king valdemar

A medieval stone carving depicting king Valdemar of Sweden (1239-1302)

Valdemar was a son of Birger Jarl and Ingeborg Eriksdotter who was elected king in 1250. As mentioned earlier his father was though a true ruler of the country. Valdemar was deposed in 1275 by his younger brother Magnus (a.k.a. Magnus barnlock)


Source: By Ragnar Sigsjö for Southerly Clubs [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

A royal candid image

From left to right : Prince Valdemar of Denmark, Prince George of Great Britain (future King George V), Princess Marie of Greece, Tsar Alexander III of Russia, Tsaritsa Maria Feodorovna of Russia, Queen Olga of the Hellenes, Prince Nicolaos of Greece and cut in half, Tsarevich Nicholas Alexandrovich of Russia, future Tsar Nicholas II. Early 1890s.

All 21 wars between Denmark and Sweden (1205-1814)

1205-1210: The Danes support Sverker Karlsson (Sverkerska) in his fight with Erik Knutsson (Erikska) over the Swedish throne.

1360-1361: The Danish King Valdemar Atterdag captures Skåne, Halland, Blekinge and Gotland.

1389-1398: King Albrekt of Sweden and his supporters are defeated by the forces of the nobility and Queen Magrethe of Denmark and Norway and the Kalmar Union comes into existance.

1434-1436: A revolt led by Engelbrekt Engelbrektsson leads to the first estates parliament in Sweden to declare King Erik of Denmark, Norway and Sweden deposed as King of Sweden.

1448-1450: As King Kristoffer dies suddenlly, the estates parliament elect the Swedish prominent nobleman Karl Knutsson (Bonde) King of Sweden. Both he an King Kristian I of Denmark are elected King of Norway by their respective supporters and war breaks out over Norway.

1452-1457: War between King Karl Knutsson (Bonde) and King Kristian of Denmark.

1463-1471: Since King Karl Knutsson (Bonde) had returned as King, new fighting broke out as King Kristian tried to enforce his claims to the Swedish throne.

1501-1520: Sten Gustavsson (Sture), having been deposed by Swedish supporters of the Kalmar Union 1497 returns and revolts against King Hans of Denmark. This is what leads to Stockholm’s bloodbath

1521-1523: Gustav Eriksson (Wasa) leads a rising against King Kristian II and finally ends the Kalmar Union.

1534-1536: Sweden intervenes in the Counts’ feud in Denmark to ensure that King Kristian II can not regain the throne in Denmark.

1563-1570: The Nordic Seven Years’ War between Denmark and Sweden.

1611-1613: The Kalmar War between Denmark and Sweden.

1643-1645: Torstensson’s War between Denmark and Sweden.

1657-1658: Karl X Gustav’s War between Denmark and Sweden.

1658-1660: Karl X Gustav’s second War between Denmark and Sweden.

1675-1679: The Scanian War between Denmark and Sweden.

1700: First Danish participation in the Great Nordic War. 

1709-1719: Second Danish participation in the Great Nordic War.

1788-1790: The teather war. Sweden attack Russia, and Denmark honours its alliance with Russia and declares war.

1808-1809: The Danish war. Denmark, allied with Russia, which prodded by Napoleon attacks Sweden to force it into the continental system, declares war on Sweden.

1814: The invasion of Norway. (Denmark had to give Norway to Sweden)

(Source:  vonadler)

History of the Scandinavian Cross Flag (“Nordic Cross”)

According to legend, the flag of Denmark originated during the Battle of Lyndanisse, part of the Northern Crusades, near modern-day Tallinn in Estonia, on June 15, 1219: The battle began when a group of pagans attacked Danish crusaders by surprise, killing Bishop Theoderich von Treyden. King Valdemar II of Denmark was nearing certain defeat when the Archbishop of Lund, Anders Sunesen, raised his arms in prayer to God; suddenly a flag (called the ‘Dannebrog’ in Danish) miraculously fell from the sky; taken as a sign of Christ’s protection, the King took it and showed it to his troops; their hearts were filled with courage and the Danes won the battle.

According to Swedish legend, the flag of Sweden originated when King St. Erik IX saw a golden cross in the sky during the First Swedish Crusade in 1157. He considered this a sign from God and adopted the golden cross on a blue background as his banner.

Regardless of who had the flag first, the cross design, which represents Christianity, was adopted by Denmark, Sweden, Norway, Finland, Iceland, the Faroe Islands, the Åland Islands, Scania, Shetland, Orkney and several other areas around northern Europe.

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The Battle of Visby was fought in 1361 near the town of Visby on the island of Gotland, between the forces of the Danish king and the Gutnish country yeomen. The Danish force was victorious.

Following the devastating battle, the citizens of Visby decided to surrender to avoid further losses. To save the city from sacking the inhabitants paid large amount of their wealth to King Valdemar. This extortion of contributions became a legendary event, although it can not be confirmed to have taken place, and if so, the events are unclear. Despite the payment, the Danes plundered several churches and monasteries.

Image: Valdemar Atterdag holding Visby to ransom, 1361,  Carl Gustaf Hellqvist

Another wild hunt

Hans Mathisen, an old man at Hirsholm, says that when he was young he was with the cavalry in Vordingborg and there was a farmer who said that one night he came outside to move some horses, a hunter came with a pack of dogs and asked the farmer to take care of them until he returned. The farmer tied the chain around a tree and a moment later he heard a shot and then the hunter came back with a woman hanging over the back of the horse. “Did you see I got her!” He said to the farmer, “but I also had to go Falster to fetch her.” It was an elven lady. The farmer said that it was King Valdemar* who had sold his Heaven to get to go hunting after his death.

* I need to look into which of our kings called Valdemar that this hunter is. But both are from the 1100-1300s.