land grants
Flash and Supergirl Stars Reveal Favorite Moments From Musical Episode
Melissa Benoist, Grant Gustin and Candice Patton tell CBR their favorite moments from tonight's Flash/Supergirl musical crossover.

For “The Flash” star Grant Gustin, he was excited about both of his numbers in the episode, but had a special place in his heart for “Runnin’ Home to You,” written by the duo of Benj Pasek and Justin Paul — who just last month won an Academy Award for their song “City of Stars,” from “La La Land.”

“I felt very lucky to sing that song by Pasek and Paul, who are exploding right now in the scene of music writing,” Gustin told CBR on the red carpet before Saturday’s PaleyFest event in Hollywood, paying tribute to “The Flash,” “Supergirl,” “Arrow” and “DC’s Legends of Tomorrow.” “I knew them a little bit from college — they came to the master class where I went, Elon University. Me and Benj, especially, stayed close-ish since then. It was really cool and special to get to sing that, and they clearly had done their homework on not only the show, but Barry and Iris’ relationship, and just what the whole show has been. They knew where they were coming from, and they wrote a near-perfect song for that moment. I felt really lucky to sing it.”

74th Annual Golden Globe Award - WINNERS

Best Motion Picture – Drama

  • “Hacksaw Ridge”
  • “Hell or High Water”
  • “Lion”
  • “Manchester by the Sea”
  • “Moonlight”

Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy

  • “20th Century Women”
  • “Deadpool”
  • “Florence Foster Jenkins”
  • “La La Land”
  • “Sing Street”

Best Performance by an Actor in a Motion Picture – Drama

  • Casey Affleck – “Manchester by the Sea”
  • Joel Edgerton – “Loving”
  • Andrew Garfield – “Hacksaw Ridge”
  • Viggo Mortensen – “Captain Fantastic”
  • Denzel Washington – “Fences”

Best Performance by an Actress in a Motion Picture – Drama

  • Amy Adams – “Arrival”
  • Jessica Chastain – “Miss Sloane”
  • Ruth Negga – “Loving”
  • Natalie Portman – “Jackie”
  • Isabelle Huppert – “Elle”

Best Performance by an Actor in a Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy

  • Colin Farrell – “The Lobster”
  • Ryan Gosling – “La La Land”
  • Hugh Grant – “Florence Foster Jenkins”
  • Jonah Hill – “War Dogs”
  • Ryan Reynolds – “Deadpool”

Best Performance by an Actress in a Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy

  • Annette Bening – “20th Century Women”
  • Lily Collins – “Rules Don’t Apply”
  • Hailee Steinfeld – “The Edge of Seventeen”
  • Emma Stone – “La La Land”
  • Meryl Streep – “Florence Foster Jenkins”

Best Performance by an Actor in a Supporting Role in Any Motion Picture

  • Mahershala Ali – “Moonlight”
  • Jeff Bridges – “Hell or High Water”
  • Simon Helberg – “Florence Foster Jenkins”
  • Dev Patel – “Lion”
  • Aaron Taylor-Johnson – “Nocturnal Animals”

Best Performance by an Actress in a Supporting Role in Any Motion Picture

  • Viola Davis – “Fences”
  • Naomie Harris – “Moonlight”
  • Nicole Kidman – “Lion”
  • Octavia Spencer – “Hidden Figures”
  • Michelle Williams – “Manchester by the Sea”

Best Director – Motion Picture

  • Damien Chazelle – “La La Land”
  • Tom Ford – “Nocturnal Animals”
  • Mel Gibson – “Hacksaw Ridge”
  • Barry Jenkins – “Moonlight”
  • Kenneth Lonergan – “Manchester by the Sea”

Best Screenplay – Motion Picture

  • Damien Chazelle – “La La Land”
  • Tom Ford – “Nocturnal Animals”
  • Barry Jenkins – “Moonlight”
  • Kenneth Lonergan – “Manchester by the Sea”
  • Taylor Sheridan – “Hell or High Water”

Best Original Score – Motion Picture

  • Nicholas Britell – “Moonlight”
  • Justin Hurwitz – “La La Land”
  • Johann Johannsson – “Arrival”
  • Dustin O’Halloran, Hauschka – “Lion”
  • Hans Zimmer, Pharrell Williams, Benjamin Wallfisch – “Hidden Figures”

Best Original Song – Motion Picture

  • “Can’t Stop the Feeling” – “Trolls”
    Music and lyrics by Justin Timberlake, Max Martin and Shellback
  • “City of Stars” – “La La Land”
    Music by Justin Hurwitz, lyrics by Benj Pasek and Justin Paul
  • “Faith” – “Sing”
    Music and lyrics by Ryan Tedder, Stevie Wonder and Francis Farewell Starlite
  • “Gold” – “Gold”
    Music and lyrics by Brian Burton, Stephen Gaghan, Daniel Pemberton and Iggy Pop
  • “How Far I’ll Go” – “Moana”
    Music and lyrics by Lin-Manuel Miranda

Best Animated Feature Film

  • “Kubo and the Two Strings”
  • “Moana”
  • “My Life as a Zucchini”
  • “Sing”
  • “Zootopia”

Best Foreign-Language Film

  • “Divines” (France)
  • “Elle” (France)
  • “Neruda” (Chile)
  • “The Salesman” (Iran/France)
  • “Toni Erdmann” (Germany)

Lana Del Rey spotted leaving Zinque Cafe on Melrose Avenue with her sister, Chuck Grant, and a Friend on November 27, 2016


Students, alumni, and faculty from the University of Minnesota’s Ojibwe language program discuss (in Ojibwe!) the techniques and experiences which have helped them achieve a high level of proficiency in this endangered language.

The goal of the Ojibwe Language major is to best situate both heritage and non-heritage Ojibwe students to be able to positively intervene in the cultural life of the state’s Ojibwe communities by contributing to the revitalization of the Ojibwe language. As a land grant institution, the University of Minnesota has a mission to contribute to the state’s communities and the Ojibwe Language major helps further that mission. The department also prioritizes local American Indian community engagement and advocacy. One of the single best ways to create positive change within our communities is to instill pride and celebrate cultural traditions like language at an early age.

The 918 charter by Charles III of Frankia granting land to settle for Rollo and his Viking companions, thereby establishing Normandy and the people we know as the Normans - famous for the historical conquering of England from the Anglo-Saxons in the 11th century

The Normans - A Timeline
  • 911: According to later writer Dudo of Saint-Quentin, in this year the king of the Franks, Charles the Simple, grants land around the city of Rouen to Rollo, or Rolf, leader of the Vikings who have settled the region: the duchy of Normandy is founded. In return Rollo undertakes to protect the area and to receive baptism, taking the Christian name Robert.
  • 1002: Emma, sister of Duke Richard II of Normandy, marries Æthelred (‘the Unready’), king of England. Their son, the future Edward the Confessor, flees to Normandy 14 years later when England is conquered by King Cnut, and remains there for the next quarter of a century. This dynastic link is later used as one of the justifications for the Norman conquest.
  • 1016: A group of Norman pilgrims en route to Jerusalem are ‘invited’ to help liberate southern Italy from Byzantine (Greek) control. Norman knights have already been operating as mercenaries here since the turn of the first millennium, selling their military services to rival Lombard, Greek and Muslim rulers.
  • 1035: Having ruled Normandy for eight years, Duke Robert I falls ill on his return from
  • a pilgrimage to Jerusalem and dies at Nicaea. By prior agreement, Robert is succeeded by his illegitimate son William, the future Conqueror of England, then aged just seven or eight. A decade of violence follows as Norman nobles fight each other for control of the young duke and his duchy.
  • 1051: Duke William visits England. His rule in Normandy now established, and newly married to Matilda of Flanders, William crosses the Channel to speak with his second cousin, King Edward the Confessor of England. The subject of their conference is unknown, but later chroniclers assert that at this time Edward promises William the English succession.
  • 1059: Pope Nicholas II invests the Norman Robert Guiscard with the dukedoms of Apulia, Calabria and Sicily. The popes had opposed the ambitions of the Normans in Italy, but defeat in battle at Civitate in southern Italy in 1053 had caused them to reconsider. In 1060 Robert and his brother Roger embark on the conquest of Sicily, and Roger subsequently rules the island as its great count.
  • 1066: Edward the Confessor dies on 5 January, and the throne is immediately taken by his brother-in-law Harold Godwinson, the most powerful earl in England, with strong popular backing. Harold defeats his Norwegian namesake at Stamford Bridge in September. But on 14 October William’s Norman forces defeat Harold’s army at Hastings. William is crowned as England’s king on Christmas Day.
  • 1069: The initial years of William’s reign in England are marked by almost constant English rebellion, matched by violent Norman repression. In autumn 1069 a fresh English revolt is triggered by a Danish invasion. William responds by laying waste to the country north of the Humber, destroying crops and cattle in a campaign that becomes known as the Harrying of the North, leading to widespread famine and death.
  • 1086: Worried by the threat of Danish invasion, at Christmas 1085 William decides to survey his kingdom – partly to assess its wealth, and partly to settle arguments about landownership created by 20 years of conquest. The results, later redacted and compiled as Domesday Book, are probably brought to him in August 1086 at Old Sarum (near Salisbury), where all landowners swear an oath to him.
  • 1087: William retaliates against a French invasion of Normandy. While attacking Mantes he is taken ill or injured – possibly damaging his intestines on the pommel of his saddle – and retires to Rouen, where he dies on 9 September. Taken to Caen for burial, his body proves too fat for its stone sarcophagus, and bursts when monks try to force it in. His eldest surviving son, Robert Curthose, becomes duke of Normandy, while England passes to his second son, William Rufus.
  • 1096: Following a call to arms by Pope Urban II in 1095, many Normans set out towards the Holy Land on the First Crusade, determined to recover Jerusalem. Among them are Robert Curthose, who mortgages Normandy to his younger brother, William Rufus, and William the Conqueror’s notorious half-brother, Bishop Odo of Bayeux. Odo dies en route and is buried in Palermo, but Robert goes on to win victories in Palestine and is present when Jerusalem falls.
  • 1100: Having succeeded his father in 1087 and defeated Robert Curthose’s attempts to unseat him, the rule of William II (‘Rufus’, depicted below) seems secure. But on 2 August 1100, while hunting in the New Forest with some of his barons, William is struck by a stray arrow and killed. His body is carted to Winchester for burial, and the English throne passes to his younger brother, Henry, who is crowned in Westminster Abbey just three days later.
  • 1101: Roger I of Sicily dies. By the end of his long rule, Count Roger has gained control over the whole of Sicily – the central Muslim town of Enna submitted in 1087, and the last emirs in the southeast surrendered in 1091. He is briefly succeeded by his eldest son, Simon, but the new count dies in 1105 and is succeeded by his younger brother, Roger II.
  • 1120: On 25 November Henry I sets out across the Channel from Normandy to England. One of the vessels in his fleet, the White Ship, strikes a rock soon after its departure, with the loss of all but one of its passengers. One of the drowned is the king’s only legitimate son, William Ætheling. Henry responds by fixing the succession on his daughter, Matilda, and marrying her to Geoffrey Plantagenet, count of Anjou.
  • 1130: Roger II is crowned king of Sicily, having pushed for royal status in order to assert his authority over the barons of southern Italy. A disputed papal succession in 1130 has provided an opportunity and, in return for support against a papal rival, Pope Anacletus II confers the kingship on Roger in September. He is crowned in Palermo Cathedral on Christmas Day.
  • 1135: Henry I dies in Normandy on 1 December, reportedly after ignoring doctor’s orders and eating his favourite dish - lampreys. His body is shipped back to England for burial at the abbey he founded in Reading. Many of his barons reject the rule of his daughter, Matilda, instead backing his nephew, Stephen, who is crowned as England’s new king on 22 December.
  • 1154: King Stephen, the last Norman king of England, dies. His death ends the vicious civil war between him and his cousin Matilda that lasted for most of his reign. As a result of the Treaty of Wallingford, which Stephen was pressured to sign in 1153, he is succeeded by Matilda’s son Henry of Anjou, who takes the throne as Henry II.
  • 1174: King William II of Sicily begins the construction of the great church at Monreale (‘Mount Royal’), nine miles from his capital at Palermo. The building is a fusion of Byzantine, Latin and Muslim architectural styles, and is decorated throughout with gold mosaics, including the earliest depiction of Thomas Becket, martyred in 1170.
  • 1194: Norman rule on Sicily ends. Tancred of Lecce, son of Roger III, Duke of Apulia, seizes the throne on William’s death in 1189; on his death in 1194 he is succeeded by his young son, William III. Eight months later, Holy Roman Emperor Henry VI, husband of Roger II’s daughter Constance, invades Sicily and is crowned in Palermo on Christmas Day. The following day, Constance gives birth to their son, the future Frederick II.
  • 1204: King John loses Normandy to the French. The youngest son of Henry II, John had succeeded to England, Normandy, Anjou and Aquitaine after the death of his elder brother, Richard the Lionheart, in 1199. But in just five years he lost almost all of his continental lands to his rival King Philip Augustus of France – the end of England’s link with Normandy.

As we celebrate MLK Day, this is the real Martin Luther King.

Here, Dr. King calls out the blatant hypocrisy of white people who have received government welfare for decades but don’t think government should help anyone else. Remember this video the next time a Republican claims Dr. King would be opposed to welfare programs.

“At the very same time that America refused to give the Negro any land, through an act of Congress our government was giving away millions of acres of land in the west and the midwest. Which meant that it was willing to undergird its white peasants from Europe with an economic floor.

But not only did they give the land, they built land grant colleges with government money to teach them how to farm.

Not only that, they provided county agents to further their expertise in farming.

Not only that, they provided low-interest rates in order that they could mechanize their farm.

Not only that, today many of these people are receiving millions of dollars in federal subsidies not to farm, and they are the very people telling the black man that he ought to lift himself by his own bootstraps.”


- Tell me something, Jimmy. Is Lois always
so aggressive going after stories?

- Does the phrase “Mad Dog Lane” sound about right?

- Seriously.

- Seriously? Yeah, but I have never seen her this worked up.This Superman guy has really pushed her buttons. I heard she aced you out of your story yesterday. Tough break.

- Someone ought to teach her a lesson.

- Yeah, but who? Godzilla?

give me veteran farmhusbands

give me gabriel reyes and jack morrison taking a timely retirement and using their generous military pensions and government subsidized land grants to buy farmland in the mid-southwest

maybe ozark-country

give me jack weeding long rows of salad in a dirty flannel and a straw hat, give me gabe gathering eggs from the hens at dawn, soothing them in soft spanish, give me jack in the henhouse getting pecked to shit and whining to gabe about it while gabe laughs, says it’s because you don’t use their names, idiot

give me jack and gabe set up at the farmer’s market, their stall colorful with corn and chard and speckled eggs and boxes of tiny newpotatoes, okra, onions, fat elephant garlic that jack displays with pride because they’re even bigger than last year’s

give me overwatch visiting in the summer, lucio starting a game of pick up soccer behind the barn with genji and zarya and tracer, mei and mercy in the shade, winston and hanzo drinking herbal tea while gabe explains how he dried the lemonbalm and mint, jack pouring jesse a glass of sweet tea while they watch the game, jesse joining in after some heckling from hana and reinhardt who aren’t even playing and getting real sweaty and overheated so he has to go sit in a rocking chair on the porch, hanzo calling him a stupid man while he blots jesse’s neck

give me jack and gabriel cooking insane amounts of food to feed their strange family, literal mountains of roasted vegetables and pork they picked up at the market last week, towers of handmade tortillas, wait you made a pie but I made a pie okay everyone we have two different pies

give me old men kissing in the corn

(bonus bastion lives with them too, is great friends with delilah the barn-tabby and is usually covered in roosting chickens, beeping gleefully)

Chicano Movement leader Reies Lopez Tijerina, 85, is greeted by fellow activist Juan Valdes, 74, of Canjilon, NM, after Tijerina made a rare appearance for an event honoring the 164th anniversary of the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo at the New Mexico Statehouse in Santa Fe, N.M. on Feb. 2, 2012. In 1967, Tijerina and armed followers raided a Rio Arriba County courthouse in Tierra Amarilla, N.M. to attempt a citizen’s arrest of then-District Attorney Alfonso Sanchez over Hispanic land rights issues. The raiders shot and wounded a state police officer and jailer, beat a deputy and took a sheriff and reporter hostage.

Five Things To Know: HBCU Edition

Historically black colleges and universities––commonly called “HBCUs”––are defined by the Higher Education Act of 1965 as,

“…any historically black college or university that was established prior to 1964, whose principal mission was, and is, the education of black Americans, and that is accredited by a nationally recognized accrediting agency or association determined by the Secretary [of Education]…”


Photo: Portrait of a Mississippi Vocational College cheerleader, ca. 1950s, Gift of Charles Schwartz and Shawn Wilson, Collection of the Smithsonian National Museum of African American History and Culture.

1. The first colleges for African Americans were established largely through the efforts of black churches with the support of the American Missionary Association and the Freedmen’s Bureau. The second Morrill Act of 1890 required states—especially former confederate states—to provide land-grants for institutions for black students if admission was not allowed elsewhere. As a result, many Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) were founded.

2. Between 1861 and 1900 more than 90 institutions of higher learning were established. Shaw University––founded in Raleigh, North Carolina, in 1865––was the first black college organized after the Civil War. Other schools include: Talladega College, Howard University, Morehouse College and Hampton University.


Photo:  An 1899 class in mathematical geography studying earth’s rotation around the sun, Hampton Institute, Hampton, Virginia, Library of Congress.

3. Early HBCUs were established to train teachers, preachers and other community members. During the 20th century, many HBCUs shifted their focus to promote scholarship among African Americans. Academic councils, conferences and founded scholastic journals to showcase black intellectual thought. Such notable figures as W.E.B. Du Bois, Ida B. Wells, Booker T. Washington and Martin Luther King Jr. attended an historically black college or university.


4. HBCUs opened the door of educational opportunity for many African Americans who were once legally denied an education. Additionally, these schools, provided African American students with a nurturning environment to explore their collective identities and cultures.

5. Today, HBCUs uphold a history of scholarship pursued by African Americans in the face of adversity.


Ballybunion Castle, County Kerry, Ireland

Ballybunion Castle was built by the Geraldines in the 14th Century. It stands on the Castle Green site of an old promontory coastal fort of the “Clann Conaire.” In 1582 the castle had been acquired from the Geraldines by the Bonyon family. In 1583 William Og Bonyon lost the castle and lands due to his part in the Desmond Rebellion. In 1612 the castle and lands were granted to Thomas Fitzmaurice 16th Lord of Kerry and Lixnaw by the English King James 6th. By 1783 Richard Hare was in possession of the castle. From 1923 onwards the castle has gone under the care of the Office of Public Works. It was destroyed in the Desmond Wars. All that remains today is this East Wall.

Maze of Shadow // M. D. Zampano
Genre: Horror, Human
Printed Language: Common

The story takes place in a manor in the outskirts of an ancient kingdom that was rumored to belong to a Lord that dabbled in necromancy and was eventually taken by the monstrosities that he created. Eventually, a new Lord is granted the land and rises to take the previous man’s place. With him, he brings his wife and daughter to start their life anew, but things start to happen in the manor.

A hallway appears between two of the rooms, that is unexplained by physics or magic. Walls begin to shift, passages began to warp, and eventually the Lord stumbles upon a giant, terrifying staircase that spirals down, deep beneath the manor.

What else is there for him to do but to find out what lies within the dark?