king of iceland

ID #32096

Name: Marco
Age: 17 to 18
Country: Spain

I love adventures, hate routine, have never found any sense in rules and dogs bless my entire existence. I travel a lot due to my parent’s job; some of my favorite places are Iceland, Peru and my kitchen, where my mum hides the rare and precious chocolate. I would like to study graphic design, art or history.
I like reading absolutely anything; from Harry Potter (Gryffindor!) to Shakespeare (King Lear makes me cry). My parents have made my music taste by long car drives listening to Queen, Louis Armstrong and Beethoven, so pretty much like any good song. I will play the same song on repeat for a week and, for some reason, from all the meaningful songs in the entire world my favorite one is “Feliz Navidad” glee version. I don’t know, it makes me happy and I love Christmas. I like playing sports but I am actually bad at it. It’s just for fun really. I enjoy art, nature and lasagna.
I have really bad ideas more often than I’ll like to admit and I easily get in trouble. But I like to help others and I would say I give good advice, even if I never follow them. I have a really open mind and terrible taste in humor and clothes.
I speak Spanish and English and like two sentences in french so…

Preferences: Nah. Just no Racist/sexist/homophobes/dead brought back to life by an evir wizard or an evil wizard.
Also we don’t have to share same sack interest

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March 21, 2017 || Their Majesties King Harald and Queen Sonja host an official luncheon in honour of His Excellency President Guðni Th. Jóhannesson and Ms Eliza Reid at the Royal Palace. Their Royal Highnesses Crown Prince Haakon and Crown Princess Mette-Marit and Her Highness Princess Astrid, Mrs Ferner were also in attendance.

Source: The Royal Court

tyrsbiest  asked:

I saw a documentary recently, in which they said, Iceland became Christian basically because Denmark became Christian and imprisoned every Iceland not der on it's soil, sending an ultimatum to Iceland, that they would execute them, if Iceland wouldn't convert. A heathen law man, respected by Christians and Heathens alike, was in the end asked to decide. After some days he decided that Iceland should become Christian by name but in private every Icelander was free to do whatever. Can you confirm?

Sæl vinur,
(Hello friend,)

For the most part, yes, but also not exactly, because we should add a dash of ‘it’s complicated’ just to be safe. Allow me to briefly retell the story:

All of the parts are correct, but the interpretation of all those parts together is up for some debate. After all, documentaries are not exempt from having a bias, and not in the sense of having an agenda, but just because it is simply human nature to have certain inclinations. I suppose it is better to say that the documentary may have made some claims or assumptions that could be seen from various perspectives, and every interpretation is but one perspective out of many. I am finding myself being carried away in a moment of philosophical contemplation, so I digress (my apologies, but, in my defense, those are things we ought to think and talk about).

Anyway, Iceland was indeed pressured by Norway and not exactly Denmark. To be more specific, though, it was King Olaf Tryggvason who truly pressured the Icelanders, especially after his missionary, Thangbrand, returned from there with little success in 999.(1.) After this, the king not only imprisoned Icelanders as hostages (not a ton, mind you), but he also closed off Norwegian ports to Icelandic merchants.(2.) Now this was a big deal. Iceland was an island, after all, which meant that many goods needed to be imported. I would argue that it was not only the pressure from executing hostages that placed an ‘ultimatum’ on Iceland, but the economic strangling that King Olaf placed around their necks.

Yet, there were hostages, and they were the often the “sons and daughters of prominent Icelandic pagans.”(3.) Furthermore, King Olaf did threaten to “maim or kill [them] unless Iceland accepted Christianity.”(4.) Yet, this, as I mentioned above, was not the only force creating pressure. Believe it or not, there were already Christian Icelanders, some of which were fairly prominent, too.(5.) Why would they need to care about someone else’s family members? Unless they had some sort of bonds through kinship, they didn’t. 

There was something else on the line here, though. An aspect of Iceland’s foreign policy was to maintain a good relationship with Norway for two reasons: family and economic ties.(6.) Many Icelanders, whether pagan or Christian, had family in Norway, and therefore would prosper from continued positive relations. Furthermore, as already mentioned, Norway was Iceland’s major trading partner, and a falling through would be devastating on the economic front.

As for the “heathen law man,” his name was Thorgeir Thorkelsson, a chieftain (goði) from the farm of Ljósavatn in the Northern Quarter.(7) Most of what the documentary seems to have said pans out to be true, although his motives are, you guessed it, up for debate. Various accounts do agree, though, that he was indeed the Lawspeaker to make this decision.(8.) Here is an account from Njal’s Saga:

“Thorgeir lay for a whole day with a cloak spread over his head, and no one spoke to him. The next day people went to the Law Rock; Thorgeir asked for silence and spoke: ‘It appears to me that our affairs will be hopeless if we don’t all have the same law, for if the law is split then peace will be split, and we can’t live with that. Now I want to ask the heathens and the Christians whether they are willing to accept the law that I proclaim.’” 

They all assented to this. Thorgeir said that he wanted oaths from them and pledges that they would stick by them. They assented to this, and he took pledges from them.

‘This will be the foundation of our law,’ he said, ‘that all men in this land are to be Christians and believe in one God - Father, Son and Holy Spirit - and give up all worship of false idols, the exposure of children, and the eating of horse meat. Three years’ outlawry will be the penalty for open violations, but if these things are practiced in secret, there shall be no punishment.’

All of these heathen practices were forbidden a few years later, so that they could neither be practiced openly nor in secret.” (9.)

He was indeed a heathen, and he did, as illustrated above, for some unknown reason, deem that Iceland should adopt Christianity. It is also true that heathen practices were allowed afterwards, but not indefinitely. In Ari Thorgeirsson’s Íslendingabók, he says this about what happened afterwards:

“And he (Thorgeir Thorkelsson) brought his speech to a close in such a way that both sides agreed that everyone should have the same law, the one he decided to proclaim. It was then proclaimed in the laws that all people should be Christian, and that those in this country who had not yet been baptised should receive baptism; but the old laws should stand as regards the exposure of children and the eating of horse-flesh. People had the right to sacrifice in secret, if they wished, but it would be punishable by the lesser outlawry if witnesses were produced. And a few years later, these heathen provisions were abolished, like the others.” (10.)

So, given that account, people were “free to do whatever,” but only during this period of transition. Now, we may enter the realm of reasonable probability, but that, of course, comes with its limitations. Still, we can assume that it was quite possible that people still remained heathen for quite some time, yet this would have been difficult, mainly due to social pressures. It may have been more likely that some families retained their heathen traditions in somewhat of a hybrid religious state, in which they worshipped both Christ and the old gods. This was actually not unheard of. In Landnámabók, the Icelandic Book of Settlements, a man named Helgi the Lean is described as such:

“Helgi’s faith was very much mixed: he believed in Christ but invoked Thor when it came to voyages and difficult times.” (11.)


My final judgement is to say that this documentary was correct, of course, but not an ‘absolute truth’ on the matter. Besides there not being such a thing as an ‘absolute truth’, especially in regards to history, the documentary only provided one telling of a complicated tale; there were quite a few complications likely not discussed in the documentary. 

After all, there was more going on behind the scenes back when King Olaf was taking hostages. Furthermore, although Thorgeir allowed heathens to continue practice, this was only a temporary condition. Yet, even so, we do not truly know the reality that was in place. All we have are generalized accounts that tell us the ideal or legal standpoints. Let us not forget, either, that these very sources were written by the ‘winning’ party. As I said when I began this post, we all have a bias, whether we like it or not. There is no shame in this, but it must be known to properly handle the sources that we are given.

My advice, then, is to understand that documentaries, and even many works of academia, often only grant you one version of the story. Even the version I have told above leaves out certain details that honestly need consideration. Still, the documentary was not wrong, but there are always many levels of intricacy that truly need consideration before we can fully understand any given situation. 

Anyway, I truly am grateful that you asked this question. It was a pleasure to respond to it, and I do hope that you and many other prospers from my insights.

Með vinsemd og virðingu,
(With kindness and respect,)
Fjörn


FOOTNOTES:

1. Jesse L. Byock, Viking Age Iceland. (London: Penguin Books, 2001), 299.

2. Ibid.

3. Ibid.

4. Ibid.

5. I could talk about this for quite a while, but it would take us further from the question at hand than we ought to wander, at least for the time being.

6. Byock, 299.

7. Ibid., 300.

8. Ari Thorgeirsson’s Íslendingabók, chapter 7, and Njal’s Saga, chapter 105, give good accounts of this, and arguably with slightly different motives.

9. Robert Cook trans., Njal’s Saga, in The Complete Sagas of Icelanders, vol. III, edited by Viðar Hreinsson, Robert Cook, Terry Gunnell, Keneva Kunz, and Bernard Scudder. (Reykjavík: Leifur Eiríksson Publishing, 1997), 127-8. (Chapter 105, pages 180-1 in the Penguin edition)

10. Ari Thorgeirsson, The Book of the Icelanders: Íslendingabók, translated by Siân Grønlie, edited by Anthony Faulkes and Alison Finlay. (London: University College London, 20016), 9. (Chapter 7)

11. Hermann Pálsson and Paul Edwards trans., The Book of Settlements: Landnámabók. (repr., 1972; Manitoba: University of Manitoba Press, 2012), 97. (Chapter 218)

the nordics when it’s snowing outside

aph denmark: immediately runs outside and starts rolling around in the snow all excited while norway tries to get him to come back in before he gets sick. he’s an actual puppy.

aph norway: he’d seem all chill at first, but the second you turn your back you will be pummelled by ice-orbs. he is the KING of snowball fights. 

aph iceland: he would act really reluctant to being dragged out to play in the snow with the others, but he secretly loves the snowball fights and gets really into it but he sucks at - but he’s great at making ice-sculptures

aph sweden: he would run around following finland and motherhenning everyone, exclaiming things like “put y’r coat ‘n right now it’s cold outs’de!” or “th’re was ice ‘n that snowb’ll, some’ne could get hurt!” he’d also like to snuggle up indoors with finland wrapped in a blanket with a book and some hot coacoa

aph finland: finland would be really excited and he’d go make snowmen of each of the nordics… except one time he couldn’t find any sticks so he used knives for the arms and it was the most terrifying fucking thing they’ve ever seen

Good try, Noel.

Few people have noticed already but there are indeed easter eggs in this comic! A few have already shown up and they usually homage to the band and their music. I am a HUGE fan of Of Monsters and Men so I’d like to show my appreciation to them with this comic. For instance, the language that Noel was speaking in the previous page was actually Icelandic, since thats the origin of the band (special thanks to skotttan, btw, for helping with the translation!) and there are plenty more coming!

Also, PLEASE consider reblogging instead of just liking, you’d really be supporting me and King and Lionheart a lot! I’d really like this comic to grow!

ohsh-ean  asked:

Shit, now Im imagining Stingy being just as terrible at naming things as his parents. He struggles coming up with names, as he gives himself the most length-y royal name in the world (Parsimonious-Stingy ''Nenni jr'' Spoilero, Prince of Lazytown, Esquire of Iceland, King of the world, Emperor of the galaxy), but the kids just settle with ''Stingy''.

Or maybe when naming things he can’t look past their main characteristic.
“So uh… this is a… piggy bank…. shaped like a pig…. So then I suppose… a good name for it would be…‘Piggy’”

Although that lengthy name is seriously cute nice.

anonymous asked:

Do you have any good/happy fluffy DenNor fics because after what I read all I'm thinking of is angsty stuff

ooh okay fluffy dennor:

  • kohler’s coffee
  • meet iceland, best brother ever 
  • truly, remarkably, irrevocably
  • dansevise
  • anything for the tourists (I DIED OF LAUGHTER)

hope these are what you’re looking for!!

Ooh, okay, but what if saga Obi-Wan actually believes he killed Anakin at Mustafar?

Because everyone knows that King Palpatine is a sorcerer. And although Vader’s origin and family are unknown, it’s rumored that he’s a draugr that Palpatine has raised up to do his bidding.

So what if Obi-Wan believes that too? He knows that Anakin chose to honor his oath to Palpatine even after Palpatine named himself King of Iceland. And he knows that they fought, and that Obi-Wan wounded Anakin mortally.

So Obi-Wan could very well believe that Vader is, in fact, Anakin’s draugr. So when he tells Luke that Vader killed Anakin, it’s still a lie, but it’s not quite the lie Luke thinks it is. Obi-Wan believes he’s been grooming Luke to kill his father’s ghost, not his actual father.

What Obi-Wan doesn’t know is that Palpatine used his magic to ensure that, no matter how many blows struck him, no weapon would ever be able to kill Anakin. The wounds that Obi-Wan dealt him at Mustafar should have been mortal, but Palpatine’s sorcery kept Anakin alive. (The Vader suit, in saga speak, is definitely dark magic.)

And of course, because sagas love their poetic justice (and so do I), Palpatine’s own sorcery will come back to bite him in the end. Because when Anakin turns on him to save Luke, Palpatine himself can’t kill him.

Anakin only dies after Palpatine, because the source of the magic that keeps him alive is gone. He knew that killing his Master would result in his own death. But, as he tells Luke before he dies, “I will not consider my lungs’ breath cheaply spent, to have sent him first to the halls of Hel.”

hungary-is-awesomer-than-you-de  asked:

omfg dude so what if the Nordics excluding Denmark read 'Danish slaughterhouse' and one day they were all eating breakfast in the kitchen and Denmark came to them (bc he got up late again) and they all screamed and den couldn't figure out what was going on and the other Nordics were all avoiding him. one day he found 'Danish slaughterhouse' open on the computer and read it and when he finished he burst into tears claiming that he'd never do anything like that to them, they're his family.

poor baby :(

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I made Nordic edits, Cardverse edition!
Norway: King of Spades
Denmark: King of Hearts
Sweden: King of Clubs
Finland: King of Diamonds
Iceland: Jack of Spades
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♠️♥️♣️♦️♠️
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transparent credit from transparentalia

soilrockslove  asked:

The Saga of Star Wars posts are amazing! I really enjoyed reading them. Lots of food for thought.

Thank you! I’m glad you like. :)

I’m still hoping to write a much fuller saga summary eventually, but for now, here are some more tidbits of characterization:

  • Luke and Leia’s stories both begin with a burning. Luke’s is a straight up classic saga origin story: he’s the only survivor of the burning of his farm.
  • Leia’s, though… Leia’s is more intense than anything we see in saga literature, since her entire region burns, and she’s the only survivor.
  • This means that both of them are primed for revenge narratives.
  • Also, Tarkin like Palpatine is a sorcerer. Icelandic magic often functions as basically an intensifier, taking natural actions and phenomena up to 11. So Palpatine’s men can burn Luke’s farm, but the burning of Leia’s entire region definitely implies the presence of dark magic.
  • Instead of destroying the Death Star, then, the main objective of the fourth part of the Saga of Star Wars is to defeat and kill the sorcerer Tarkin, which means fighting through plenty of magic, summoned storms and the like.
  • Obi-Wan is also skilled in the magic arts. His nickname is Obi-Wan the Sly.
  • Anakin is definitely a berserk. Uncontrollable rages that frequently come at inconvenient times and leave him weakened and disoriented afterwards, sometimes not even fully aware of what he did during the berserk fit? Yeah. That’s pretty much canon.
  • Palpatine began his career as a lawyer and maneuvered his way into the position of Law Speaker, and from there declared himself King of Iceland. (Yeah. King. Of Iceland. Those of you who know your sagas and saga attitudes can guess how well that’s gonna go over.)
  • Luke grows up knowing he’s the son of a slave and the grandson of a slave woman (and unlike Olaf Peacock in the sagas, his slave grandmother didn’t conveniently turn out to be a stolen princess). So he’s probably not at all shy about defending his family and his family honor to all comers.
  • Leia, on the other hand, is fostered by the most prominent family in the Alderaan region. So it causes a bit of a scandal when she takes up with Han Lonewalker, a man of unknown family and far from wealthy.
  • (Ironically, this is very similar to the scandal that surrounded her birth parents.)
  • People are horrified when Leia announces her plans to marry Han, but by that point she and Luke have learned about their birth parents. So Leia scathingly tells everyone, “It’s well-known, now, that my father’s mother was a slave woman, so you ought to account this a good match.”
  • (Everyone is too terrified of her to comment further.)