You rock my world all day everyday (well the days i listen to modest mouse or ugly casanova, WHICH IS EVERYDAY.) I hope you had a good one you prince.


“Happy g day my bro”

Notes from Dr. Isaac Kalumbu (aka King Isaac)'s "Africa Calling: The African Roots of R&B, Hip-Hop, and Reggae"

Last night I attended a really inspiring presentation put on Michigan State’s African Studies Center, International Studies & Programs, Officer for International Students & Scholars, MSU Neighborhoods Intercultural Pillar, and Office of Cultural & Academic Transitions. Dr. Kalumbu is an ethnomusicologist (basically the sociology/anthropology of music) focused on how music came from Africa to the U.S. via the slave trade, which later led to Spirituals -> Jubilees -> Doowop / Quartets -> Motown / Soul -> R&B / Funk / Reggae -> Hip-Hop. Obviously my flowchart here is a bit oversimplified but the main tenants are there. Here are some of my notes, most of which are direct quotes or conservative paraphrases from King Isaac himself.

  • African culture is all about community, which is why African Americans refer to each other as brother/sister or ‘cuz. In King Isaac’s home of Zimbabwe his language does not actually have words for “cousin,” “uncle,” or “aunt” because that’s too alienating. Cousins are brothers/sisters, aunts are older or younger mothers, and uncles are older or younger fathers.
  • “Africans are adept at improvising” and this doesn’t just apply to music. He claims that they don’t throw anything away in Africa. In slave-trade U.S. slaves were given crappy food (gizzards of chickens, etc.) and African Americans made it a delicacy (which is true to this day.)
  • In African music the main expression is rhythmic and percussive. But not necessarily drums, normally it’s vocal.
  • In African/African American music there’s no movements or anything like classical music because that’s too complicated for the whole community to participate in. The culture of community is reflected in the structure of music.
  • As the flow-chart progressed above (until soul more or less) music became more and more “polished” and white*. The dancing and raw emotion was toned back to sell to a white audience. Think about how Motown was all choreographed while Soul music was raw. Motown had a larger revenue than Soul music generally speaking.      *my words
  • “African Americans make instruments talk” by using plungers/hats/other mutes with horns. I’ll take this further and bring up the use of vocoders and talk boxes in African American Electrofunk in the 70’s and 80’s.
  • African music influenced African American music first without a doubt. But in the 50’s, 60’s, and 70’s, African American music ended up influencing African culture because of the similarities between the Civil Rights Movement in the U.S. with the anti-colonial movement in various African states. Martin Luther King Jr., Malcolm X, Marcus Garvey (Jamaican but living in the U.S.), W.E.B. DuBois, and Booker T. Washington were instrumental in the anti-colonial movement. And later Bob Marley.
  • Soul was more than just music; it was a cultural revolution. You’d see it in peoples’ hair, walk, dress, dance.
  • The improvisational spirit of Africans/African Americans can be found in all sorts of soul music (think Curtis Mayfield) lyrics when things are said like “we’ll get there someway somehow.
  • Some ethnomusicologists call Funk “the most Africanized genre of American music.”
  • Go-Go music split off from Funk as “the anti-Disco” in Washington D.C. Dr. Kalumbu claims that Disco was boring and repetitive and Go-Go kept the rawness. I disagree but that’s another talk for another day.
  • Funk breaks allowed American M.C.’s to start Rapping and Dub music allowed Jamaican M.C.’s to start toasting.

Want to discuss any of this? Let’s make this a conversation. Otherwise I hope this inspires you! It certainly inspired me to get back into academica and education as well as making my D.J. sets even stronger.
Famous authors who were rejected (frequently)!
Stephen King, Ursula Le Guin, and more

This is such a lovely article. Fellow writers…please remember this. Getting rejected DOES NOT MEAN YOU ARE AN UTTER FAILURE.

If you or I ever get rejected, we’ll just pick ourselves up and keep doing what we love.

Have a wonderful day, and Happy Writing!


Tag 10 puffs?

Rules: tag 10 followers you want to get to know better.

I got tagged by @x-professionalfangirl-x Thanks a bunch girl! 

Name: Trinity

Nickname: Ninny, Trin, mini, trinny  idk i have a few XD

Birthday: April 17th 

Start Sign: Aries :3

Gender:  Female

Favourite Colour: Orange!

Time Right Now: 11:53am :/

Average Hours of Sleep:  ahh, 8-10 I guess. 

Lucky Numbers: 3 & 13   ¯\_(ツ)_/¯

Last Thing I Google: shrug emoticon :p

Number of Blankets I Sleep Under:  2

Favourite Book: Hex Hall Series… I couldn’t pick.

Favourite Bands: Fall Out Boy, Panic! at the disco and The Eden Project. 

Last Movie I saw in Cinema: Jurassic World! 

Dream Trip: Japan and South America

What am I wearing at the Moment: Red Jumper and pajama shorts. :/ Attractive am i right?  

Now I tag!












oops that was 11 :3