lancastrian

Portrait of Bona of Savoy (1449-1503), Duchess Consort of Milan, second wife of Galeazzo Maria Sforza and sister-in-law of the French King Louis XI. In 1464, when Bona was 15 years old, negotiations began for a marriage between her and Edward IV of England. However, the match was never finalised as Edward revealed his secretly conducted marriage with the widow of a Lancastrian supporter, Elizabeth Woodville. 

6

The White Queen + families.
     → additional families : Tudors, Greys, Lancasters. 

« The war between the houses of Lancaster and York for the throne of England was charactorised by treachery, deceit and at St Albans, Blore Hill and Towton, some of the bloodiest and most dramatic battles on England’s soil. Between 1455 and 1487 the royal coffers were bankrupted and the conflict resulted in the downfall of the houses of Lancaster and York and the emergence of the illustrious Tudor dynasty. » ― Alison Weir, Lancaster and York: The Wars of the Roses.

9

HOUSE OF LANCASTER
“We are Lancastrians. We beg for nothing.”

The House of Lancaster was the name of two cadet branches of the royal House of Plantagenet. The first house was created when Henry III of England created the Earldom of Lancaster—from which the house was named—for his second son Edmund Crouchback in 1267. The second house of Lancaster was descended from John of Gaunt, who married the heiress of the first house.

in this gifset: earls + dukes + kings + the Beauforts (illegitimate line)

10

top ten historical females - asked by @sansaregina

♔ Elizabeth Woodville - Queen Consort of England from 1 May 1464 - 3 October 1470 and again from 11 April 1471 - 9 April 1483; married to Edward IV of England; leading figure in the Wars of the Roses and mother to the Princes in the Tower; successfully organised the betrothal of her eldest daughter, Elizabeth of York, to Lancastrian claimant to the throne, Henry Tudor (later Henry VII of England) with his mother, Margaret Beaufort.
♔ Hürrem Sultan - Haseki Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1533/4  - 15 April 1558; legal wife to Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent, first former slave to be elevated to such a rank in centuries; one of Suleiman’s most trusted advisors; engaged in several major building programs throughout the Ottoman Empire; first woman to remain in the Sultan’s court for the duration of her life; arguably began the era of the Sultanate of Women despite not becoming Valide Sultan herself.
♔ Isabella of France - Queen Consort of England from 25 January 1308 - 20 January 1327; married to Edward II of England; invaded England in September 1326 with her lover Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March leading to the abdication of her husband and the coronation of her son, Edward III; was Regent to her son from 1326 - 1330.
♔ Eleanor of Aquitaine - Suo jure Duchess of Aquitaine from 9 April 1137 - 1 April 1204; Queen Consort of France from 1 August 1137 - 21 March 1152; Queen Consort of England from 25 October 1154 - 6 July 1189; formally took up the cross on the Second Crusade as the feudal leader of her duchy; had her marriage to Louis VII of France annulled on the grounds of consanguinity; had a tumultuous marriage to Henry II of England; Eleanor was arrested by her husband in 1173 for her role in the Revolt of 1173/74 in favour of her son, Henry the Young King, she was to be imprisoned until Henry II’s death in 1189; when her son, Richard the Lionheart, left his kingdom on the Third Crusade, he left Eleanor to act as Regent.
♔ Turhan Hatice Sultan - Haseki Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 2 January 1642 - 12 August 1648; Valide Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 8 August 1648 (nominal) - 4 August 1683; Naib-i-Sultanat of the Ottoman Empire from 3 September 1651 - 1656; concubine to Sultan Ibrahim I; after Ibrahim’s deposition, her son, Mehmed, ascended the throne as Sultan Mehmed IV; upon this Turhan should have been recognised as Valide Sultan, however, she was overlooked in favour of her predecessor, Kösem; due to Turhan’s ambitions Kösem allegedly planned to depose Mehmed in favour of a grandson with a more pliant mother, this was reported to Turhan and Kösem was murdered; as both Regent and Valide Sultan, Turhan wielded enormous power, almost equal to that of her son and was the only woman in Ottoman history to do so; by 1656 Turhan turned more of her attention to patronage and rescinded most of her power to the Grand Vizier; last of the great figures in the era of the Sultanate of Women.
♔ Isabella of Portugal - Holy Roman Empress, Queen of the Germans, Queen consort of Italy, Queen consort of Spain from 10 March 1526 - 1 May 1539; married to Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor; her political union with Charles proved to be a love match; Isabella was to be a competent consort and was appointed Regent of Spain during her husband’s absences in 1529–1532 and 1535–1539; Isabella died after her sixth pregnancy ended in a stillbirth in 1539 and her death affected her husband deeply; in 1580 her son Philip II of Spain ascended the Portuguese throne claiming Isabella’s rights of succession and united  the Iberian Peninsula under one crown.
♔ Mary I of England - Queen Regnant of England and Ireland from 19 July 1553 - 17 November 1558; Queen Consort of Spain, Jerusalem and both the Sicilies; Archduchess of Austria; Duchess of Burgundy, Milan and Brabant; Countess of Habsburg, Flanders and Tyrol from 16 January 1556 - 17 November 1558; married to Philip II of Spain; when her father, Henry VIII of England, broke with the Catholic Church in 1533 he deemed his marriage to her mother, Catherine of Aragon, null and void and thus deemed Mary to be illegitimate; Mary was returned to the line of succession, in 1544; when Edward VI died, he excluded Mary from his will and the line of succession as she was Catholic; he named Lady Jane Grey as heir to the throne, whom Mary deposed (and later executed) on the 19 July 1553 after assembling an army and support in the days following her brother’s death; Mary’s first Parliament in October 1553, declared the marriage of her parents valid and abolished Edward’s religious laws; During 1553 Mary also returned her kingdom to the Catholic Church and the old Heresy Acts were revived; In January 1558, French forces took Calais, England’s sole remaining possession on the European mainland, it was an ideological loss that damaged Mary’s prestige.
♔ Livia Drusilla - Empress consort of the Roman Empire from 27 BCE - 14 CE; married first to Tiberius Claudius Nero with whom she had the future Emperor Tiberius, and Nero Claudius Drusus; she divorced her fist husband in favour of future Roman Emperor, Augustus when she was six months pregnant with her son, Drusus, and she married Augustus three days after his birth; Livia enjoyed the status of privileged counsellor to her husband, petitioning him on the behalf of others and influencing his policies; in 35 BCE Octavian gave Livia the unprecedented honour of ruling her own finances; Livia pushed her sons into positions of power with Tiberius eventually being declared Augustus’ heir in 4 BCE; when her husband died in 14 CE he left one third of his property to Livia, the will also adopted her into the Julian family and granted her the honorific title of Augusta, which permitted Livia to maintain her status and power after his death, under the new name of Julia Augusta.
♔ Catherine of Aragon - Queen Consort of England from 11 June 1509 - 23 May 1533; married first to Arthur Tudor, Prince of Wales on 15 November 1501; after her marriage to Arthur, they both fell ill with sweating sickness and as a result Arthur died on 2 April 1502; Catherine was left a widow, during this time she lived as a virtual prisoner in London; in 1507 Catherine began to serve as the Spanish ambassador to England, the first female ambassador in European history; the Scots invaded England in September 1513 and Catherine rode north in full armour despite being heavily pregnant at the time and gave a speech to the troops; from 1525 onwards, Henry sought to divorce or annul his marriage to Catherine on the grounds that she had slept with his brother, her first husband, and was not a virgin when she wed Henry, so that he could marry the Lady Anne Boleyn; in 1531 Catherine was removed from Henry’s court and separated from her daughter; her marriage to Henry was annulled on 23 May 1533 but she continued to refer to herself as Henry’s only lawful wedded wife and England’s only rightful queen but was referred to as Dowager Princess of Wales on Henry’s order.
♔ Eleanor of Provence - Queen Consort of England from 20 January 1236 - 16 November 1272; married to Henry III of England; despite fulfilling all the necessary roles and duties expected of a Queen Consort at the time, Eleanor was deeply unpopular with the people due to her large retinue of Savoyard family members, who did not leave England after her coronation as well as her perceived influence over the King which created friction between the English barons and the crown, during his reign; Eleanor was made Regent in 1253 when her husband left for Normandy; she vigorously opposed Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester’s actions against her husband, and raised troops in France in Henry’s name; after her husband’s death in 1272, she remained in England to help raise her grandchildren.

2

May 22nd 1455: First Battle of St. Albans

On this day in 1455, the Wars of the Roses began with the First Battle of St Albans in Hertfordshire, England. The wars were fought between the rival branches of the royal House of Plantagenet who were competing for the English throne: the houses of Lancaster and York. The First Battle of St Albans resulted in Yorkist victory, with Richard, Duke of York defeating the Lancastrians (led by Edmund, Duke of Somerset) and capturing King Henry VI. The wars continued until 1485 and led to the founding of the Tudor dynasty, as the Lancastrian Henry Tudor (Henry VII) defeated the last Yorkist King Richard III and married a Yorkist. Richard III was killed at the Battle of Bosworth in 1485, and his remains were only found in 2012 under a car park in Leicester; in 2015 the last Plantagenet King was ceremoniously reburied, 530 years after his death.

3

this is my destiny: to put my son on the throne of england, and those who laughed at my visions and doubted my vocation will call me my lady, the king’s mother. i shall sign myself margaret regina, margaret the queen.

22 August 1485: Henry Tudor and his Lancastrian forces defeat Richard III’s Yorkist army at the Battle of Bosworth Field and end the War of Roses.

Today’s the 600th anniversary of the battle of Azincourt, also known by redcoats as the battle of Agincourt.
Well fuck that I’m French so Imma do some resistance up this bitch, here’s how the Hundred Years’ War ended. It’s not even the same phase of the Lancastrian war but who cares it didn’t last exactly a hundred years either.

Prologue

It was the last act of the war, and Charles VII of France had taken all English territories in France except for Calais - duh - and some Channel islands - but who cares about those. That included Bordeaux, only the Bordelais were not too keen on that state of thing after more than three centuries of uninterrupted - terrupted ? - English rule, so they called on their former overlord for help.
Said overlord Henry VI of England thus sent john Talbot, Earl of Shrewsbury and 3000 fighters to retake the city, which he did easily thanks to the compliance of the citizens. From this base of operation, much of Western Gascony came back under the Plantagenets’ kittied banner, to the great dismay of Charles VII who was just done reuniting the country. Plus it’s were wine comes from I think. He just couldn’t take the blow and surrendered.
Nah just kidding he sent his best guy to raze the town and every other that had surrendered to British rule.

Cast

English commander John Talbot, Earl of Shrewsbury, knight of the Order of the Garter, aka the English Achilles. Captured in 1449, he was released on the promise of never wearing an armour in battle against the King of France again, which didn’t stop him from actually fighting the guy, which he did, often, all the while being 66.

British army : between 6000 and 10000 chaps.

French commander Jean Bureau, governor of the French archers, master of ordinance and master gunner of king Charles VII, receiver of Paris, treasurer of France and mayor of Bordeaux under French rule. Perfection in the process of corning and casting made his culverins all the more deadlier as he was already known as a methodical, mathematical mind and an imaginative technician ; basically the guy you’d hate playing risk with. Even if you win he’d probably just beat you to death with that stick.

French army : between 7000 and 10000 dudes.

Not the Battle just Quite Yet

On the 8th of June John Talbot was amassing troops, including one of his own son, when whoever in charge in Bordeaux came to find him. Castillon was under siege not far from here, so he had to do something or some shit.
Meanwhile in Castillon, Jean Bureau was laying some serious punishment on the city. He set up camp out of reach of the town’s walls, dug massive earthworks in zig-zag patterns that would have made Vauban proud and had his 300 cannons fire at will. Remembering previous events at the battle of Formigny some years earlier, when his guns were lost to an audacious British sally, he sent a small vanguard of archers in the woods nearby.
John Talbot left Bordeaux on the 16th of the same month and arrived by nightfall.

The Actual Thing

The 17th, John Talbot met the French vanguard with a force of 1300 men-at-arms and mounted archers - he had outpaced the rest of his troops - and promptly fucked it up. Now the fight would have assuredly had warned the French army of their presence, so he was confronted with two choices : either pressing his advantage and charging straight into it like a baller, or wait for reinforcement like a sane person. Deciding to stay true to himself, and seeing the cloud of dust coming from the East as a sign that the French were retreating, he and his men yelled a bit to get their blood pumping and marched on.
Little did they know that the cloud of dust was only caused by the sheer amount of camp followers leaving the French camp like as many elephants sensing a tsunami coming down on their stupid trunked face.
What followed was pretty stupid, with Talbot apparently refusing to call off the attack out of pride, and the British army only slowly catching up with its commander’s aggressive tactics, the Britons were torn apart with each cannon shot reported to go through six of them. This only stopped when the Duke of Brittany and a thousand knights stomped over what was left and would have sent Talbot and his son running if not for the fact that both of them had been dead for quite some time, the old commander having had his horse shot from under him, pinning him down for a French archer to kill with an axe.

Aftermath

English casualties : 4000 dead, wounded or captured (40-66%)

French casualties : 100 dead or wounded (1-1.4%)

John Talbot dead, Henry VI mad and Charles VII on a roll led to the extinction of English rule in Southern France. Bordeaux surrendered after Jean bureau calmly told their ambassadors that he could raze the city in ten days would it come to it. Angry nobles impoverished by these losses went on to be a major factor in the War of the Roses, and other nobles in France would get hanged, quartered, and cut into small bits for forest critters to eat in a massive royal update on what “loyauté” means. At long last everything was right in Europe.
Except you know there was the fall of Constantinople but that’s no concern of mine.

“It was a bit like My Fair Lady, but with donkeys.”

Today in history - The death of Henry VII {21 April 1509}

“Here is situated Henry VII, the glory of all the kings who lived in his time by reason of his intellect, his riches, and the fame of his exploits, to which were added the gifts of bountiful nature, a distinguished brow, an august face, an heroic stature. Joined to him his sweet wife was very pretty, chaste and fruitful. They were parents happy in their offspring, to whom, land of England, you owe Henry VIII”.

8

22 AUGUST 1485: Henry Tudor and his Lancastrian forces defeat Richard III’s Yorkist army at the Battle of Bosworth Field thus ending the Wars of the Roses.

According to tradition, the crown that Richard had worn in battle was found lying under a hawthorn bush. It was brought to Lord Stanley, and Henry’s stepfather, who had maintained his record of failing to serve in any battles of the Wars of the Roses, ceremonially placed it on Henry’s head, declaring him to be King Henry VII. For Henry, who had defeated a rival with a considerably better claim to the throne than his own, it was his moment of greatest glory. For Margaret, in Lancashire, it was also a triumph, and Henry’s success owed a great deal to her belief in him and her promotion of his interests. – Elizabeth Norton, Margaret Beaufort, Mother of the Tudor Dynasty

Cumberbatch outrageously steals every scene in The Hollow Crown - first look review  

by Jasper Rees for THE TELEGRAPH - March 30, 2016

The Henry VI trilogy comprises the least loved of Shakespeare’s histories. In the theatre their contorted politics – featuring many characters named after counties and cathedrals – can have the feel of a marathon run in a maze.

The latest instalment of The Hollow Crown – following on from the four plays, culminating in Henry V, which the BBC adapted in 2012 - has tidied the Henry VI plays into two two-hour films. The result, as spied from a press screening this week before the films’ broadcast in early May, is moreishly thrilling – and features a dazzling turn from one of the most talked about actors of our age.

The grand narrative arc of more than a century of dynastic conflict between Yorkists and Lancastrians is brought compellingly into focus by Ben Power’s streamlined adaptation. We rejoin the story with Henry VI (Tom Sturridge) now the nominal monarch but all power vested in his uncle, Henry V’s brother Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester (Hugh Bonneville). By the end of the first film, with much blood already spilled, the spectre of hellishness to come looms in the crooked silhouette of the Duke of York’s third son, summoned into the story.

As the young Richard, Benedict Cumberbatch has only supporting player status, before he will have his time in the third film in the new series, Richard III, yet to be previewed. In Henry VI, his part may be small but he outrageously steals every scene he’s in. His Richard, at first an eager-eyed tag-along, is the product of horrors. A silent witness to his little brother’s murder, his bloodlust twists into axe-wielding malevolence the closer he edges to the throne. It is a gripping account of pure psychopathy. Adding to the sense of menace, he confides his darkest thoughts directly to camera. When at the end of the second film he cradles the new-born son of his brother Edward IV, you know exactly what’s coming next. “I can murder while I smile,” he purrs. It’s from this son of York that Frank Underwood got all his best power moves.

As ever with The Hollow Crown, the cast consists of everyone you’ve ever heard of. Some such as Anton Lesser and Samuel West are to the manor born. It takes slightly longer to get used to Bonneville or Keeley Hawes speaking iambic pentameter. A standout is Sophie Okonedo, who towers as Henry VI’s ferocious French queen Margaret who, Dynasty-style, bitch-slaps Sally Hawkins’s Duchess of Gloucester.

The 2012 instalments of The Hollow Crown were shot by three directors. The saga’s conclusion is all in the hands of debut film director, and theatre old timer, Dominic Cooke. With so much talent on show, he sometimes isn’t sure which way to look, and chops between a formal fixed camera and prowling handheld. There’s even a helmetcam and, briefly, a falconcam. But he has a theatre native’s deep trust that the best special effects are all in the language.

People will talk of these films’ timeliness as the UK rips itself apart over the Referendum. But for all the fretting over Englishness, The Hollow Crown is finally a study of paternity and kingship. Sturridge’s Henry VI is a peevish teen peacenik with a Christ complex. Geoffrey Streatfield’s Edward IV is a manly roustabout. The stage is set for Cumberbatch’s sinful turn on the throne.

3

Queens of England 1445-1603

“Life is very beautiful”

I’ve seen often the pain that Queens suffer giffed and edited but rarely do we see them edited as happy. While yes being Queen made their lives harder they also experienced great moments of joy as well. We should remember their happiness as well.

Margaret of Anjou- Queen Consort- 1445- 1461 and again from 1470-1471

Elizabeth Woodville- Queen Consort- 1464-1470 and again from 1471-1483

Anne Neville- Queen Consort 1483-1485

Elizabeth of York- Queen Consort- 1486-1503

Catherine of Aragon- Queen Consort 1509-1533

Anne Boleyn- Queen Consort 1533-1536

Jane Seymour Queen Consort 1536-1537

Anne of Cleves- Queen Consort 1540

Katherine Howard- Queen Consort 1540-1541

Katherine Parr- Queen Consort 1543-1547

Mary I of England- Queen Regnant- 1553-1558

Elizabeth I of England- Queen Regnant- 1558-1603

6

♔  T H E  W A R S  O F  T H E  R O S E S  ♔

1478 - 1487: THE END

Windy attorneys to their client woes,
Airy succeeders of intestate joys,
Poor breathing orators of miseries,
Let them have scope; though what they will impart
Help nothing else, yet do they case the heart.

If so, then be not tongue-tied. Go with me,
And in the breath of bitter words let’s smother
My damned son that thy two sweet sons smother’d.
The trumpet sounds; be copious in exclaims.

Richard III (4.4.6)

KEY LANCASTRIAN FEMALE FIGURES DURING THIS PERIOD:

❁ Elizabeth Woodville, Queen Dowager of England - queen consort to Edward IV until his untimely death in April 1483; engaged in a power struggle with Richard of Gloucester and his supporters over Edward V’s minority whilst leading the Woodville faction; fled into sanctuary when her son Richard Grey and brother Anthony Woodville were imprisoned and accused of plotting against Richard whilst escorting Edward V from Wales to London; allegedly involved in a conspiracy with William Hastings to bring down Richard during his stint as Lord Protector; her marriage to Edward IV was declared illegitimate as well as her children by her second marriage in the Titulus Regius in 1483 which resulted in her being known as “Dame Elizabeth Grey”; engaged in Buckingham’s Rebellion in 1483 and allied herself with Margaret Beaufort against the new Yorkist regime as her two sons by Edward IV disappeared under mysterious circumstances whilst under Richard’s protection; brokered a marriage alliance with Margaret Beaufort between Henry Tudor and her eldest daughter, Elizabeth of York; left sanctuary on the 1st of March 1484 following a promise from Richard III that her daughters would not be harmed and was outwardly reconciled to Richard’s reign; following the Battle of Bosworth all titles and honours due to her as Queen Dowager were reinstated and the Titulus Regius was repealed; she retired to Bermondsey Abbey in 1487 possibly due to fear of her potential involvement in the Lambert Simnel rebellion or simply to seek a quiet, contemplative religious life in her final years
❁ Margaret Beaufort, Countess of Richmond and Derby - also informally known as My Lady, The King’s Mother; married to Thomas Stanley, 1st Earl of Derby; Margaret served as godmother to one of Elizabeth Woodville’s daughters and was in favour at court prior to Edward IV’s death; upon the accession to the throne of Richard III in 1483 she carried new queen, Anne Neville’s train at her coronation; heavily involved in Buckingham’s Rebellion as she acted as a negotiator for her son Henry Tudor whilst he was exiled in Brittany; successfully arranged a betrothal between her son and Elizabeth of York with Elizabeth Woodville following news of the princes in the tower’s apparent disappearance and murder; was not fully attainted as a result of the rebellion’s failure but suffered greatly as all her titles and estates were stripped from her in an act of parliament and given to her husband by Richard III; following her son’s victory at Bosworth she regained all her former status and more as her son passed an act in parliament which enabled her to hold properties independently as if she were unmarried; Margaret was very proud of her status as My Lady, The King’s Mother and as a result wielded enormous influence with her son and in court as well as appearing almost equal in status to queen Elizabeth of York and dowager queen, Elizabeth Woodville
❁ Cecily of York, Viscountess Welles - daughter of Edward IV of England and Elizabeth Woodville; named a Lady of the Garter in 1480; was intended to be betrothed to James IV of Scotland but political hostilities between England and Scotland made that impossible; on the 11th of June 1482 she was betrothed by the Treaty of Fotheringhay to Alexander Stewart, Duke of Albany, the exiled younger brother of James III of Scotland and possible contender to the Scottish throne; with Edward IV’s death in 1483, her brothers’ deposition and disappearance, as well as the subsequent passing of the Titulus Regius, this marriage arrangement went to the wayside; during Richard III’s reign she fled into sanctuary with her mother and siblings until 1484; Richard then married her to Ralph Scrope, 9th Baron Scrope of Masham to nullify her as a potential marriage prospect in treaties and alliances for the Woodvilles; upon the Tudor victory at the Battle of Bosworth, Cecily’s marriage was annulled and she was a back up of sorts should something happen to her older sister Elizabeth and her marriage to the new Henry VII of England; in 1487 Henry VII married her to John Welles, 1st Viscount Welles, a staunch supporter of Henry and Margaret Beaufort’s half-brother; As a courtier Cecily attended her sister Elizabeth of York at her coronation as queen consort, carried her nephew Arthur, Prince of Wales, at his christening and struck up an important friendship with Margaret Beaufort
❁ Catherine Woodville, Duchess of Buckingham - married to Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham until his execution following his rebellion in 1483; her political thoughts and motivations are not known for this time but it can be assumed that she would have supported the Woodvilles as her husbands favour until his treason protected her to an extent; following Henry Tudor’s victory at the Battle of Bosworth Catherine was married to his uncle, Jasper Tudor, the newly created Duke of Bedford on the 7th of November 1485
❁ Elizabeth of York, Queen of England - the eldest daughter of Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville; was betrothed to the future Charles VIII of France until the arrangement was reneged on in 1482; upon her father’s death in 1483 she fled into sanctuary with her mother and siblings whilst her brother was lodged in the Tower of London ostensibly for his protection by Richard of Gloucester, Lord Protector; after the Titulus Regius passed through parliament Elizabeth was declared illegitimate as her parents marriage was invalidated; following rumours of her brothers demise, her mother and Margaret Beaufort allied themselves together and arranged a betrothal between Elizabeth and Henry Tudor, which Henry swore an oath to in Rennes Cathedral; Elizabeth left sanctuary at the beginning of 1484 and returned to court; after Anne Neville’s death Elizabeth was sent to Sheriff Hutton by Richard III whilst he negotiated for her to marry the future King Manuel I of Portugal; this was also to stop rumours circulating that Richard intended to marry Elizabeth following Anne’s death, rumours which cannot be proved in any case; following Henry’s victory at the Battle of Bosworth he claimed the throne by right of conquest and later married Elizabeth of York to strengthen his claim, as the Beaufort claim was tenuous and Elizabeth could potentially, had she wanted to, have claimed the throne as queen regnant; Henry VII had the Titulus Regius repealed so he could marry Elizabeth, which he did on the 18th of January 1486; Elizabeth gave birth to their first son, Arthur, on the 20th of September 1486; Elizabeth of York was finally crowned queen consort on the 25 November 1487; her marriage to Henry, despite being arranged for political purposes, eventually became a love match; Elizabeth did not wield much influence as queen, possibly due to her extremely influential mother-in-law
❁ Cecily Bonville, 7th Baroness Harington - suo jure 7th Baroness Harington of Aldingham and suo jure 2nd Baroness Bonville; wife of Thomas Grey, 1st Marquess of Dorset, the son of Elizabeth Woodville by her first marriage to Sir John Grey of Groby; Elizabeth Woodville bought Cecily’s wardship from her stepfather, William Hastings, to facilitate the marriage; The marriage accord stipulated that were Thomas to die prior to the consummation of the marriage, Cecily would then marry his younger brother Sir Richard Grey, this was validated by an act of parliament; following Edward IV’s death in 1483, the passing of the Titulus Regius and the summary execution of her stepfather, Cecily’s mother was placed under Richard III’s protection; Despite his siblings being declared bastards and his mother being publicly shamed, Thomas and Cecily both attended Richard III’s coronation; following this Cecily’s husband joined Buckingham’s rebellion and upon its failure fled to Brittany and Tudor, leaving Cecily alone in England; following Henry Tudor’s victory at Bosworth both Cecily and Thomas were present at Henry’s coronation and the attainder on Thomas was lifted the following month, putting them back in royal favour; Cecily was also present at Henry VII and Elizabeth of York’s marriage and chosen to carry Arthur Tudor’s train at his christening as well as Elizabeth’s coronation; Cecily had fourteen children with Thomas Grey

BATTLES:

♔ Buckingham’s rebellion - 24th of September 1483
♔ Battle of Bosworth Field - 22nd of August 1485
♔ Battle of Stoke Field - 16th of June 1487