lancaster and york


William the Conqueror long did reign;
William his son, by an arrow was slain;
Henry the First was a scholar bright;
Stephen was king without any right.
Henry the Second, Plantagenet’s scion;
Richard the First was as brave as a lion;
John, though a tyrant, the charter was signed;
Henry the Third had a weakly mind.
Edward the First conquered Cambria dales;
Edward the Second was the first English Prince of Wales;
Edward the Third humbled France in its pride;
Richard the Second in prison died.
Henry the Fourth for himself took the crown;
Henry the Fifth pulled the French King down;
Henry the Sixth lost his father’s gains;
Edward the Fourth laid hold of the reins.
Edward the Fifth was killed with his brother;
Richard the Third soon made way for another.
Henry the Seventh was frugal of means;
Henry the Eighth had a great many queens.
Edward the Sixth reformation began;
Cruel Queen Mary prevented the plan;
Wise and profound were Elizabeth’s aims;
England and Scotland were joined by King James.
Charles the First found the people a cruel corrector;
Oliver Cromwell was called Lord Protector;
Charles the Second hid in an oak;
James the Second took the Catholic yoke.
William and Mary were offered the throne;
Anne succeeded and reigned alone.
George the First from Hanover came;
George the Second kept up the name;
George the Third was loved in the land;
George the Fourth was polite and grand;
William the Fourth had no heir of his own,
So Queen Victoria ascended the throne.
When good Queen Victoria’s long reign was o'er,
Edward the Seventh the English crown wore.
His son George the Fifth, ruled the realm amassed,
where the sun never set, it was so vast.
Edward the Eighth gave up the throne for his wife;
George the Sixth ruled through World War II’s strife.
Elizabeth the Second reigns today,
And “God save the Queen” all her subjects hearts say!


M A R G A R E T   B E A U F O R T   1/?

  • Souvent me souviens❞ - Beaufort Family Motto

Late birthday present to one of my favorite Lancastrian women, my Lady the King’s Mother, Lady Margaret Beaufort. She has recently been villainized yet again by TWP and honestly, she gets such terrible representation. She became a mother aged 13 and had to care for her son and his claim in the world of men. Margaret was a victim of the troubling times of the Wars of the Roses. The survival of her son and his title were her main priority and her ambitions for the throne were only grown once Richard III ascended.

For a more sympathetic look at Lady Margaret check out Britain’s Bloody Crown 1.04

1 | 2 | x

“I am who I am because of my lady mother. She was destined to be Queen, as am I. My mother was a daughter of the House of Lancaster and married the heir to the House of York. Tis’ I who unites the houses of York and Lancaster. She fought tooth and nail to keep our family together, to protect our inheritance and my family’s legacy. Tis’ I who will be Queen of England, and by the Grace of God I will bring peace and unity to a kingdom that is rightfully mine.” 

“Choosing the Red and White Roses in the Temple Garden” 
Henry Arthur Payne (1910)

This is the preliminary painting for a mural that currently hangs in the East Corridor of the Houses of Parliament in Westminster. The painting is a rendition of a scene from William Shakespeare’s play Henry VI, Part I (Act II, Scene 4). In this scene Richard Plantagenet, the Duke of York, challenges Edmund Beaufort, the Duke of Somerset, and urges his followers to declare their allegiance by picking different coloured roses: white for York, red for Lancaster.


Let him that is a true-born gentleman
And stands upon the honour of his birth,
If he suppose that I have pleaded truth,
From off this brier pluck a white rose with me.


Let him that is no coward nor no flatterer,
But dare maintain the party of the truth,
Pluck a red rose from off this thorn with me.


And here I prophesy: this brawl to-day,
Grown to this faction in the Temple-garden,
Shall send between the red rose and the white
A thousand souls to death and deadly night.

As legend has it, this confrontation was the spark of the 15th-century English conflict known as the Wars of the Roses. The historical basis for this event, however, has been severely questioned by late 20th-century scholars. The plucking of the red and white roses in the Inner Temple Garden, as presented by Shakespeare, is now widely regarded as a fabrication of Tudor propagandists to promote the birth of the new dynasty as the end of a tragical struggle between the houses of Lancaster and York.

Yet, if that confrontation indeed took place, it is only logical that it might have happened in late April or early May 1455, as the first actual battle between the two quarrelling sides took place on the 22nd of May that same year. Interestingly enough, the flower that comprised the Yorkist rose badge, a plant called Rosa Alba Semiplena, as all other medieval garden roses, only flowered during a short period of time in late spring and early summer. It would have been available for plucking at just the right time – a week or two before the fighting began. 


A Historical Make Me Choose/Talk About Master-Meme

(Because there aren’t enough let’s face it)

Make me choose:

1. Between two historical figures

2. Between two historical ‘periods’, reigns or eras

3. Between two conflicts

4. Between two historical objects

5. Between two historical pieces of clothing or fashion trends

6. Between two factions (anything from Lancaster and York to Whig and Tory)

7. Between two concepts (this is flexible)

8. Between two ‘areas’ of history (social, economic, military, et.c.)

9. Between two forms of transport or specific vehicles (the Mary Rose, penny farthing)

10. Between two general objects (cannons, dolls, knives)

11. Between two dishes or foods

12. Between two historians

13. Between two events

14. Between two historical couples

15. Anything you want

Talk About:

1. See the Make Me Choose Section (favourite figure, couple, place, e.t.c.)

2. Something about your own family’s history

3. A historical theory, trope, or misconception you HATE

4. A historical event you wish you’d been a fly on the wall for

5. A historical figure who you think is overrated

6. A historical figure you think is underrated

7. The oldest thing you can see from where you are sitting (can be a person).

8.  A favourite random historical anecdote or fact

9. A historical myth/legend/rumour/story (flexible)

10. Something historical related to where you live

11. Something historical related to where you were born

12. Somewhere historical you’ve been

13. Somewhere historical you’d like to go

14. A historical form of a language or dead language you wish you could speak/hear spoken

15. A historical headcanon you have

16. A piece of heraldry, historical symbol, badge, flag, e.t.c. you like/associate with

17.  A historical figure you would most like to meet in their own time

18. A historical figure you would most like to bring to the modern day

19.  Historical dinner party (who would you invite, who would you seat next to each other, what would you talk about- GO)

20. Free choice

Feel free to add your own!

From Costumes to Sigils -  A meta about Jon’s future.

So I’ve been wondering about how Jon’s appearance will change once he finds out about his true heritage in the show, and that led me to tinfoil a lot.

Jon’s clothing concept is connected to his status as a bastard, so all his outfits resemble the Stark’s clothing in reversed colors, just like the bastards reverse the colors of their families sigils in the books. It’s a very nice concept to be honest, but the most important thing about Jon’s appearance is his hair.  
Since season 1, Jon’s hair is his trademark. As the seasons go, his hair grows until his resurrection when he changed his hairstyle for good.
So most likely his hair will have a change after he finds out about his true parents. Jon used to wear his hair loose at the first 5 seasons, and now he’s wearing a half up half down. So my prediction would be a full ponytail or a hairstyle more similar to Rhaegar’s after he finds out who his father was, because the show will not give him a hairstyle he already used before.
Targaryen men in the show have the same hairstyle, and if we look at Rhaegar’s hair I’d dare to say the wig was meant to mimic Kit’s hair not Viserys’s.
I’d love to see a man bun but that’s just me I guess. I think at episode 7x5 we have a glimpse of how his future hairstyle will be. I kinda like it.

His colors will certainly change as well. When asked about why Daenerys never weared black and red before, Clapton said “somethings need to wait until the proper moment”. I think the same is for Jon. Even though he’s (was) King in the North and weared the Stark sigil he doesn’t wear grey, the official Stark color.  I’ve always wondered why until I read this interview. Because he still sees himself as a bastard he never dared to wear the Stark color before. Clapton was waiting for Jon to finds out about his heritage to finally give him grey clothings.
As for the Targaryen colors I don’t think we’re going to see red on his outfits at all. Red is a color connected to the Targaryen madness. The more villainess Daenerys goes, more red she will wear. That’s why Viserys used to wear way more red than Dany.
If Jon would choose a Targaryen color it would be black indeed. Black was always his color. Of all Starks he was the one who weared black the most since the beginning, even outside the Night’s Watch.
My guess is that Jon will wear only grey and black after he finds out who his parents were.

The biggest problem about his heritage is that Jon will most likely not truly relate to any of his parent’s Houses.
His whole dream of being a Stark was related to Ned, finding out he’s actually Lyanna’s son will be problematic for his identity. After all his life as a bastard, Jon will find difficult to embrace the Stark name since is now related to Lyanna whom he have never met. Of course if it’s going to be difficult to embrace the name of the family he was raised with, there’s no need to say it will be even more difficult, if not impossible at all, for him to embrace the Targaryen name either.
Jon will probably siding to the Starks, and that’s when the grey color will show up finally, but just like Aragorn had to embrace his identity as Isildur’s heir to protect Gondor, Jon will have to embrace his identity as Rhaegar’s son in order to protect the North (or maybe the Seven Kingdoms, who knows where  Daenerys is going, right?).
That’s where his own sigil comes in.

I do believe ASOIAF’s bittersweet ending will relate somehow to the end of all noble houses, or at least ending the huge influence these families possess. I think GRRM is trying to tell the end of monarchy and the transition period to democracy somehow. For that the old structure of power needs to be destroyed. That’s probably where Daenerys’s speech of “breaking the wheel” comes from. If we notice houses Tyrell, Baratheon, Bolton and Martell are already gone in the show, and houses  Arryn, Lannister, Targaryen, Tully and Greyjoy are very close to their ends as well with only one member alive or with few chances of having a future heir.
House Stark depends on Sansa’s child or Jon’s to continue but if we’re right and Jonsa is endgame (AND IT IS) their children will receive the name Jon decides to take it. And I don’t think he’s going to choose neither Stark or Targaryen. So House Stark is going to die as well. It would be a dagger in my heart but it would fit the bittersweet ending GRRM promised.
And no, a Targaryen restoration is not an option, I’m not even going to talk about it, because is not going to happen at all. Stop it.

The thing about Jon’s future name connects to the historical inspiration for the ASOIF: the Wars of the Roses.
I’m not going to talk a lot about it because we’ll know how the Lancaster’s relate to the Lannisters and how the Yorks relate to the Starks because we’ve seen it a thousand times.
But the thing is, I believe at the beginning of the series the Lancaster’s were represented by the Lannisters, but at the end of the series, the Targaryens will take their place as the representation of House Lancaster .
If we think about it, Henry Tudor had a claim to the throne from the Lancaster side, and he ended up married to Elizabeth of York, daughter of Edward IV, putting an end to the conflict.
Jon has a claim to the Iron Throne from the Targaryen side, and will ended up married to Sansa of House Stark, daughter of Eddard, putting an end to the conflict as well.
Just like Henry didn’t have the Lancaster or the York name but was sided with one of them (the Lancasters in this case) I think Jon will not adopt the Targaryen or the Stark name even though he’s sided with the Starks. It’s most likely he will create a “new house” for  himself and his children, and that’s how the Stark and Targaryen houses will die. If we look at the  Tudor’s rose, Henry fused the Lancaster and the York roses into a new one.
That’s exactly what I think Jon will do. To be comfortable to embrace his Targaryen side, Jon will probably embrace his Stark  heritage as well, and since he doesn’t truly connect to either of them he’ll create a new one that although resembles these families sigils is not quite them.  

The Dragon has only one head.

The Targaryen sigil comes from Aegon the Conqueror, and the three heads represents himself and his two sisters wives. Daenerys keeping this sigil makes a lot of sense, since she had three dragons as well. But just like many Targaryens created a personal sigil with only one dragon, I think Jon will do the same. A single red dragon is my bet. It would remind the people he is related to the Targaryens at same time it would send the message he’s different from Daenerys and her ancestors.

The White Wolf.

Jon’s speech to Theon at S7 was actually a speech for his future self. He doesn’t have to choose. He’s a Stark and a Targaryen. So when the time for a sigil comes he’ll keep the Stark sigil somehow as well. Jon’s direwolf is white with red eyes. That’s the sigil he’ll probably choose. It’s also ironic he was raised as a Stark bastard and the only sigil he could wear as a bastard was the Stark sigil in reversed colors (a white wolf in a grey field). Since in the show he was referred as “The White Wolf” during his coronation, it’s possible that Jon as KITN in the books choose a similar sigil for himself. That’s why I believe he’s going to keep it for his coat of arms.
If we look at Henry Tudor’s coat of arms it’s a white dog facing a red dragon. I think Jon’s new sigil will look similar: a red dragon with white eyes, and a white wolf with red eyes facing each other. It’s almost like a Yin/Yang between House Stark and House Targaryen. A fit choice for a sigil to end a war between these two houses.

Yep, I suck at editing LMAO

If we think about it, Joffrey used a  very similar coat of arms and that’s exactly why I think Jon will adopt this one.

The Joffrey Parallels.

Jon and Joffrey are characters that connect through Sansa. And it’s ironic to see how they are so opposite to each other that they almost look similar.

Joffrey was born a bastard but was raised as the future king. Jon was born as the future king but was raised as a bastard .

Joffrey and Sansa had a intimate relationship at the beginning but it became distant at the end. Jon and Sansa had a distant relationship at the beginning but it grew more intimate with time.

Joffrey grew up believing his father was his uncle. Jon grew up believing his uncle was his father.

Joffrey was meant to marry Sansa but the arrangement was unmade. Jon and Sansa were never meant to marry but will certainly marry.

Joffrey was supposed to have black hair but was born blonde as his father. Jon was supposed to have blonde silver hair but was born with black hair like his mother.

There’s a lot of those minors parallels between them. Jon is just the opposite of Joffrey at everything.
So it’s ironic but not surprisingly such different characters ended up with similar sigils.
Jon is the first character at ASOIAF to notice Joffrey was wearing his mother’s sigil as well.

“The Lannister’s are proud” Jon observed. “You’d think the royal sigil would be sufficient, but no. He makes his mother’s House equal in honor to the king’s.”

Arya I, A Game of Thrones

Maybe GRRM were foreshadowing Jon’s future sigil right there. That’s something he would do.
I guess all my questions and predictions will be answered or confirmed next season. I’m very excited to see it.

Historical Make Me Choose

1. Between two historical figures
2. Between two historical ‘periods’, reigns or eras
3. Between two conflicts
4. Between two historical objects
5. Between two historical pieces of clothing or fashion trends
6. Between two factions (anything from Lancaster and York to Whig and Tory)
7. Between two concepts (this is flexible)
8. Between two ‘areas’ of history (social, economic, military, et.c.)
9. Between two forms of transport or specific vehicles (the Mary Rose, penny farthing)
10. Between two general objects (cannons, dolls, knives)
11. Between two dishes or foods
12. Between two historians
13. Between two events
14. Between two historical couples
15. Anything you want

(originally post from morgauseoforkney)

Loveday - 24 March 1458

The ‘Loveday’ of 24 March 1458 was an attempt by Henry VI to reconcile the two squabbling factions amongst his nobility. Despite a public display of unity the effort was a failure and in the following year fighting broke out again at the start of the second phase of the Wars of the Roses.

In the early 1450s the English political establishment became split into two factions - supporters of Henry VI’s government as led by Edmund Beaufort, second duke of Somerset, and opponents of that government, led by Richard, duke of York. Somerset was in charge in Normandy when it was lost to the French in 1449-50, but his political career survived that military disaster and he began to dominate Henry’s government.

York appears to have felt threatened by this and returned from Ireland in 1450 in an attempt to overthrow Somerset, but he failed to gain support from his fellow peers. In 1458 Henry VI made a determined attempt to reconcile the two parties. He summoned a great council, to be held in London to be attended by most of the nobility. Warwick, who was then Captain of Calais, may not have been invited, but attended anyway.

Eventually the two sides came to an agreement. It is clear that the Yorkists were seen as having been responsible for the outbreak of violence in at the Battle of St. Albans in 1455 and they made most concessions. The agreement was announced on 24 March and on the same day was officially sealed with a solemn procession to St. Pauls for a mass. Queen Margaret walked arm-in-arm with York, Salisbury with Somerset and Warwick with either Henry Percy, earl of Northumberland or Henry Holland, duke of Exeter, all following behind Henry VI.

The 'loveday’ agreement had little long term impact. York and Salisbury were still excluded from government. Later in the year Warwick was summoned to London to answer charges of piracy, and the visit descended into a brawl. Warwick just managed to escape to his ships and return to Calais, from where he refused orders to return. Both sides blamed the other for the outbreak of violence, and early in 1459 both sides began to prepare for war. When the fighting did resume the Lancastrians were better prepared, and the Yorkist leaders were forced into exile after abandoning their armies at Ludford Bridge, but they were soon able to return from exile and captured Henry VI at Northampton on 10 July 1460, just over two years after his 'loveday’.

It is generally believed by some that during the Loveday festivities, Edward, Earl of March (the future Edward IV) first met Elizabeth Woodville when her brother, Anthony jousted before Henry and Margaret.

anonymous asked:

Two questions. 1. Do you think Jonsa will happen because of the original outline of Jonrya? 2. Do you think the show will address succession more? I have so many questions about that. If Jon and Dany fall heirless, who's up? Will people support Gendry? Will they support Sansa as Jon's heir to the throne? Bran? Who gets winterfell? Casterly rock? THE VALE??? DORNE? Sorry feel free to pass this one up. I'm really into the "not so minor, but still minutiae" at the end of the day. Your meta rocks.

I loved this ask because it sounds exactly like the inside of my head whenever I watch GOT. Seriously, WHAT ABOUT THE VALE? I know, anon. I know.

1. The original outline of Jonrya is a piece of external evidence that I think helps to strengthen what is already a very solid textual reading. I didn’t go over specific details and citations much in my Jonsa post because it’s already been covered very well elsewhere on this site - there’s a classic older post called ‘A Time For Wolves’ that lays all the book evidence out really well, if you’re interested. ( I think that might have been the first Jonsa meta I ever read? Anyway, it’s very good, and I didn’t see much point in just copying what it had already done.

Personally, I first became convinced of Jonsa after looking into the historical parallels between ASOIAF and the Wars of the Roses that Martin based much of the plot around. The Lannisters, Starks, and Targaryens are clearly based on the real-world Lancasters, Yorks, and Tudors (/Plantagenets). And the English dynastic struggle was finally resolved when Henry Tudor won the war and married the oldest daughter of the House of York, Elizabeth (who had two mysteriously vanished/probably murdered little brothers). They were also so closely related he had to get a special dispensation from the pope to marry - you see where I’m going with this? The parallels are far from exact, of course, but they’re also extremely suggestive.

2. I think on a thematic level, succession is very important to GOT. You could argue that the overall arc of the show has been to explore the ‘changing of the guard’ from the older generation to the younger one rising (and sometimes failing) to take their place - the Lannisters going from Tywin to his children, the Starks from Ned and Cat to their children, and so on.

But when it comes to the specific details of succession - well, I honestly don’t know how many we’ll get. GOT has been very inconsistent in its depiction of Westerosi politics and customs in this regard; remember when all of Dorne was totally okay with the bastard lover of Oberyn - not even his wife, just his lover - murdering their lord and their lord’s heir and taking over the Kingdom? Because I do. (That was a terrible subplot and D&D should feel terrible. ‘Oh no the hysterical brown women are on a murderous power trip, run’ - ugh, that was offensive on so many levels.)

I don’t want to be that person who’s all ‘oh, just read the books, they’re so much better,’ because I actually think the show did improve on certain aspects of the story (like, the number of extraneous side characters in the last two books is somewhere in the billions now, and it kind of drives me crazy how badly Martin could use an editor with some of this stuff). But when it comes to details like succession, the books are definitely much clearer about how it works and who’s up next. And since at this point I think the books and the show have just diverged too far when it comes to aspects like the rulers of Dorne or the Vale for us to be able to assume there will be any future convergence, it makes predictions about the show a lot harder. Like, a lot of these problems don’t exist yet in the books, and may never exist, because of things like Arianne Martell (Doran Martell’s daughter) or Harold Hardying (next-up heir to the Vale if Robin Arryn dies) still being characters.

So as far as the show goes, I suspect we may never get an answer when it comes to things like succession in Dorne and the Vale - D&D have got into the meat of the central plot now, and don’t seem like they plan to let anything distract them from it. Maybe Arianne Martell will pop up at the last minute from whatever cave she’s been hiding in all this time to take the lordship of Dorne for her own - or maybe it will never be mentioned again. Hard to say.

Let’s see, on to your other questions. When it comes to specific plot details, the narrative analyses I’m more comfortable doing are less helpful, and you kind of just have to go with the in-universe logic at play. But I think Sansa definitely has the rank and political chops to inherit the throne for the Kingdom in the North, if that was what you meant - though I don’t see her ending up on the Iron Throne without a marriage putting her there first. After GOT 7x03, I think it’s pretty clear that we’re not getting Bran as either Lord of Winterfell or King in the North - he seems to have put himself out of the running, so after Jon it has to be either Sansa or Arya, and I have trouble seeing Arya as any kind of politician. Right now, Winterfell is Sansa’s - even with Jon as KitN, Winterfell itself is still the birthright of the trueborn Starks, and if Bran passes on it then it goes to her as the eldest daughter. If she winds up marrying again - either another lord or the king of the Seven Kingdoms - it would probably be with the plan that her second son will inherit Winterfell and take on the name Stark (with her first son being heir to her husband’s lands).

I don’t know that that will actually happen - I’m still sort of musing over my own theories for the ending in store for Winterfell itself, right now - but in-universe, it would be the obvious solution. Theoretically, Arya could also take over stewardship of Winterfell if Sansa left to, say, become queen, and Arya’s children could then inherit it - but Arya doing anything even vaguely ladylike with her life just seems so unlikely at this point that I’m not sure it’s even worth mentioning as a possibility.

Gendry is still a bastard, so he has no claim to either the Stormlands or the Iron Throne unless someone has somehow managed to legitimize him without us noticing - which I wouldn’t entirely put past this show. Jon Snow did manage to get elected KitN while being a bastard, but the entire Seven Kingdoms is a whole different kettle of fish from a bunch of exhausted, guilt-tripping Northern lords. I have trouble seeing how any House besides maybe Dorne and maybe Baratheon would accept Gendry as king. He could probably pick up a few others if he was somehow legitimized, but even then, it’s a longshot. That being said, he is a cool dark horse candidate - it would be a really awesome twist for Gendry to wind up the king after all this Jon and Dany buildup, so maybe the narrative could find a way.

Jaime and Cersei seem pretty likely to die without leaving any heirs, so Casterly Rock will go to Tyrion if he survives. If Tyrion also dies, then it goes to their Lannister cousins - House Lannister is actually a pretty massive House, and there’s like a hundred second cousins hanging out in the Westerlands city of Lannisport waiting to inherit. At the moment I’m still fifty-fifty on Tyrion living or not, and starting to lean towards ‘not’ - but we’ll see.

anonymous asked:

Can we please discuss the possibility/probability of the Targaryen Restoration? The story started off with almost the extinction of House Targaryen. I’m starting to get excited with the way the story is headed as we race towards the end.

I think it’s pretty likely because of historical parallels! This isn’t to say that I think that Jon and Dany will both live, or that things will proceed happily ever after, but I do think we could see the beginning of a new era for Westeros in the form of a new Targaryen dynasty. 

Westeros is clearly in many ways analogous to Britain. If we look at distant British history, the isle of Great Britain was once several warring factions, and  was finally united into one kingdom in 924 A.D. by King Æthelstan, essentially the first king of England (notice the æ–much like “ae,” a staple in Targaryen names). 

There were seven different Anglo-Saxon factions before Æthelstan’s unification, and this was called the Heptarchy. But in the tenth century, he brought them all together as one, much like Aegon Targaryen when he landed in Westeros.

But the work Æthelstan started wasn’t really finished until the Norman invasion in 1066, which is widely recognized as the beginning of England as the country it is today. The Norman invasion was led by “William the Conqueror” (see: Aegon the Conqueror!). William of Normandy was a descendant of Norman royalty but had to fight for six years to establish peace in Normandy (much like Daenerys taking six years to establish peace and freedom in Essos) before sailing to the British Isles to make his claim. 

So we can see clear parallels here, but there are far more in the actual timeline of ASOIAF/GOT. Our principle story parallels the Wars of the Roses between the rival British noble houses, the Yorks and the Lancasters. On the Lancaster side, Margaret of Anjou was married to the weak King Henry VI, and essentially ruled the country through him by proxy. She is clearly represented by Cersei Lannister, who swayed the drunk and disinterested Robert Baratheon during his reign. To further the parallel, the Lancaster colors were red, just like the Lannisters. 

The Lancaster rivals were the Yorks, and Margaret’s main adversary was the king’s closest advisor, Richard of York–represented in our series by Ned Stark. The York’s house color was white, like the Stark’s grey/white direwolf sigil. 

The two warring factions fought viciously for years and after Henry VI’s death, he was followed by a string of temporary rulers (see: Joffrey, Tommen, etc) and a tumultuous political climate for England. 

Eventually, Henry Tudor, a man with ties to the Lancaster family and thus a claim, sailed for Britain (much like Daenerys sailed for Westeros) and married Elizabeth of House York (we can tie this to Dany’s union with Jon–who everyone believes is a Stark). Their union established a new family, ending the York/Lancaster (Stark/Lannister) conflict and launching the Tudor (Targaryen?) dynasty.

So I think that based on this, it’s highly probable that Jon and Dany will helm a Targaryen restoration. But all of that hinges on ASOIAF/GOT upholding instead of overthrowing “happy ending” style tropes, so I’m not holding my breath. 

But if anything, I think it’s possible that the “wheel” will still be broken and that Jon and Dany will not rule on the Iron Throne, and will not rule all Seven Kingdoms as absolute monarchs. Instead, each kingdom will have representatives in a sort of parliament-style, almost representational democracy. Jon and Dany will be at the top as figureheads but also as heads of state ensuring that their egalitarian values are enforced throughout the Seven Kingdoms. After all, if Westeros = Britain, Britain is literally the “United Kingdoms,” and England, Scotland, and Wales, were still distinct territories of their own, ruled by the British monarchy. 

Anyway, Jon’s and Dany’s reign would be sustained through peaceful means and negotiations, not fear. After all, we’re supposed to believe they are different sorts of rulers. So I personally think that part of the “bittersweet” ending will be the loss of the dragons. Jon and Dany might still be able to continue on, but they will have to do so on their own merits, without the power and political clout that comes with super weapons like the dragons. Together they start a new age for Westeros, a Targaryen dynasty much more progressive than Aegon’s but just as solid and unified (probably even more unified–with Dornish cooperation).

Medieval Gold Henry VII Signet Glove Ring, 15th Century

A substantial gold ring dating from the period of Henry VII and the Wars of the Roses, the tapered band with channeled edges engraved with flower and foliage design, a line of three rose blooms at the shoulders, the circular bezel with incuse and retrograde design of a standing heraldic dragon passant sinister with wings addorsed and mouth open, palm branches above and behind, ’S’ before and a star below, with Latin retrograde Black Letter ’[n]c[e]’ inscription for ‘Believe and Conquer’ and the letter ’S’ possibly relating to the name of the owner.

Keep reading