KENYA. Kibera. May 2016. A police officer throws a teargas grenade at protesters. Local media reported at least one killed in Kisumu in the west of the country, while police in Nairobi and the second city of Mombasa fought running battles with small groups of protesters. Police had banned the planned demonstrations and scores of officers in riot gear guarded the building that houses the election commission headquarters in the centre of the capital.

Photograph: Carl de Souza/AFP/Getty Images 

KENYA. Nairobi. April 2016. A Kenyan police officer loads his teargas launcher to disperse supporters of the Kenyan Coalition for Reforms and Democracy, led by former Prime Minister Raila Odinga, also the leader of the Orange Democratic Movement, after they attempted to forcefully enter the Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission (IEBC) offices. The coalition leaders are pushing for the IEBC to disband, claiming that, as presently constituted, it cannot be allowed to monitor the 2017 general elections. 

Photograph: Daniel Irungu/EPA