landowning

4

You must gather the Synod and proclaim your stance on the torture of serfs. The Church must protect the peasants and expose the landowners. Even if it means excommunicating them. Yes, I’m waiting until the Church forbids the attendance of services by those who shelter murderers and abusers. The Troyetskoye Abbot is to be imprisoned for life. We’re about to go to war and our people, young and old, are constantly whipped. A man can get skinned for a simple complaint. Do you think people will defend the whip and their sadistic masters?

2

For the next Standing Rock, pipeline fighters have a new tactic: Attack the banks

  • How do you fight a pipeline when the government approves it, big business supports it and megalithic energy companies have seemingly bottomless coffers to defend it? You go straight for the wallet.
  • Since the Standing Rock pipeline resistance, activists are turning to a new tactic for stopping pipeline projects: pressuring banks and investors to take the cash flow away from the funders of those projects.
  • Residents of Virginia and West Virginia, where the landowners are fighting against the Mountain Valley Pipeline project, are focusing on six banks to target — Bank of America, Wells Fargo, PNC, SunTrust, BNP Paribas and U.S. Bank.
  • The water protectors fighting for Standing Rock used the same strategy.
  • During the pipeline protests, Wells Fargo became a target for those who couldn’t make the cross-country trek to the frigid North Dakota plains, staging protests and blocking off bank entrances to shut down offices. Read more (5/24/17)

follow @the-movemnt

Although barely out of adolescence…[Shelley] was, in 1813, an ardent radical and anti-monarchist. Physically, he was rather odd, tall and slim to the point of limpness, with a high-pitched effete voice; but what he lacked in physical bulk he more than made up for in charismatic intensity. Among the earliest witnesses to this intensity were his school fellows at Eton, where he was sent by his landowning father when he was twelve. Initially he was bullied for his refusal to ‘fag’ for older boys, but the bullies soon discovered that in spite of his feeble frame, Shelley was not a boy to succumb quietly to taunts. On the contrary, he could be terrifying when roused, and was quite capable of reciprocal acts of violence. He stabbed one tormentor’s hand with a fork, and others remembered him as an almost unearthly creature, with flashing eyes, wild hair, and deathly white cheeks.
—  young romantics - daisy hay

Theresa May has announced that, if she remains Prime Minister after June 8th, her government will aim to overturn the ban on hunting foxes with hounds which was introduced in 2004.

Personally, I have a big problem with this.

It’s not that it’s a staggeringly cruel blood sport in which animals are encouraged to rip one another to pieces.

It’s not that it’s an environmental nightmare, where large hunts and shoots - replete with culvert-wrecking SUVs - can wreak havoc with local ecosystems in the name of bogus ‘conservation’.

It’s not that it’s a net-drain on local economies, generating only a handful of part-time jobs which often pay only ‘tips’ from landowners rather than actual lasting contracted jobs - with hunt-goers preferring posh champagne picnics over local produce.

It’s not even that it’s an antiquated social ritual with its roots in the imagined feudal past, which evolved as an elaborate ruling-class masquerade to display exclusive land rights over those of their tenants to other wealthy landholders.

It’s that I positively, deeply, truly, can’t abide knowing that at any given moment, somewhere in the leafy dells of the Costwolds or on the weathered moors of the Peak District, an inbred plutocrat is having fun.

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Clayton Tunnel

The entrance to a train tunnel in West Essex, England. It was built n 1841 after the tunnel itself was constructed, and today there are still only theories as to the reasons for this extravagant construction. Some believe it was to ease passengers back then, still relatively new to train travel, that they weren’t descending into hell. The most widely accepted belief is that it was simply to appease the original landowner into allowing the tunnel to be built in the first place.

Photos by Russell Arnott

anonymous asked:

What are the old Norse/Germanic holidays and when do they fall???Btw beautiful blog.

Here is a simplified wheel of the year.

And here is some more in-depth information from The Asatru Alliance

SnowMoon/January

  • Snowmoon 3,

Charming of the Plow: This is the date of an agricultural ritual performed in Northern Europe from ancient times. Grains and cakes were offered for the soil’s fertility, and the Sky Father and Earth Mother were invoked to that end. Meditate upon your dependence on the soil, and crumble upon the earth a piece of bread as you call upon Odin, Frigga and the Land Spirits to heal the Earth and keep it from harm.

  • Snowmoon 9,

Day of Remembrance for Raud the Strong: Raud was a landowner in Norway who was put to death by (St.) Olaf Tryggvason for his loyalty to Asatru by having a snake forced down his throat. Rauds lands were then confiscated in the name of the king and his monks. Raise a horn in honor of Raud and all of his kinsmen who gave their lives, rather then submit to the enforced love of the kristjan empire.

  • Snowmoon 14,

Thorrablot: This holiday began the Old Norse month of Snorri. It is still observed in Iceland with parties and a mid-winter feast. It is of course sacred to Thorr and the ancient Icelandic Winter Spirit of Thorri. On this day we should perform blot to Thorr and invite the mighty Asaman to the feast.


Horning / February

  • Horning 2,

Barri: This is the day we celebrate the wooing by Ingvi Freyr of the maiden Gerd, a symbolic marriage of the Vanir God of Fertility with the Mother Earth. It is a festival of fertility, the planted seed and the plowed furrow. For those of you who garden, this is the time to plant seeds indoors, to later be transplanted in the summer garden.

  • Horning 9,

Day of Remembrance for Eyvind Kinnrifi: Olaf tortured him to death by placing a bowl of red-hot embers on his stomach until his body burst open. Eyvind’s crime was a steadfast loyalty to the Old Gods. A good day to reflect on kristjan kindness.

  • Horning 14,

Feast of Vali: This feast originally celebrated the death of Hothr at the hands of Vali. This late winter festival relates to the triumphant return of the light of the sun over the dark days of winter. Today it is traditional celebration of the family. A time for the customary exchange of cards and gifts with loved ones. It is also a time for the renewal of marriage vows and an occasion for marriages.


Lenting / March

  • Lenting 9,

Day of Remembrance for Oliver the Martyr: He was an adherent of Asatru who persisted in organizing underground sacrifices to the Gods and Goddesses despite decrees by St Olaf the Lawbreaker forbidding such activities. Betrayed by an informer, he was killed by Olaf’s men while preparing for the Spring sacrifice in the village of Maerin Norway. Many other men whose names are lost to us were also killed, mutilated, or exiled for taking part in such sacrifices.

  • Lenting 20,

High Feast of Ostara: This is the Spring Equinox. The end of Winter and the beginning of the season of rebirth. Today we honor Frigga, Freya and Nerthus with blot and feast. Pour a libation of mead onto the Earth; celebrate the rebirth of nature, Asatru, and the new hopes of our Folk.

  • Lenting 28,

Ragnar Lodbrok Day: Ragnar was one of the legends most famous Vikings. On this day in Runic Year 1145 he raided Paris. It just happened to be Easter Sunday. Today toast Ragnar and read from his Saga.


Ostara / April

  • Ostara 9,

Day of Remembrance for Jarl Hakon of Norway: As ruler of the western part of the realm, Hakon restored the worship of the Old Gods and cast out the alien religion. In the process, the common folk regained political liberties which were erased under the kristjan yoke, and the flame of our Troth burned brighter in an era of gathering gloom. It may be that Hakon’s defense of our ancestral ways helped encourage the survival of our traditions in Iceland, where they eventually became the seeds of modern day Asatru. On this day reflect on how the actions of the individual can impact world events and the future of Odinn’s Nation.

  • Ostara 15,

Sigrblot/Sumarsdag: Today we celebrate the first day of Summer in the Old Icelandic calendar. In Iceland it had strong agricultural overtones, but elsewhere in the Nordic world, it was a time to sacrifice to Odinn for victory in the summer voyages and battles.

  • Ostara 22,

Yggdrasil Day: On this day we realize the great significance that the World Tree plays in our culture, heritage, and native spirituality. It is from the World Tree that we came, and it shelters and nurtures the Asatru today, and will offer refuge to the Folk come Ragnarok. Trees are the lungs as well as the soul of Midgard. Plant a tree today, nurture it, and protect it. In this act the Folk must abide.

  • Ostara 30,

Walburg: this is better known as Walpurgisnacht or May Eve. Walberg is a goddess of our folk combining some of the traits of Her better-known peers. Reflect on this day on Freya, Hel, and Frigga as the repository of the glorious dead, and you will have an idea of Wulburg’s nature. On this day pour a horn of mead upon the earth in memory of our heroes.


Merrymoon / May

  • Merrymoon 1,

May Day: The first of May is a time of great celebration all across Europe, as the fields get greener and the flowers decorate the landscape with colorful confusion. Freya turns her kindly face to us after the night of Walburg. Celebrate the birth of Spring and the gifts of Freya on this day.

  • Merrymoon 9,

Day of Remembrance for Guthroth: One of the upland minor kings. Guthroth had to the audacity to make a speech opposing the policies of Olaf Tryggvason, who at the time was busy killing people who did not want to become kristjans. For exercising his Gods given rights to worship his tribal Gods, Guthroth was captured and his tongue was cut out. Use your tongue for the Gods today! Sing their praises and recite some heroic poetry, tell someone of the Gods glory, and call a kinsman to keep in touch.

  • Merrymoon 20,

Frigga Blot: Today we rejoice in the warmth and splendor of Spring. A traditional time for a Kindred campout, perform blot to honor the AllMother and thank Her for the health and vitality of the Family, Kindred and Tribe.


Midyear / June

  • Midyear 8,

Lindisfarne Day: On this day in the year 1043 Runic Era (793 CE) three Viking ships raided the Isle of Lindisfarne, officially opening what is the Viking Age. Toast these brave warriors who began the noble resistance of the alien invasion of the Northlands and sought rightful revenge for the slaughter of the Saxons by Charlamange.

  • Midyear 9,

Day of Remembrance for Sigurd the Volsung: He is the model Germanic hero. His wooing of the Valkyrie Brynhild, the winning of the treasure of the Nibelungs, and the constant theme of Odinic initiation that weaves itself throughout his story are priceless parts of our Asatru heritage, that provide endless material for contemplation and inspiration for action.

  • Midyear 21,

Midsummer: This is the longest day and the shortest night of the year: Now Sunna begins its ling decline, sliding into the darkness which will culminate six months from now at Yule. Identifying the sun with the brightness of Baldur, we celebrate in honor of both. Hold blot to Baldur and High Feast. This was the traditional time for holding the AlThing in ancient times.


Haymoon / July

  • Haymoon 4,

Founder’s Day: On this day we honor the unselfish personal sacrifice and unswerving dedication to our Folk exemplified by the founders of modern era Asatru, H. Rud Mills of Australia, Sveinbjorn Beinteinsson and Thorsteinn Guthjonson of Iceland. On this day reflect on just what YOU can do to promote the growth of our ancestral religion and protect our sacred heritage and traditions.

  • Haymoon 9,

Day of Remembrance for Unn the Deep Minded: Unn was a powerful figure from the Laxdaela Saga who emigrated to Scotland to avoid the hostility of King Harald Finehair. She established dynasties in the Orkney and Faroe Islands by carefully marrying off her grand daughters. As a settler in Iceland she continued to exhibit all those traits which were her hallmark-strong will, a determination to control, dignity, and a noble character. In the last days of her life, she established a mighty line choosing one of her grandsons as her heir. She died during his wedding celebration, presumable accomplishing her goals and worked out her orlog here in Midgard. She received a typical Nordic ship burial, surrounded by her treasure and her reputation for great deeds.

  • Haymoon 29,

Stikklestad Day: Olaf the Lawbreaker (“St. Olaf”) was killed at the battle of Stikklestad on this date in the year 1280 R.E. Olaf acquired a reputation for killing, maiming, and exiling his fellow Norwegians who would not convert to Christianity, and for carrying an army with him in violation of the law to help him accomplish his oppression. Today honor the Asatru martyrs who died rather then submit to gray slavery. Also honor the warriors who brought justice to the Lawbreaker.


Harvest / August

  • Harvest 1,

Freyfaxi: Freyfaxi marked the time of the harvest in ancient Iceland. Today the Asatru observe this date as a celebration of their harvest with blot to Freyr and a grand Feast from the gardens and the fields.

  • Harvest 9,

Day of Remembrance for Radbod: On this date we honor Radbod a king of Frisia what was an early target kristjan missionaries. Just before his baptism ceremony, he asked the clergy what fate his befallen ancestors who died loyal to Asatru. The missionaries replied that Radbod’s Heathen ancestors were burning in Hell-to which the king replied: “Then I will rather live there with my ancestors than go to heaven with a parcel of beggars.” The baptism was cancelled, the aliens expelled, and Frisia remained free. Drink a horn this day in memory of Radbod.


Shedding / September

  • Shedding 9,

Day of Remembrance for Herman of the Cherusci: Few mortals have privileged to serve our Folk as did Herman, a leader of the tribe called the Cherusci. We he defeated Varus’ three Roman Legions in 9 C.E. he blocked our amalgamation into the Mediterranean morass. Herman was very aware of his duties not only as a member of his tribe but also as an Asaman - indeed the two were probably inseparable with him. Shedding is the ideal time to give him praise, because the crucial battle for which he is remembered was fought during this month.

  • Shedding 23,

Winter Finding: The Fall Equinox; Summer and Winter balance for a moment and the cold, old man wins - for now. Brace yourself for longer nights and the onset, eventually, of the cold and darkness of Winter. Do blot to Odin for inspiration to get through your personal lean times, whenever they may strike. This is the traditional time for Fall Fest and the Second Harvest Feast.


Hunting / October

  • Hunting 8,

Day of Remembrance for Erik the Red: Praise the stalwart founder of Greenland, and father of Leif, the founder of Vinland. Erik remained loyal to Thor even when his wife left the Gods and refused to sleep with her Heathen husband. Pause in memory of Erik today; drink a toast to his honor. No doubt he gets enough warmth in Har’s Hall to make up for his wife’s coldness.

  • Hunting 9,

Day of Remembrance for Leif Erikson: this is a day that even the U.S. Government admits who should dedicate to the man who beat Columbus to the shores of Vinland by over 500 years. Don’t let it slide quietly - write your local newspapers and share the word of the Norse colonies with neighbors and friends.

  • Hunting 14,

Winter Nights/Vetrablot: In the Old Icelandic Calendar, winter begins on the Satyrday between Hunting 11th and 17th. Winter Nights celebrates the bounty of the harvest and honors Freya and the fertility and protective spirits called Disir, that She leads (often the Disir are seen as our female ancestors). Give glory to Freya and pour a libation of ale, milk, or mead into the soil an offering to the Disir and the Earth itself.


Fogmoon / November

Fogmoon 9,

Day of Remembrance for Queen Sigrith of Sweden: When Olaf the Lawbreaker had been king of Norway for three years, he asked Queen Sigrith of Sweden to marry him. She agreed, but when he insisted that she give up her ancestral Gods Sigrith replied, “I do not mean to abandon the faith I have led, and my kinsmen before me. Nor shall I object to your belief in the god you prefer.” As usual Heathen tolerance was met with kristjan imprecations and a blow to the face. The wedding was off - depriving Olaf of political power that could have sped the christianization of Scandinavia. As it were, history tells us that the Heathens held on for over 300 more years in the Northlands. Hail Sigrith, defender of Asatru, and women of stubborn virtue!

  • Fogmoon 11,

Feast of the Einherjar: The chosen heroes who sit in Odin’s Hall are the Einherjar. Today we honor those dead kin who gave their lives for Family and Folk. If you have friends or family who died in battle, visit their graves today, if that is not possible, drink a libation in their memory.

  • Fogmoon 23,

Feast of Ullr: The Feast of Ullr is to celebrate the Hunt and to gain personal luck needed for success. Weapons are dedicated on this day to Ullr, God of the Bow. If your hunting arms were blessed by the luck of the God of the Hunt, your family and tribe shared the bounty with a Blot and Feast to Ullr.


Yule / December

  • Yule 9,

Day of Remembrance for Egil Skallagrimsson: Odin was his God, and the blood of berserks and shape-shifters ran in his family. His lust for gold and for fames was insatiable. Yet the same man was passionately moved by the love of his friends and generously opened handed to those who found his favor. The same brain that seethed with war-fury also composed skaldic poetry capable of calming angry kings. Can it be by accident that Egil worshipped Odin, the great solver of paradoxes and riddles? Indeed all Asafolk - but especially those who follow the one-eyed God of battle and magic - can learn much from the life of this amazing man.

  • Yule 21,

Mother Night: As the night before the Winter Solstice, this is the time when the New Year is born. We honor the beginning of Sunnas return and the breaking of Winter’s spell. This is a time to honor Thor and Freyr, celebrate by Blot, Sumbel, and High Feast. Burn a Yule Log and jump the flames for luck and purification.

  • Yule 22,

High Feast of Yule - Beginning of Runic Year - Sacred to Thorr and Freyr

  • Yule 31,

Twelfth Night: This culminates the traditional twelve days of Yule. Each day of which is a month of the preceding year in miniature. Reflect on the past year. Take stock and lay a course for the future. Make New Years resolutions in the old way by swearing your oath on Freyr’s boar or on your Hammer.

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GREEN SCHOOL

The history of this college goes back to the middle of the nineteenth century. As an answer to the severe lack of decent and affordable education in the city, this catholic entrepreneur and landowner started a school in 1862 inside existing buildings that were formerly used as industrial spaces. In 1868 he donated the property to the nearby diocese. During the next year, the school was expanded with a teachers residence. Between 1881 and 1883 all of the existing building, including the teachers residence, were demolished and form 1883 onward a new school was built in neogothic style. The building of this new school was largely funded by the former owner of the property. Originally the institution was a secondary school that also provided in agricultural education. By the beginning of the 1960’s the secondary school moved into new buildings and this school only remained in use for the primary school. After a merge with other schools at the beginning of the millennium all of the buildings were vacated. In 2016 the chapel was destroyed by a raging fire.

Element Names: Earth

Word Names

  • Abelia
  • Acacia
  • Agate
  • Alder
  • Aloe
  • Amaryllis
  • Amber
  • Amethyst
  • Anethum (“Dill”)
  • Arabis
  • Aralia
  • Artemisia
  • Ash
  • Atlas
  • Azalea
  • Bassia
  • Birch
  • Blossom
  • Bluebell
  • Borax
  • Bud
  • Buttercup
  • Cactus
  • Calla
  • Calopyxis
  • Carnelian
  • Cedar
  • Cedrela
  • Cinnamon
  • Citrine
  • Citrus
  • Clay
  • Copper
  • Crocus
  • Cypress
  • Daffodil
  • Dahlia
  • Delonix
  • Dirt
  • Drynaria
  • Dypsis
  • Elettaria
  • Elm
  • Emerald
  • Ephedra
  • Fig
  • Flint
  • Freesia
  • Garden
  • Garnet
  • Ginger
  • Gloxinia
  • Gold
  • Grass
  • Hazel
  • Holly
  • Iris
  • Ivy
  • Jasmine
  • Jet
  • Lavender
  • Lilac
  • Lotus
  • Marigold
  • Meadow
  • Mint
  • Moss
  • Nemesia
  • Oak
  • Obsidian
  • Olivine
  • Onyx
  • Opal
  • Orchid
  • Oregano
  • Oxlip
  • Palm
  • Peridot (pronounced like “Pear-e-doe”)
  • Pine
  • Pollen
  • Poppy
  • Primrose
  • Quartz
  • Ravenna [Grass]
  • Rose
  • Sand
  • Sage
  • Sepal
  • Silver
  • Soil
  • Stalk
  • Styx
  • Terrain
  • Thistle
  • Thyme
  • Topaz
  • Trillium
  • Verbena
  • Vine
  • Wren
  • Yarrow
  • Zephyr
  • Zeolite
  • Zinnia
  • Zircon

Words with “Earth” related meanings

  • Abilene: Hebrew; meaning “land of meadows”
  • Ajax: Greek; meaning “of the earth”
  • Artemis: Greek mythology; goddess of the hunt, wild animals, etc.
  • Artois: French, place name
  • Avalon: Welsh; place name related to the myth of King Arthur
  • Avani: Hindi; meaning “man from the red earth”
  • Caius: Latin; meaning “person of earth”
  • Candana: Hindi; meaning “sandalwood”
  • Chloris: Greek mythology: goddess of flower
  • Cyllene: Greek mythology; a “oread” i.e. a mountain nymph
  • Dacia: Latin; place name
  • Demeter: Greek mythology; meaning “earth mother”
    • Variations: Demetria/Demetri/Demetrius
  • Echo: Greek mythology; a “oread” i.e. a mountain nymph
  • Eurydice: Greek mythology; a “dryad” i.e. tree nymph
  • Fan: Chinese; meaning “earth”
  • Flora: Roman mythology: goddess of flowers and the spring
  • Gaia: Greek mythology; meaning: “earth”
  • Holden: English; meaning “hollow valley”
  • Inika: Sanskrit; meaning “small earth”
  • Ivo: German; meaning “yew wood”
  • Kiah: Welsh; meaning “person of earth”
  • Leilani: Hawaiian; meaning “heavenly flower”
  • Rikuto: Japanese; meaning “land + person”
  • Silas: English; meaning “wood, forest”
  • Silvanus: Roman mythology; deity of the woods
  • Terra: English; meaning “land, earth”
  • Veles: Slavic mythology; god of earth/waters/underworld
  • Viridios: Celtic mythology; god of vegetation…
  • Zola: Latin; meaning “earth”

Last Names

  • Ebner: German; meaning “dweller on a flat piece of land”
  • Edgeworth: plant
  • Garland: English; meaning “triangle land”
  • Goldenrod: flower
  • Harlan: English; meaning “hare land”
  • Hawthorn: tree
  • Knotweed: plant
  • Larkspur: flower
  • Sandwort: flower
  • Silverberry: plant/bush
  • Whitlow: grass
  • Yarley: English: meaning “fenced meadow”
  • Zeman: Czech; meaning “landowner”

Not a complete list, but hopefully good for inspiration.

I didn’t add every single flower or plant or animal, etc.—the list would be ridiculous—just my favorites. Feel free to look up any others you may like (example: food, minerals, flowers, animals except birds), and add them on here!

Happy writing!

Mj is one of my favorite characters in spider-man homecoming but one of the only things we know about her is that she reads alot of books. These books give really great insight into her character plus I could use a new summer reading list so if anyone else is wondering, these are the books MJ is reading in Spider-Man: Homecoming.

 Of Human Bondage by W. Somerset Maugham 

  • “W. Somerset Maugham’s masterwork is the coming-of-age story of Philip Carey, a sensitive young man consumed by an unrequited and self-destructive love. Born with a clubfoot, Philip is orphaned as a child and raised by unsympathetic relatives. Sent to a boarding school where he has difficulty fitting in, he grows up with an intense longing for love, art, and experience. After failing to become an artist in Paris, he begins medical studies in London, where he meets Mildred, a cold-hearted waitress with whom he falls into a powerful, tortured, life-altering love affair. A brilliant and deeply moving portrayal of the price of passion and the universal desire for connection, Of Human Bondage stands as one of the most accomplished novels in English literature.

This book is heavy on themes like emotional detachment, lonliness, and mechanical melancholy especially when its contrasted with things like the desire for love and companionship. 

Invitation to a Beheading by Vladimir Naboko

  • Invitation to a Beheading embodies a vision of a bizarre and irrational world. In an unnamed dream country, the young man Cincinnatus C. is condemned to death by beheading for “gnostical turpitude,” an imaginary crime that defies definition. Cincinnatus spends his last days in an absurd jail, where he is visited by chimerical jailers, an executioner who masquerades as a fellow prisoner, and by his in-laws, who lug their furniture with them into his cell. When Cincinnatus is led out to be executed, he simply wills his executioners out of existence: they disappear, along with the whole world they inhabit.“

This book’s main character is sentenced to prison and eventually to death due to his inability to fit in and thus defying what it means to be human. Its very existential. Think of Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy but spookier. MJ is reading this book on the bus ride to Washington.

The rest of these books MJ isnt seen reading but she is seen carrying them around. 

The Adolescent by Fyodor Dostoevsky’s

  • The narrator and protagonist of Dostoevsky’s novel The Adolescent (first published in English as A Raw Youth) is Arkady Dolgoruky, a naive 19-year-old boy bursting with ambition and opinions. The illegitimate son of a dissipated landowner, he is torn between his desire to expose his father’s wrongdoing and the desire to win his love. He travels to St. Petersburg to confront the father he barely knows, inspired by an inchoate dream of communion and armed with a mysterious document that he believes gives him power over others. This new English version by the most acclaimed of Dostoevsky’s translators is a masterpiece of pathos and high comedy.

I haven’t read this one but if you’re up for a comedic Russian coming of age tell, about a boy with daddy issues then go for it. 

The Wings of the Dove by Henry James

  • The Wings of the Dove is the story of Milly Theale, a naïve, doomed American heiress, and a pair of lovers, Kate Croy and Merton Densher, who conspire to obtain her fortune. In this witty tragedy of treachery, self-deception, and betrayal, Henry James weaves together three ill-fated and wholly human destinies unexpectedly linked by desire, greed, and salvation.

This seems like a very wealthy woman is very ill and while some people love her, others are just looking out for themselves. This one is free on amazon! 

Woman in the Dunes by Kōbō Abe

  • The Woman in the Dunes, by celebrated writer and thinker Kobo Abe, combines the essence of myth, suspense and the existential novel. After missing the last bus home following a day trip to the seashore, an amateur entomologist is offered lodging for the night at the bottom of a vast sand pit. But when he attempts to leave the next morning, he quickly discovers that the locals have other plans. Held captive with seemingly no chance of escape, he is tasked with shoveling back the ever-advancing sand dunes that threaten to destroy the village. His only companion is an odd young woman. Together their fates become intertwined as they work side by side at this Sisyphean task.

I haven’t read this one either but as the character is forced into the labor intensive yet mundane and seemingly fruitless task of shovelling sand, it kind of reminds me of The Myth of Sispyphus. Sisyphus was condemned to carry a rock up a hill only to have it roll back down once he reached the top, forcing him to start all over in a never ending cycle. This seems like an existential novel thats concerned with the frivolities of life. Also, this is written by one of Japan’s most acclaimed novelists so PoC writers, represent!

That’s all the novels I could pick out and google. All of these descriptions come from Amazon! To start, I would highly recommend the first two and even though these books give great insight onto MJ’s character in Spiderman and into her future role in the Marvel lore, they are also great reads on their own! 

Happy Reading!

I hope you have your representatives on speed-dial! Use that phone for some good.

The Endangered Species Act may be heading for the threatened list. This hearing confirmed it.

A Senate hearing to “modernize the Endangered Species Act” unfolded Wednesday just as supporters of the law had feared, with round after round of criticism from Republican lawmakers who said the federal effort to keep species from going extinct encroaches on states’ rights, is unfair to landowners and stymies efforts by mining companies to extract resources and create jobs.

The Endangered Species Act is a 43-year-old law enacted under the Nixon administration at a time when people were beginning to understand how dramatically chemical use and human development were devastating species. It has since saved the bald eagle, California condor, gray wolves, black-footed ferret, American alligator and Florida manatee from likely extinction.

But members of the hearing said its regulations prevented people from doing business and making a living. In a comment to a former U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service director who testified at the hearing, Sen. James M. Inhofe (R-Okla.), repeated a point made by Barrasso that of more than 1,600 species listed as threatened or endangered since the act’s inception, fewer than 50 have been removed.

An American bald eagle prepares to snag a perch in the prime fishing grounds below Conowingo Dam in Darlington, Md., in November 2012. (Linda Davidson/The Washington Post)

When Walt Disney was scouting locations for Disney World, he had a problem. If the local landowners discovered that he was buying up masses of land in the region, prices would rise astronomically. In order to work around this, he set up a series of dummy corporations with pun names (the M T Lott Co., for instance) and made the purchases through them, allowing him to buy over 40 square miles for less than $200 an acre.

With the land in their possession, Disney then needed a way to do whatever they wanted with it without The Man meddling in their affairs. So by teaming up with actual fucking CIA agents (who know a thing or two about dealing with troublesome governments), they managed to strike a deal with the government which transformed the area into a regulation-free zone known as the Reedy Creek Improvement District. Effectively a self-governing fiefdom, the local board handles building code regulations, emergency services, energy policy, public services, and maintains the highways and waterways. Florida collects property taxes, and that’s about it. In 2005, the chief of Florida’s Bureau of Fair Rides Inspection observed that the state couldn’t even shut down the rides.

Despite seceding from the Union, however, Disney loves to interfere in politics, particularly when it concerns their bottom line.

5 Insane Jerk Moves Pulled By Disney (You Never Knew About)

Monsta X as neighbors

Shownu:

•  rolls in on his scooter at like 2 in the morning every night, probably always waking you up
•  you’d think he was all badass, going to parties and staying out and everything…but he babysits dogs when their owners are away
•  and he’d tell you that one morning when you found him trying to get in your apartment bc he mistook it for his “are you sleepwalking lmao”
•  probably offers to cook you breakfast on the weekends if you’re not busy
•  bonus if you actually had a dog, he’ll give you discount and you’d have the pleasure of watching him being all cute and kissy with your pup


Wonho:

•  has knocked at least 17 times on your door, asking if you had any Ramen
•  even if you’re like “no……same answer as the last 16 times” he’s still like “ok well I have some, wanna come over?”
•  but it’s so fun flirting with him tbh he’s hilarious plus he always has expensive ice cream in his fridge that he’s willing to share if you came over
•  one time you found him flirting with your other neighbor when you came down the stairs “gasp, we’re you just hitting on timothy…I thought we had something special”
•  has a new hairstyle every time you see him 


Minhyuk:

•  introduces himself on like the first day of moving in, with a box of cookies and the whole shebang
•  way too cheerful and loud in the mornings but his energy rubs off on you and you can’t help but smile when you pass him in the hallway or the elevator
•  offers to go jogging with you on weekday mornings and have a late brunch
•  sometimes he comes over without any warning and makes himself a cup of tea while you’re cooking
•  has all the latest gossip on everyone in the building/street so you’re always scandalized


Kihyun:

•  you probably heard about him before you even met him
•  “oh my gosh I heard he’s such a player tho” “did u see him blowing kisses at my dog???” “He looks like the type of guy to pour his milk before the cereal” look he’s just a dork
•  you always see him carrying brown paper bags for his groceries
•  retro 70s/80s music can heard from his door every Monday morning but you should probably not ask
•  has way too many plants and cacti in his apartment…..if you’re ever lucky to get invited inside to see


Hyungwon:

•  people would think he’s some sort of celebrity when he moved in next to you
•  always wearing blacked out shades and long pea coat even when it’s like 90 degrees at night
•  won’t even spare you a glance unless you’re carrying a new issue of his favorite magazine or you just smelled really nice “is that the new dior?”
•  once you have the privilege to step inside his abode, it’s like yall are besties and he’s sharing his favorite non-gluten recipes with you
•  gives everyone a stank look if if they stepped on his ‘welcome, bitch’ mat with their dusty shoes


Jooheon:

•  does he even have hair on his head, why he always wearing a snapback ??????
•  brings his homies over every other night and it’s so loud, you can see like 3 or 4 more people sneaking in his door every few minutes
•  when you decide to finally give him a piece of your mind,  he’s like “bro come turn up its lit!!!! I got jello shots :’)))”
•  yeah ngl his parties are always lit and he plays the best music plus no one has any complaints bc they’re always at his place anyway
•  friends with the local pizza shop and has free deliveries if the manager is invited


I.M:

•  an upstanding citizen, you’ve even seen him helping old people cross the street and save a fat pigeon from being run over by some kid’s skateboard
•  usually has his face buried in a book when the elevator is crowded, but you can bet he’s listening on everyone’s conversations
•  one time you caught him looking at your texts with your friend and it was just full of memes
•  that’s when he introduced himself…..I mean he kinda had to bc he couldn’t stop snorting at your sense of humor
•  has like 10 stray cats and cool lizards in his place “please don’t tell the landowner, I just couldn’t help myself :(”

Originally posted by wonhyu-k

My Love for You

Word Count: 1447

Summary: When Elena Gilbert walks in on you and your husband, Elijah Mikaelson having an intimate moment, Elijah relays a bit of your past and expresses to her his feelings for you.

Requested By: @badhippiehabits

Can you do an Elijah Mikaelson imagine? Where the reader and Elijah were together and married before he was turned and when he was turned she was turned too. And when Elijah and the reader go to help Elena with Klaus, Elena walks in on Elijah and the reader having a cute moment and when the reader is leaving she over hears Elena asking Elijah about their love and he gets all glossy eyes and tell her about their story and how their love will never die. Please and thank you❤️

Pairings: Reader x Elijah Mikaelson

Author’s Note: Sorry this took so long it’s my first request and I wanted it to be as perfect as I could possibly make it!

It was Elijah’s night to make dinner and as always the delectable scent of his cooking lured you downstairs and into the kitchen.

“Mm.” You said upon entering the kitchen. “I don’t know what you’re cooking but as usual it smells delicious!” You walked up behind him and wrapped your arms around his waist.

He chuckled. “Thank you, my sweet.”

You kissed his shoulder blade, spreading your hands along the strong, muscular planes of his chest. “I love you Elijah Mikaelson.”

He turned off the stove and spun around to face you. Taking either side of your face in his hands, he leaned down until your faces were mere inches apart. “I love you more, y/n”

“Impossible,” you smirked.

He wrapped his arms around you. You placed your hands on his chest. He leaned in further and kissed you. Slowly, your eyes closed and you wrapped your arms around his neck, bringing him closer.

That kiss was perfect. It could have gone on forever and neither one of you would have noticed. And then you heard it. A soft knock at the doorway.

You broke apart, startled. Elijah shoved you behind him. He tensed, barring his fangs ready to protect you from the world itself if necessary.

Elena, stood wide-eyed in the doorway of the kitchen.

Elijah relaxed his stance and began straightening his shirt collar. “Um, hello Elena.”

You dipped your head in greeting. “Elena.”

“Hi.” Elena said in a meek voice followed by a tiny wave.

You laughed breathily.

“How did you get in here?” Elijah asked, folding his arms across his chest.

Elena’s lips moved but no words came out.

A smile tugged at your lips. You wondered if it was Elijah making her nervous or if her own embarrassment had left her tongue-tied. Maybe both, you decided.

“Elena!” you exclaimed.  

“I knocked but no one answered!” she finally said. “And both of your cars were in the driveway so I figured that either you two were avoiding me or something terrible happened to you! I’m sorry! I don’t usually go barging into other people’s homes but I really, really need to talk to Elijah! So I tested the door…and it was unlocked…and then I found you guys…in here….kissing…”

When Elena finished she was nervously wringing her hands and looking down at her shoes like a child who’d gotten caught stealing cookies from the cookie jar. It was so adorable that you were nearly in tears trying to keep yourself from laughing.

Elijah cleared his throat awkwardly. “And what is that you need to speak to me about, Elena?”

The doppelganger sighed, throwing her hands in the air. “Klaus is up to his old tricks again.”

You and Elijah groaned in unison. You’d had enough of Klaus and ‘his old tricks’ to last you a lifetime.

“Well, in that case I’m going back upstairs to—“

“Keep the bed warm?” Elijah finished.

You gaped at him in shock. He was rarely so playful in front of anyone outside of his immediate family.

From the corner of your eye you saw Elena’s cheeks turn bright red.

“Elijah! We have a guest,” you scolded, gesturing to Elena.

“What?” he laughed.

You playfully swatted him on the arm. He returned the favor by swatting you on the behind. You yelped in surprise.  

“No, no! It’s fine. I did break into your house after all…” Elena’s cheeks reddened further.

“What is wrong with you?”

Elijah shrugged. “I love you. That’s all.”

You smiled and pecked a kiss on his cheek.

Striding past Elena and out of the kitchen, you spoke, “Just yell if he steps out of line, Elena.”

The two snickered as you made your way upstairs and into the master bedroom.

“Please excuse my crude behavior, Elena.” You heard your husband say from below.

“No, it’s fine. You and y/n are adorable together.”

“Thank you. I’m glad you think so.”

“How long have you been together?”

“Since I was human,” you could almost hear the grin in his voice.

“Wow… What’s it like?”

“What’s what like?”

“Being with the same person for over a thousand years… I can’t imagine being with just the same person for one thousand years.”

“I suppose that it’s all about the person. I can’t imagine a day without my y/n at my side.”

Climbing into your bed you beamed with pride and pleasure.

“That’s beautiful, Elijah.”

“It’s true too.”

She laughed. “So how did you meet y/n?”

“We sort of grew up together. Our fathers were in business together, my father was a wealthy landowner and y/n’s father was a contractor. My father owned the land and y/n’s father built the houses on the land.”

“So your family was supportive?”

Elijah snorted. “Our mothers were supportive and so were my siblings. Rebekah especially. Y/N is like the sister she never had. Our fathers on the other hand were furious.”

You shuddered at the memory.

“Why?”

“Who knows? I remember Mikael went out of his way to make y/n uncomfortable every time she visited our home. Y/N’s father, thankfully at least tried to be civil when I was over.”  

“That was nice.”

“Yes, but when I left he would yell at y/n so loudly that the whole village could hear.”

A chill crept up your spine, you could still hear the roar of your father’s voice in your ears.

“Oh.” She said flatly.

Elijah snickered lightly. “It’s okay though. We got through it. And we’ll get through anything else that life throws at us so long as we are together.”

Your lips twitched, fighting a smile.

“That’s really beautiful.” Elena said softly. “You really, truly love her, don’t you?”

“That woman up there is my world,” you heard him say.

“That’s amazing. When I was little my mom used to read to me stories about princes and princesses finding their soulmates and true loves. When I grew older I tossed the whole idea of true loves and soulmates aside. It all sounded so…childish and unrealistic. And yet here I am looking right at in you and y/n.”

Elijah released a breathy laugh. “Well if true loves and soulmates are indeed real then there is no doubt in my mind that y/n is mine. I love her like I have loved no other. Her very existence completes me. Her eyes, her scent, her personality bewitches me… I remember that on the night of our hundredth wedding anniversary party I looked upon the face of my wife with such overwhelming love that I was afraid I might burst before the first toast could be made. Just days before the celebration I was wondering if it would always be like this, if my love for her would ever fade. Nine hundred years later I think it’s safe to say that the answer to that question is no.” He laughed.

But you weren’t laughing at all. You were crying. Your husband’s words had brought you to tears. His voiced feelings hit you where you needed it most. You too had shared your husband’s worries and for centuries you dreaded the day when your husband would lose interest in you or when someone new would manage to catch his eye. Now you knew that that day would never come.

You heard Elijah sniff a couple of times.

You swallowed your laughter. He felt it too, you realized, the relief, the overwhelming euphoria of being and feeling completely content and satisfied in your relationship and in the one you love.

“So what was it you needed, Elena?”

X

When Elena departed, Elijah resumed cooking dinner and made a quick and sharply-worded phone call to his brother, Klaus.

When he was done, he entered your bedroom with a gleaming silver tray in his hands. He grinned at you, sitting the steaming tray with your dinner on it at the foot of the bed. “I thought we might eat in bed for a change.”

He leaned down and kissed your lips. His lips were soft and warm against your own but kiss remained strong.

You stroked his cheek, his stubble scratched at your palm. “I love you with all of my heart, Elijah Mikaelson.”

His cheeks colored a tad. “I knew you were listening.”

“You meant it? All of it?”

“Every last word.” He confirmed.

“I feel the same,” you told him. “I’ve never felt as strong, or as confident, or as beautiful or as…whole as I have in these last one thousand plus years I have spent at your side. When I’m with you no matter where I am the world is brighter, kinder. Thank you for being my husband, Elijah and thank you for making me your wife.”

Author’s Note: Thank you so much for reading. And thanks to @badhippiehabits for requesting.

Lesbian History:

Anne Lister (1791–1840)

  • was a well-off  landowner, diarist, mountaineer and traveller (the first woman to climb Mont Perdu)
  • kept diaries which chronicled the details of her daily life, including her lesbian relationships, her financial concerns, her industrial activities and her work remodeling historical houses
  • her diaries contain more than 4,000,000 words including very intimate and graphic details about her sexual and romantic relationships which she wrote in code, as well as exactly how she preferred to seduce women
  • was noted for her ‘masculine appearance’ (read: hella butch)

“I love and only love the fairer sex… my heart revolts from any love but theirs.” - Journals, 29 October 1820

“I know how to please this fair maiden of mine” - Journals, 1820

a business-oriented, athletic, house-flipping lesbian i…. wow. if birkenstocks existed in 1820 she woulda had a pair.

most lgbt movies you see recommended are rated r, sexually explicit, etc etc. while that’s honestly great to see and something i’m personally okay with, it leaves kids and people who DON’T want to see sex alienated.

*Please note that I have not seen all or most of these movies. I will be updating this list as I find more/watch unrated ones that can be placed here. Let me know if I missed any!

Last Updated: 5/4/17

thus, here’s a list of lgbt movies that aren’t rated r:

  • The Pearl of Africa, TV-14: “In this intimate documentary, Ugandan transgender woman Cleopatra Kambugu struggles and prevails as she lives in an actively transphobic environment.”
  • Jenny’s Wedding, PG-13: “When Jenny plans to marry her girlfriend, she decides it’s time that her family, who doesn’t know she’s a lesbian, finally learns the truth.”
  • The Out List, TV-PG: “Activists, entertainers, athletes and politicians are among those profiled in this thought-provoking portrait of notable LGBT personalities.”
  • Growing Up Coy, TV-PG: “Filmmakers follow a Colorado family’s highly public battle for the rights of their transgender daughter, Coy, in a landmark civil rights case.”
  • My Transgender Kid, TV-14: “Two British families discuss the challenges they face raising children who identify as a gender different from the one they were assigned at birth.”
  • Gayby Baby, PG: “This documentary follows four youngsters as they navigate the challenges of their preteen years, including society’s bias against their gay parents.”
  • Margarita with a Straw, TV-14: “An Indian woman with cerebral palsy decides to study in New York, where she becomes involved in a life-changing affair with a blind female activist.”
  • Who’s Gonna Love Me Now?, TV-14: “A gay London man faces a positive HIV diagnosis and a decision on whether to stay with loving friends or return to his estranged parents in Israel.”
  • Game Face, TV-14: “This documentary follows the struggle of transgender MMA fighter Fallon Fox and gay basketball player Terrence Clemens for acceptance by their sports.”
  • Kumu Hina, TV-14: “This year captures a year in the life of native Hawaiian transgender teacher Hina Wong-Kalu, who embodies mahu, a sacred spirit both male and female.”
  • Big Eden, PG-13: “Henry Hart returns to Big Eden and winds up confronting his unrequited passion for his high school best friend and his feelings about being gay.”
  • Rent, PG-13: “This is the film version of the Pulitzer and Tony Award winning musical about Bohemians in the East Village of New York City struggling with life, love and AIDS, and the impacts they have on America.”
  • D.E.B.S., PG-13: “Plaid-skirted schoolgirls are groomed by a secret government agency to become the newest members of the elite national-defense group, D.E.B.S.”
  • I Am Not Your Negro, PG-13: “The late black and gay writer James Baldwin is given new voice in I Am Not Your Negro. Director Raoul Peck offers viewers the opportunity to spend 90 minutes with Baldwin’s words — his interviews, manuscripts, and influences — which offer his honest and illuminating insights on race in America.”
  • I Can’t Think Straight, PG-13: “A 2008 romance film adapted from a same name novel about a London-based Jordanian of Palestinian descent, Tala, who is preparing for an elaborate wedding. A turn of events causes her to have an affair and subsequently fall in love with another woman, Leyla, a British Indian.”
  • The World Unseen, PG-13: “A drama centered on two women who engage in a dangerous relationship during South Africa’s apartheid era.”
  • Caramel, PG: “A romantic comedy centered on the daily lives of five Lebanese women living in Beirut.”
  • You Are Not Alone, UR: “Two precocious boys explore their sexuality at boarding school.”
  • Bend it like Beckham, PG-13: “The daughter of orthodox Sikh rebels against her parents’ traditionalism and joins a football team.”
  • Camp, PG-13: “After a series of Broadway flops, songwriter Bert Hanley (Dixon) goes to work at a musical camp for young performers. Inspired by the kids, he finds an opportunity to regain success by staging an altogether new production.”
  • Chutney Popcorn, PG-13: “Reena is a young Indian American lesbian who lives and works in New York. Her sister Sarita, who is happily married, discovers that she is infertile. Reena offers to be a surrogate mother for her sister’s baby, hoping to improve her relationship with their mother, who disapproves of Reena’s sexual orientation. Reena has second thoughts when her girlfriend Lisa feels left out.”
  • The Family Stone, PG-13: “An uptight, conservative businesswoman accompanies her boyfriend to his eccentric and outgoing family’s annual Christmas celebration and finds that she’s a fish out of water in their free-spirited way of life.”
  • Saved!, PG-13: “When a girl attending a Christian high school becomes pregnant, she finds herself ostracized and demonized, as all of her former friends turn on her.”
  • To Wong Foo Thanks for Everything, Julie Newmar, PG-13: “Three drag queens travel cross-country until their car breaks down, leaving them stranded in a small town.”
  • Victor Victoria, PG: “A struggling female soprano finds work playing a male female impersonator, but it complicates her personal life.”
  • Far From Heaven, PG-13: “In 1950s Connecticut, a housewife faces a marital crisis and mounting racial tensions in the outside world.”
  • Philadelphia, PG-13: “When a man with HIV is fired by his law firm because of his condition, he hires a homophobic small time lawyer as the only willing advocate for a wrongful dismissal suit.”
  • Beautiful Daughters, TV-14: “In February, 2004, with the help of Eve Ensler and Jane Fonda, a group of transgender women put on the first all-transgender production of “The Vagina Monologues”, including a new monologue written by Ensler from their own experiences.”
  • Zorro: The Gay Blade, PG: “In 1840’s Mexico, wealthy landowner Don Diego Vega learns of his late father’s secret as Zorro, the masked folk hero, and Vega adopts his new persona. But when Vega is incapacitated by an injury, he asks Ramon, his very gay, long-lost twin brother (now calling himself ‘Bunny’), to replace him as the caped hero, who makes some drastic changes to his Zorro persona.”
  • We Think the World of You, PG: “An aimless young man, Johnny, is sent prison. He entrusts his beloved dog, Evie, to the care of his former lover and best friend, Frank. When he gets out of prison, he has to face difficulties at home. Added to this, is the fact that he may have to give up Evie to Frank.”
  • EDIT: Nina’s Heavenly Delights, PG-13: “A feisty young woman returns to Glasgow to run her deceased father’s curry house.”
  • EDIT: The Color Purple, PG-13: “A black Southern woman struggles to find her identity after suffering abuse from her father and others over four decades.”

as all my jewish followers and friends know, we have a holiday coming up! the featival of purim is this sunday. purim celebrates hidden miracles and hidden beauty and hidden saviours. there’s a lot of hiding. that’s why we dress up!

i’m aware that the vast majority of gentiles and a lot of jews don’t fully know the story of purim, which is recorded in the scroll of esther, or megillat esther. the megillah’s my favourite story, and has so many amazing midrashim (bit like rabbinical fanfiction) that i study year round. this story, which is the story of how a young jewish woman saved our people from a genocide, has a lot of parallels with our current political situation in the u.s., so i thought now would be a great time to tell the story!

Keep reading

There are three leeches who suck the people’s blood: the emperor,
the rich, and the big landowners … The big boss of the present
government, the emperor, is not the son of the gods as your pri-
mary school teachers and others would have you believe. The
ancestors of the present emperor came forth from one corner of
Kyushu, killing and robbing people as they went. They then
destroyed their fellow thieves, Nagasune-hiko and others … It
should be readily obvious that the emperor is not a god if you but
think about it for a moment.                                                                                   When it is said that [the imperial dynasty] has continued for
2,500 years, it may seem as if [Emperor Meiji] is divine, but
down through the ages the emperors have been tormented by for-
eign opponents and, domestically, treated as puppets by their own
vassals … Although these are well-known facts, university professors
and their students, weaklings that they are, refuse to either say or
write anything about it. Instead, they attempt to deceive both others
and themselves, knowing all along the whole thing is a pack of lies.
— 

Uchiyama Gudō (1874–1911), In Commemoration of Imprisonment

Uchiyama Gudō was a Japanese Soto Zen Buddhist priest and anarcho-socialist. He wrote numerous radical leftist tracts denouncing capitalism, the Imperial regime as well as the Buddhist religious hierarchy and several aspects of traditional Buddhist theology that he saw as distortions invented by the ruling class. He was executed in 1911 under charges that he was a member of a plot to assassinate Emperor Meiji after a government raid on his temple aimed at shutting down his underground printing press also claimed to have found explosive materials. 

10

HISTORY MEME → [6/9] Figures: Catherine the Great

Catherine II (Russian: Екатерина Алексеевна Yekaterina Alekseyevna; 2 May [O.S. 21 April] 1729 – 17 November [O.S. 6 November] 1796), also known as Catherine the Great (Екатери́на Вели́кая, Yekaterina Velikaya), was Empress of Russia from 1762 until 1796, the country’s longest-ruling female leader and arguably the most renowned (although Peter the Great was the only Tsar officially designated as “The Great”). She came to power following a coup d'état when her husband, Peter III, was assassinated. Russia was revitalised under her reign, growing larger and stronger than ever and becoming recognised as one of the great powers of Europe.

In both her accession to power and in rule of her empire, Catherine often relied on her noble favourites, most notably Grigory Orlov and Grigory Potemkin. Assisted by highly successful generals such as Alexander Suvorov and Pyotr Rumyantsev, and admirals such as Fyodor Ushakov, she governed at a time when the Russian Empire was expanding rapidly by conquest and diplomacy. In the south, the Crimean Khanate was crushed following victories over the Ottoman Empire in the Russo-Turkish wars, and Russia colonised the vast territories of Novorossiya along the coasts of the Black and Azov Seas. In the west, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, ruled by Catherine’s former lover, king Stanisław August Poniatowski, was eventually partitioned, with the Russian Empire gaining the largest share. In the east, Russia started to colonise Alaska, establishing Russian America.

Catherine reformed the administration of Russian guberniyas, and many new cities and towns were founded on her orders. An admirer of Peter the Great, Catherine continued to modernise Russia along Western European lines. However, military conscription and the economy continued to depend on serfdom, and the increasing demands of the state and private landowners led to increased levels of reliance on serfs. This was one of the chief reasons behind several rebellions, including the large-scale Pugachev’s Rebellion of cossacks and peasants.

The period of Catherine the Great’s rule, the Catherinian Era, is often considered the Golden Age of the Russian Empire and the Russian nobility. The Manifesto on Freedom of the Nobility, issued during the short reign of Peter III and confirmed by Catherine, freed Russian nobles from compulsory military or state service. Construction of many mansions of the nobility, in the classical style endorsed by the Empress, changed the face of the country. She enthusiastically supported the ideals of The Enlightenment, thus earning the status of an enlightened despot. As a patron of the arts she presided over the age of the Russian Enlightenment, a period when the Smolny Institute, the first state-financed higher education institution for women in Europe, was established.

August 1 1747 saw the Proscription Act introduced, banning the “Highland Garb” and the carrying of weapons. The penalty for a first offence was six months in jail and a second offence resulted in transportation for seven years.

To understand the act you have to first look at the previous uprisings, the 1715 saw the Disarming Act, which was ineffectual as the vast majority of the arms seized or handed in were rusted or unused, their real armouries were hidden fro the redcoats. Another short lived uprising in 1719 saw the introduction of the 1725 Disarming act “An act for the more effectual disarming the highlands in that part of Great Britain called Scotland; and for the better securing the peace and quiet of that part of the kingdom‘ This time General Wade led the movement and was more successful in seizing weapon but still there were weapons spirited away from the government’s prying eyes and not all were taken from the Highlanders, and those outwith the Highlands too, as it wasn’t just their the act was enforced.

And so to the ‘45. The act afterwards again was about disarming the clans but it went further than the previous laws, it also meant you could not wear the tartan ‘That from and after the first day of August, one thousand seven hundred and forty seven, no man or boy, within that part of Great Briton called Scotland, other than shall be employed as officers and soldiers in his Majesty’s forces, shall on any pretence whatsoever, wear or put on the clothes commonly called Highland Clothes (that is to say) the plaid, philibeg, or little kilt, trowse, shoulder belts, or any part whatsoever of what peculiarly belongs to the highland garb; and that no tartan, or partly-coloured plaid or stuff shall be used for great coats, or for upper coats’ Anyone found breaking these rules could be imprisoned for six months, and, if they were caught again, they could be sent to a plantation overseas for seven years.”

Excluded were soldiers of the realm and the gentry, oh and you may have noticed women weren’t mentioned! The act itself was more about banning the highland dress rather than the tartan, although in some cases there is no doubt over zealous lawmen would set it down by the letter of the law as it was written

During the time that Proscription was in effect, rumours abounded about methods by which Highlanders tried to retain their sense of clan identity – the most well-known in modern times being the ritual of the Kirkin’ o’ the Tartan. According to the legend, Highlanders hid pieces of tartan and brought them to church to be secretly blessed at a particular point in the service. The Highlanders would touch the hidden fabric at a pre-appointed time during the benediction, thus rededicating themselves to God and their Scottish heritage. This ritual is now once again popular, especially in among the diaspora populations of North America, although of course this is no longer performed in secret and instead is seen as a proud way to publicly declare your heritage, while remembering the difficulties faced by previous generations.

The ban was eventually lifted in 1782, due to the effects of the Clearances beginning to take hold in de-populating the Highlands, and because Highland clothing and tartan was no longer seen as a threat. However, within a couple of years, Highland landowners set up Societies with aims including promotion of “the general use of the ancient Highland dress”. Walter Scott was instrumental in encouraging lowlanders to show pride, it was about this time that specific tartans for Clans came about, before this the tartans more or less covered the regions rather than a particular clan, although the two did overlap so it is not always the case.

I sometimes hear people talking disparagingly about how the kilt should be worn, to me there is no set way, wear it how you want, I wear mine with walking boots and either long kilt socks or without, sometimes a Ghillie shirt but not always, others go on about wearing your clan tartan etc, as I said earlier not all tartans wear about your family, so wear a tartan you like, ignore what the snobs say, wear it to be a proud Scot or to remember your heritage, wear it whenever you want, if anyone tells you otherwise they are as bad as those who on this day in 1746 told a Nation that you could not wear your colours, be Proud to be Scottish.

It is legal to hunt and kill Bigfoot in Texas. David Sinclair from the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department stated:  “If Bigfoot did exist, and wasn’t human, then it would [be legal]. Bigfoot would be a non-protected wild animal.” He later added, “A non-protected non-game animal may be hunted on private property with landowner consent by any means, at any time and there is no bag limit or possession limit.”