Caesar Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus was 14 years old when he became Roman Emperor. He is known to history as Elagabalus because he was from birth the high priest of the androgynous sun deity Elagabal. Elagabalus is recorded as having been one of the most infamous and degenerate figures in Roman history.
Elagabalus married and divorced five women but his most stable relationship seems to have been his chariot driver, a blond slave from Caria name Hierocles, whom he referred to as his husband. He married a man name Zoticus, an athlete from Smyrna, in a pubic ceremony at Rome.
When he was married to Hierocles, Elagabalus would dress like a woman and allow himself to be caught in the act of adultery by his husband, who would then beat him as husbands were then allowed to beat their wives.
Elagabalus would paint his eyes, epilate his hair and wear wigs before prostituting himself in taverns, brothels, and even in the imperial palace:
“Finally, he set aside a room in the palace and there committed his indecencies, always standing nude at the door of the room, as the harlots do, and shaking the curtain which hung from gold rings, while in a soft and melting voice he solicited the passers-by. There were, of course, men who had been specially instructed to play their part. For, as in other matters, so in this business, too, he had numerous agents who sought out those who could best please him by the size of their penis. He would collect money from his patrons and give himself airs over his gains; he would also dispute with his associates in this shameful occupation, claiming that he had more lovers than they and took in more money.”
He was described as having been “delighted to be called the mistress, the wife, the queen of Hierocles” and was reported to have offered vast sums of money to any physician who could equip him with female genitalia.
One of his palace orgies was the scene of an inadvertent massacre when so many flower petals were showered upon the banquet guests that dozens of people suffocated to death as they reclined on their couches.
He was known to harness teams of naked women to his chariot and whip them as they pulled him around the palace grounds.
On his head, he wore a crown in the shape of a tiara, glittering with gold and precious stones.
He preferred to spend his days in the company of the palace women, singing, dancing and weaving.
The soldiers were revolted at the sight of him. With his face made up more elaborately than a modest woman, he was effeminately dressed up in golden necklaces and soft clothes, dancing for everyone to see.
At the age of 18, in March 222 AD, Rome’s soldiers finally rebelled against their Emperor. After slaughtering his minions and tearing out their vital organs, they then fell upon Elagabalus as he hid cowering in a latrine. After killing him, they dragged his body through the streets by a hook and attempted to stuff it into a sewer. When it proved too big, they threw him into the River Tiber.
Alexander The Great in front of the tomb of Achilles.
This painting in the Louvre Museum is a work of Hubert Robert (1733 -1808) done around 1754.
The subject taken from the Greek rhetorician Claudius Aelianius or Aelian (Varia Historia, XII, 7), writing in the second century CE, and shows the Macedonian king having the tomb of Achilles opened in order to pay a homage to the Greek hero of the Trojan War.
Achilles’ relationship with Patroclus is a key aspect of his myth. Its
exact nature has been a subject of dispute in both the classical period
and modern times. Thus in 5th-century BCE Athens, the relationship was
commonly interpreted as pederastic. Nowadays some see it as a love
relationship of an egalitarian homosexual couple. It is the same case as
the relationship between Alexander the Great and Hephaestion. The
relationship between the Macedonian king and his dearest and closest
friend and confidant, lasted their whole lives, and was compared, by
others as well as themselves, to that of Achilles and Patroclus.
Hephaestion and Alexander grew up in a time and place where homosexual
affairs were seen as perfectly normal. Roman and later writers, taking
the Athenian pattern as their example, have tended to assume either,
that their sexual relationship belonged to their adolescence, after
which they left it behind, or that one of them was older, the lover
(erastes) and the other was the beloved (eromenos). Claudius Aelianus
takes the latter view when he uses just such an expression when
describing the visit to Troy: “Alexander laid a garland on Achilles’
tomb and Hephaestion on Patroclus’, indicating that he was Alexander’s
eromenos, as Patroclus was of Achilles.” No other circumstance shows
better the nature and length of their relationship than Alexander’s
overwhelming grief at Hephaestion’s death. The many and varied ways,
both spontaneous and planned, by which Alexander poured out his grief
are overwhelming. In the context of the nature of their relationship
however, one stands out as remarkable. Lucius Flavius Arrianus
“Xenophon” (Arrian of Nicomedia, ca. 86 – 160), in his work Ἀλεξάνδρου
ἀνάβασις says that Alexander “… flung himself on the body of his friend
and lay there nearly all day long in tears, and refused to be parted
from him until he was dragged away by force by his Companions.
This painting by Robert (known as Robert des Ruines) is close to Panini,
who was his teacher during his long stay of 11 years in Rome, and it is
considered to be one of the first productions of the French artist in
that city. In the painting by the French vedutista, an architectural
fantasy, we see a pyramid similar to that of Caius Cestius in Rome, the
ruins of a temple with Ionic columns inspired by the temple of Saturn in
the Roman Forum and a round temple, after the Roman temple of Vesta, or
the temple of the Sybile in Tivoli. The statue standing at the
left-hand side of the canvas is the so-called Antinous of the Belvedere,
or Antinous Admirandus, the famous statue in the Pio-Clementino Museum
of the Vatican. This statue, correctly identified as a Hermes in the
19th century, was long taken to be a depiction of the beautiful
Bythinian lover of Emperor Hadrian, one of the great “eromenos-erastes”
relationship of the antiquity.
Alexander III of Macedon, commonly known as Alexander the Great, was king of Macedon and a member of the Argead dynasty. He was born in Pella in 356 BC and succeeded his father Philip II at the age of twenty. He spent most of his ruling years on military campaigns, and created one of the largest empires of the ancient world by the age of thirty, stretching from Greece to northwestern India. He was undefeated in battle until his death in Babylon in 323 BC.
Never gon’ be president now! Never thought I’d see the day where I was drawing pictures of the First Secretary of the US Treasury and King George III, but the Hamilton soundtrack has forced my hand. I have the honour to be your Obedient Servant, M dot Barr’.
I’ve been reading this book, and is basically about history- Right now Im on the greeks, and they have a WHOLE chapter of Homer and the Illiad (Its killing me slowly, they said there was proof of the heroes being ACTUAL PEOPLE and not only characters, be still my patroclus heart) and I just wanted to point out that the greeks were far more accepting than us in terms of sexuality, but the book caused so much controversy because, apparently, you couldn’t be a hero and have a guy as your partner (remember all those history books were my babies were called platonic bros). Then, Alexander The Great, a FUCKING KING AND A CONQUEROR AND A BADASS, fucking claims himself as the direct descendant of Achilles and says, well, guess what, you didnt approve of patrochilles, so here you have me FUCKING SPENDING MILLIONS OF GOLD IN A FEAST AND THE FUCKING PYRE OF MY FUCKING BEST FRIEND AND LOVER WHO HAPPENS TO BE A GUY, and almost tattoes on his chest “gay4Hefestion” and I still dont understand why Alexander isn’t a great bisexual icon, he deserves reconition.
Beautiful Ancient Coin with the Image of Alexander the Great
This is a silver tetradrachm from the Thracian Kingdom under the rule of Lysimachus. It was struck sometime after the death of Lysimachus in 281 BC at an undetermined mint. The obverse shows the head of Alexander the Great wearing a diadem and the horns of Ammon. The reverse shows Athena Nikephoros seated. There are two monograms, one of which is in a wreath and the inscription BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY.
Lysimachus (r. 323-281 BC) was a Macedonian officer and diadochus (i.e. “successor”) of Alexander the Great, who became a basileus (“King”) in 306 BC, ruling Thrace, Asia Minor and Macedon. Read more about Lysimachus here.
Thessalonike (Greek: Θεσσαλονίκη; 352 or 345 – 295 BC) was a Macedonian princess, the daughter of king Philip II of Macedon, half sister of Alexander the Great and wife of Cassander. Thessalonike became queen of Macedon and the mother of three sons, Philip, Antipater, and Alexander; and her husband paid her the honour of conferring her name upon the city of Thessaloniki. There exists a popular Greek legend stating that Alexander, in his quest for the Fountain of Immortality, retrieved with great exertion a flask of immortal water with which he bathed his sister’s hair. When Alexander died his grief-stricken sister attempted to end her life by jumping into the sea. Instead of drowning, however, she became a mermaid passing judgment on mariners throughout the centuries and across the seven seas. To the sailors who encountered her she would always pose the same question: “Is Alexander the king alive?”, to which the correct answer would be “He lives and reigns and conquers the world”. Given this answer she would allow the ship and her crew to sail safely away in calm seas. Any other answer would transform her into the raging Gorgon, bent on sending the ship and every sailor on board to the bottom.
Ancient Coin with the Image of the Persian God Baaltars
This silver stater was struck around 379 to 374 BC under the rule of the Persian satrap Phanabazos II at Tarsos (Tarsus) in Cilicia. The obverse bears the image of Baaltars seated and holding a lotus tipped scepter with ‘BLTRZ’ inscribed behind. The reverse shows a bearded and helmeted male head (possibly Ares) with the inscription 'FRNBZW HLK’. Stunning natural iridescent toning. Extremely Fine.
Baaltars (combination of “Baal” and “Tarsus”) was a deity of the Persian Empire, the Baal or Zeus of the city of Tarsus. His depiction appears on coins of the Persian kings or satraps of Cilicia at Tarsus before Alexander the Great in the 5th and 4th century BC and also on the coins of the early Seleucids.