Look, I’m glad ‘12 Years [A Slave]’ got made and it’s wonderful that people are seeing it and there is another view of what happened in America. But I’m not real sure why Steve McQueen wanted to tackle that particular sort of thing.
[‘Fruitvale Station’] explains things like the shooting of Trayvon Martin, the problems with stop and search, and is just more poignant. America is much more willing to acknowledge what happened in the past: ‘We freed the slaves! It’s all good!’ But to say: ‘We are still unnecessarily killing black men’ – let’s have a conversation about that.
Consonants that appear at the end of a syllable are called 받침. When pronouncing ㄱ, ㄷ, ㅂ, ㅅ and ㅈ as third position consonants you make them softer than if they’re in the first position. (Which is why ㅅ sometimes sounds like a “t”, I know a lot of you get confused with that)
When a 받침 consonant is followed by a syllable beginning with a vowel the 받침 connects with the vowel sound. When connecting to 이 sometimes the sound changes:
ㅌ + 이 = 치
같이 (together) is pronounced 가치
끝이에요? (are we finished) is pronounced 끄치에요?
The syllable following a 받침 consonant doesn’t always have to begin with a vowel for the pronunciation to change:
When ㄱ comes before a syllable beginning with ㄴ, ㄹ or ㅁ it is pronounced as ㅇ not ㄱ!
먹이를 먹는 고양이 (a cat eating food) 먹는 is pronounced 멍는
한국말 잘하시네요 (you speak Korean well) 한국말 is pronounced 한궁밀
When ㄴ is followed by ㄹ the ㄴ is changed into an “L” sound:
선룽 (a subway station in Seoul) is pronounced 설룽
Finally ㅎ, when this consonant is in 받침 position followed by either ㄱ, ㄷ or ㅈ they become aspirated:
어떻게 (how) is pronounced 어떠케
하얗다 (white) is pronounced 하야타
몸이 좋지 않아요 (I don’t feel good) 좋지 is pronounced 조치
One more thing about ㅎ is that when followed by ㅇ it becomes silent
좋아하다 (to like) is pronounced 조아하다
Double 받침 are rare but allow there to be more words in the language. There are 13 double 받침:
ㄲ, ㅆ, ㄳ, ㄵ, ㄼ, ㄽ, ㄾ, ㅄ, ㄺ, ㄻ, ㄿ, ㄶ, ㅀ
The last double 받침 consonant joins the next syllable if the next syllable starts with a vowel:
이 책 읽어 주세요 (Read this book for me)
읽어 is pronounced 일거
When ㅅ is the second consonant in a double, it is pronounced ㅆ
ㄲ and ㅆ do not separate. They are both transferred to the next syllable
When the following syllable begins with a consonant or there is no following syllable: one of the doubles are silent (There is no rule to which one all the time):
여덟 (eight) is pronounced 여덜
값 (price) is pronounced 갑
삶 (life) is pronounced 삼
ㄶ/ㅀ followed by a syllable beginning with ㄱ, ㄷ, ㅈ makes them become aspirated to ㅋ, ㅌ, ㅊ. The ㄴ & ㄹ stays at the end of the syllable:
많고 is pronounced 만코
싫다 is pronounced 실타
싫지만 is pronounced 실치만
(많 is the word stem for many, 싫 is the stem for hate)
When two double 받침 are before a syllable starting with a vowel, the second consonant joins the second syllable. However the consonant ㅎ is silent when it is followed by ㅇ so the characters cancel each other out (allowing the remaining ㄴ or ㄹ to to move):
Abandoned L train subway station, Chicago. This stop hasn’t been used for around 10 years. It’s hard to see, but there are escalators behind those iron gates. This part of the platform is partially blocked off by the barriers shown in the first photo, but it’s still technically accessible because it’s in between existing stops. Photos taken by me 5/27/17.
More of a fuck managers/coworkers. This might be a long one. To start out: I work at a grocery store that has a gas station. I was recently crosstrained so I can run a register in the store and work at the gas station. The station has a very set schedule. Morning shift is 6-2:30. A mid comes in from 10-6:30. The closer is 6:30-11. I was scheduled to close tonight.
Now here’s the story. Our morning person called in today. They got the girl who was supposed to be the mid to come in from 8-4:30 while a manager ran the station from 6-8. Now, logically, they should have called me in at 4:30 since I was scheduled to close anyway. Right? Wrong. They looked at the schedule wrong or can’t read or fucking something and called another girl that wasn’t even supposed to work today (let’s call her L) to come in from 4:30-11. It’s okay though. Everyone makes mistakes, we’re only human, etc…
So after me and L realize what’s going on we call the front office to ask what to do. I figured they’d put me on a register or let me bag and just let L close the gas station because that’s the only thing she knows how to do. I was wrong. They MADE me go home. L didn’t want to go home because she’s only scheduled for 8 hours this week (which I understand). I didn’t want to go home because I’m only scheduled 20 hours this week and I was fucking scheduled to work in the fucking gas station tonight. They said the reason I had to go was because I was getting so many more hours than her. But like??? Yall the ones who fucked up. I shouldn’t lose a day because yall can’t fucking read. I even told them I could bag or get on a register and they were just like, “No we’ve got too many people.” Yeah because YOU CALL PEOPLE IN WHEN YOU DON’T NEED THEM. I’m so frustrated by this. I’m going to talk to the GM about it the next day I work because it’s all bullshit.