María Cristina Estela Marcela Jurado García, better known as Katy Jurado (January 16, 1924 – July 5, 2002), was a Mexican film, stage and television actress.
Jurado began her acting career in Mexico in 1943. During the 1940s and early 1950s, the era called the Golden Age of Mexican cinema, Jurado played villainous “femme fatale” characters in Mexican films. In 1951 she was discovered in Mexico by the filmmaker Budd Boetticher and began her Hollywood career in the film The Bullfighter & the Lady. She acted in Western films of the 1950s and 1960s, including High Noon (1952), Arrowhead (1953), Broken Lance (1954), One-Eyed Jacks (1960), and Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid (1973). She was the first Latin American actress nominated for an Academy Award, as Best Supporting Actress for her work in Broken Lance, and was the first to win a Golden Globe Award for her performance in High Noon.
Jurado made seventy-one films during her career.
Katy Jurado was born María Cristina Jurado García in Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico. Her parents were Luis Jurado Ochoa and Vicenta Estela García de la Garza. Her brothers were Luis Raúl and Óscar Sergio. One of her great-grandfathers was of Andalusian origin. Her father was a lawyer, and her mother was a singer who worked for XEW. Her mother was sister of Mexican musician Belisario de Jesús García, author of popular Mexican songs like “Las Cuatro Milpas”. Jurado’s cousin Emilio Portes Gil was president of Mexico (1928–1930).
Jurado studied at a school run by nuns in the Guadalupe Inn neighborhood in Mexico City, and later studied to be a bilingual secretary. As a teenager, she was invited by producers and filmmakers to work as an actress, among them Mexican filmmaker Emilio Fernández, who offered her a role in his first movie The Isle of Passion (1941). Although her godfather was Mexican actor Pedro Armendáriz, her parents never gave their consent.
Another filmmaker interested in her was Mauricio de la Serna, who offered Jurado a role in the film No matarás (1943). She signed the contract without authorization from her parents, and when they found out, they threatened to send her to a boarding school in Monterrey. Around this time she met the aspiring actor Victor Velázquez and married him shortly after. Velázquez and Jurado were married until 1946. Velázquez was the father of her children, Victor Hugo and Sandra.
In No matarás, Jurado played her first villain and femme fatale. Jurado specialized in playing wicked and seductive women. She said, “I knew that my body was provocative. I admit, my physical was different and very sensual.”[this quote needs a citation] She appeared in sixteen more films over the next seven years in what film historians have named the Golden Age of Mexican cinema. In 1943 she had her first success with her third film, La vida inútil de Pito Pérez.
In addition to acting, Jurado worked as a movie columnist, radio reporter and bullfight critic to support her family. She was on assignment when filmmaker Budd Boetticher and actor John Wayne spotted her at a bullfight. Neither knew she was an actress. However, Boetticher, who was also a professional bullfighter, cast Jurado in his 1951 film Bullfighter and the Lady, opposite Gilbert Roland as the wife of an aging matador. She had rudimentary English language skills, and memorized and delivered her lines phonetically. Despite this handicap, her strong performance brought her to the attention of Hollywood producer Stanley Kramer, who cast her in the classic Western High Noon, starring Gary Cooper and Grace Kelly. Jurado learned to speak English for the role, studying and taking classes two hours a day for two months. She played saloon owner Helen Ramírez, former love of reluctant hero Cooper’s Will Kane. She earned a Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress and gained notice in the American movie industry.
Despite her Hollywood success in the early 1950s, Jurado continued to act in Mexican productions. In 1953 she starred in Luis Buñuel’s box-office success El Bruto, with Pedro Armendáriz, for which she received an Silver Ariel Award (The Mexican Academy Award) as Best Supporting Actress. She also acted in English-language films produced in Mexico, such as El Corazón y La Espada (1953, opposite Cesar Romero) and Mujeres del Paraíso (1954, opposite Dan O'Herlihy). The same year she had a role in Arrowhead with Charlton Heston and Jack Palance, playing an evil Comanche woman, the love-interest of Heston’s character.
In 1954, the also Mexican actress Dolores del Río was chosen to play Spencer Tracy’s Comanche wife and the mother of Robert Wagner’s character in the film Broken Lance, directed by Edward Dmytryk. However del Río was accused of being a communist during the McCarthy era. Then Jurado was chosen for the role despite the resistance of the studio because of her youth. But after viewing footage of her scenes, studio executives were impressed. Her performance garnered an Academy Award nomination (a distinction shared by only two other Mexican actresses since then: Salma Hayek as Best Actress in 2002 for Frida, and Adriana Barraza as Best Supporting Actress in 2006 for Babel).
In 1954 Jurado appeared with Kirk Douglas and Cesar Romero in the Henry Hathaway’s film The Racers, filmed in France, Italy and Spain. In 1955 Jurado filmed Trial, directed by Mark Robson, with Glenn Ford and Arthur Kennedy. It was a drama about a Mexican boy accused of raping a white girl, with Jurado playing the mother of the accused. For this role she was again nominated for the Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress. In the same year she traveled to Italy for the filming of Trapeze, directed by Carol Reed, with Burt Lancaster and Tony Curtis.
In 1956 Jurado debuted on Broadway, playing Filomena Marturano with Raf Vallone. Eventually she participated in a series of westerns like Man from Del Rio, opposite the also Mexican actor Anthony Quinn, and Dragoon Wells Massacre with Barry Sullivan. She made guest television appearances in a 1957 episode of Playhouse Drama and in a 1959 episode of The Rifleman as gambler Julia Massini (Andueza) in “The Boarding House”, written and directed by Sam Peckinpah.
In 1959 she filmed The Badlanders, with Ernest Borgnine and Alan Ladd, and worked with Marlon Brando in the film One-Eyed Jacks. In the film, Jurado played the role of Karl Malden’s wife, and mother of the young Mexican actress Pina Pellicer.
In 1961 she starred in Dino de Laurentiis Italian productions like Barabbas with Borgnine, Anthony Quinn, Jack Palance and the Italian actors Silvana Mangano and Vittorio Gassman, and I braganti Italiani, directed by Mario Camerini, again with Borgnine and Gassman. In 1961, Jurado returned to Mexico. She filmed Y dios la llamó Tierra (1961) and La Bandida (1962), with the Mexican cinema stars María Félix, Pedro Armendáriz and Emilio Fernández.
Jurado returned to Hollywood in 1965, with the film Smoky, directed by George Sherman, with Fess Parker. In 1966, she played the mother of George Maharis in A Covenant with Death. That same year she reprised her “High Noon” role in a TV pilot called “The Clock Strikes Noon Again”. As her career in the U.S. began to wind down, she was reduced to appearing in the movie Stay Away, Joe (1968), playing the half-Apache stepmother of Elvis Presley.
In 1968, she moved back to Mexico permanently. She took up residence in the city of Cuernavaca.
In the next years Jurado alternated her work between Hollywood and Mexico. In 1970 she filmed the Hollywood film production The Bridge in the Jungle, opposite John Huston. In 1972 she starred in Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid, directed by Sam Peckinpah, playing the role of the wife of the actor Slim Pickens.
Jurado received one of her best dramatic roles in the last episode of the Mexican film Fé, Esperanza y Caridad (1973). Directed by Jorge Fons, Jurado was cast as Eulogia (“La Camota”), a lower-class woman who suffers a series of bureaucratic abuse to claim the remains of her dead husband. For this role she won her second Silver Ariel Award of the Mexican Cinema. Jurado recognized this character as her best performance. In 1973 Jurado starred on Broadway again in the Tennessee Williams stage play The Red Devil Battery Sign, with Anthony Quinn and Claire Bloom.
In 1974 Jurado filmed the American film Once Upon a Scoundrel (1974), opposite the American comedian Zero Mostel. In 1975 Jurado participates in the social criticism film Los albañiles, again directed by Jorge Fons. The film was awarded with the Golden Bear of the Berlinale 1975. In 1976 appears in the role of Chuchupe in the film Pantaleón y Las Visitadoras (1976) adaptation of the novel of Mario Vargas Llosa (who also directed the film). In 1978 she played a small role in the film The Children of Sanchez (1978), opposite Anthony Quinn and Dolores del Rio. Jurado also reappeared on television
frequently in the 1970s. She made guest appearances on such shows as Playhouse Theatre and The Rifleman.
In 1980 Jurado filmed La Seducción (1980), directed by Arturo Ripstein. In 1984, she acted in the film Under the Volcano, directed by John Huston. In the same year she co-starred in the short-lived television series a.k.a. Pablo, a situation comedy series for ABC, with Paul Rodriguez.
In the 1990s Jurado appeared in two Mexican Telenovelas. In 1992, she was honored with the Golden Boot Award for her notable contribution to the Western genre. In 1998, she completed a timely Spanish-language film for director Arturo Ripstein called El Evangelio de las Maravillas, about a millennium sect. She won the best supporting Actress Silver Ariel for this role. Jurado had a cameo in the film The Hi-Lo Country by the filmmaker Stephen Frears, who called her his “lucky charm” for his first Western.
In 2002 she made her final film appearance in Un secreto de Esperanza. The film was released posthumously after Jurado’s death.
es tarde para honrar a nuestros artistas, por eso un poco de historia de
Alberto Aguilera Valadez, más conocido como Juan Gabriel.
nació el 7 de enero de 1959 en la ciudad de Parácuaro, Michoacan. Hijo de
padres campesinos, Gabriel Aguilera y Victoria Valadés, nació bajo el nombre de
Alberto en honor a Alberto Limonta, personaje de la historia cubana “El
derecho de nacer”. Juan Gabriel fue el menor de 10 hermanos y, casi recién
nacido se enferma gravemente debido a un “shock” causado por la quema
de pastizales, que también alcanzó otras propiedades, causada por su padre con
la intención de sembrar.
los siete meses, ya un poco mejor, lo llevaron a la Ciudad de Juárez donde
posteriormente creció. Más adelante, cuando ya debuta en la música, lo hace
bajo el seudónimo de Adán Luna y cantando “María la Bandida” de José
Alfredo Jiménez. Desde entonces y antes de grabar como solista, fue corista de
figuras como Roberto Jordán, Angélica María y César Costa.
embargo, no todo era color de rosas, en busca de una disquera fue acusado de
robo e internado casi un año en el penal de Lecumberri. De esta experiencia
nace la película “Es mi vida” protagonizado por él mismo. Estando en
la cárcel, Alberto conoció a Queta Jiménez, quien lo puso en contacto con RCA,
donde llevó a cabo sus primeras grabaciones.
11 de junio de 1971 firmó contrato con RCA y comenzó a grabar su primer disco,
“Un alma joven”, donde incluye su primer gran éxito “No tengo
dinero”. Cabe destacar que Juan Gabriel no solo cantaba en español, sino
que también en inglés, portugués, francés e incluso japonés.
27 de diciembre de 1974, al morir su madre, el cantante le dedicó
“Lágrimas y lluvia”, “Mis ojos tristes” y “Amor
tarde por primera vez en la historia de la revista Billboard, Juan Gabriel
llega al primer lugar del Hot Latin Trak con el tema “El palo” del álbum
“El México que se nos fue”.
1986, el alcalde de la ciudad de Los Ángeles, Tom Bradley, proclamó el 5 de
octubre como elDía de Juan Gabriel.
el año 2009, fue nombrado “Persona del año” por la Academia Latina de
la Grabación en el Latin Grammy.
Juan Gabriel, hasta esa fecha, había vendido más de 100 millones de álbumes y
había compuesto al menos unas 1500 canciones.
Interpretó canciónes con Rocío Dúrcal, Isabel Pantoja, Julio Iglesias,
Pimpinela, Chayanne, Marc Anthony, Selena y muchos más.
último concierto fue la noche del viernes 26 de agosto en Los Ángeles,
California, siendo parte de la gira “MeXXIco es todo”. Finalmente, a
los 66 años de edad, falleció el domingo 28 de agosto de 2016, debido a un
infarto a las 11:43 am hora local.