korean vocabulary han kuk eo

This is one of those words that don’t really have an English meaning or equivalent… But you can simply say that someone lacks nunchi or “sense” *common sense*. 

This word can be used in different situations: 

1. You are in the library studying and there’s someone who is doing lots of noise … Well that person has no nunchi. 

2. You are sleeping in the night and someone plays music really loud… That person has no nunchi. 

3. You are doing a timed test and someone keeps bothering you… 너 눈치가 없데 (neo nun-chi-ga eobs-de / you really have no sense or common sense). 

Also there is the opposite, because not everyone is the same right?! 

눈치 있다 (nun-chi iss-da) common sense or sense

right, because some times people are considerate like me *kk* and other times they are not *like my sister*…

나 눈치가 있다. 근데 언니 눈치가 없데. (na nun-chi-ga iss-da. keun-de eon-ni nun-chi-ga eobs-de.) I have common sense but my sister don’t. 

Well hope you use this word in the future cause I use it often kk Enjoy learning!! 

Korean verbs pt. 1:

1. 오다: (oh-da) to come

2. 마시다: (ma-si-da) to drink 

3. 먹다: (meok-da) to eat

4. 주다: (ju-da) to give

5. 가다: (ka-da) to go

6. 듣다: (deud-da) to listen

7. 배우다: (bae-u-da) to learn

8. 만들다: (man-deul-da) to make

9. 앉다: (an-da) to sit 

10. 자다: (ja-da) to sleep

11. 씻다: (ssit-da) to wash

12. 쓰다: (sseu-da) to write

13. 울다: (ul-da) to cry

14. 갖다: (kat-da) to have

15. 웃다: (ut-da) to laugh

*Notice that some verbs also have and adjective form (whichs describes something the subject is doing) while the verb form is the action itself. First we have to think what do we want to do; if we want to describe something we should use the adjectives but if we want to say something that happened, its happening or will happen then we surely have to use the verbs. 

**Also all this verbs are in dictionary form (hence the “다/ da” at the end) so to change them there are rules to follow and verbs with similar vowels before the “다/da” end up being conjugated the same way (with the same ending). I will make a proper post about the conjugation.. 

Enjoy learning!! 

List of adjectives pt. 1 :

1. 시끄럽다: (si-kkeu-reob-da) to be noisy 

2. 슬프다: (seul-peu-da) to be sad

3. 피곤하다: (pi-gon-ha-da) to be tired

4. 아프다: (a-peu-da) to be sick, painful

5. 행복하다: (haeng-bok-ha-da) to be happy 

6. 고프다: (bae-ga go-peu-da) to be hungry

7. 마르다: (mok-i ma-reu-da) to be thirsty 

8. 졸리다: (jol-li-da) to be sleepy 

9. 걱정하다: (keok-jeong-ha-da) to be worried

10. 무섭다: (mu-seob-da) to be scared

11. 짜증나다: (jja-jeung-na-da) to be annoyed

12. 놀라다: (nol-la-da) to be surprised

13. 수줍다: (su-jub-da) to be shy

14. 심심하다: (sim-sim-ha-da) to be bored

15. 재미있다: (jae-mi-iss-da) to be fun

**The parts that are in bold is the actual adjective, the part that isn’t in bold is the verb that is used with that word, which is either “to be” or “to do”… But I will explain this later!! 

Enjoy learning!! ^^

머리의 유형 (meo-ri-e yu-hyeong) Hair types or styles!! 

스트레이트 헤어 (seu-teu-re-i-teu he-eo) Straight hair

곱슬 머리 (gob-seul meo-ri) Curly hair

앞머리 (ap-meo-ri) Bangs *literally on top of hair* 

짧은 머리 (jjalb-eun meo-ri) Short hair

긴 머리 (gin meo-ri) Long hair

중간 머리 (jung-gan meo-ri) Medium hair

*You know there are different types and styles of hair… So now next time you go to the hairdresser you know how to tell them which style you want..

파마 (pa-ma) Perm

컷 (keot) Cut

~ 미용실에 ~ (~ mi-yong-sil-e ~) ~At the Beauty Salon ~

안녕하세요? 파마 주세요 / 컷 주세요 / 앞머리 주세요.  (an-nyeong-ha-se-yo? pa-ma ju-se-yo / keot ju-se-yo / ap-meo-ri ju-se-yo.) How are you? I want a perm please / I want a cut please / I want bangs please

네, 앉으세요. (ne, anj-eu-se-yo) Yes, have a seat. **으세요 is the honorific form**

Hope this helps ^^ Enjoy learning!!  

Hull or Heol is an expression used when someone annoy, bother, or simply does something that you can’t believe.. *Heol* is used as a sigh, like i cannot believe you, or are you serious. Is simply used to express how you feel. 

야! 이봐요. (ya! i-bwa-yo.) Hey! Look. 

헐, 너 진짜 누군데? (hull, neo jin-jja nu-gun-de?) omg, who do you think you are?

*Also notice that this word is mostly used between teenagers and early to mid twenties… So please don’t use it with an adult, because they will get really annoyed and probably will scream at you… (well if they know what the word mean). Also this is a word from the everyday slang.

Enjoy learning!! 

Phone conversation used words:

I just decided to do a list of words that are strictly (just some of them) for phone calls only, and yes of course they have the same meaning as other words BUT they are used for phone calls and okay here we go:

1. 여보세요? (yeo-bo-se-yo?) Hello? *is a word strictly used in phone calls and you DO NOT use 안녕하세요? (an-nyeong-ha-se-yo?)… there is a case when you CAN use 안녕하세요 when you are talking with your boyfriend’s / girlfriend’s mom and she doesn’t fancy you that much, then you can accumulate points by being extra polite , even by phone*. 

2. 나야 (na-ya) it’s me *you can also answer the phone like this only if the person is your friend, and you have that much confidence*.

3. 누군야? (nu-gun-ya) Who’s that? or Who is it? *Simply to ask who is it but this is not a polite way*.

4. 누구세요? (nu-gu-se-yo?) Who are you? *This is a honorific form, you may use it or not… all depends in your taste*.

5. 누구? (nu-gu?) Who? *You can use this form if the person is calling directly to your cellphone (anyways it is up to you)*.

6.  (eung) yes *you know how in the English language you always say ‘uhum’ well in korean language to let the other person know you are listening you use 응*.

7. 끝나 (kkeut-na) hanging up *this can be used when you are ending the call, simply in korean culture they don’t tend to talk that much over the phone, so you just call say what you must and end the conversation*.

8. 끝날게 (kkeut-nal-ke) will hang up *this pretty much have the same meaning as the #4 but is written in the future tense, doesn’t have much difference just a difference conjugation*.

Well this are some of the used words in phone conversations. These are not referencing to the conversation itself but just so you know how to start and end a phone conversation… Enjoy learning!! 

베프는 있어요? (be-peu-neun iss-eo-yo?) Do you have a best friend?

베프 is a word from the everyday slang and its a mix of two words…

1. 베 (be) comes from 베스트 (be-seu-teu) which means ‘best’

2. 프 (peu) comes from 프렌드 (peu-ren-deu) which means 'friend’

아니, 베프는 없어요. (a-ni, be-peu-neun eobs-eo-yo) No, I don’t have a best friend. 

kk Enjoy learning!! 

This is to simply say that you have a lover… Yes there are words for boyfriend (남자 친구 / nam-ja chin-gu) and girlfriend (여자 친구 / yeo-ja chin-gu). This word is best used if you don’t want to say that he/she is your boyfriend/girlfriend but simply you guys get to spend time together… But not as friends *more than friends*. Is a serious word so use it carefully, kk ^^ Enjoy learning!! 

아, 너 애인이 있어요? (ah, neo ae-in-i iss-eo-yo? / Ah, do you have a lover?) 

A difference from a Best Friend is a Closest Friend (which is more than a best friend?) So this is also a word from the everyday slang, it is a mix of two words:

1. 절 (jeol) which comes from 절친한 (jeol-chin-han) which means ‘close’

2. 친 (chin) which comes from 친구 (chin-gu) which means 'friend’

So literally it means 'close friend’.

Enjoy learning!! 

아, 완전 안습이야  (ah, wan-jeon an-seup-i-ya) I’m really embarrassed. / This is completely embarrassing.  

This is another slang word from the korean everyday. This is a mix of two words:

1. 습도 (seup-do) humidity

2. 안구에 (an-gu-e) eyeball / eye.

This is literally a word form by *humidity in the eyeball* which is translated as something that makes you wanna cry really hard, something really embarrassing. And is a short for: *구에 기차다 (an-gu-e seub-gi-cha-da) dampness or moisture in the eye*. 

Enjoy learning!! 

Random korean tongue twister!!

1. 목동 로얄 뉴로얄 레스토랑 뉴 메뉴 미트 소시지 소스 스파게티, 크림 소시지 소스 스테이크

mok-dong ro-yal nyu-ro-yal re-seu-to-rang nyu me-nyu mi-teu so-si-ji so-seu seu-pa-ke-ti, keu-rim so-si-ji so-seu seu-te-i-keu

Mokdong Royal New Royal Restaurant new menu
Meat sausage sauce spaghetti, cream sausage sauce steak. 

2. 민주주의의 의의 

min-ju-ju-eui-e eui-e

Democracy’s significance 

*Since I haven’t posted tongue twisters in a while, thought it was good to do so.. Keep practicing!! Enjoy learning. 

Birthday Song!

Hangul

생일 축하합니다

생일 축하합니다

사랑하는 (리안) 씨

생일 축하합니다

Romanization

saeng il chuk ha ham ni da

saeng il chuk ha ham ni da

sarang ha neun – (Lian) shi

saeng il chuk ha ham ni da

English

Happy Birthday to you

Happy Birthday to you

Our lovely Lian

Happy Birthday to you

오늘은 내 생일이에요!! ^^ (o-neul-eun nae saeng-il-i-e-yo ^^) Today is my birthday!! ^^ 

List of adjectives p. 2:

1.  지루하다: to be boring, dull
2. 조용하다: to be quiet
3. 시끄럽다: to be loud, noisy
4. 뜨겁다 to be hot
5. 따뜻하다: to be warm
6. 차갑다: to be cold
7. 시원하다: to be cool, refreshing
8. 신선하다: to be fresh
9. 아름답다: to be beautiful
10. 예쁘다: to be pretty
11. 귀엽다: to be cute
12. 잘생기다: to be good looking
13. 못생기다: to be ugly
14. 다: to be big
15. 다: to be small

When you are with your friends and you’re saying goodbye instead of saying 안녕히 가세요 / 안녕히계세요 (an-nyeong-hi ga-se-yo *goodbye when the person is leaving and you’re staying* / an-nyeong-hi-gye-se-yo *goodbye when you are the one leaving and the other person is staying*) or simply 안녕 (an-nyeong / bye) *when you’re with friends (this is only used between close friends since it isn’t polite at all). You can say 내일 보자 (nae-il bo-ja / I’ll see you tomorrow) when you are going to see the person the next day. 

친구 안녕 (chin-gu an-nyeong / friend bye)

응, 내일 보자. (eung, nae-il bo-ja / yes, i’ll see you tomorrow)

Hope this helps kk ^^ Enjoy learning!!

What is your Zodiac sign?

무슨 띠예요? (mu-seun ddi-ye-yo?) What’s your Zodiac sign?

원숭이띠예요 (weon-sung-i-ddi-ye-yo) My zodiac sign is the Monkey. 

Signs names in korean and chinese (adaptation in korean / don’t sound the same as in Chinese >.< lol). 

  English - Korean - Chinese

1. Rat - 쥐띠 (jwi-ddi) -  자 (ja)

2. Cow - 소띠 (so-ddi) - 축 (chuk)

3. Tiger - 호랑이띠 (ho-rang-i-ddi) - 인 (in)

4. Rabbit - 토끼띠 (to-kki-ddi) - 묘 (myo)

5. Dragon - 용띠 (yong-ddi) - 진 (jin)

6. Snake - 뱀띠 (baem-ddi) - 사 (sa)

7. Horse - 말띠 (mal-ddi) - 오 (oh)

8. Sheep - 양띠 (yang-ddi) - 미 (mi)

9. Monkey - 원숭이띠 (won-sung-i-ddi) - 신 (sin)

10. Rooster - 닭띠 (dalk-ddi) - 유 (yu)

11. Dog - 개띠 (gae-ddi) - 술 (sul)

12. Pig - 돼지띠 (dwae-ji-ddi) - 해 (hae)

Since in korean culture is really important to know the age of the other so you/they know how to address the other person one way to say you year is by your zodiac sign. And also since the age difference between western age and korean age (for this matter, they have a different way of count age?) so it is better to say the year line than your actual age (because it is going to be different). 

Well hope this helps and Enjoy learning!! 

Grammar structure pt. 2

How to say it isn’t right. 

N1 + 은/는 + N2 + 이/가 + 아니에요. (N1 + eun/neun + N2 + i/ga + a-ni-e-yo)

1. 민지는 영국 사람이 아니에요. (min-ji-neun yeong-guk sa-ram-i a-ni-e-yo / Minji is not from UK).

How to say YES or NO to a statement or question asked.

1. Q. 대학생이에요? (dae-hak-saeng-i-e-yo / are you a college student?)

    A. 네, 대학생이에요. (ne, dae-hak-saeng-i-e-yo / yes, I am)

         아니요, 대학생 아니에요. (a-ni-yo, dae-hak-saeng a-ni-e-yo / no, I am            not) 

                          ~ The basic sentence pattern ~

Who (subject) + Where (complement) + What (object) + To do (verb).

  유미가                       교실에서                      한국어를             공부해요.

    yu-mi-ga               kyo-sil-e-seo       han-gug-eo-reul    gong-bu-hae-yo.

       Yumi              in the classroom              Korean               study.

*Notice that this is the most basic sentence pattern, but the word order is flexible as long as the predicate is placed at the end. 

1. 유미 한국어 교실에서 공부해요. (yu-mi-ga han-gug-eo-reul kyo-sil-e-seo gong-bu-hae-yo).

2. 한국어를 유미가 교실에서  공부해요. (han-gug-eo-reul yu-mi-ga kyo-sil-e-seo gong-bu-hae-yo). 

And so on… Enjoy learning!!