konrad-witz

The Miraculous Draft of Fishes by Konrad Witz (a portion of a lostaltarpiece) is credited with being the earliest extant faithful portrayal of a landscape in European art history, being based on observation of real topographical features.

The painting can be seen as close study of the optics of reflection and the manner in which the form and appearance of objects is distorted reflected on water’s surface.

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Ecclesia and Synagoga, Konrad Witz, 1430

In this version, Synagoga’s downcast eyes appear to be closed, but not covered, although there is a light line that may be some sort of remnant (stylistic or due to reworking of the piece) of the often-used blindfold. The broken spear is present, as are the tablets of the law, inscribed in what appears to be random markings.