king-james-of-england

Things Sherlock does NOT know:

*The earth orbits the sun
*Who is Prime Minister
*There isn’t a current king of England
*Who Madonna is
*Who James Bond is
*Who Connie Prince is
*Who Irene Adler is
*How many alcoholic drinks you can consume safely before pissing yourself
*John’s girlfriends’ names

Things Sherlock DOES know:

*John doesn’t take sugar in his drinks
*John’s middle name
*Negative details about John’s girlfriends
*Everything online about Major Sholto
*How to drive a car
*Current male underwear trends
*How to spot a gay guy

“I thought you knew everything?
"That would be an appalling waste of brain space. I specialize.”

Things John does NOT know:

*Too long to list

Things John DOES know:

*How to flirt
*The earth orbits the sun
*Sherlock received exactly 57 text messages from Irene Adler

Things that surprise Sherlock enough to warrant emotion bordering on outrage:

*Women who attempt to have a sexual relationship with him

Things that surprise John enough to warrant emotion bordering on outrage:

*Sherlock has had a sex drive this whole time
*Sherlock has been interested in Janine this whole time
*Sherlock has had a functioning penis this whole time

Things that keep Sherlock alive:

*John

Things that keep John alive:

*Sherlock

“#sherlockholmeslives means #johnwatsonlives” (John’s ACTUAL blog)

4

WOMEN’S HISTORYANNA AF DANMARK (12 December 1574 – 2 March 1619)

Anna af Danmark was the second child of Frederik 2. af Danmark and Sophie von Mecklenburg. Anna and her sister, Elisabeth, were raised mostly by their maternal grandparents in Germany. Her father died in 1588 and the following year, Anna was betrothed to James VI of Scotland. They were married on 23 November 1589 at Old Bishop’s Palace in Oslo. Anna and James attended the wedding of Anna’s older sister, Elisabeth, before heading back to Edinburgh.

Anna and James’ marriage was happy at first, but was quickly beset with difficulties. In 1594, Anna gave birth to their first child, Henry Frederick, followed by eight other children. In 1603, Elizabeth I of England died and so James became the king of England as well. Anna found London much to her liking, but James preferred his rural estates. In 1612, Anna’s daughter Elizabeth married and left the country and her son, Henry Frederick, died of typhoid. Anna suffered from overwhelming grief at her eldest child’s death and withdrew from public life afterwards.

Anna died of an unspecified illness in 1619. Despite their distant relationship, James was griefstricken at her death. She was buried in Westminister Abbey.

February 6th 1685 A.D.

The ascension to the throne of England and Scotland by King James II (VII) Stuart (1685-1688).

Background: The House of Stuart (or as it was originally spelt Stewart) had ruled Scotland since the late 14th century and at the dawn of the 17th century achieved the coup of inheriting the throne of England and Ireland in the person of King James I (VI) (1567-1603, Scotland alone, 1603-1625). 

Queen Elizabeth I (1558-1603) was the last reigning monarch from the House of Tudor, and famously never married. The Stuarts happened to have the best claim because Margaret Tudor, Elizabeth’s aunt, married King James IV (1488-1513), grandfather of Queen Mary I (1542-1567,The Queen of Scots who was the bane of Elizabeth’s reign), who was in turn the mother of King James I (VI).

The reign of the Stuarts over England would not be the happiest one. King Charles I (1625-1649) would fight in the English Civil War (1642-1645, 1648-1649) with Parliamentarians trying to curb what he believed was his God-given right to rule as he please. He would ultimately be executed in 1649 by members of the Rump Parliament survivors of a 1648 military purge of members sympathetic to the reinstatement of Charles I. 

What followed was an 11 year interregnum of the Commonwealth largely presided by the stewardship of Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell (1649-1658), head of the New Model Army that had executed the purge, and his son Richard Cromwell (1658-1659). 

In 1660 King Charles II (1660-1685), son of the executed Charles I, was invited by Parliament to return to the crown. After the Puritan dictatorship of the Cromwells, England welcomed the magnanimous peacekeeper, who seemed to have learned from the lessons of his father. But Charles had no legitimate sons so the throne passed to his brother.

And Back to Our Story: James II managed to alienate most of his subjects for his own Catholicism and his Pro-Catholic stances. He had converted in 1669 although it did not become public knowledge until 1676 when he stopped attending Anglican services. His daughters from his first marriage, Mary and Anne were raised as Protestant under the orders of King Charles II. However Charles also approved of James’ marriage to a Catholic princess. 

When she gave birth to a son that would be raised Catholic in 1688 was a step too far for the anti-Catholic English public to stomach. The English Parliament invited the Protestant William of Orange, ruling Stat-holder of the Netherlands and husband of Mary, daughter of Charles II, to invade and dispose Charles. The Glorious Revolution, so called because of the lack of bloodshed involved, particularly when compared to the English Civil War, as Charles fled with his wife and son, resulted in the joint reigns of King William III (II) (1688-1702) and Queen Mary II (1688-1694). 

Catholics were formally excluded from the line of succession making the future Queen Anne (1702-1714), the heir to the throne. Funnily enough the restriction to even marry a Catholic was only removed in 2013. They were were forced to acquiesce to a Bill of Rights in 1689  separation of powers between parliament and the monarchy and largely limiting the powers of the monarch thereby enhancing the democratic aspects of the system. The political chaos of the 17th century would be left behind as England and Scotland, soon to be formally joined in the United Kingdom, forged ahead into the future.

I just spent three hours reading Wikipedia entries on various British monarchs and I can assure you that my takeaway is that I need to write a 00Q AU where James Bond is King James VI of Scotland/I of England and Q is George Villiers Duke of Buckingham

purenobody asked:

are there any good books to "redpill" me, as the kids say, on monarchism?

I haven’t read many, and was a monarchist before I read any, but I would suggest the following:

- The Prince, Niccolo Machiavelli
Machiavelli was a pragmatic republican, but explains how a Prince should best rule his principality. It’s pretty interesting though probably wouldn’t necessarily convince anyone that monarchy is better than living as a “free people” in a republic, as Machiavelli puts it lmao.

- Democracy: The God That Failed, Hans-Hermann Hoppe
He’s an anarchist but explains that monarchy is better than democracy, even though he believes it is deficient itself.

- Leviathan, Hobbes
Haven’t read it but apparently it argues for the existence of a government and a monarchist thread of reddit recommends it so :)

I also have two books written by King James VI & I of Scotland and England, Basilikon Doron and The True Lawe of Free Monarchies, which might be of interest to anyone who wants to see the perspective of an actual ruler. They were basically treatises for how his son should rule.

Here’s a list from the Mad Monarchist that I would like to get through as well:

“Politics Drawn from Holy Scripture”
by Bishop Jacques-Benigne Bossuet

“Patriarcha: Or the Natural Power of Kings”
by Sir Robert Filmer

“Essay on the Generative Principle of Political Constitutions and other Human Institutions”
by Count Joseph de Maistre

“Monarchism in the Age of Enlightenment”
by Hans W. Blom

“On the Pope”
by Count Joseph de Maistre

 "Essays on Catholicism, Liberalism and Socialism"
by Juan Donoso Cortes

“Liberty or Equality”
by Erik Ritter von Kuehnelt-Leddihn

“Reflections of a Russian Statesman”
by Konstantin Pobedonostsev

 "On Monarchist Statehood"
by Lev Tikhomirov

 “The Menace of the Herd”
by Erik Ritter von Kuehnelt-Leddihn

“A History of the French Revolution”
by Thomas Carlyle

“Politics”
by Aristotle

“The Analects”
by Confucius

“Human Action”
by Ludwig von Mises

I would also suggest any book that focuses on the French Revolution, the Russian Revolution, and perhaps also the English Civil War. Books that deal with the transition from the Roman Republic to the Roman Empire might be valuable too but like I said, I haven’t read many ^_^;

4

WOMEN’S HISTORYELIZABETH STUART (19 August 1596 – 13 February 1662)

Elizabeth Stuart was the only surviving daughter of James I of England (also James VI of Scotland) and Anna af Danmark. She was named after her father’s cousin, Elizabeth I of England, who had made James her heir. In 1603, the elder Elizabeth died and James became the king of England. Elizabeth recieved a good education and enjoyed horseback riding and reading. Though highly sought after as a bride, she finally married Friedrich V., Pfalzgraf on 14 February 1613. Elizabeth and Friedrich’s marriage proved to be a happy and loving one with thirteen children. She was not, however, on good terms with her mother-in-law, Louise Juliana van Nassau.

In 1619, Friederich was offered the crown of Bohemia. He accepted and he and Elizabeth were crowned in November of that year. Friederich’s reign was short-lived, though, because he was overthrown by Holy Roman Emperor, Ferdinand II on 8 November 1620. Elizabeth and her husband and children escaped to Den Haag. In 1632, Friedrich went to join the king of Sweden, Gustav II Adolf, in his war against the Hapsburgs. Friederich died of an illness during the war at the age of 36. Elizabeth was heartbroken by her husband’s death and became senseless with grief. Her brother, Charles I of England, was worried about her well-being and invited her to visit England to recover, but she refused.

Afterwards, Elizabeth remained in Den Haag and occupied herself with letter-writing. In 1649, her younger brother, Charles, was executed after the conclusion of the English Civil War. After her nephew, Charles II, was restored to the throne, Elizabeth returned to England and lived out the rest of her life there. She was most famous as the mother of the Cavalier general, Ruprecht Pfalzgraf bei Rhein. Her youngest daughter, Sophie, married Ernst August von Braunschweig-Calenberg and was the mother of George I of Great Britain.

More European history facts? More European history facts.

1066 being the last time Britain was invaded is an absolute lie. The last time was actually 1688 by William of Orange. He was not invited by the English, that is something the English made up later. In reality, William only invaded because England was a potential enemy. The English King James II was worryingly Catholic and had a relationship with Louis XIV of France. The Dutch were worried that England would team up with France and take out the United Provinces which were almost defeated by the French in the last Franco-Dutch war. So, by William invading and placing himself as King of England (which was helped by his wife Mary being English but was not a deciding factor), he disadvantaged the French and helped the Dutch Republic. This was not a “glorious” revolution, but an invasion. In recent years (pretty much in the last decade) this whole time period has been re-examined by scholars and this is what they are finding.

Shortly after England became a republic, in 1650 the English went to the Dutch and proposed an Anglo-Dutch Republic. While the Dutch didn’t outright reject the offer, a series of events lead to a degradation in relations between the two republics which resulted in the first Anglo-Dutch war in 1652.

Alexander the Great didn’t actually do a lot of state-building. His father, Phillip II could actually be considered the real genius, as it was him that conquered most of Greece/The Near East.

The Romans were actually incredible prudes compared to how they’re represented in modern media. All that decadence was actually the influence of Greek culture which the Romans tried to emulate. After the conquer of Greece by Rome, there were fears that with more exposure to the Greeks, Roman culture would decline and result in the laxed morality. Romans (especially the likes of Cato the Elder) saw their culture as the opposite of Greek culture:  luxury (Greek) vs frugality (Roman), Learning (Greek) vs war (Roman), vice (Greek) vs virtue (Roman).

The notions of ‘class’ only appeared as a new social terminology from 1815 onwards and it coincided with the Industrial Revolution. Clothing was the main way people expressed their social class.

Canto CVIII

THRONES DE LOS CANTARES XCVI-CIX

Diamond Point intaglio, lift, micro-hardground etch, aquatint (7phase),copperplate.

Numerous references, Coke’s Institutes, Edward I statute about usury,the expulsion of the Jews from England, Disraeli and Suez, King James I (England) and his lover the Duke of Buckingham (Villiers) who was assassinated in a stabbing by Felton… and much more There is a sense that Pound’s antisemitism and homophobia are maintained if muted. He was still an in- patient at  St Elizabeths Hospital.

… .. …

Enrolled in a ball of fire

                                    as brightness

                                                         clear emerald

for the kindness,

                         infinite,

                                    of her hands 

                                                                                         1628

From the Charter to the Petition 

              in June and towards twilight

                                                  DROIT FAIT

Statum Tallagio

                        Lambarde on Valla

                                                         “all monopolies”

AUDIO BIBLE - King James Version
King James Version
Genre: Bibles
Price: $4.99
Publish Date: September 22, 2014

King James Version Bible with Audio The Authorized Version, commonly known as the King James Version, the King James Bible or simply the KJV, is an English translation by the Church of England of the Christian Bible begun in 1604 and completed in 1611. First printed by the King’s Printer, Robert Barker, this was the third such official translation into English; the first having been the Great Bible commissioned by the Church of England in the reign of King Henry VIII, and the second having been the Bishop’s Bible of 1568. In January 1604, King James I of England convened the Hampton Court Conference where a new English version was conceived in response to the perceived problems of the earlier translations as detected by the Puritans, a faction within the Church of England. James gave the translators instructions intended to guarantee that the new version would conform to the ecclesiology and reflect the episcopal structure of the Church of England and its beliefs about an ordained clergy. The translation was by 47 scholars, all of whom were members of the Church of England. In common with most other translations of the period, the New Testament was translated from Greek, the Old Testament was translated from Hebrew text, while the Apocrypha were translated from the Greek and Latin. Note : Please stop the audio for playing the next audio.

Meet The World Leader Who Stole His Citizens' Gold

Submitted by Simon Black via SovereignMan.com,

Even before his coronation in 1626, King Charles I of England was almost bankrupt.

His predecessors King James and Queen Elizabeth had run the royal treasury down to almost nothing.

Costly war and military folly had taken its toll. The crown had simply wasted far too much money, and brought in too little.

To make matters worse, King Charles was constantly at odds with parliament.

The English government was completely dysfunctional, with constant bickering, personal attacks, and very little sound decision-making.

Parliament refused to pass the taxes that Charles needed to make ends meet. But at the same time, the King was legally unable to levy his own taxes without parliamentary approval.

So, faced with financial desperation, he began to look for alternative ways to raise revenue.

One way was relying on practically ancient, obscure laws to penalize his subjects.

The Distraint of Knighthood, for example, was based on an act from 1278, roughly three and a half centuries before Charles’ coronation.

The Act gave him the legal authority to fine all men with a minimum level of income who did not present themselves in person at his coronation.

Charles also commandeered vast amounts of land, restoring the boundaries of the royal forests to where they had been during the time of King Edward I in the 13th century.

He then fined anyone who encroached on the land, and resold much of it to industries that were supportive of his reign.

King Charles even resorted to begging; in July 1626, he requested that his subjects “lovingly, freely, and voluntarily” give him money.

When that didn’t work, the King levied a Forced Loan, effectively confiscating people’s funds under the guise of ‘borrowing’ it.

He raised about £250,000, the equivalent of about $7.5 billion today.

Emboldened by his success, Charles eventually seized assets directly, including all the gold on deposit being held at the Royal Mint– money that belonged to the merchants and goldsmiths of England.

At one point Charles even forced the East India Company to ‘loan’ him their pepper and spice inventory. He subsequently sold the products at a steep loss.

If any of this sounds familiar, it should.

Today there is no shortage of nations facing fiscal desperation. Most of Europe. Japan. The United States.

In the Land of the Free, the government has spent years… decades… engaged in the most wasteful folly, from multi-trillion dollar wars to a multi-billion dollar website.

US debt just hit $19 trillion a few days ago. And it’s only going higher.

We can already see the government’s financial desperation.

Over the years, the government has effectively levied a ‘forced loan’ totaling more than $2.6 trillion on the Social Security Trust Fund, whose ultimate beneficiaries are the taxpayers of the United States.

Bottom line, they’re ‘borrowing’ YOUR money.

Last year the government stole more from Americans through ‘Civil Asset Forfeiture’ than all the thieves in the United States combined.

In December, the US government confiscated $19.3 billion from the Federal Reserve, which, by the way, was already very thinly capitalized.

Even if you want to believe the propaganda, it’s clear that these are not the actions of a healthy, solvent government that embraces liberty.

In fact, the government published over 80,000 pages of laws, bills, regulations, and executive orders last year. Just this morning they published another 308 pages.

It’s impossible for anyone to keep up with all of these rules. And yet each can carry civil and criminal penalties, including a fine now for not having health insurance.

As Mark Twain used to say, history may not repeat, but it certainly rhymes.

Financially insolvent governments of major superpowers do not simply go gentle into that good night.

They don’t suddenly turn over a new leaf and start embracing economic freedom.

Instead, they get worse. More desperate. More destructive.

Should we honestly believe that they can continue racking up more debt than has ever existed in the history of the world without any consequences?

This is madness. At some point, fiscal reality always catches up. Maybe not at $19 trillion. Maybe not even at $20 trillion.

Maybe it takes 3 months. Or 3 years. But somewhere out there is a straw that can break the camel’s back. And that has serious consequences.

Never forget that if something is predictable, then it’s also preventable.

And facing such obvious trends, it makes all the sense in the world to take some simple, rational steps to put together your own Plan B.

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via Zero Hedge http://ift.tt/1NQS21g
Update #1: Remember Remember 3/5ths of November

If you’re reading this: Welcome the Black Guy Fawkes official Tumblr Page! Here you will get an insight on my music life, studio updates, news, as well as show news. For this, let me give you some insight on what my music is about.

For those of you who don’t know, Guy Fawkes was an Englishman who tried to carry out the Gunpowder plot on November 5, 1605 in order to blow up the Parliament in order to kill Ruler of England King James I. He was tried and hanged for his actions. Since then Guy Fawkes became a figure for political protest. You can see his face heavily used by the Group Anonymous as well as in the movie/graphic novel V for Vendetta.

The way that Guy Fawkes was the figure for political protests and the people of London, I want my music to be the voice for the ones who cannot stand up for themselves. For the ones who are scared to face the day. For the ones who do not think that there’s a way to piece together their broken life. It’s all about 3 things: Hope, Love and Self-Discovery. Hanging on the coat tails of Green Day, My Chemical Romance, Frank Turner and City & Colour I mold these styles together to make something Theatrical yet intimate and catchy yet diverse.


In essence, welcome to the life of an old school futurist turning his trauma into art and a guideline to living a better life. Be on the look out for new shows. I will be releasing my first EP: Three-Fifths of November shortly.


Welcome to my beautiful nightmare.


BGF

Heber Britwell

The project cataloguer, Venessa, has been coming across some interesting material during her cataloguing work. One such discovery is shared here.

Book title: A treatise tovvching the right, title, and interest of the most excellent Princess Marie, Queene of Scotland, and of the most noble king James, her Graces sonne, to the succession of the croune of England 

During the ongoing cataloguing project here at the Downside Library, we have discovered a 16th century vellum octavo, with decorative gilt stamps and gilt edges. Inside this 1584 edition, the humble inscription in the hand of David Rogers(Head of Special Collections, Bodleian Library, Oxford 1978-84) reads:  “The Heber-Britwell copy”.

The Britwell Library was founded near Burnham, Buckinghamshire by the Scottish book collector and parliamentarian, William Henry Miller (1789-1848), who was regarded as the successor of Richard Heber (1773-1833), English book collector. Many of the rarest works from Miller’s collections of the latter passed into the library, as did Heber’s immense library which was disposed of by auction after his death in 1833..

After Heber died there was much gossip surrounding his personal life and relationships, however Richard Heber was often connected with Frances Mary Richardson Currer (1785-1861) a British heiress and fellow book collector. Currer had been known to have helped Heber when he was in financial difficulties and then came to the defence of his reputation after he died. It has been speculated that Currer was a benefactor of the Brontë sisters and that this is the reason that Charlotte Brontë chose the nom de plume of “Currer Bell” for her novel Jane Eyre.

For more information on the cataloguing project please click here.

AUDIO BIBLE - King James Version - King James Version | Bibles |936015399: AUDIO BIBLE - King James Version
King James Version
Genre: Bibles
Price: $4.99
Publish Date: September 22, 2014

King James Version Bible with Audio The Authorized Version, commonly known as the King James Version, the King James Bible or simply the KJV, is an English translation by the Church of England of the Christian Bible begun in 1604 and completed in 1611. First printed by the King’s Printer, Robert Barker, this was the third such official translation into English; the first having been the Great Bible commissioned by the Church of England in the reign of King Henry VIII, and the second having been the Bishop’s Bible of 1568. In January 1604, King James I of England convened the Hampton Court Conference where a new English version was conceived in response to the perceived problems of the earlier translations as detected by the Puritans, a faction within the Church of England. James gave the translators instructions intended to guarantee that the new version would conform to the ecclesiology and reflect the episcopal structure of the Church of England and its beliefs about an ordained clergy. The translation was by 47 scholars, all of whom were members of the Church of England. In common with most other translations of the period, the New Testament was translated from Greek, the Old Testament was translated from Hebrew text, while the Apocrypha were translated from the Greek and Latin. Note : Please stop the audio for playing the next audio.