kurdish party

kurdish vocab: birthday parties

this a repost of a post i wrote last year on kchikurdi that i found again.

let’s start this off with some words in both sorani and kurmanci in a birthday party setting.

hopefully one day the people of kurdistan can celebrate their birthdays in peace.

vocabulary [sorani | kurmanci]

  • birthday: cejnî dayikbûn | rojbûna [lit.: day of being/becoming] – rojbûna can be used for sorani too
  • party: aheng | partî [partî comes from turkish influence who got it from westerners]
  • cake: kuliça or paste or kek
  • spoon: çimça or kawçik (slemani) | kevçî
  • balloons: mîzala | balon
  • knife: çaqo | kêr
  • fork: çatal | milêvdanî [çatal is a turkish word]
  • gift/present: dîyarî
  • party hat: klawî aheng | kumê partî
  • ice: sahol | qêşa
  • ice cream: dondurma | dondirma or qeşayê xawarinê
  • candles: moman | mûman
  • decoration: don’t know the sorani word | xemil

verbs [sorani | kurmanci]

  • to be born: le dayik bûn | ji dayik bibe [literally: to ‘be’ from mother; to exist from your mother]
  • to eat: [nan]xwardin or xoxwardin | xwarin or êmxwarin
  • to drink: xwardin | vexwarin
  • to be full: ter xwardin | ter bibine
  • to be happy: xoş bûn or xoşhal bûn | kêfxwêşbûn
  • to laugh: hîlklandin or [pe]kanîn | kenîn
  • to dance: samakirdin | bi govendê
  • to clap: çap(la?)kirdin | bi çepikan
  • to sing: (çirin?) bixwendin | stran bêje [bixwedin lit.: to read]
On This Day: May 31
  • 1905: Anarchist Alexander Farras threw a bomb into a procession led by the French President Émile Loubet and Alfonso XIII of Spain, failing to harm either.
  • 1906: Catalan anarchist Mateu Morral threw a bomb in a bouquet at Alfonso XIII of Spain during his wedding, but Alfoson once again avoided harm.
  • 1909: The National Negro Committee, forerunner of National Association for the Advancement of Colored People convened for first time.
  • 1910: Emma Goldman and Ben Reitman were struck by a train while driving in Spokane, Washington.
  • 1918: Spanish anarcho-syndicalist Juan Portales Casamar is born in Zahínos, Spain. He was a active CNT militant and fought in the Spanish Civil War.
  • 1921: The Tulsa Race Riot takes place. Whites attack black area, leaving 10,000 homeless and perhaps 300 dead.
  • 1921: Trial of anarchists Sacco and Vanzetti begins in Massachusetts.
  • 1940: Among others, Rudolf Rocker and Carlo Tresca spoke at a memorial for Emma Goldman.
  • 1955: US Supreme Court orders schools integration “with all deliberate speed” in the wake of Brown v Board of Education of Topeka.
  • 1957: Playwright Arthur Miller convicted of contempt of Congress for refusing to reveal names of those alleged to be Communists.
  • 1966: Nguyen Thi Can, 17 year old Buddhist woman, commits suicide by self-immolation in Hue, Vietnam, over the war.
  • 1971: US military personnel in London petition at US Embassy against the Vietnam War.
  • 1982: Canadian anarchists Direct Action blew up a BC Hydro power substation.
  • 1984: Approximately 3200 police in riot gear at Orgreave from 13 area police forces force major confrontation with unarmed strikers.
  • 1986: Tiananmen Square demonstrations start their 18th day with 100,000 demonstrating in the square.
  • 1997: Rose Will Monroe, aka Rosie the Riveter, dies in Clarksville, IN.
  • 2000: Teachers protesting for better wages and education reform burn pamphlets near Los Pinos presidential home in Mexico City.
  • 2010: Israeli commandos board ships trying to break the ongoing blockade of the Gaza Strip, and kill nine civilians.
  • 2011: The National Movement of Kurdish Parties in Syria, a coalition of Syria’s 12 Kurdish parties, boycotted a Syrian opposition summit in Antalya, Turkey.
  • 2012: Quebec Student Strike: The Quebec government stated that it was pulling out of talks meant to end the protest after four days of negotiations with student leaders, without having reached a stable consensus. By that day, more than 150,000 students were estimated to be on strike.
Savage women warriors terrifying the jihadis, who believe if they're killed by a female they won't go to heaven

“You wouldn’t know it from her sweet smile, but the reason why Nesrin Abdi carries a rifle is in case she needs to shoot herself dead.

This, she explained matter-of-factly, would be preferable to being captured by the monsters of Islamic State.

Nesrin, a 20-year-old medical student, is by all accounts a happy, well-educated, middle-class young woman with an infectious joy for life.

In her home town of Kobane on the Syria-Turkey border, moments of joy are rare, but a photograph captures the triumphant moment three days ago when she was among Kurdish fighters who recaptured a strategic hill from the Islamic State invaders.

The jihadis’ sinister black flag was torn down and replaced with a fluttering Kurdish red-and-yellow banner, marking what may well prove a symbolic turning point in the life-and-death struggle for the besieged town.

But Nesrin, a doctor’s daughter who has joined an army of women battling to defend Kobane, is aware that every day could be her last.

She told me: ‘Everyone knows what happens if IS catches you. For a woman it is rape, followed by beheading. We have all seen the videos of the American and British hostages beheaded in the desert. They will treat us the same.

‘I carry a Kalashnikov and if I am cornered face-to-face with an IS fighter, I don’t know exactly what I will do. Maybe I will kill him or maybe I will kill myself.’

The battle for Kobane has raged for a month and the stakes could hardly be higher. On Nato’s doorstep, it has become a litmus test of the resolve of America and its allies to crush the growing menace of Islamic State.

The bloodthirsty fanatics are pouring in reinforcements and have the town in a deadly stranglehold, with up to 13,000 civilians trapped inside, including the elderly and babies hungry for milk. The United Nations has warned of ‘another Srebenica’ — like the massacre in Bosnia in 1995 — unless the world acts.

Photographer Jamie Wiseman and I have been witnessing the struggle unfold from a Turkish hilltop overlooking the town. In the past four days, cheered by Kurds on the hilltop, the U.S. has stepped up the coalition bombing campaign of IS targets, claiming its warplanes have blown up 600 jihadis along with American tanks and artillery that they pilfered from the Iraqi army.

The U.S. blitz is welcome — one Kurdish couple have named their newborn son Obama in gratitude — but the battle cannot be won by air power alone.  

On the ground, resistance troops have taken advantage of the air raids to mount an unlikely comeback and retake some parts of the town. They are commanded by a woman, and dozens of female fighters swell their ranks.

When I spoke to Nesrin Abdi yesterday, she explained why the all-female wing of the Kurdish force defending Kobane — the YPJ — is striking fear into the hearts of the jihadi men.

‘For Daesh [an Arabic term for IS], to be killed by a woman means he will not go to Heaven. When we fight them, we are fierce and we let them know they are being killed by women,’ she said.

In the heat of battle, the female Kurdish fighters issue a chilling war cry — a shrill warble — to announce their presence to their black-clad foes.

‘It is so, so important that it is women fighting IS,’ said Nesrin. ‘In their culture, women are slaves. They treat them as objects whose lives are worth nothing.’

In the warped world of the Islamic caliphate, which has stunned the world with its sweeping victories across Syria and Iraq, girls and women lose all rights and forgo their education. Some are even sold into slavery.

Nesrin said: ‘Kurdish women have fought hard to prove their equality, and fighting Daesh is a symbol of our freedom.’ About a quarter of the fighters in the Syrian Kurdish army — some 10,000 — are women. Of these, at least several hundred are currently believed to be fighting inside Kobane. They speak of being ‘closer than sisters’.

Recruitment to the YPJ is voluntary; women join up because it is in their blood. They have been fighting alongside men in Kurdish ranks since the 1930s — and even before they were allowed on the front line, some dressed up as men to enlist.

Kurdish activist Hatice Cevik said: ‘Not all women fighting right now were fighters before the war started. They were working or studying. Some of them were housewives. Women in Kobane are fighting for their freedom and Kurdish men are proud of that.’

Nesrin’s mother (her father died when she was young) has fled to Turkey but is also full of pride, though she is gripped with terror at what might become of her.

‘Of course she worries all the time,’ said Nesrin, who also has an elder sister. ‘But what can I do? I cannot make her feel relaxed. I always tell her this is my duty. I am a girl from this town and I need to defend it. My father and mother were born here, our ancestors are buried here — these things make me strong.

‘It would be better to die for freedom here than to live anywhere else.’

Nonetheless, it is a wretched existence. The exhausted, battle-weary fighters snatch sleep when they can, often for no more than an hour at a time.

Clutching their rifles and hand grenades, they drift off knowing that a mortar bomb landing nearby might mean they never wake.

The nights are particularly cruel because then there is no hiding from the jihadis, who gleefully brag on social media that they can see in the dark with their looted American night-vision goggles.

The street fighting rages around the clock. Propaganda videos released by the Kurds show women and men fighting alongside each other against the jihadis, blasting away with their battered Kalashnikov rifles through slots in walls.

Nesrin feels afraid every night, but says she is ‘getting used’ to the bone-shaking booms of the shelling and airstrikes.

Speaking to me from across the border on her mobile phone, with the help of a Kurdish translator, she described how the fighters keep their spirits up.

‘We listen to songs and we sing songs. In spite of the death around us there is also love of life, and love of free lives,’ she said. ‘This gives us moral support. To be defending your home town is life itself.’

I asked if she dreams of the future to keep her spirits strong, and she said: ‘I will go back to my university to become a doctor. I was only in the second year.’

She also wants to document the battle unfolding around her so the world can see what is happening.

What about a husband and children? She laughs. ‘In this situation, I don’t know. I cannot think about these things at the moment. I think I am too young.’ In Kobane, those old enough to carry a gun — and even some who are not — are armed.

‘Everybody is fighting. There are women my age who have been given hand grenades to throw,’ says a 63-year-old woman called Alife Ali at a hospital in Suruc, just across the border in Turkey. ‘We will fight to the last person.’

Behind the front line, mothers whose sons and daughters are fighting organise meals for everyone, using tinned food topped up with stocks of tomatoes and cucumbers. In the stricken town money is no longer worth anything, so the dwindling supplies of food can be obtained for free.

But medication is in short supply and doctors warn that after this weekend they will be out of antibiotics, bandages and anaesthetic. Powdered baby milk has run out.

Some joke optimistically that ‘when the war is won by women’ they will make men do the washing-up for evermore.

Local politician Imad Shahin, from the Kurdish PYD party, said: ‘Islamic State are trying to commit genocide against us.

‘We are being attacked by these monsters because we have equality between men and women. In a Muslim society some think it is shameful for a girl to fight, but our fighters have broken all the rules to show the world that our women are free.

‘The bravery of the women makes the men fight harder because they don’t want to be outdone by a woman.’

Indeed, a woman is leading the battle to save Kobane. With the nom de guerre Narin Afrin, and described as ‘beautiful, innocent and strong’, she is general commander of the troops defending the town.

She has been lionised on social media. Maajid Nawaz, of the counter-extremist Quilliam Foundation think-tank in London, wrote on Twitter: ‘Hero. Remember her name.’

Earlier this week Narin Afrin appealed for heavy weapons, saying in a statement posted online: ‘IS are using tanks. Unfortunately we don’t have anti-tank weapons.’

After a month of horror, the desperation on both sides is mounting. Gains made by the Kurds this week, with the help of American airstrikes, have given them hope of being able to sweep the jihadis out of town. But for how long?

We can only wonder what will happen to Nesrin and the women fighting at her side when IS — which still commands all the Syrian territory around Kobane — regathers its strength and launches another murderous assault.”

Source

6

In the Middle East there are women who take up arms against terrorism and fanaticism. They say that from the mountains of Kurdistan comes the echo of their voices that make tremble any black flag that crosses their path. They talk about the incredible beauty of their long black hair braided and joy of see them dance before battle.

In the struggle of the Kurdish people they have created their own. And they send a clear message: No revolution has sense without Women. Because of course Kurdish women are sisters, wives and mothers but they are also warriors.

They are a symbol of courage and freedom. Life offered them two choices : resign or make clear what happens to all those who dare to question their worth on the battlefield.


Jin, 

Jiyan, 

Azadi,

(Women, Life, Freedom)

Leyla Zana (b. 1961) is a Kurdish politician and political activist who in 1994 was arrested for her peaceful struggle for the human rights of Kurdish people in Turkey and neighbouring countries. She was released in 2004, after wide international outcry and an appeal of the European Court of Human Rights that declared her imprisonment and violation of free expression unlawful.

She was a member of the pro-Kurdish Democratic Society Party, and in 1991 became the first woman to win a seat in the Turkish Parliament. She was arrested after her party was banned and her immunity as a member of parliament taken away. Even though she was sentenced to prison again multiple times after her 2004 release, the sentences were always overturned by higher courts.

2

Truck bomb in Turkey kills 11, injures 78

A truck bomb detonated Friday near a checkpoint and police headquarters in Cizre, a town in southeastern Turkey, leaving 11 dead and 78 injured. The Kurdish Workers Party, also referred to as the PKK, took responsibility for the attack. Cizre, situated very close to the Syrian border, lies in the contentious area of Kurdistan.

The image of Sakine Cansiz (One of the co-founders of the PKK) in the Soas University of London

Sakine Cansız is a secular feminist fighter known for her charisma, her courage, her fighting spirit, her persistance and her prestige within the Kurdish community.

Her contribution to the cause of Kurdish autonomy is widely respected and is the reason why she spent years in jail, and has been tortured, exiled and finally murdered in France on 9 January 2013, with two other female Kurdish activists, Fidan Doğan and Leyla Söylemez by Turkey’s Secret services.

2

Karayılan: We are here in the Zagros mountains. For centuries, no one has succeeded in conquering this region, not Saddam, not the Turks, nobody. But we have been in these mountains of freedom for over 30 years. We were here before the Americans and the new Iraqi government. This is Kurdistan, and the P K K is doing the Iraqi state no harm - on the contrary we are supporting its development.

Speaker: What is the goal of your struggle?

Karayılan: We want to live freely as Kurds. The Iranian tell us ‘you are Persians.’ The Turkish state tells us you’re Turkish, and the Arab states tells us you are Arabs. But we are neither Turks nor Arabs nor Persians. We are one of the oldest people in this part of the World and we demand our rights!

Murat Karayılan: (One of the co-founders of the Kurdistan Workers Party, PKK)

A member of the Patriotic Revolutionary Youth Movement holds an RPD as white pigeons fly around his head. 

Cagdas Erdogan:

I heard that 70 civilians had been killed with chemical gas in Cizre in the south-east of Turkey, so I headed there to document the aftermath. But I was not allowed to enter the city because of a curfew imposed by the Turkish government, so instead I headed to the neighbouring city of Nusaybin. I knew there were resisters there who were fighting the government by building barricades and digging trenches. I ended up staying with them for two weeks.

I came close to death so many times. The Turkish army were bombing the city, and there were many attacks on the trenches and barricades, especially at night. Every day they would prepare themselves for the onslaught to come. And every day I witnessed more corpses of Kurdish fighters who had come to join the resistance. I took this photo one morning of a Kurdish resister from Istanbul – who is protecting his identity with a scarf – holding a rocket-propelled grenade launcher while feeding the white pigeons flying around the living room. It was one of the calmest moments of my life.

The day after I took this photo, the city was demolished and many fighters died, including, possibly, this man. To me, it shows the meaningless of war.

Best photographs of 2016 in pictures: Kurdish fighter and white pigeons in Nusaybin, Kurdistan (26 February)

Guardian News

4

A woman, artist, revolutionary: Hozan Mizgîn

She becomes the most important representative of revolutionary art with her white scarf by trying to share the pain of women with her songs. 24 years have passed after Hozan Mizgîn whose voice resounded over the mountains. Mizgîn’s compositions have continued to be used as lullaby to Kurdish babies to sleep and they are still a scream for the freedom of young women.

Hozan Mizgîn (Gurbet Aydın) died this day 24 years ago. She was born in Batman in 1962. Shortly before the 1980 coup, she had joined the Kurdish Freedom Movement. Mizgîn had given great effort in developing and organizing the art in Europe in 1983. She had taken part in the work of the foundation of Hunerko. Then, she had turned her face to mountains. Mizgîn died in a clash erupted in the Tatvan district of Bitlis on May 11, 1992. Her songs such as ‘Lo Hevalo’ and 'Hawar Gundîno’ are still sung by many people, even if she died 24 years ago. Mizgîn followed the singer Ayşe Şan, who fought against the roles attributed to women like her. Mizgîn listened Ayşe Şan’s songs and sang them.

The PKK leader Abdullah Öcalan described Hozan Mizgîn as follows: “She was a small girl created by the PKK. She was our friend, who joined us at a young age. She was worthy of the PKK. She never reversed with the line of PKK.”

-JINHA