lahos

10

The Tagalog Pantheon (Part I/2) 

The Tagalog pantheon consisted of many gods and goddesses adhering to various elements of nature and activities. They believed that the earth, sky, sea, and all living things were created by one god who was referred to by two names, Bathala Maykapal & Molyari/Malyari, “the creator and preserver of all things”. Under him were a number of different deities that served him and were directly prayed to by the ancient Tagalog, each with their own different responsibilities. There was Haik, the god of the sea, who they performed sacrifices of banquets and food asking him to protect voyagers out to sea from storms, granting them good weather and favorable winds. Then there was the goddess Idiyanale, the goddess of agriculture, who overlooked all activities of raising crops and animals. Aman Sinaya was the god who invented the art of fishing and was called upon by fishermen when casting their nets or preparing their fishhooks. The sisters Hanan, the goddess of the morning, and Tala, the goddess of the stars and the bright star, Venus. Laho, the naga deity who devoured the moon and sun, causing solar and lunar eclipses. People would scare Laho away by playing loud music and banging pots and gongs to free the sun and moon from the god. Mankukuktod was the god who protected coconut palms and was given offerings by tuba (a coconut alcoholic drink) tappers who wanted to climb up the tree to get the coconuts or else risk falling from the trunk of the tree. Then there was the god of hunters, Aman Ikabli, who the Tagalogs worshiped to help provide game such as deer and wild boars. Offerings of food were given to the god of the forests and fields, Uwinan Sana, who the Tagalogs prayed to when they passed through his domains, asking his permission to walk through and to not cause them harm as they do. These anito were only a handful of the old gods and goddesses the ancestors of the Tagalogs once worshiped and revered. The second half of the Tagalog pantheon will be in part two.