keyelements

Around the house - Vocabulary in Spanish

Original post in Finnish by blackteaandlanguages

Originally posted by spatialmadness

la casa - house
el departamento - apartment
el hogar - home
el cuarto/la habitación - room
arriba - upstairs
abajo - downstairs
la(s) escalera(s) - stairs, staircase
los escalones/peldaños - steps
el piso - floor
la alfombra - carpet
la pared - wall
el reloj - clock
la pintura - painting
la foto - photo
el póster/la lámina - poster
el enchufe/la toma de corriente - socket
el cielo raso - ceiling
el techo - roof
el tejado - tile roof
la alarma de incendios - fire alarm
la lámpara - lamp
la puerta - door
la cerradura - lock
la llave - key
el timbre - doorbell
el buzón - mail box
la reja - bars
la ventana - window
las cortinas - curtains
la entrada - entry
el recibidor - hall
la repisa - rack
el perchero - hanger
la sala de estar - living room
el sofá - sofa
el sillón- armchair
la mecedora - rocking chair
la mesa ratona - coffee table
el televisor - TV set
la televisión - TV (the service)
el control remoto - remote control
el hogar - fireplace
la chimenea - chimney
el dormitorio - bedroom
la cama - bed
la cama marinera - bunk beds
la cama matrimonial - double bed
la mesa de luz - nighttable
la almohada - pillow
la frazada/manta - blanket
la sábana - sheet
el colchón - mattress
el armario/ropero - wardrobe
la cómoda - chest of drawers
la cocina - kitchen
la mesa - table
el mantel - tablecloth
el jarrón - vase
la silla - chair
la alacena - cupboard
la mesada/encimera - counter
la cocina - stove
el horno - oven
el lavabo/la pileta  - sink
el grifo - faucet
la esponja - sponge
el refrigerador - refrigerator
el freezer - freezer
el (horno) microondas - microwave oven
la cafetera - coffee cooker
la pava - kettle
la tostadora - toaster
el lavaplatos - dish-washing machine
la sala de juguetes - toy room, playing room
el juguete - toy
la caja - box
el estudio - study (room)
el escritorio - desk
el tacho de basura - bin 
la biblioteca - bookshelf, library
la computadora - computer
el teléfono - phone
el lavadero - laundry room
el lavarropas - washing machine
la canasta de la ropa - laundry basket
la aspiradora - vacuum cleaner
el balde - bucket
la pala y la escoba - dustpan and broom
la batería - battery
la caldera - heater
el baño - bathroom
el toilette - toilet
el inodoro - toilet bowl
el papel higiénico - toilet paper
la ducha - shower
el baño - bath
el jabón - soap
el shampoo/champú - shampoo
el acondicionador - conditioner
las burbujas/pompas de jabón - bubbles
la espuma - foam
la cortina de baño - shower curtain
la toalla - towel
el espejo - mirror
el cepillo de dientes - toothbrush
la pasta dental - toothpaste
la maquinilla de afeitar - razor
el/la secador/a de pelo - hairdryer
el sauna - sauna
el termómetro - thermometer
el sótano - cellar
el altillo - attic
el balcón/la terraza - balcony
el patio - yard
el jardín - garden
la huerta - vegetable garden
el invernadero - greenhouse
la cucha - doghouse
el garage - garage

linguistic-lemon  asked:

Agh, I'm still very confused on when to use imperfect vs. preterite. I've just gotten into the habit of using preterite all the time because I have no clue when to switch and use imperfect. Help? >_<

[taken from my Spanish Tenses & Moods Masterpost]

Preterite [el pretérito]

Preterite is the first half of the Spanish past, and is much easier to understand than its counterpart, the imperfect.

Preterite is sometimes considered “the simple past”, because it refers to completed actions happening in the past.

Actions are completed, whether it was once, or whether it was many times, they are actions that have been done definitely. So it tends to be preterite that is used for “one-time” actions, or “consistent” actions (a verb done many times, but all completed).

The hallmark of preterite is specific times, dates, months, or days of the week being used, in addition to siempre and nunca “always” and “never”, respectively. Preterite is much more clearly defined by time or a particular occasion that the speaker is referencing.

Imperfect [el imperfecto]

Imperfect is the second half of the Spanish past.

It makes more sense if you consider that “imperfect” means “not completed”.

Imperfect is used for indefinite time phrases: “many times”, “usually”, “sometimes”, “often”…

Imperfect may refer to description with no definite time phrase, or that something was continually happening or continuously happened; an action not completed.

It also can carry the meaning of “used to (do something)”. This is more apparent with the verb soler “to do often” of present tense.

The verb soler has no preterite form, only existing in present tense, or the imperfect: solía, solías, solía, solían, solíamos

Extra:


There’s also the preterito tag and the imperfecto tag which probably have some of the same posts, but I find them very helpful for narrowing down other asks and things I’ve done on the past tenses.

anonymous asked:

Hey there i'm struggling with when to use imperfect tense vs preterite. Do you have any tips on when to use one vs the other? Thanks!

[copy/pasted from my masterpost on tenses/moods]


Preterite [el pretérito]

Preterite is the first half of the Spanish past, and is much easier to understand than its counterpart, the imperfect.

Preterite is sometimes considered “the simple past”, because it refers to completed actions happening in the past.

Actions are completed, whether it was once, or whether it was many times, they are actions that have been done definitely. So it tends to be preterite that is used for “one-time” actions, or “consistent” actions (a verb done many times, but all completed).

The hallmark of preterite is specific times, dates, months, or days of the week being used, in addition to siempre and nunca “always” and “never”, respectively. Preterite is much more clearly defined.

Imperfect [el imperfecto]

Imperfect is the second half of the Spanish past.

It makes more sense if you consider that “imperfect” means “not completed”.

Imperfect is used for indefinite time phrases: “many times”, “usually”, “sometimes”, “often”…

Imperfect may refer to description with no definite time phrase, or that something was continually happening or continuously happened; an action not completed.

It also can carry the meaning of “used to (do something)”. This is more apparent with the verb soler “to do often”.

The verb soler has no preterite form, only existing in imperfect: solía, solías, solía, solían, solíamos

Extra:


And there’s also the preterito tag and imperfecto tag that might help. There is some overlap, but they have more questions/info on them in actual use.