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Distribution of dipeptide repeat proteins in cellular models and C9orf72 mutation cases suggests link to transcriptional silencing.

PubMed: Related Articles

Distribution of dipeptide repeat proteins in cellular models and C9orf72 mutation cases suggests link to transcriptional silencing.

Acta Neuropathol. 2015 Jun 18;

Authors: Schludi MH, May S, Grässer FA, Rentzsch K, Kremmer E, Küpper C, Klopstock T, German Consortium for Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration, Bavarian Brain Banking Alliance, Arzberger T, Edbauer D

Abstract
A massive expansion of a GGGGCC repeat upstream of the C9orf72 coding region is the most common known cause of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and frontotemporal dementia. Despite its intronic localization and lack of a canonical start codon, both strands are translated into aggregating dipeptide repeat (DPR) proteins: poly-GA, poly-GP, poly-GR, poly-PR and poly-PA. To address conflicting findings on the predominant toxicity of the different DPR species in model systems, we compared the expression pattern of the DPR proteins in rat primary neurons and postmortem brain and spinal cord of C9orf72 mutation patients. Only poly-GA overexpression closely mimicked the p62-positive neuronal cytoplasmic inclusions commonly observed for all DPR proteins in patients. In contrast, overexpressed poly-GR and poly-PR formed nucleolar p62-negative inclusions. In patients, most of the less common neuronal intranuclear DPR inclusions were para-nucleolar and p62 positive. Neuronal nucleoli in C9orf72 cases showed normal size and morphology regardless of the presence of poly-GR and poly-PR inclusions arguing against widespread nucleolar stress, reported in cellular models. Colocalization of para-nucleolar DPR inclusions with heterochromatin and a marker of transcriptional repression (H3K9me2) indicates a link to gene transcription. In contrast, we detected numerous intranuclear DPR inclusions not associated with nucleolar structures in ependymal and subependymal cells. In patients, neuronal inclusions of poly-GR, poly-GP and the poly-GA interacting protein Unc119 were less abundant than poly-GA inclusions, but showed similar regional and subcellular distribution. Regardless of neurodegeneration, all inclusions were most abundant in neocortex, hippocampus and thalamus, with few inclusions in brain stem and spinal cord. In the granular cell layer of the cerebellum, poly-GA and Unc119 inclusions were significantly more abundant in cases with FTLD than in cases with MND and FTLD/MND. Poly-PR inclusions were rare throughout the brain but significantly more abundant in the CA3/4 region of FTLD cases than in MND cases. Thus, although DPR distribution is not correlated with neurodegeneration spatially, it correlates with neuropathological subtypes.

PMID: 26085200 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] http://dlvr.it/BGRbXd

Kurz vor meinem Geburtstag habe ich ein gutes Buch gelesen: ein letzter Tag Unendlichkeit. Der Dichter Klopstock fährt darin mit Freunden, Bewunderern und schönen Damen über den Zürichsee. Ein wunderbares Werk und literarisch ganz in die Zeit gereist. Da dachte ich zweierlei: endlich auch schreiben und mit freunden selbst eine Lustfahrt unternehmen. Gesagt, getan! Am 6.6.2016 ging es also mit dem traditionellen KD-Schiff von Köln nach Königswinter. Davon werde ich also berichten. Zunächst aber ein paar Bilder zur Einstimmung...