lakshmibai rani of jhansi

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The Rani of Jhansi Regiment was the Women’s Regiment of the Indian National Army (INA) during the Second World War. It was named after Lakshmibai, Rani of Jhansi, a revolutionary heroine.

The regiment was formed in 1942, along with other Indian nationalist forces aiming to overthrow the British Raj in colonial India, with assistance from Imperial Japan. Most of the 1500 women were not from India at all, but teenage volunteers of Indian descent from rubber plantations in Malaya.

The regiment was raised in Singapore and were organised into officers or sepoys (privates) based on their education. It was led by Captain Lakshmi Sahgal, who was upper-class and highly educated. The cadets were trained in the use of rifles, hand grenades and bayonet charges. Some received additional training in field medicine and jungle warfare in preparation for operations in Burma. 

In 1944 the Rani were deployed in Burma alongside other INA forces and the Japanese army. 100 Rani troops are are noted as forming a vanguard unit as part of the ongoing Battle of Imphal, while other Rani gave support to the Nursing Corps there.

By March 1945 the INA had failed at Imphal and were forced into a disastrous retreat. The Rani suffered losses from Allied air attacks during the retreat and were disbanded not long after. While Lakshmi Sahgal went on to become the Minister of Women’s Affairs in the Azad Hind government, the fate of most members of the Rani of Jhansi regiment is unknown.

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Happy Independence Day, India! Here are a very few of the brave men and women who made our freedom* possible. Inqalab Zindabad!

1. Bhagat Singh (1907-1931): frustrated when non-violent tactics resulted in the massacre of townspeople and Lala Lajput Rai, Singh turned to violence. After his arrest, he held a 116 day food-strike for better treatment of prisoners. He quickly became a symbol of the revolution. He died at the age of 23.

2. Pritalata Waddedar (1911-1932): a scholar in philosophy and a teacher, she joined the revolution and led an attack against a British restaurant with the sign “No dogs and Indians allowed.” She died at the age of 21 when she swallowed a cyanide pill to avoid being arrested.

3. Jayee Rajguru (1739-1806): one of the first known revolutionaries, he was a commander of the king who led his armies against the British. He fought for control of forts and palace. Eventually, Rajguru was arrested and executed for treason. 

4. Lakshmi Sahgal (1914-2012): also known as Captain Lakshmi, she was the leader of the first all-female infantry in the National India army. She fought for freedom in Southeast Asia alongside Japanese forces.

5. Rani Lakshmibai (1828-1858): the queen of Jhansi, she retook her fort against the British after her husband’s death and held it for years. She fought with her loyal warriors but eventually died on the battlefield of gunshot wounds. Read more about her here!

6. Ashfaqulla Khan (1900-1927): a revolutionary and poet who participated in multiple train robberies to reclaim treasures and weapons from the British. He was reciting the shahadah when he was hanged for a murder he didn’t commit.

7. Batukeshwar Dutta (1910-1965): freedom fighter who joined in the smoke bomb thrown within British governmental agencies. He was arrested and underwent a food strike while in prison. After his release, he was arrested again for civil disobedience.

8. Sarojini Naidu (1879-1949): known as the Nightingale of India, Naidu was a feminist poet and first female governor of the established country. She lectured all around the country for social change and was arrested for civil disobedience. 

marigoldfaucet  asked:

Do you have any favourite women in history/women you think people should be learning about?

Boy do I ever! Such a shame every single woman has just gone out of my head this very moment. Let’s see who I can remember. 

  • Noor Inayat Khan (GC). I’ve seen a few tumblr posts floating about but none really do justice to her tale or really explain her position very well. I’ve been meaning to make an edit. She was Muslim, of Asian descent, an SOE agent during WWII and the first female radio operator to be sent from Britain to Nazi occupied France. Also probably the best. She was captured and tortured and yet she didn’t reveal anything. She was executed and her last words were “Liberty”. After her death she received the George Cross for gallantry. 
  • Lakshmibai, Rani of Jhansi. Was a Queen and one of the leading figures in the fight against the British during the rebellion. She lived and died in war for her country. 
  • Isabella of France, Queen consort of England. She’s quite terrifying. 
  • Mary Wollstonecraft. Mother of the brilliant Mary Shelley and a fascinating woman in her own right. 
  • Diana, Princess of Wales. There’s something about her. Fascinating woman. Really the most interesting out of the modern royals. 
  • Coretta Scott King. Wife of MLK.jr but mostly importantly a remarkable woman in her own right. 
  • Mary Seacole. Jamaican born nurse and business woman. Tended to British military during the Crimean war in active service. Has a statue outside St Thomas’ hospital in London. Flo Nightingale; eat your heart out. 
  • Marie Antoinette. Queen consort of France. Not the devil as she’s portrayed to be in media.
  • Marie Curie. First woman to receive Nobel prize in physics. 
  • Sophia Duleep Singh. Leading figure of the suffragettes movement. God daughter of Queen Victoria. 
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Lakshmibai (commonly known in English as the Rani of Jhansi, and in Hindi as Jhansi ki Rani) was the rani (queen) of the Maratha-ruled Jhansi State, situated in the north-central part of India. She was one of the leading figures of the Indian Rebellion of 1857 and for Indian nationalists a symbol of resistance to the rule of the British East India Company in the subcontinent.

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Modern Day Indian Actresses as Indian Royalty 

Keladi Chennamma [Samantha Ruth Prabhu]: was the Queen of Keladi Kingdom (1677-1689) in Karnataka.  After her husband Somashekhara Nayaka’s death in 1677,Chennamma efficiently handled the administration of the Keladi Nayaka dynasty. During her reign of 12 years, she repelled the advances of the Mughal Army led by the infamous Aurangzeb from her military base in the kingdom of Keladi located in Sagara. She also rendered a trade agreement with the Portuguese involving commodities like pepper and rice. She was given the epithet “the Pepper Queen or Raina da Pimenta’ by the Portuguese. She is considered as the epitome of Kannadiga women’s valor, along with Onake Obavva and Kittur Chennamma.

Nur Jahan [Kangana Ranaut]: (31 May 1577 – 17 December 1645) born as Mehr-un-Nissa, was Empress of the Mughal Empire as the chief consort of Emperor Jahangir. A strong, charismatic and well-educated woman, she is considered to be one of the most powerful and influential women of the 17th century Mughal Empire.  She remains historically significant for not only the sheer political power she maintained (a feat no Mughal women before her had ever achieved) but also for her contribution to Indian culture, charity work, commercial trade and her ability to rule with an iron fist.

Rani Lakshmi Bai [Anushka Shetty]: Lakshmibai, the Rani of Jhansi (19 November 1828 – 17 June 1858) was the queen of the Maratha-ruled princely state of Jhansi, situated in the north-central part of India. She was one of the leading figures of the Indian Rebellion of 1857 and for Indian nationalists a symbol of resistance to the rule of the British East India Company in the subcontinent.

Noor Inayat Khan [Vidya Balan]: Noor-un-Nisa Inayat Khan, GC, (2 January 1914 – 13 September 1944) was an Allied SOE agent during the Second World War who was awarded the George Cross, the highest civilian decoration in the United Kingdom and other Commonwealth nations. Also known as "Nora Baker”,“Madeleine”,and “Jeanne-Marie Rennier,” she was the descendant of Tipu Sultan, the 18th-century ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore. . As an SOE agent during the Second World War, she became the first female radio operator to be sent from Britain into occupied France to aid the French Resistance.

 Thirunal Lakshmi Bayi [Rima Kallingal]: Rani Bharani Thirunal Lakshmi Bayi (1848–1901) was the Senior Rani of Travancore from 1857 till her death in 1901. Her consort was the famous poet and writer, styled the father of Malayalam literature, Sri Kerala Varma Valiya Koil Thampuran. She achieved much attention in the 19th century, not only due to her singular achievements and accomplishments, but also because of her uncompromising loyalty towards her spouse. The Rani’s artistic talent and her scholarly pursuits brought for her, along with the popularity she already enjoyed, a great deal of acclaim and respect. She was, by all means, a perfect role model and queen for her people. 

Gayatri Devi [Deepika Padukone]: Gayatri Devi (23 May 1919 − 29 July 2009), often styled as Maharani Gayatri Devi, Rajmata of Jaipur, was born as Princess Gayatri Devi of Cooch Behar. She was the third Maharani of Jaipur from 1939 to 1970 through her marriage to HH Maharaja Sawai Man Singh II. Following India’s independence and the subsequent abolition of the princely states, she became an extremely successful politician. Gayatri Devi was also celebrated for her classical beauty and became something of a fashion icon in her adulthood. She has been counted in ‘The Ten Most Beautiful Women of the World’ along with actress Leela Naidu by Vogue Magazine.

You guys are currently two films being made about Lakshmibai, the Rani of Jhansi. The first is an Indian production with Kangana Ranaut as the star, called Manikarnika: The Queen of Jhansi And the second is a British production with Devika Bhise called Swords and Sceptres.

GUYS!!!!!!

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Inktober Week in review:

15. Artemisia I of Caria

16. AEthelflaed

17. Lady K'abel (she doesn’t have a wikipedia page! She needs one, tumblr.)

18. Elizabeth I

19. Rani Lakshmibai of Jhansi

I included Wikipedia links on the names not because Wikipedia is always the best source, but because it’s a great place to start finding out about historical figures (the citations are a great way to find good source material). Also, if anyone who reads them his more accurate info they can edit the page.