King William III and Queen Mary II began their reign in February of 1689, during which they shared equal rule over the kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland. The time they shared on the throne together was the only time in European history where there was a co regency. They ruled together until Mary’s death in 1694.
Through the Years → Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands (285/∞)
29 April 2011 | Crown Prince Willem Alexander and Princess Maxima of The Netherlands smile as they arrive to attend the Royal Wedding of Prince William to Catherine Middleton at Westminster Abbey in London, England. The marriage of the second in line to the British throne is to be led by the Archbishop of Canterbury and will be attended by 1900 guests, including foreign Royal family members and heads of state. Thousands of well-wishers from around the world have also flocked to London to witness the spectacle and pageantry of the Royal Wedding. (Photo by Chris Jackson/Getty Images)
“Princess royal” is the title given to the eldest daughter of the British Sovereign, once bestowed it is for life. It is Queen Henrietta wife of King Charles I who created the title for their daughter Princess Mary in 1642. The English Queen, née Princess of France wanted to bring in Engand, the French tradition of naming the eldest daughter of the King “Madame Royal”. “Princess Royal” was chosen as its equivalent. Princess Mary the first to hold this title died in 1660 and it is only until 1727 that the title was again used, it was for the eldest daughter of King George II and Queen Caroline, Princess Anne who married William Prince of Orange, granted at the age of 18 she hold it until her death in 1759. Next was Princess Charottedaughter of King George III and Queen Caroline, who died in 1828. The fourth Princess Royal, was Queen Victoria and Prince Albert first child, Princess Victoria, bestowed by the title at the age of one year old, she died from cancer in 1901. And it is her niece who became Princess Royal in 1905, Princess Louise also Duchess of Fife, passed away in 1931 the year after Princess Maryonly daughter of King George VI and Queen Mary, was became Princess Royal, until her death in 1965. Princess Anne currently holds the title conferred it in 1987 by her mother Queen Elizabeth II.
King James II before the gates of Londonderry, 1689. James’s Jacobite army besieged the Protestant-held town in April, when the king rode up to Bishop’s Gate and demanded its surrender. He received a volley of musket fire, accompanied by shouts of “no surrender,” an act which outraged the king. The ensuing siege lasted 105 days and cost the lives of 8,000 of the town’s defenders and inhabitants, but was ultimately broken by the arrival of three supply ships sent by King William III, Prince of Orange.
King William III of Orange died at the age of 51 on this day in British history, 8 March 1702. Although William’s father was a Dutch noble, King Charles I was his grandfather on his mother’s side. Eventually, William of Orange took advantage of the English dissatisfaction with the Catholic James II and mounted the ‘Glorious Revolution’ at the request of British Parliament. As King William III he signed the English Bill of Rights in 1689. William’s death on 8 March 1702 brought an end to the Dutch House of Orange, and saw his sister-in-law Anne become queen regent of England, Scotland, and Ireland.