landmark cases

Advanced English Vocabulary

jubilant (adj.) - extremely joyful, happy (The crowd was jubilant when the firefighter carried the woman from the flaming building.)

knell (n.) - the solemn sound of a bell, often indicating a death (Echoing throughout our village, the funeral knell made the grey day even more grim.)

lithe (adj.) - graceful, flexible, supple (Although the dancers were all outstanding, Joanna’s control of her lithe body was particularly impressive.)

lurid (adj.) - ghastly, sensational (Barry’s story, in which he described a character torturing his neighbour’s tortoise, was judged too lurid to be published on the English Library’s website.)

maverick (n.) - an independent, nonconformist person (John is a real maverick and always does things his own way.)

maxim (n.) - a common saying expressing a principle of conduct (Ms. Stone’s etiquette maxims are both entertaining and instructional.)

meticulous (adj.) - extremely careful with details (The ornate needlework in the bride’s gown was a product of meticulous handiwork.)

modicum (n.) - a small amount of something (Refusing to display even a modicum of sensitivity, Magda announced her boss’s affair to the entire office.)

morose (adj.) - gloomy or sullen (David’s morose nature made him very unpleasant to talk to.)

myriad (adj.) - consisting of a very great number (It was difficult to decide what to do on Saturday night because the city presented us with myriad possibilities for fun.)

nadir (n.) - the lowest point of something (My day was boring, but the nadir came when my new car was stolen.)

nominal (adj.) - trifling, insignificant (Because he was moving the following week and needed to get rid of his furniture more than he needed money, Kim sold everything for anominal price.)

novice (n.) - a beginner, someone without training or experience (Because we were allnovices at archery, our instructor decided to begin with the basics

nuance (n.) - a slight variation in meaning, tone, expression (The nuances of the poem were not obvious to the casual reader, but the teacher was able to point them out.)

oblivious (adj.) - lacking consciousness or awareness of something (Oblivious to the burning smell emanating from the kitchen, my father did not notice that the rolls in the oven were burned until much too late.)

obsequious (adj.) - excessively compliant or submissive (Donald acted like Susan’s servant, obeying her every request in an obsequious manner.)

obtuse (adj.) - lacking quickness of sensibility or intellect (Political opponents warned that the prime minister’s obtuse approach to foreign policy would embroil the nation in mindless war.)

panacea (n.) - a remedy for all ills or difficulties (Doctors wish there was a single panacea for every disease, but sadly there is not.)

parody (n.) - a satirical imitation (A hush fell over the classroom when the teacher returned to find Magdalena acting out a parody of his teaching style.)

penchant (n.) - a tendency, partiality, preference (Fiona’s dinner parties quickly became monotonous on account of her penchant for Indian dishes.)

perusal (n.) - a careful examination, review (The actor agreed to accept the role after a three-month perusal of the movie script.)

plethora (n.) - an abundance, excess (The wedding banquet included a plethora of oysters piled almost three feet high.)

predilection  (n.) - a preference or inclination for something (James has a predilection for eating toad in the whole with tomato ketchup.)

quaint (adj.) - charmingly old-fashioned (Mary was delighted by the quaint bonnets she saw in Romania.)

rash (adj.) - hasty, incautious (It’s best to think things over calmly and thoroughly, rather than make rash decisions.)

refurbish (v.) - to restore, clean up (After being refurbished the old Triumph motorcycle commanded the handsome price of $6000.)

repudiate (v.) - to reject, refuse to accept (Tom made a strong case for an extension of his curfew, but his mother repudiated it with a few biting words.)

rife (adj.) - abundant (Surprisingly, the teacher’s writing was rife with spelling errors.)

salient (adj.) - significant, conspicuous (One of the salient differences between Alison and Helen is that Alison is a couple of kilos heavier.)

serendipity (n.) - luck, finding good things without looking for them (In an amazing bit of serendipity, penniless Mark found a $50 bill on the back seat of the bus.)

staid (adj.) - sedate, serious, self-restrained (The staid butler never changed his expression no matter what happened.)

superfluous (adj.) - exceeding what is necessary (Samantha had already won the campaign so her constant flattery of others was superfluous.)

sycophant (n.) - one who flatters for self-gain (Some see the people in the cabinet as the Prime Minister’s closest advisors, but others see them as sycophants.)

taciturn (adj.) - not inclined to talk (Though Magda never seems to stop talking, her brother is quite taciturn.)

truculent (adj.) - ready to fight, cruel (This club doesn’t really attract the dangerous types, so why was that bouncer being so truculent?)

umbrage (n.) - resentment, offence (He called me a lily-livered coward, and I took umbrage at the insult.)

venerable (adj.) - deserving of respect because of age or achievement (The venerable High Court judge had made several key rulings in landmark cases throughout the years.)

vex (v.) - to confuse or annoy (My boyfriend vexes me by pinching my bottom for hours on end.)

vociferous (adj.) - loud, boisterous (I’m tired of his vociferous whining so I’m breaking up with him.)

wanton (adj.) - undisciplined, lewd, lustful (Joanna’s wanton demeanor often made the frat guys next door very excited.)

zenith (n.) - the highest point, culminating point (I was too nice to tell Emily that she had reached the absolute zenith of her career with that one top 10 hit of hers.)
Edith (Edie) Windsor, Whose Same-Sex Marriage Fight Led to Landmark Ruling, Dies at 88
Ms. Windsor’s case struck down the Defense of Marriage Act in 2013 and granted same-sex married couples federal recognition for the first time.
By Robert D. McFadden

“Edith Windsor, the gay-rights activist whose landmark case led the Supreme Court to grant same-sex married couples federal recognition for the first time and rights to a host of federal benefits that until then only married heterosexuals had enjoyed, died on Tuesday in Manhattan. She was 88.

Four decades after the Stonewall Inn uprising fueled the fight for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender rights in America, Ms. Windsor, the widow of a woman with whom she had lived much of her life, became the lead plaintiff in what is widely regarded as the second most important Supreme Court ruling in the national battle over same-sex marriage rights.”

Read the full piece here


JUNE 26: America legalizes same-sex marriage (2015)

Today is the two year anniversary of Obergefell v. Hodges, the landmark Supreme Court case that declared same-sex marriage legal across the entire United States on June 26, 2015!

On the night of June 26, 2015, the White House was lit up in rainbow colors to celebrate the fact that same-sex marriage had been made legal across the entire United States of America (x).

The case that would eventually change American history began on July 11, 2013 when James Obergefell and John Arthur were married in Maryland. When they found out that their marriage was considered null because same-sex marriage was not legal in their home state of Ohio, James and John sued the state. The Obergefell team eventually teamed up with the plaintiffs of DeBoer v. Snyder and Tanco v. Haslam, two other cases that also dealt with same-sex couple marriage rights, and a petition for writs of certiorari was filed with the Supreme Court. On January 16, 2015, it was decided that the Supreme Court would review the state laws outlawing same-sex marriage as one case. After the arguments were heard in April of that year it took the Court two months to come to a decision; On June 26, 2015, the court came to a 5-4 decision and it was declared that the Fourteenth Amendment demands all states grant same-sex marriages. The declaring document reads:

 “No union is more profound than marriage, for it embodies the highest ideals of love, fidelity, devotion, sacrifice, and family…It would misunderstand these men and women to say they disrespect the idea of marriage. Their plea is that they do respect it, respect it so deeply that they seek to find its fulfillment for themselves. Their hope is not to be condemned to live in loneliness, excluded from one of civilization’s oldest institutions. They ask for equal dignity in the eyes of the law. The Constitution grants them that right. The judgement of the Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit is reversed. It is so ordered.”  



5 Couples Get Honest About Being In A Mixed Race Marriage In 2017

That was hard to wacth. How much of a raging pathetic asshole do you have to be to pray that your daughter doesn’t get pregnant by the man she loves because he’s black. White people are ridiculous.

This summer marked the 50th anniversary of the landmark Loving v. Virginia case, which invalidated laws banning interracial marriage in the U.S. in 1967.

In case you’re curious, Richard Loving passed away in 1975. He was killed by a drunk driver. Mildred Loving passed way in 2008 after a battle with pneumonia. They certainly didn’t have easy lives. But they are survived by their children, grand children and great grand children.

the New York Times published a really interesting piece looking at interracial couples 50 years later here

#Racism #US

most lgbt movies you see recommended are rated r, sexually explicit, etc etc. while that’s honestly great to see and something i’m personally okay with, it leaves kids and people who DON’T want to see sex alienated.

*Please note that I have not seen all or most of these movies. I will be updating this list as I find more/watch unrated ones that can be placed here. Let me know if I missed any!

Last Updated: 5/4/17

thus, here’s a list of lgbt movies that aren’t rated r:

  • The Pearl of Africa, TV-14: “In this intimate documentary, Ugandan transgender woman Cleopatra Kambugu struggles and prevails as she lives in an actively transphobic environment.”
  • Jenny’s Wedding, PG-13: “When Jenny plans to marry her girlfriend, she decides it’s time that her family, who doesn’t know she’s a lesbian, finally learns the truth.”
  • The Out List, TV-PG: “Activists, entertainers, athletes and politicians are among those profiled in this thought-provoking portrait of notable LGBT personalities.”
  • Growing Up Coy, TV-PG: “Filmmakers follow a Colorado family’s highly public battle for the rights of their transgender daughter, Coy, in a landmark civil rights case.”
  • My Transgender Kid, TV-14: “Two British families discuss the challenges they face raising children who identify as a gender different from the one they were assigned at birth.”
  • Gayby Baby, PG: “This documentary follows four youngsters as they navigate the challenges of their preteen years, including society’s bias against their gay parents.”
  • Margarita with a Straw, TV-14: “An Indian woman with cerebral palsy decides to study in New York, where she becomes involved in a life-changing affair with a blind female activist.”
  • Who’s Gonna Love Me Now?, TV-14: “A gay London man faces a positive HIV diagnosis and a decision on whether to stay with loving friends or return to his estranged parents in Israel.”
  • Game Face, TV-14: “This documentary follows the struggle of transgender MMA fighter Fallon Fox and gay basketball player Terrence Clemens for acceptance by their sports.”
  • Kumu Hina, TV-14: “This year captures a year in the life of native Hawaiian transgender teacher Hina Wong-Kalu, who embodies mahu, a sacred spirit both male and female.”
  • Big Eden, PG-13: “Henry Hart returns to Big Eden and winds up confronting his unrequited passion for his high school best friend and his feelings about being gay.”
  • Rent, PG-13: “This is the film version of the Pulitzer and Tony Award winning musical about Bohemians in the East Village of New York City struggling with life, love and AIDS, and the impacts they have on America.”
  • D.E.B.S., PG-13: “Plaid-skirted schoolgirls are groomed by a secret government agency to become the newest members of the elite national-defense group, D.E.B.S.”
  • I Am Not Your Negro, PG-13: “The late black and gay writer James Baldwin is given new voice in I Am Not Your Negro. Director Raoul Peck offers viewers the opportunity to spend 90 minutes with Baldwin’s words — his interviews, manuscripts, and influences — which offer his honest and illuminating insights on race in America.”
  • I Can’t Think Straight, PG-13: “A 2008 romance film adapted from a same name novel about a London-based Jordanian of Palestinian descent, Tala, who is preparing for an elaborate wedding. A turn of events causes her to have an affair and subsequently fall in love with another woman, Leyla, a British Indian.”
  • The World Unseen, PG-13: “A drama centered on two women who engage in a dangerous relationship during South Africa’s apartheid era.”
  • Caramel, PG: “A romantic comedy centered on the daily lives of five Lebanese women living in Beirut.”
  • You Are Not Alone, UR: “Two precocious boys explore their sexuality at boarding school.”
  • Bend it like Beckham, PG-13: “The daughter of orthodox Sikh rebels against her parents’ traditionalism and joins a football team.”
  • Camp, PG-13: “After a series of Broadway flops, songwriter Bert Hanley (Dixon) goes to work at a musical camp for young performers. Inspired by the kids, he finds an opportunity to regain success by staging an altogether new production.”
  • Chutney Popcorn, PG-13: “Reena is a young Indian American lesbian who lives and works in New York. Her sister Sarita, who is happily married, discovers that she is infertile. Reena offers to be a surrogate mother for her sister’s baby, hoping to improve her relationship with their mother, who disapproves of Reena’s sexual orientation. Reena has second thoughts when her girlfriend Lisa feels left out.”
  • The Family Stone, PG-13: “An uptight, conservative businesswoman accompanies her boyfriend to his eccentric and outgoing family’s annual Christmas celebration and finds that she’s a fish out of water in their free-spirited way of life.”
  • Saved!, PG-13: “When a girl attending a Christian high school becomes pregnant, she finds herself ostracized and demonized, as all of her former friends turn on her.”
  • To Wong Foo Thanks for Everything, Julie Newmar, PG-13: “Three drag queens travel cross-country until their car breaks down, leaving them stranded in a small town.”
  • Victor Victoria, PG: “A struggling female soprano finds work playing a male female impersonator, but it complicates her personal life.”
  • Far From Heaven, PG-13: “In 1950s Connecticut, a housewife faces a marital crisis and mounting racial tensions in the outside world.”
  • Philadelphia, PG-13: “When a man with HIV is fired by his law firm because of his condition, he hires a homophobic small time lawyer as the only willing advocate for a wrongful dismissal suit.”
  • Beautiful Daughters, TV-14: “In February, 2004, with the help of Eve Ensler and Jane Fonda, a group of transgender women put on the first all-transgender production of “The Vagina Monologues”, including a new monologue written by Ensler from their own experiences.”
  • Zorro: The Gay Blade, PG: “In 1840’s Mexico, wealthy landowner Don Diego Vega learns of his late father’s secret as Zorro, the masked folk hero, and Vega adopts his new persona. But when Vega is incapacitated by an injury, he asks Ramon, his very gay, long-lost twin brother (now calling himself ‘Bunny’), to replace him as the caped hero, who makes some drastic changes to his Zorro persona.”
  • We Think the World of You, PG: “An aimless young man, Johnny, is sent prison. He entrusts his beloved dog, Evie, to the care of his former lover and best friend, Frank. When he gets out of prison, he has to face difficulties at home. Added to this, is the fact that he may have to give up Evie to Frank.”
  • EDIT: Nina’s Heavenly Delights, PG-13: “A feisty young woman returns to Glasgow to run her deceased father’s curry house.”
  • EDIT: The Color Purple, PG-13: “A black Southern woman struggles to find her identity after suffering abuse from her father and others over four decades.”

I don’t know about you, but I’m appalled that Petsmart does not sell “Happy Bananaversary” dog cookies and quite frankly, I’m ready to sue

Death wasn’t at all like Mike imagined it.

His life didn’t flash before his eyes. There was no white light. In the end it was just the few seconds he could see the oncoming car and then … nothing. No pain, no feeling, no anything.

Heaven was also not at all like Mike imagined it, and yet he couldn’t help the rueful smile. He opened his eyes to find himself standing in the middle of Harvey’s apartment. Of course. This wasn’t his heaven because of the slick lines or the sparkling city view. It was his heaven because this was the place he’d felt the happiest, the most at home.

He wandered around the space for a while. It was such a perfect facsimile that he felt like he was really there, standing in Harvey’s actual apartment. He didn’t feel much different than from when he was alive. Where were all the answers he was promised? If this was indeed his heaven why were there no pearly gates or choirs of angels or even just someone - anyone - to greet him?

Where were his parents? Grammy?

The sound of a key in the front door lifted his spirits. That must be them now. Grinning, he rushed to the entryway. But when the door opened it wasn’t his parents or Grammy. It was Harvey, and he looked … there was no other word for it, he looked wrecked.

Mike was confused. If this was his heaven and Harvey was here, shouldn’t he be happy to see Mike? But then he walked straight past Mike as if he wasn’t even there, as though he couldn’t see him at all.

“Harvey?” Mike asked tentatively as he trailed after him.

No reaction.

Harvey went straight to the wet bar, poured himself a scotch, and drowned it in one go before pouring another. He took the second drink over to the lounge, collapsing in the chair and drinking it, albeit slightly slower this time.

Mike sat down beside him. He said Harvey’s name again and again and again but there was still no reaction. Harvey was just staring off into space, looking utterly devastated. Something was wrong. Harvey was right there, close enough to touch, except when he tried, when he reached out his hand couldn’t connect, just moved right through him. Harvey couldn’t see him, couldn’t hear him.

Maybe he wasn’t in heaven. Maybe he was in hell.

Mike didn’t know how long they stayed like that; Harvey staring off into space with glassy eyes, Mike hovering uncertainly by his side with no idea what was happening. The impasse was broken by the sound of Harvey’s phone. It was the text alert tone, and when Harvey pulled it out from his pocket Mike tried to angle himself to see what it said, in case it gave him some clue as to what was happening. But Harvey was too quick, throwing the phone aside after reading the message, and then hunching over, his head in his hands.

Mike reached out to put his hand on Harvey’s back. Not that it made any difference.

In the silence that followed Mike started to mourn for the loss of his life. There were still so many things he wanted for his life. He’d never travelled overseas. He’d never made it to name partner. He never saw the Mets win the world series. He never went to Comic-Con. He’d never won a landmark case or set any precedents. He’d never gotten married.

So many things he wanted to do and never did. Too many. But the worst of it was Harvey. Mike was desperately in love with him, and he’d never gotten the chance to tell him.

So he did it now. Because what could it hurt? This wasn’t real, he was in some kind of hell or purgatory or something. The real Harvey would never get to hear these words, so why not say it to this fake one?

“I love you, Harvey,” Mike murmured.

Harvey’s head snapped up, looking around the room as if he’d heard something. Mike froze, hope flickering in his chest, but when Harvey’s eyes passed over Mike there was no recognition. Mike hated himself for hoping, he hated God or whoever was responsible for this torture, he hated the driver who killed him and took him away from the man he loved.

The sound of a door opening and closing stole both their attention. Donna walked slowly into the apartment. She didn’t look that great. Mike wanted to make a joke, smile and say jeez who died and get them both laughing, but even if he could, even if they could hear him, he knew it wouldn’t work. Because he was the one who died, and the afterlife was taunting him over it.

“Harvey,” Donna said gently, but Harvey stood, taking a few steps away, his back to her as he stood at the empty fireplace.

“I can’t. I can’t go there. I can’t see…”

Mike looked between them, confused. Donna didn’t shy away, she walked right up to him and placed a comforting hand on his shoulder. There was nothing sexual or romantic in her touch, but Mike felt the jealousy flair nonetheless. How come this fake Donna could touch this fake Harvey and yet Mike, who was the only real thing here, couldn’t?

“I know how hard this is for you.”

“No, Donna, you don’t,” he snapped, whirling around and shaking off her hand. “You have no idea how this feels. How angry and scared and useless I feel. How this is the one thing I can’t fix and it’s killing me. How all I can think about is how I wished it was me and not - and not…”

Donna wrapped her arms around him, and Harvey let her. Mike stood and walked away, attempting to give them some privacy. The moment felt too intimate, and even though he had no idea what they were talking about he knew it wasn’t good, and Harvey wouldn’t want Mike seeing him like this.

“I know you’re scared,” Donna said. “I am too. But Harvey, he’s not gone. He needs you.”

“I can’t. I can’t see Mike like that.”

What? Mike turned, taking a few steps toward them. What were they talking about?

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Supreme Court to hear potentially landmark case on partisan gerrymandering
The justices accepted a Wisconsin case where a federal court has ruled that the state’s Republican leadership pushed through a plan so partisan that it violated the Constitution.

The Supreme Court declared Monday that it will consider whether gerrymandered election maps favoring one political party over another violate the Constitution, a potentially fundamental change in the way American elections are conducted.

The justices regularly are called to invalidate state electoral maps that have been illegally drawn to reduce the influence of racial minorities by depressing the impact of their votes.

But the Supreme Court has never found a plan unconstitutional because of partisan gerrymandering. If it does, it would have a revolutionary impact on the reapportionment that comes after the 2020 election and could come at the expense of Republicans, who control the process in the majority of states.

The court accepted a case from Wisconsin, where a divided panel of three federal judges last year ruled last year that the state’s Republican leadership in 2011 pushed through a plan so partisan that it violated the Constitution’s First Amendment and equal rights protections.

JUNE 21: Edie & Thea: A Very Long Engagement (2009)

When Edith Windsor sued the federal government for making her pay excess taxes on her deceased wife’s estate, she paved the way for the overturning DOMA (The Defense of Marriage Act). Her name and the name of her late partner, Thea Spyer, went down in history, but it wasn’t until June 21, 2009 when the documentary Edie & Thea: A Very Long Engagement was released and the world came to know the real life love story behind the landmark civil rights case.

The film opens with Edie and Thea combing through old photos of themselves from their younger days. A photo of Edie in a pink swimsuit flicks onto the wall and a wheelchair-bound Thea says “Yeah I love that girl…and the person who took that picture also loves that girl” and my first thought is “Oh no this is going to make me cry.” The rest of the film is much of the same – old photos, cute banter, and me crying. Edie and Thea first met in 1963 at a restaurant called Portofino in Greenwich Village, which was a popular hang out spot for New York lesbians. From that night forward, the two kept running into each other at various gay bars and clubs and always made a point to dance with each other before the night was over. It wasn’t until a particular weekend trip to the Hamptons where they “made love all afternoon and went dancing all night and that was the beginning.”

Edie Windsor and Thea Spyer proudly hold up their marriage certificate (x).

Thea was a respected psychologist, Edie was a head manager at IBM, and the year was 1967. In order to hide the true nature of their relationship from their coworkers, Thea created a make-believe older brother named Willy who was dating Edie, but in reality, the two were engaged and living together in the gay haven of Greenwich Village; instead of a traditional wedding ring, Edie wore a circular diamond pin on her shirt almost every day for the next forty years. When New York City legalized domestic partnerships, Edie and Thea went to city hall immediately and were one of the first 100 couples to be issued a certificate. Thea suffered a heart attack in 2002 and when her health began to rapidly deteriorate in the following years, the two decided to get married for real in Toronto, Canada on May 22, 2007. Although Thea’s doctors had given her less than a year to live, they were able to be each other’s wives for two years before Thea passed away on February 5, 2009. Edie & Thea: A Very Long Engagement captures a fleeting moment in time. The pure love and sweetness that radiates from the documentary is probably best summed up when Thea, clutching her wife’s hand and sitting in their living room, says, “We have been dancing for forty-two years. It’s slowed down a little now, but we still manage.”


Layton’s Mystery Journey: Katrielle and the Millionaires’ Conspiracy

Coming soon to Nintendo 3DS

Join Katrielle Layton on a mysterious adventure through the heart of London as she becomes embroiled in a casual, comical, and quizzical quest. You’ll be whisked around London’s famous landmarks, solving case after unlikely case, discovering clues and unraveling mysteries. The extraordinary puzzle solving adventure features the largest collection of puzzles in the franchise to date. Mini-games and customization options for the Layton Detective Agency and Katrielle’s outfit can be unlocked as players advance in the story. With twelve intriguing cases, seven multi-millionaires, and one whopper of a conspiracy, the latest Layton installment will prove beyond a shadow of doubt that the truth IS stranger than fiction!

February 1st 1790: Supreme Court first meets

On this day in 1790, the highest court in the United States, the Supreme Court, met for the first time at the Merchants’ Exchange Building in New York City. The Supreme Court is the only federal court specifically established in the Constitution (in Article III), and was implemented in 1789 with the Judiciary Act. The original role of the Supreme Court, according to the Constitution, was jurisdiction over “all Cases, in Law and Equity, arising under this Constitution” (Article III, Section II). The location of the Court moved a number of times, finally gaining its own building in Washington D.C. in 1935. The Court consists of a chief justice and eight associate justices, who are nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate; the first Chief Justice was Founding Father John Jay. The 1803 landmark case Marbury v. Madison formed the basis for the Supreme Court’s exercise of judicial review - when they can invalidate laws by declaring them ‘unconstitutional’ - which is now a major part of the Court’s role in American governance.

William T. Coleman Jr., who helped draft the landmark 1954 legal case in which the Supreme Court ruled that segregation in public schools was illegal and who later became the country’s second black Cabinet officer after President Gerald R. Ford named him transportation secretary, died March 31 at his home in Alexandria, Va. He was 96.

Throughout his long career, Mr. Coleman was often at the forefront of major public events, legal battles and significant social advances. In 1948, he became the first African American to serve as a law clerk to a Supreme Court justice, and within two years he was working alongside Thurgood Marshall of the NAACP’s Legal Defense Fund on major desegregation cases.


He was the first black accepted on the Harvard Law Review, the first to serve as a clerk to a Supreme Court Justice, the second to serve on a President’s Cabinet and the first to reach the top of the corporate legal establishment. It is always painful to admit that we are losing our heroes. However, this is life. And it’s very important to remember the name of this great man who created the future for many of us. We must keep the memory of him. Because of him we can. Segregation was one of the worst (exept slavery and genocide of inative american etc.) things in the history of America. People like Coleman destroyed it. He was a man of very clear practical judgment in grasping the essentials of any situation, with clarity of mind, strength of judgment, tenacity, and resourcefulness.

#BlackPride #BlackHistory 

when the world was at war we kept dancing - wanda maximoff x reader

fandom: the avengers/wanda maximoff

word count: 968 words

character pairings: wanda maximoff

warnings: feels. uhhh i didn’t proofread soOOooO

prompt: the moment two women in love received the best news of their life (the moment the supreme court declared same-sex marriage legal in all fifty states) 

notes: anyways i wrote this because i wanted to. representation matters & if ur bothered by this because it insinuates a relationship between two women, feel free to, y’know, block me or somethin. yeah. anyways, i just got my laptop back so i’ll start workin on requests n stuff. <33333333 (also go buy lust for life on itunes !!!)

The moment gay marriage became legal in all 50 states.


You loved Wanda more than anything.

That wasn’t an overstatement. In fact, saying that you just loved her seemed like an understatement. You lived to love her, and that was that.

The two of you had been together for quite a while. A relationship with Wanda was all you’d ever wanted, and now that you had it, it seemed as though the world went ‘round for you. But there was something that the both of you wanted, but couldn’t quite have just yet.

“I don’t know why we need a paper from city hall officiating our love,” you said to her one night while you were braiding her hair. “You know I love you, I know you love me, so what’s the big deal?” You were never one to dream of a wedding. Marriages had always seemed so social construct-y to you, anyways.

“It just feels special,” Wanda insisted, waiting for you to tie the end of her braid before turning around and looping her arms around your neck. “I kinda can’t wait to pick out a ring for you and let everyone know your mine.” You brushed your nose against hers, smiling softly.

“Well, if that’s what you really want,” you murmured, leaning closer to her. “I guess it wouldn’t hurt to buy a pair of rings, just in case congress wants to legalize our marriage any time soon.” And the two of you laughed, and kissed, and you fell asleep a little more in love with her than when you woke up.

Currently, the two of you were sitting in the living room of the Avengers tower, holding onto a bowl of cereal with Wanda’s head in your lap. The two of you were watching the news- a rare occurrence, in the household. This was something you never seemed to have the time for, but today felt like a day to do something mundane, for once.

It didn’t take long for the other Avengers to wake up, and slowly make their way into the dining area where you and Wanda were cuddled.

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Title: The State of Marriage
Year: 2015
Language: US (English)

Plot: This documentary follows the pioneering legal work of Mary Bonauto, Susan Murray and Beth Robinson, which built the foundation for the marriage equality movement. Due to the work of these three lesbian women, in 1999 Vermont became the first state in America to grant legal recognition for same-sex attracted couples. Their achievements are said to have changed the course of American history.

Basic Review:

  • The stories of these women and what they were able to achieve against all odds is inspiring and worth our time and attention. 
  • The film presents facts about this landmark case but also follows the lives of the people involved in the case at the time. 
  • When watching this you can’t help but reflect on the important work that LGBT+ activists have achieved. The sacrifices and challenges they faced must be acknowledged, as they have paved the way for LGBT+ youth.
  • An uplifting documentary where the underdog comes out on top.

But don’t be mistaken into thinking ‘Look What You Made Me Do’ is a cry of victimhood. Would a woman who stood up to Apple to make them pay artists fairly and who fought a landmark case against a man who sexually assaulted her fall apart because of some malicious gossip?

No. The most ironic thing is that the song plays a sleight of hand – it’s actually a declaration of agency. We didn’t make her change and we didn’t make her fail. Less than a week after the song’s release, she’s broken three different streaming records; that’s what we made Taylor do.

Thank you Esquire!!

Just days after hearing from thousands of voices from all across the country in support of transgender equality, the Supreme Court sent a landmark case back to a lower court for consideration, meaning it will not hear the case this spring, a disappointing move that leaves transgender students behind. We will never stop fighting for transgender dignity – share if you’re with us:

Do No Harm - Chapter 9

I will abstain from all intentional wrong-doing and harm

Wanna read previous chapters?: Ch. 1, Ch. 2, Ch. 3, Ch. 4, Ch. 5, Ch.6, Ch.7, Ch.8

6866 Words

Read it on AO3!

Angela thought about putting up a fight when the other doctors shooed her out of the room, but she instead decided that wouldn’t get her anywhere positive. She would be gracious in her success. She could be.

Besides, Amélie was a bit too out of it to want to talk to her much. She spent a lot of time staring at her hands and offering brief answers to the long questions she was being asked.

So when a parade of more doctors came in, followed by a team of lawyers, Angela was content to leave the crowded room. She allowed herself one little glance back, and could swear she saw those golden eyes lift from examining cyanotic skin to follow her to the door.

Angela could hold on to that a while. She could wait. She could.

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March 6th 1857: Dred Scott v. Sandford

On this day in 1857, the United States Supreme Court handed down its decision in the landmark case Dred Scott v. Sandford. The case originated when Dred Scott, a slave, claimed that because his master - army surgeon Dr. John Emerson - took him to the free territory of Wisconsin, he was a free man. By the time of the case, Scott and his family belonged to Emerson’s widow Eliza Irene Sanford, who refused to allow Scott to purchase his freedom. In response, Scott sued her and argued that he was already free due to his time in Wisconsin. State court declared Scott free in 1850, but Sanford’s brother appealed the decision and the case ultimately made its way to the Supreme Court in 1856; a clerical error meant Sanford’s name was mispelled in court records. In a 7-2 decision, the Court ruled that African-Americans were not United States citizens because they were not part of the Constitutional ‘political community’, and thus could not sue in federal court. The decision also established that Congress could not ban slavery in federal territories, and held that slaveowners’ right to slave property was guaranteed by the Fifth Amendment. The Court’s complete rejection of African-American rights evoked outrage from Northern anti-slavery forces, and emboldened Southern slaveowners as they sought to expand the ‘peculiar institution’. The decision, written by Chief Justice Roger Taney, is thus considered one of the causes of the American Civil War as it flared sectional tensions. Taney’s tenure ended with his death in 1864, but due to his role in the Dred Scott decision, he has gone down in history as one of America’s worst Chief Justices. Scott and his family were freed by a new master two months after the decision, and found employment in St. Louis; however, Scott died of tuberculosis in November 1858. The Dred Scott decision is one of the most disastrous in American history, and was overturned by the Fourteenth Amendment in 1868.

“[African-Americans] had no rights which the white man was bound to respect…the negro might justly and lawfully be reduced to slavery for his benefit”
- Chief Justice Taney’s opinion in Dred Scott v. Sandford