land annexation

16 February 2015 - IDF soldiers threw stun grenades and pepper sprayed protesters in the West Bank, Palestine. The Palestinian protesters were there to protest plans for the building of another of many illegal Israeli settlements in Palestine. This one would block of the connection from the West Bank to Jerusalem. 

Also, I hate the fake ‘neutral’ tone news media use. The truth isn’t in the middle here, Reuters. It isn’t 'a scuffle over disputed land’ or a 'geographically sensitive piece of land’, it’s Palestinian land being annexed by an occupying foreign army. Disgusting. [video]

anonymous asked:

Hello! You seem to know a lot about Henry VII and the fact that he has so many fans is awesome! I was wondering (and sorry to bother), what is your response to the few people criticizing Henry VII for delaying EoY's coronation until she gave him an heir and also her lack of political influence over him? In my view, I don't see anything far fetched in him delaying her coronation, Edward IV did the same with Elizabeth Woodville and they are regarded as a 'great love story'.

you are not bothering me anon –why being anon btw ;D

so here my (long) answer and sorry for my bad english :

actually, Henry planned to crown her more or less 12 months after their marriage (just like Edward IV did with Elizabeth Woodville by the way). We have accounts and letters showing that he indeed wanted to crown her around one year after the wedding. Elizabeth of York having Arthur within 9 months added a bonus and precipated things, but Elizabeth fell ill after Arthur’s birth (she had a feeble condition after almost every pregnancy). Furthermore, a plague epidemic appeared in the south of England after the birth, not allowing such an event to happen.
Also very short after, Lambert Simnel’s rebellion happened and Henry’s focus had to be on that, thwarting the event. The crown had to focus on the cost for war rather then a coronation. Rumors about Simnel started in the beginng of the year 1587, and in the followinng months, Henry had to be away from London many times, the political’s life not stable enough for such a celebration —knowing Henry’s need of control, i am not surprised that in his priorities her coronation came after his victory over Lambert. As soon as the rebellion is crushed, Elizabeth is crowned and Henry spared no expense, lavish and the focus completely on her. Also the coronation was actually perfect timing as it just came after the Tudor victory at Stoke Field (but even before the coronation Elizabeth was then treated as queen consort since dec.1485)
Yet, I think that the delay suited him politically and pleased his Lancastrian supporters as it could not appear that he was ruling through his wife as a consort. Even if Elizabeth had not been bastardized and he could have married her right away, a joint coronation prob wouldn’t have happened as it could have sent this message. (around the birth, Yorkists supporters asked more firecely about her coronation and Henry decided to plan it after Arthur’s birth -he would have probably waited more tho. But as said before, other events happened, causing several months /almost two years of delay).

about her ‘political powers’, it seems indeed that she had none. it was not what was expected from her. but saying that she was no ‘political influence over him’ is wrong as well. Like, It’s Edward IV and EW’s daughter we are talking about ;) she knew so well the game and how the Court worked. there’s always the consideration that her ‘public submission’ was a strategy of Elizabeth herself -perhaps young Elizabeth observed that her mother, perceived as an active political Queen attracted a lot of negative feelings, comment and reactions, which may have contributed to the success of Richard III’s coup. Her predecessor, Margaret of Anjou, was also a busy political Queen, resulting in an image that proved disastrous for the Lancastrian cause.  Because when you look closely, you can see how persuasive over her husband she could be.
A letter from Pope Alexander –around 1495 if i am right?– warned Margaret Beaufort that Henry had already promised Elizabeth that he would appoint her candidate as the next bishop of Worcester, therefore Margaret’s candidate had to be dropped. So he listened his wife instead of his mother, and maybe on more occasions since a lot of letters disappeared (btw and we have absolutely ZERO example with the opposite happening tho).
here a great quote from THE WINTER KING, by Thomas Penn about this supposed 'absence of power’:
“Elizabeth was a discreet, persuasive lobbyist on her own account. London’s key politicians and merchants cultivated her assiduously; so too did foreign diplomats. They did so not because she was ‘powerless’, but quite the opposite. Beneath the emollience was a steeliness, glimpsed in the brisk letters she wrote intervening in legal affairs, and in petitioning her husband for favours on behalf of her servants.
Elizabeth combined a strong sense of family loyalty –including a love for her siblings which was, according to Henry VII’s chronicler Bernard André, ‘ ferme incredibilis ’, truly extraordinary –with a strong awareness of the new political dispensation that she represented. In early 1495, in the face of Warbeck’s continued threat and the recent upheavals within the royal household, she had brokered and funded high-profile marriages for her younger sisters, Anne and Katherine, in the process binding two noble families further into the regime: Anne’s husband was the oldest son of Thomas Howard, earl of Surrey; Katherine, meanwhile, married Lord William Courtenay, son of the earl of Devon. As her extended family became entangled in the various crises of the reign, Elizabeth’s quietly emollient role continued to dovetail with Henry’s policies. After the flight of her cousin the earl of Suffolk in August 1501, she arranged accommodation for his unfortunate wife Margaret who, having been under surveillance for two years as a result of her husband’s intriguing, had her lands and revenues annexed by the crown –the proceeds flowed into Elizabeth’s own coffers.”

so, i don’t see vile or malignious motivations about the delay at all –but much the pragmatism of Henry. and, no, Elizabeth was not powerless. Maybe limited in the political spheres of course, but when it came to her family, the arts, even religious matters (the matters where women/queens had usually power back then) Henry listened to her.
voilà anon!!

in ww2 russia attacked the korean landmass from the north and america attacked from the south focusing on japan and aferwards they annexed their lands and then just left them as puppet states and ditched them but russia installed a pro communist leader into their north half of korea and america installed a pro capitalist leader into their south and then they fucking hated each other and imposed the most heavily guarded border in the world after a war for three years and its been like that for 70 years after

Okay, so I’m reading my book on “Ancient Egypt: Everyday Life in the Land of the Nile,” and one of the last chapters is on warfare…

Dude- Egypt was pretty aggressive.

“None ever bragged that his reign was peaceful.” Essentially, they just marched over to their neighbor’s land, pillaged them, and went home. That was war. They didn’t even care to annex any land.

Imagine, the yearly expected invasion by Egypt. “Oh boy, guys, here comes those Egyptian people- we better just hand them over our surplus of cedar and cattle!” It’s like the grasshoppers and ants in “A Bug’s Life” XD

The finale was deep and I’ve been waiting to make this post so peep this underlying theme. Korra is the main character, who is a woman with melanin meaning that in the real world she has a deeper connection to Africa. Because of the evident melanin she is the underdog, subject to being in a camp most of her life to hone her skills (the field negro who was forced to work with little interaction with the outside world) until she escapes thanks to the advice of Katara, another melinated woman from the same region as her. When she makes it to the city she is cast as the underdog from the beginning, with hate groups literally trying to kill her and anyone of her kind with ties to the Spirit World. She loses almost all connection to her powers due to the oppression (Chi-Blocking) of Amon (White Supremacy) before meeting her past lives and regaining her powers.

Then she meets her uncle who appears to want her to fix the world by reuniting the spirit portals. They reopen the portals but at the cost of both light and dark spirits (angels, aliens, demons and shadow beings), as well as her uncle gaining power from a dark force. Her uncle represents the Uncle Tom Sellout Moor (not a true Moor) who only wants power for them self and does not care for struggle of the people.

In the process this Moor causes her to lose her past lives and her connection to the avatar state (representing the world prior to the so called Transatlantic Slave Trade caused by the Moors initiating war with various nations). She then meditates in a tree with nothing, no Ravaa, no Aang, nobody but herself. She finds her higher self without the need of Ravaa (crystals and raw gemstones) and becomes all powerful, reaching her Astral Projection state becoming the original Asiatic woman, a being of the most high.

Her past lives representing the oppressed however, once she loses all ties and starts anew, she represents the black man/woman regaining power and knowledge of self.

She reunites the spirit world with the human world representing December 21st 2012 but by being tricked by other people (New Agers and sell out Moors) to do it, bringing back the powers of people thought to be dead (air benders representing the lack of self knowledge). Korra goes off and as a fully realized Asiatic goes to fight a woman who fights with her third eye, and a man who has the power of flight from opening all 7 energy centers and cutting off his earthly ties. She is poisoned from this man and is blocked from her ties. She goes to her roots, the water tribes (Africa) and is healed to an extent from the same woman who gave her freedom. Later she runs away from home (Africom, look it up) to go on a spiritual journey. She then fights a woman after removing all poison but still has internal stress (Civil Rights, Crack Era, Slavery, major corporations blocking us from having much big business or power or unity). She goes to meet Zaheer and he teaches her to accept her past sins and go on with life not to make the mistakes again (reopening/cleansing the root energy center).

 

She then fights off the people attempting to annex land from every nation, with her unstressed self and creates a new portal. This is where that Eddie Griffin 1+1=3 video comes in. The portal looks like the the DNA Double Helix structure, but because it’s the third portal it can also represent the assumed third strand scientist have been saying lowkey we have been getting since the 80’s. 

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Korra has become a picture of what some us have been saying for long. You must figure out who you truly are, whether you are a Hebrew Isrealite, a Moor, Elohim, Nuwaub, whatever you decide to be don’t just focus on the physical but the mental, and spiritual as well. Your melanin gives you power as the original people.

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Queen Boudicca, the Warrior Queen, Part I — Violations

In 43 AD legions of the Roman Empire conducted the first successful invasion of Britain, with the intent of occupying and pacifying the island into a Roman Province.  There had been previous Roman expeditions into Britain, such as those led by Julius Caesar and Augustus, but this invasion would establish the first permanent Roman presence in Britain.  Over the next few decades the various Celtic tribes of Britain would fall to the might of the Roman Army.

In order to survive, many British kingdoms and tribes became client kingdoms of the Roman Empire.  Client kings declared themselves subordinate allies of the Roman Empire and in return were permitted to maintain their sovereignty.  One Roman client kingdom was the Kingdom of the Iceni, centered in what is now Norfolk County and ruled by a man named Prasutagus.  Prasutagus’ wife and queen was a woman named Boudicca, who according to Roman history Cassius Dio was an tall, strong, and attractive woman with flaming red hair and an intense gaze.  Together the two ruled the Iceni Kingdom in peace while raising two daughters, 

In the year 60 AD King Prasutagus unexpectedly died.  According to the terms of his will, Boudicca inherited his Kingdom and became ruler of the Iceni.   However, the Romans were a patriarchal society and did not legally recognize female inheritance. The Roman Promagistrate of Britain, Catus Decianus, declared Prasutagus’ will null and void, and declared Iceni lands annexed by the Roman Empire. Worse yet he declared several gifts of money to the Iceni from the Emperor to be loans, rather than gifts, and declared the Iceni default on their supposed debts.

A force of Roman soldiers, debt collectors, and tax collectors were sent by Decianus to Iceni lands to take possession of the kingdom, with orders to collect all money and valuables, and disarm the Iceni people.  They went from door to door, person to person, taking weapons, gold, silver, and jewels.  When Boudicca tried to intervene as Queen of the Iceni, she was brutally flogged by the Roman soldiers as the Iceni people watched.  Then to further humiliate Boudicca and the Iceni, they raped her two daughters.

The Romans believed their cruel and brutal treatment of Boudicca would quell the Iceni into become subservient subjects of the Empire.  Instead it only motivated Boudicca into exacting even bloodier revenge.  As soon as Boudicca recovered from her wounds, she began to plot what would become the Iceni Rebellion.

To be continued… 

As world marks 25 years since the fall of the Berlin Wall, Israel’s Wall has become a new global icon for oppression

Symbolically, the wall in Palestine is this century’s Berlin Wall, albeit four times as long as that hated Cold War icon and more than twice as high. Under construction since 2002, it is expected to eventually extend for 709 kilometers through the West Bank. A series of concrete slabs, barbed-wire “buffer zones”, trenches, electrified fences, watchtowers, thermal-imaging video cameras, sniper towers, military checkpoints and roads for patrol vehicles have dismembered the cities of the West Bank and segregated them from occupied East Jerusalem.

The wall defies international law as well as United Nations Security Council resolutions, and deviates considerably from the original boundaries demarcating land captured by Israel during the 1967 War. It is more than twice the length of the Green Line, Israel’s recognized border with the West Bank. Israel maintains that it is intended as a defense against terrorist attacks; Palestinians view it as a cynical, long-term maneuver aimed at annexing more land to Israel and inhibiting Palestinian movement within the Occupied Territories.

“A country is not only what it does, it is also what it tolerates" 

 

bintjbeil  asked:

What's traveling in/out of the West Bank compared to Gaza? Is it as difficult?

Gaza -as you may already know- is the world’s largest open-air prison. Overcrowded. Unliveable. Being a Gazan means you’re not free to leave or enter the strip, nor allowed to freely export or import goods due to the Israeli-Egyptian blockade. The strip is too small, I wouldn’t call it travel. But, yes you’re free to go wherever you want within the strip, nothing will get in your way but borders. On the other hand, West Bank is torn up from the inside by Israel. Almost between every town/village and village/town, there’s a military checkpoint. Not to mention the apartheid wall, which seeks to annex Palestinian land under the guise of security and it severely restricts the travel of many Palestinians and impairs their ability to commute to work within the West Bank. In West Bank if you missed your family -on the other side of the wall- and happens that you want to pay them a visit, then you have to cross overseas to get to there, even though the distance between you is lesser than a 500 meters, you still not allowed to, because either of the wall separates you or this way is Only-Israeli-Jews way. However, traveling out of West Bank is easier than of Gaza.

vox.com
How conservatives forced changes to AP US history to make it more "pro-American"
The new version makes fewer references to race and racism. At a time when a growing share of public school students are nonwhite, that matters.
By Libby Nelson

While the framework keeps references to violence and epidemics as Europeans conquered North America, it now also frames some conflicts as “mutual misunderstandings.”

The 2014 framework described slavery in the Colonial era this way: “Reinforced by a strong belief in British racial and cultural superiority, the British system enslaved black people in perpetuity, altered African gender and kinship relationships in the colonies, and was one factor that led the British colonists into violent confrontations with native peoples.”

The new version limits this to the Southern Colonies and omits the reference to conflicts with American Indians — which reads as a less sweeping verdict on the ills of British colonial slavery.

The big change: how white Americans’ ideology is portrayed

Two words — “racist” and “xenophobia” — have been omitted entirely

The biggest difference between the old framework and the new one is that the new version spends much less time on white Americans’ beliefs about racial and cultural superiority.

Two words — “racist” and “xenophobia” — have been omitted entirely. (The new framework does occasionally refer to “racial doctrines” or “racial theories.”)

In some places, the new framework replaces references to racially motivated beliefs, and the social systems that depended upon those beliefs, with more general statements about American culture and institutions.

The 2014 version described 19th-century Manifest Destiny like this: “The idea of Manifest Destiny, which asserted US power in the Western Hemisphere and supported US expansion westward, was built on a belief in white racial superiority and a sense of American cultural superiority.”

The new version skirts that debate by not defining Manifest Destiny as an ideology at all: “Popular enthusiasm for US expansion, bolstered by economic and security interests, resulted in the acquisition of new territories, substantial migration westward, and new overseas initiatives. … Advocates of annexing western lands argued that Manifest Destiny and the superiority of American institutions compelled the United States to expand its borders westward to the Pacific Ocean.”

It’s a slight change. But the effect is to make westward expansion seem logical and inevitable. White Americans, in the College Board’s new version, don’t have self-justifying ideologies, although they might have self-interest.

And they often don’t have a racial identity, either: They’re not described as “white” at all. The old framework specified more than a dozen times that it was talking about “white Americans,” “white citizens,” “white settlers,” “white women,” and so on. The new framework cuts the number of references to whiteness as a race in half. “Whites living on the frontier” become “frontier settlers”; “continuing white resistance” to desegregation becomes “continuing resistance.”

“Many white Americans in the South asserted their regional identity through pride in the institution of slavery, insisting that the federal government should defend that institution,” the old version read. The new version deletes those explicit references to identity. Instead, it points out that most Southerners did not own slaves, and slavery was seen as “part of the Southern way of life.”

Read the whole article, though. And then supplement your reading if you’re currently enrolled in high school (or college. or life).

“After pressuring Austria to join with Germany, Hitler turned his sights on a German-speaking region of Czechoslovakia, called the Sudatenland. At a summit held in Munich in 1938, the allies agreed to allow Germany to annex the lands. In the fall of that year, Nazi vehicles paraded triumphantly through one of the district’s towns.”

(Getty)

Land confiscations in Beit Jala, Palestine. The beautiful area of Cermisan Monastery will be cut off from the rest of the town with the building of the Israeli Annexation Wall, turning the town smaller and smaller. This is the only green recreational area where inhabitants can come and get a breath of fresh air. Even that is now going to be taken away! 

When will Israel be held accountable for its criminal acts??? 

I’ve learned to read lines in peoples’ faces, as a gypsy reads the terrain of a palm.
I recognize the cartography of bad choices resting in forehead and furrow. Or the topographies of joy. All the wrinkles and hills, the same.But I never grew tired of exploring the lay of your land.
And annexing them as my own.

Don’t forget, the Mexican population of the United States didn’t vanish once their land was annexed/conquered/purchased/Polked/Pierced. You know what happens when you cut a population off from its cultural homeland? They get extra patriotic. It was Mexicans living in what had only recently become America who created the holiday, and they kept on partying while Mexico let the fields of celebration lie fallow. And when Chicano activists began asserting their pride in the ‘60s as Americans of Mexican heritage, the 5th of May celebrated both sides, as well as the sizzling dynamic in between. #CrackedClassic

5 Reasons Cinco de Mayo Is the Most American Holiday

jessehimself.tumblr.com
Mexico in 1821

While the state of Mexico once extending further into North America helps give context to why significant numbers of Mexican folks reside in these areas, posts like these only legitimize the past atrocities and genocides committed at the hands of the colonizers who established these nation-states (an inherently colonial entity); the same white settlers who still head them and continue to annex Indigenous lands.

As a recent census reveals, the first of its kind in Mexico recognizing Afro- and Black Mexicans, Mexico is a diverse place. However, not all Mexicans are People of Color or even marginalized. White Mexicans still hold institutional power and wheeled considerable violence against Black/Indigenous peoples. These are recent European colonists as well as the descendants of the original genociders.

The implicit framing of this suggests that these are Mexican lands, that Mexicans are native to these lands. However, Mexico is a genocidal institution of power created and sustained by blood, and not all Mexicans are Indigenous.

@jessehimself, @chescaleigh: with respect, these posts come directly at the expense of Indigenous peoples of these lands, including Indigenous peoples whose territories now straddle these false borders.

Rhetoric involving the invasion of numerous Indigenous peoples’ land is not and should not be necessary to legitimize the presence of Mexican immigrants and refugees in the US.
The framing of this map and its rhetoric erase Indigenous existence, history, and sovereignty without ever giving them any consideration.

A simple check of the source would reveal that this content has been published by a self-admitted misogynistic revivalist (“Nican Tlaca”), a fraud who uses colorblind rhetoric to maintain that all Mexicans are Indigenous, regardless of the continuing marginalization of _actual_ Black/Indigenous peoples in the country and the power and violence wielded by the white upper class.

If you follow or reblog from iztac-coatl, please unfollow us. You will be blocked.

anonymous asked:

Hey, so my parents were planning a trip to Israel, and I told them that it seems unethical to go there and be indirectly supporting the Israeli government's illegal control over Palestine, but they responded by saying it was just as bad for me to be going to China, with all of its government's human rights abuses. Do you know of anything to say to this, or are they right and I'm just hypocritical?

Your parents’ analogy is not a very good one–don’t get me wrong, there’s a point to be made there–but in this case comparing HR abuses isn’t a good enough comparison. For example, let’s say China with regards to Tibet was extremely dependent on the tourism industry to continue their occupation (and they are to a degree), vacationing in Tibet via accommodations provided by the Chinese tourist industry would be directly supporting the occupation of Tibet.


When it comes to Israel a HUGE portion of their ability to profit of their presence in the OPT is through attractions like summer programs, retreats etc etc.

There are vacationing spots that exist on land that is occupied by Israel, and land that was cleared of native Palestinians who had been there for decades. These same places are now an industry for Israel and directly profits their occupation of Palestinians.

Furthermore, there are places in the OPT open to international tourists–but not to actual Palestinians. The lack of freedom and the deprivation of right of movement is only exacerbated when tourists are able to go where Palestinians are not.
To this day Places like Jerusalem remain off limits to Christian Palestinians from overseas.

Your parents are failing to see that unlike Israel, not every country is currently occupying annexed land for 60+ years, not every country is complicit in ONGOING ethnic cleansing, unlike Israel not every country employs racist policies to dehumanize and deprive Palestinian citizens. It’s not the idea that their government is just bad, it’s that Israel is ACTIVELY using its tourist industry to cleanse Palestinians from Palestinian Territories, and vacationing there would directly support this.

youtube

The life is unfair! Crimea was always Tatar land, Tatars’ motherland! Russians have no rights for this land! They are just diaspora on this land!  Maybe enough to annex of the new territories, russian fascists? You have enough land already, idiots! You are DIASPORA, not native people on our lands!
There always lived Tatars and Ukrainians. You came to this land only in the XX century.  Stop your fucking Führer Putin!
Crimea has to be Tatar land.
God save Ukraine and Crimea!
p.s. Sorry for Emotions. But we are so tired from Russia and its deeds.
p. p.s. The song is Tatar about Motherland Crimea

youtube

This is a must-see and must re-blog for all ww ll history buffs

WORLD WAR TWO  DAY BY DAY!!

An animated graphic showing the losses and gains

If you enjoy World War II history, then you’ll definitely enjoy the following video.

The video, which was uploaded a few months ago but has recently gained a lot of attention, contains a lot more than just footage and factoids: It accounts for every single day of the war in Europe, from the invasion of Poland to the surrender in Germany, accurately capturing the war’s early gains and losses — something the United States largely missed out on due to late entry.

Watching it, you can see how the front lines often moved in fits and starts,and how a sudden alliance or overthrow dramatically changed the geopolitical landscape.

It’s also interesting to see the massive encirclements on the Eastern front pop up and disappear from time-to-time.”

It’s important to note that map doesn’t account for partisan action until 1945.

Enjoy:!!!

You should reblog this to anyone who has an interest in World War ll

Here’s the video’s legend (from the video’s description):
  • Maroon: Axis Power members, their dependencies/colonies, and annexed lands.
  • Burgundy: Areas militarily occupied by the Axis Powers.
  • Red: Axis puppet states.
  • Pink: Axis gains during that day.
  • Blue: Allied powers and areas occupied by the allies.
  • Light blue: Allied gains for that day.
  • Purple colors (left to right): Finland, occupied by Finland, and Finnish gains that day.
  • Dark Green: The USSR before it joined the allies and annexed lands.
  • Green: Areas militarily occupied by the USSR before it joined the allies.
  • Light Green: Soviet gains for that day.

And here are some key dates to watch for:

  • September 1, 1939: Germany invades Poland (watch the Soviets move in to take their half starting September 17)
  • April 9, 1940: Germany invades Norway
  • May 10, 1940: Germany invades France
  • April 6, 1941: Germany invades Yugoslavia and Greece
  • June 22, 1941: Germany invades Soviet Union
  • November 25, 1941: The Battle for Moscow
  • July 3, 1942: Sevastopol falls to Germany
  • October 23, 1942: Battle of El Alamein begins
  • January 31, 1943: German surrender at Stalingrad
  • March 15, 1943: Germans retake Kharkov
  • May 12, 1943: Surrender of Axis forces in North Africa
  • July 10, 1943: Allied landings in Sicily (Operation Husky)
  • June 4, 1944: Rome captured by Allies
  • June 6, 1944: Allied invasion of Normandy (D-Day)
  • August 15, 1944: Allied landings in South of France
  • August 25, 1944: Paris liberated
  • January 17, 1945: Soviets capture Warsaw
  • April 13, 1945: Soviets capture Vienna
  • April 23, 1945: Soviets enter Berlin
  • May 8, 1945: VE Day declared