klubo

40 Useful Esperanto Prefixes and Suffixes

Prefixes

Bo-  Related by marriage: Patro - Father. Bopatro - Father-in-law.

Dis- Separation from one place: Sendi - To send. Dissendi - Broadcast.

Ek- Commencing an action: Dormi- To sleep. Ekdormi - To fall asleep.

Eks- Former/Ex-: Reĝo - King. Eksreĝo - Ex-King/Former King.

Fi- Dirty/Pornographic: Menso - Mind. Fimenso - Dirty mind

Ge- Male and female together: Patroj - Fathers. Gepatroj - Parents (of which one is male and the other female.)

Mal- The direct opposite: Bona - Good. Malbona - Bad.

Mis- Wrong/Mis-: Kompreni - To understand. Miskompreni - To misunderstand.

Pra- Primitive/Distant relation: 1. Arbaro - Forest. Praarbaro - Primitive forest. 2. Onklino - Aunt. Praonklino - Great Aunt.

Re- Repition/Re-: Kanti - To sing. Rekanti - To re-sing/To sing again.


Suffixes 

-Aĉ- Bad/Dislike: Infano - Child. Infano - Brat.

-Ad- Action, particularly prolonged or habitual: Naĝo - Swim. Naĝado - Swimming.

-Aĵ- A physical object, opposed to an abstract idea or a product made of the root word: 1. Konstruo - Construction. Konsruo - A Building. 2. Glacio - Ice. Glacio - Ice cream.

-An- Member: Klubo - Club. Klubano - Club Member.

-Ar- Group: Arbo - Tree. Arbaro - Forest/Wood.

-Ebl- Possibility/-Able/-Ible: Vidi - To see. Videbla - Visible.

-Ec- Abstract quality/-Ship/-Ness: Amiko - Friend. Amikeco - Friendship.

-Eg- Big: Domo - House. Domego - Mansion.

-Ej- Where something happens: Koncerto - Concert. Koncertejo - Concert Hall.

-Em- Possessing a ceratain quality/-Ful: Ludo - Play. Ludema - Playful.

-End- Must be: Leva - Washed. Levenda - Must be washed.

-Er- Part of a greater whole: Akvo - Water. Akvero - Drop of water.

-Estr- Head/Boss: Hotelo - Hotel. Hotelestro - Hotel manager/Hotel boss.

-Et- Small: Domo - House. Dometo - Cottage.

-Id- Children of living creatures: Hundo - Dog. Hundido - Puppy.

-Ig- To render/-Ify: Blanka - White. Blankigi - To whiten/To bleach.

-Iĝ- To become: Amiko - Friend. Amiki - To become friends

-Il- Tool: Kudri - To sew. Kudrilo - Sewing needle.

-In- Feminine: Porko - Pig. Porkino - Female Pig.

-Ind- Worthy of: Legi - To read. Leginda - Worth reading.

-Ing- Holder: Kandelo - Candle. Kandelingo - Candle Stick.

-Ism- Doctrine/-Ism: Budho - Buddha. Budhismo - Buddhism. 

-Ist- Prefession/-Er: Dento - Tooth. Dentisto - Dentist.

-Obl- Multiplication/-Ple: Tri - Three. Triobli - Triple.

-On- Fraction/-Th: Du - Two. Duono - Half.

-Op- In groups of: Kvar - Four. Kvarope - In groups of four.

-Uj- Container: Mono - Money. Monujo - Wallet/Purse.

-Ul- Person: Juno - Youth. Junulo - Young person.

-Ĉj- Affectionate (Maculine): Patro - Father. Paĉjo - Daddy.

-Nj- Affectionate (Feminine): Patrino - Mother. Panjo - Mummy/Mommy.


Hi so that was a list of 40 affixes from Esperanto, which I’m learning at the moment. I hope this helps some people. I think I got all or at least most of them. But I did leave out -Um- because it’s irregular and weird and… stuff. This is my first post so please be merciful, and if you’ve actually read this boring explanation, well then thanks.