lancastrian

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WOMEN’S HISTORY ANNE NEVILLE  (11 June 1456 – 16 March 1485)

Anne Neville was born in 1456 to Richard Neville, the 16th Earl of Warwick and Anne de Beauchamp. Her father was a cousin of Richard, Duke of York and supported him in his quarrels with Marguerite d'Anjou and the Lancastrians. After Richard of York’s death in 1460, Neville switched his allegiance to Richard’s son, Edward and helped him gain the crown of England in 1461. In July of 1469, Anne’s older sister, Isabel, married Edward’s brother, George, Duke of Clarence. By that time, however, relations between Neville and Edward had soured irrevocably over Edward’s marriage to Elizabeth Wydeville and perceived favoritism toward her family. In 1470, Warwick put Henry VI back on the throne and married Anne to his son, Edward of Westminster. The restoration lasted less than a month: George switched his loyalty back to his brother and Warwick was killed at the Battle of Barnet, Edward of Westminster at the Battle of Tewkesbury, Henry VI was murdered in prison, and Marguerite d'Anjou was imprisoned and later ransomed by her French relations.

Anne’s future was left uncertain. Edward IV’s brother, Richard of Gloucester wished to marry her, but George of Clarence was against the idea because he wanted to claim all the Neville estate for his children. In the end, Richard won the argument and he and Anne married in the spring of 1472. They had one son, Edward of Middleham probably in 1473. In 1476, Isabel died suddenly of either tuberculosis or complications of childbirth and Anne took the responsibility of raising her niece and nephew, Margaret and Edward. Two years later, Clarence was convicted of being involved in yet another treasonous plot against Edward IV and was executed.

In 1483, Edward IV died suddenly and Richard was named Lord Protector of the realm. Two months later, though, all of Edward’s children were declared illegitimate on the grounds that their parents’ marriage was invalid and Richard became the new king of England. On 6 July 1483, Richard and Anne were crowned king and queen of England by the Archbishop of Canterbury. Tragically, their only son died suddenly at the age of ten less than a year later. Anne and Richard were inconsolable at the news of their only child’s death and Anne herself died two years later, probably of tuberculosis though rumors spread that Richard had poisoned his wife so they could marry his young niece, Elizabeth of York. Four months later, Richard was slain at the Battle of Bosworth Field and replaced by Henry Tudor.

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The White Queen + families.
     → additional families : Tudors, Greys, Lancasters. 

« The war between the houses of Lancaster and York for the throne of England was charactorised by treachery, deceit and at St Albans, Blore Hill and Towton, some of the bloodiest and most dramatic battles on England’s soil. Between 1455 and 1487 the royal coffers were bankrupted and the conflict resulted in the downfall of the houses of Lancaster and York and the emergence of the illustrious Tudor dynasty. » ― Alison Weir, Lancaster and York: The Wars of the Roses.

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HOUSE OF LANCASTER
“We are Lancastrians. We beg for nothing.”

The House of Lancaster was the name of two cadet branches of the royal House of Plantagenet. The first house was created when Henry III of England created the Earldom of Lancaster—from which the house was named—for his second son Edmund Crouchback in 1267. The second house of Lancaster was descended from John of Gaunt, who married the heiress of the first house.

in this gifset: earls + dukes + kings + the Beauforts (illegitimate line)

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TOP: Jewelry from the Fishpool hoard of gold coins and jewelry, now in the British Museum, buried by a Lancastrian supporter following the Battle of Hexham in 1464, during the War of the Roses. Much of the jewelry is of a romantic nature. The turquoise was thought to protect the wearer from poison.

BOTTOM: Partial view of the gold coins that formed the bulk of the Fishpool Hoard.

On display in the Medieval galleries of the British Museum. Photo Credit: Clio Ancient Art and Antiquities

youtube

Just listen to it and feel royal as fuck.

Château de Suscinio (or de Susinio)
Sarzeau, Morbihan, Brittany, France.

http://www.castlesandmanorhouses.com/photos.htm

Built in the late Middle Ages as the residence of the Dukes of Brittany. The Château de Suscinio dates from the beginning of the 13th century. It was enlarged at the end of 14th century, when the heirs of the duchy were fighting to keep their possessions (Brittany was not annexed by France until 1514).

From 1471 to 1483, the castle was home to Jasper Tudor, Henry Tudor (later King Henry VII of England), and the core of their group of exiled Lancastrians, numbering about 500 by 1483. Duke Francis II supported this group of exiles against Plantagenet demands for their surrender.

anonymous asked:

Hi Hilary! I've recently been trying to learn more about the Wars of the Roses out of pure curiosity. In your opinion, was there a principal instigator of the wars, a right or a wrong side? I personally feel that the Lancasters were wronged in the conflict, but I'd love your opinion on this!

I have always seen the WORs as a thoroughly mutual event, because the beginning, middle, and end of the conflict were equally influenced by Lancastrian and Yorkist maneuvers, incompetence, and intrigue. Obviously, the seeds were planted at the end of the 14th century (1399) when Henry Bolingbroke (Henry IV) usurped and deposed his cousin Richard II, which resulted in him facing problems with his own son (Henry V) who was widely rumored to be planning to do the same thing to him – after all, once you start the tradition of dethroning kings, where does it end? Then Henry V had the great success of the Battle of Agincourt (1415), which made it look like England was going to actually reclaim the French territories they had lost way back with Bad King John, at the height of the Hundred Years War (which was started by Edward III pressing his claim to the French crown through his mother Isabella of France). But Henry V didn’t last too long – he ruled from only 1413 to 1422, whereupon he died young and left the future Henry VI as a baby less than a year old. This meant a very long minority, which was historically bad news. Henry V’s widow, Katherine de Valois, later remarried Owen Tudor, which was to end up being important, but the end result was that you had first many years of the king being a minor, and then when he did grow up, he was, to put it mildly, not that good at his job. He had a strong saintly streak and was some sort of mentally ill, as evidenced by his numerous complete psychotic breaks. None of this was helped by the fact that his wife, Margaret of Anjou, was the historical personality that Cersei Lannister is based on – aggressive, assertive, manipulating, unpopular, and widely viewed as the actual ruler in place of Henry. Also like Cersei, everyone was pretty darn sure that her son, Edward the crown prince, wasn’t Henry’s – possibly due to the small fact that Henry was off in la-la land when Edward was conceived. Edward, for his part, was likewise the person that Joffrey is based on. He was a teenage prick with a sadistic streak and nobody was that thrilled about the idea of him being king. In short, you now have a huge problem for the Lancastrians: the king is totally useless, the queen is hated, the crown prince is probably illegitimate and an asshole to boot, and England in the fifteenth century is dealing with social unrest and economic upheaval. When this happens, fingers get pointed.

Meanwhile, the Yorkists showed up to remind everyone that they’re actually the real heirs to the crown, that the Lancastrian dynasty was having problems because Henry IV stole the throne, and so forth. Because of the clusterfuck described above, they had a lot of support, and Cecily Neville, the wife of Richard, Duke of York and mother of the future Edward IV, was likewise an influential mover behind the scenes. It wasn’t too long before the Yorkists decided to openly pursue their cause, and a few years of batting back and forth eventually turned into outright war. Richard was killed in 1460, whereupon he had his head hacked off and a paper crown nailed to it to mock him, but it turned out that this wasn’t such a good idea, because it pissed his son (Edward IV) off a great deal and led to the Battle of Towton (1461) which is still, to the best of my knowledge, the bloodiest battle ever fought on English soil – the casualties were so ruinous that something close to 1% of the entire English population died there. In any event, it resulted in Henry VI being deposed and Edward being crowned, and as he was young, handsome, popular (especially with apparently all the women in England) and brought, at least at first, much-needed reform and order to the monarchy, everyone was initially just fine with it. But since Edward fell madly in love with the commoner Elizabeth Woodville and decided to marry her instead of one of the European princesses that was expected of him, this ended up causing a great deal of trouble for him. Elizabeth also had a very large family who Edward openly favored and appointed to important positions (and remember, they are commoners, horrifying the rest of the English nobility) which caused more friction.

In any event, excluding a brief episode (1470-71) where Henry VI was restored, deposed again, then famously murdered in the Tower of London, Edward reigned more or less unchallenged (excluding the usually incompetent plots by his brother George, the Duke of Clarence, and the Kingmaker, the Earl of Warwick, who turned on Edward after helping him to the crown) until his death in 1483, when the penultimate episode of the wars began. His young son was acknowledged as Edward V, but this was when his brother, the future Richard III, showed up and… well, let’s just say he wasn’t getting Uncle of the Year awards. There have been all kinds of contemporary attempts to clear Richard’s name, but the historical fact is, and was widely believed at the time, he almost certainly had Edward V and his younger brother killed while they were prisoners in the Tower. Richard III was not the hunchbacked villain of Shakespeare, and made several attempts at being a good king once he was crowned, but it was undercut by the fact that he was, you know, a guy who had killed his preteen nephews in order to step over them to the succession. This opened the door for Henry Tudor, son of Margaret Beaufort (heiress to the senior line of the Lancastrian claim descended from John of Gaunt, third son of Edward III) and Edmund Tudor, Henry VI’s half-brother (remember Katherine de Valois remarrying Owen Tudor?) to gather supporters in France and sail to England to face Richard. They met in the Battle of Bosworth Field in 1485, where Richard was killed and Henry became Henry VII. To unite the feuding claims at last, he married Elizabeth of York, Edward IV’s daughter, and the red rose (Lancastrian) and white rose (Yorkist) were combined to create the Tudor rose.

Anyway, as noted, both Lancastrian and Yorkist were responsible for the power plays. Henry IV deposed his cousin Richard II in the first place (because Richard II had also inherited the throne young after the death of his grandfather, Edward III, and father, Edward the Black Prince, and while he started out well, distinguishing himself in his handling of the Peasants’ Revolt in 1381, he never recovered from the idea that his subjects had presumed to challenge him and got more and more bizarre and imperious). Then Henry V died young, Henry VI’s insanity and Margaret of Anjou’s intrigues were big problems for the Lancastrians, and hence it was understandable that the Yorkists were able to make a successful play for power, even at very high cost. But once they did have it, Edward IV (the basis for Robert Baratheon) basically spent his time sleeping around and not being hot shakes as a ruler, and Richard III’s method of acquiring the throne made them so reviled that Henry Tudor was able to get his foot in the door. I don’t know that you can say one was wronged more than the other, as it was a combination of numerous political factors and manipulations on both sides of the conflict (as well as powerful women, interestingly). But it did end up producing some of England’s most famous monarchs in the Tudors, and a heckuva lot of great Shakespeare, so there’s that.

willwriteforruns replied to your

chat:

The White Queen Inconsistencies

Technically, she says, “I could’ve gone to my mother…” because that option was given to her (in the show) after she had abandoned her. So, not that big of an inconsistency. But the show has plenty others. You might be at this for a while. ;)

In the original novel the Countess did abandon her with some nasty words; but in the show it was more like an agreement that Anne stays behind with Margaret of Anjou than the Countess “abandoning her”. While Anne did plea her mother to take her along, the Countess told her that she must stay behind with Margaret since she was married to Lancastrian. Politically, if the Lancastrians were to win, it might be beneficial to Anne since it demonstrated her loyalty.

As for her staying with Margaret of Anjou after the death of her father, Anne initially cried, “I want to see my mother” but then went “I might be carrying a Lancastrian heir now and we need each other”. 

Still, what is the difference of her “gone to her mother”? The conversation between her and Richard on this subject is that Anne might be declared a traitor since she stayed with Margaret of Anjou and her son while they fought against the Yorks. If she went to join her mother in the sanctuary “after” their landing and her father’s death/defeat, she’d still be marked a “traitor” and shared the same fate with her mother.

edwardslovelyelizabeth replied to your post : maligned, from ‘to malign’: › to cause or to…

I had trouble with this blog too, they wrote once a whole long ass reply to me about how EW and her family robbed the treasury before going to sanctuary. Speaking about maligning other historical figures, right

really?? LMAO i am so sorry :D this blog is so biased and the fact that it is followed by so many ‘ricardians’ is disturbing/scaring.

Elizabeth de Scales, heiress of Thomas de Scales, married Anthony Woodville some time between 1458-1461 after her first marriage had ended in the death of her husband. 

The de Scales family and the Woodvilles had been associated long before the marriage of the two heirs - it was Elizabeth’s father, Thomas, that nominated Anthony’s father Lord Rivers for Knight of the Garter in 1450 having become one himself in 1425.

Shortly after their marriage came the Battle of Towton after which Anthony was reported dead first by William Paston and then later on by Richard Beauchamp, Earl of Salisbury who wrote ‘Anthony, son of Lord le Ryver, who was recently made Lord le Scales.’

During an earlier Lancastrian battle, St Albans, Elizabeth had joined her mother in law Jacquetta in sending a delegation with other Londoners begging for mercy for the city which was sent to Margaret of Anjou who was riding victorious back to the city.

There is some evidence that the couple had a child, a boy, for money was given by John Howard on January 1st, 1465, for ‘my lord Scales chyld’ although this could be interpreted as a servant of the couple too.

The couple attended the wedding of the King’s sister, Margaret, to marry the Duke Charles in July 1468 with Elizabeth amongst the English women attending on her.

Just over a year after the passing of Jacquetta Woodville, on September 2nd 1473 Elizabeth died; her cause of death unknown she was in her mid 30′s.

Anthony remarried Mary FitzLewis in 1480. During the interim between Elizabeth’s death and his own Anthony became a father to an illegitimate daughter.

Two days before his execution in June 1483, nearly a decade after Elizabeth’s passing, Anthony, having left the Scales lands to his brother Edward, asked that 500 marks be used for prayers for the souls of Lady Scales, her brother Thomas, and the souls of all of the Scales family.

I`m sorry, I can`t

Okay people. I am really sorry. This is the second time I wanted to write a book review but just find myself unable to, because engaging closer with the book in question for a second time would break my brain.

The novel in question is called “The White Boar” and is about Francis Lovell and his fictional cousin Phillip Lovell. A lot about Phillip Lovell. A lot more than about Francis, for reasons I can`t fathom. Phillip is close to Richard, closer than Francis. Phillip is close to Francis, closer than Richard. Francis hates his wife Anna for reasons of her coming from a Lancastrian family, which the book freely acknowledges makes no sense but is presented like that anyway. Phillip, on the other hand, has some perfect (BORING) love story with an invented character. Richard does stuff.

A general impression of the writing style:

“Her eyes, like drenched pansies, were fixed stubbornly on the shirt cords at his neck.”

It also has Francis refer to “King Henry” at the end - as if Francis Lovell would have ever called Henry VII anything of the sort - and disliking a son he somehow has. So I`m sorry, but this is too bad to even mock for long.

The Wedding of Arthur Tudor, Prince of Wales and Catherine of Aragon

Arthur Tudor, Prince of Wales, c. 1501 The marriage of Arthur Tudor, Prince of Wales to Catherine, daughter of their Catholic Majesties Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castile was a dynastic coup for King Henry VII. The Tudor dynasty was new after his victory at the Battle of Bosworth Field in August of 1485. Henry’s Lancastrian claim was weak and he needed to shore up his position as King of…

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