king of the visigoths


The Toledo Cathedral is considered by many the pinnacle of the Spanish Gothic style. Both its exterior and interior are stunning, and its visual appeal could only be surpassed by the cathedral’s interesting history. 

The temple was actually built on top of a Muslim mosque, and before that it had been a church in the sixth century during the reign of the Visigoth King Recaredo. King San Fernando and the archbishop began building the new church in 1226.

Some English Words

delphinium (n) - a popular garden plant of the buttercup family, which bears tall spikes of blue flowers

formalin (n) - a colourless solution of formaldehyde in water, used chiefly as a preservative for biological specimens

Camembert (n) - a kind of rich, soft, creamy cheese with a whitish rind, originally made near Camembert in Normandy

pontificate (v) - to express one’s opinions in a pompous and dogmatic way

demur (v) - to raise objections or show reluctance

Alaric - king of the Visigoths, he invaded Italy and captured Rome

Scythia - an ancient region of SE Europe and Asia, the Scythian empire, which existed between the 8th and 2nd centuries BC, was centred on the northern shores of the Black Sea and extended from southern Russia to the borders of Persia

murex (n) - a predatory tropical marine mollusc, the shell of which bears spines and forms a long, narrow canal extending downwards from the aperture

purl (v) - (of a stream or river) flow with a swirling motion and babbling sound

From : “It is said that the 7th century Visigothic King Wamba held the lordship of the village of Cenay. He was thought to have been raised in the village, before moving on and being elected king. It may seem odd that such a hidden community would produce such a nobleman, but King Wamba was one of the few kings to have been deposed by a coup and live to tell the tale. He ruled when the Moors made an unsuccessful attempt to invade Spain in 675, and Wamba even called up priests for military service. This did not go down well and so some of his closest religious minders drugged him, shaved his head and dressed him as a monk. The embarrassing ploy worked, and he stepped down from the throne. The Moors had the last laugh when they returned in 711AD.”