours – Brazilians use the você always unlike the Portuguese – see below                                

She/ her/ to her/ hers – Ela/ (word)-a/ para ela/ dela

He/him/ to him/ his – Ele/ (word) – o/ para ele/ dele

It – Portuguese language doesn’t have this. If you want to refer to animals you treat them like he/she

We/ us/ to us/ ours – Nós/ (word) – nos/ a nós/ nosso/a

you - Você/ (word) – o/a  / para si/ seu à formal form

they/ them/ to them/ theirs – Eles(as) / (word)-os/as / para eles/as / deles/as

Nouns

If your language has grammatical gender, then learn each noun as “the [noun]” with “the” in the correct gender. (e.g. in Spanish, instead of learning language = “idioma”, learn language = “el idioma”.) This will help you remember the gender.

Everything – a tudo

Something – a algo

Nothing – a nada

Everyone – a todos

Someone – a alguém

no one – a ninguém

Portuguese - português

English - Inglês

Thing - coisa

Person - pessoa

Place - sítio

time (as in “a long time”) – tempo (há muito tempo)

time (as in “I did it 3 times”) – vezes (Eu fi-lo 3 vezes) (instead of saying fi-lo you can say fiz isso/isto/aquilo and it’s as correct!)

friend – amigo/a

woman - mulher

man - homem

money - dinheiro

country - país

Portugal - Portugal

City - cidade

Language – a língua

Word – a palavra

Food – a comida

House – a casa

Store – a loja

Office – o escritório

Company – a companhia

Manager – o/a gerente

Co-worker – o/a colega

Job – o emprego

work (as in “I have a lot of work to do”) – o trabalho ( Eu tenho muito trabalho para fazer)

problem – o problema

question – a pergunta

idea – a ideia

life –a  vida

world – o mundo

day – o dia

year – o ano

week – a semana

month – o mês

hour – a hora

mother, father, parent – Mãe, Pai, Pais – you can also refer to Mamãe and Papai

daughter, son, child – Filha, Filho, Criança

wife, husband – Mulher/Esposa , Marido

girlfriend, boyfriend – Namorada, Namorado

 

More Verbs

work (as in a person working) – trabalhar - trabalhando ( a pessoa está trabalhando)

work (meaning “to function”, e.g. “the TV works”) – funcionar - funcionando (a televisão está funcionando)

see – ver - vendo

use – usar - usando

should – dever – I didn’t forget, I believe they don’t use the gerund but if anyone disagrees please say something on the notes.

believe – acreditar - acreditando

practice – praticar - praticando

seem – parece – same as should/dever

come – vem

leave – sai - saindo

return – volta - voltando

give – dar - dando

take – levar - levando

bring – trazer - trazendo

look for – procurar - procurando

find – encontrar - encontrando

get (meaning “obtain”) – ter or obter - obtendo

receive – receber - recebendo

buy – comprar - comprando

try – tentar - tentando

start – começar - começando

stop (doing something) – para - parando

finish – acabar - acabando

continue – continuar - continuando

wake up – acorda - acordando

get up – levanter - levantando

eat – comer - comendo

eat breakfast (in several languages, this is a verb) – tomar o café da manhã

eat lunch – almoçando

eat dinner – jantando

(bonus if you are having a snack than you say lanchando)

Happen – acontecer - acontecendo

Feel – sentir - sentindo

create (aka “make”) – criar - criando

cause (aka “make”) – causa - causando

meet (meeting someone for the first time) – conhecer - conhecendo

meet (meaning “to bump into”) – encontrar - encontrando

meet (an arranged meeting) – encontrar - encontrando

ask (a question) – questionar - questionando

ask for (aka “request”) - pedindo

wonder – pensar em … I was wondering … – Eu estava pensando em…

reply – responder - respondendo

mean – I mean … - Eu quero dizer

read – ler - lendo

write – escrever - escrevendo

listen – escutar - escutando

hear – ouvir - ouvindo

remember – lembrar - lembrando

forget – esquecer - esquecendo

choose – escolher - escolhendo

decide – decidir - decidindo

be born – nascer - nascendo

die – morrer - morrendo

kill – matar - matando

live – viver - vivendo

stay – ficar - ficando

change – mudar - mudando

help – ajuda - ajudando

send – enviar - enviando

study – estudar - estudando

improve – melhorar - melhorando

hope – espero (also means waiting) E.g. I hope I get the place – Eu espero conseguir o lugar

care – cuidar (I took care of the sick puppy), I don’t care (Eu não quero saber)

Phrases

Hello – Oi  (only use this with friends/family) – informal à more common but they also use the Olá

Goodbye - Adeus

thank you – Obrigado/a (most Portuguese people don’t know BUT if you’re a girl you say obrigadA but if you’re a boy you say obrigadO)

you’re welcome – de nada

excuse me (to get someone’s attention) – Faz favor

sorry – Desculpe

it’s fine (response to an apology) – Não faz mal

please – Por favor or Faz favor

yes - Sim

no - Não

okay - okay

My name is -  (O) meu nome é

What’s your name? –Qual é o seu nome ?

Nice to meet you. – Prazer em conhecê-lo/a à you can also just say Prazer.

How are you? – Como vai?

I’m doing well, how about you? – Estou bem e você?

Sorry? / What? (if you didn’t hear something)- Desculpe?/ O quê?/ Como?

How do you say ______? – Como é que você diz…

What does ______ mean? – O que é que … significa (instead of significa you can also say o que quer dizer)

I don’t understand. – Não percebo

Could you repeat that? – Pode repetir?

Could you speak more slowly, please? – Pode falar mais devagar,  faz favor/ por favor?

Well (as in “well, I think…”) – Bem/ Bom

Really? – A sério?

I guess that – Eu acho que…

It’s hot. (talking about the weather) – está quente/está calor

It’s cold. (talking about the weather) – está frio

————————————————————————————————————- 

** Ser/estar – The difference it’s hard to explain but if you don’t get it right everyone will still understand you! But, ser it’s used for facts/ statements/ etc. – I am inteligent – Eu sou inteligente 

Estar is used for emotions/ feelings/etc – I am happy – Eu estou feliz.

Note: if you see a word and a slash (/) it means you must substitute the given letters because of it’s gender. If you see, for example, divertido/a it means you must substitute the “o” with the “a” when referring to feminine.

Note 2: Accents are important! If you write Pais instead of País you are referring to your parents rather than your country!

If you get something wrong, you can say “Me desculpe, eu sou estrangeiro/a”

 If you have any doubts ask me and I’ll be glad to explain! :)

Some Swedish adverbs

Absolut - absolutely
Alldeles - quite, perfectly, very
Allra - the very, to the highest degree, most of all (used before a superlative)
Allt - ever more, more and more
Alltför - too (more than enough, as too much)
Alltså - accordingly, therefore, ergo, consequently, thus, in other words, that is to say
Antagligen - probably, presumably
Bara - just, only
Blott - merely, just
Dessutom - besides, moreover, furthermore, in addition
Egentligen - really, actually, in fact
Endast - only
Enormt - immensely
Eventuellt - possibly, maybe
Exakt - exact
Faktiskt - actually, really, for real
Fantastiskt - incredibly, fantastically
Fullständigt - completely
För - too; to an excessive degree
Förfärligt - terribly
Förmodligen - probably (in all likelihood)
Förstås - of course, naturally
Ganska - pretty, quite, rather
Givetvis - of course, naturally
Gärna - willingly, gladly, readily, easily
Helt - entirely, absolutely, wholly, completely 
Hemskt - terribly
I själva verket - actually, in fact, as a matter of fact
Kanske - maybe, possibly, perhaps
Knappt - hardly, scarcely 
Lagom - (just) right, fitting, neither too much or too little
Mycket - much, a lot, very
Möjligen, möjligtvis - possibly
Naturligtvis - of course
Nog - enough, sufficient, probably
Nästan - almost
Också - too, as well, also
Ogärna - unwillingly
Otroligt - incredibly 
Otvivelaktigt - undoubtetly 
Ovillkorligen - necessarily
Precis - precisely, exactly
Rätt (så) - rather, fairly, pretty
Sannolikt - probably
Säkerligen - surely
Säkert - surely, safely
Således - thus
Till och med - even
Totalt - totally
Troligen - probably (which makes sense to believe)
Troligtvis - probably (in all likelihood)
Tydligen - apparently, seemingly
Tyvärr - unfortunately
Tämligen - rather, quite
Utan tvekan - unhesitatingly 
Verkligen - really, in reality, actually, in fact, truly
Väl - used to give the statement a lower degree of certainty; a begging for agreement…
Väldigt - very, enormously 
Ännu - yet, thus far, still, even, yet another, in addition, up to a time
Även - even, also

every morning, I let Forest loose in the living room to play (he always has a tonnnn of energy when he wakes up – like squealing and screeching happily at everything and talking to the trees outside) and I take fifteen - twenty minutes to start my day. Almost always, this is how it happens: grind coffee beans, start water, make coffee, enjoy coffee, sit and read, make green smoothie. It is relaxing and slow and perfect and juuuuust enough time before the kid starts making trouble.

Swedish language resources

I’m self-studying Swedish online but Duolingo sometimes is not the best of the teachers, so I resorted to going on the web to find good websites* for Swedish lessons. What I found is not much, but it’s good.

* All the listed websites are in English.

so a lot of my friends have been asking for tips on learning japanese and I figured I would make a general post about it so that maybe it can help others ahaha. i’ve been studying japanese for a number of years, through all kinds of ways like self study, college classes, and language school in japan. i’m taking the n2 JLPT this year so i’m not quite fully fluent yet, but here’s some useful stuff I found over the years. this is really long oh man:

Keep reading

Starting to notice how often I (and other queer women) use the phrase “I like girls” to refer to our sexuality, and it’s starting to interest me. Why “like”? Why “girls”? Comparably few people who date/have sex with men say “I like boys.” It seems that “I like girls” can be a way of rendering our attractions “cute” and unthreatening and desexualized.

learnoutlive.com
12 German Cartoon Series For German Learners (Not just for Kids!)
One of the best ways to learn a language, after having acquired some basics, is to immerse oneself in authentic materials, such as short stories, comics, movies or cartoons. While many cartoons on German television are dubbed versions of American...

Curious about German cartoon culture? Today we’ve collected a number of German cartoons for your viewing pleasure.

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