kenya somalia

African Beauty💕

🇦🇴Angola - @juvenalia
🇧🇮Burundi - @theylovetheafro
🇨🇩DRC - @chloekitembo
🇪🇹Ethiopia - @the_dopest_ethiopian
🇬🇭Ghana - @nvmam
🇬🇳Guinea - @blissfullqueen
🇨🇮Ivory Coast - @bkmsang
🇰🇪Kenya - @samburuqueen
🇳🇬Nigeria - @withlovesao
🇸🇳Senegal - @fatoust
🇸🇱Sierra Leone - @ednagazell
🇸🇴Somalia - @huthun
🇿🇦South Africa - @anitamarshall_
🇸🇸South Sudan - @jamieandniks
🇹🇿Tanzania - @jokatemwegelo
🇺🇬Uganda - @pslovemeriaa

Fractal Architecture throughout the African Continent

El Molo Hut, Lake Turkana, Kenya

Classical architecture consists of mostly Euclidean or flat shapes and straight lines (bricks, boards, pitched roofs etc). Fractal Architecture consists of spherical or curved shapes that can be found in nature. Fractal architecture is essentially the opposite of Classical architecture and is generally defined as contemporary architecture. However this form of design has been tradition in many African tribes and villages for ages. Specifically when looking at the forms of both modern huts and ancient structures.  These structures fuse materials, functional design, and aesthetic in an eco-friendly way. 

If you have been following my blog for a while, you may have noticed many of the newer buildings possess a space-like or otherworldly vibe. This stems from the practice of using traditional techniques to incorporate cones, prisms, and spherical elements into modern design.  Modern architecture does not necessarily reference new structures, in this case it represents an ancient technique that is being rediscovered and reused in a modern context. Please enjoy these images of fractal architecture in various parts of Africa.

Multi-purpose building in Hargeisa, Somalia.

Tataouine, Tunisia - Ancient ruins have such an extraterrestrial element to them the location was used as a set in the original Star Wars film

Modern hut interior in Mapungubwe, South Africa

Great Mosque of Djenné in Djenné, Mali

After moving hundreds of miles away from home for college, I was looking forward to taking a vacation with my family the summer after my first year. My freshman year of college had been especially hard, both from being far from my family and all the stress that typically comes with starting college.
My decision to pursue postsecondary education in New York came with the price of leaving my family behind. It was emotional and tumultuous. I, like many first-generation students from an immigrant background, struggled to reconcile two frequently opposing forces: family membership and educational mobility. So when my mother invited me to go on a vacation to Kenya to visit our family I thought this would be a good chance to spend some time together, reunite with family we hadn’t seen for a while and have fun. Little did I know that my mother had other plans in store for me.
I hail from an extremely conservative Muslim background, but over the past years, I had recognized that I didn’t consider myself Muslim anymore. Not only did I have to hide from my family that I was an ex-Muslim, but also that I was gay.
We are Somali by ethnicity, but my family fled to Kenya before I was born. We immigrated to the United States when I was young, but not all of our family was able to come to the United States. This wouldn’t be my first time going back to Kenya, so I was looking forward to seeing family and spending some time there.
We arrived in Kenya in late May 2017. The first night we arrived, my mother told me this would not be a summer vacation. She told me that I would not be returning back to the United States at the end of the summer as planned. She asked me to withdraw from college so that I could be placed under the control of a group of sheikhs whose goal would be to make me Muslim and straight again. Somehow my family had found out my secret and had prepared this elaborate ruse to get me to Kenya.
Similar to the philosophies of gay conversion therapy in the United States, there are those within the Muslim community who will utilize abusive tactics to try and “take the gay out of me.” Even though my mother “asked” me to go, I knew that this wasn’t really a choice. A few sheikhs were at my hotel that night. They briefly spoke to me about how being gay and atheist is unequivocally against my Islamic upbringing and African heritage. I knew that when they came to take me away the following morning, I would be forced to go.
I was quite aware of the horrors of these gay and religious conversion camps. The leaders operate the conversion camp around grim parts of Somalia and Kenya. They subject the captives to severe beatings, shackling, food deprivation, and other cruel practices. Women and girls are forced into marriages, have FGM performed on them and are barred from accessing education.
I had to get out immediately. I was without access to money or even my passport, so I needed assistance. To buy myself some time, I told my mother that I would be willing to go along with her plans. I told them I was going for a walk, and then I reached out to members of Ex-Muslims of North America (EXMNA).
I was put in touch with Muhammad Syed, the president of EXMNA, who instantly reached out to the United States Embassy in Kenya to see if they could help me escape. I was told that if I could take a cab to the Embassy, they could shelter me and help me figure out how I could get back to the United States.
In the middle of the night, when everyone was asleep, I stole my passport, escaped from the hotel and made it safely to the Embassy. It was literally the scariest moment of my entire life. One mistake and everything would be over.
Thankfully, the Consul General welcomed me into his home until we could figure out what to do. The next problem was that I had no place to go and no money to get back to the United States. I couldn’t go back home because that’s where my family lives. The Consul General reached out to various folks to see if they would be willing to host me until I get things figured out. Luckily, they were able to find a place for me. EXMNA was generous enough to pay for my airfare back to the United States.
Once back on U.S. soil I felt a measure of relief. Both the FBI and local police are keeping an eye on me and, while I have begun to feel physically safe, emotionally the nightmare still isn’t over. At 19, I now have no family. Even family who had nothing to do with this scheme aren’t talking to me.
Their rejection and treatment of me have left me beyond devastated. It has left me seriously questioning who I am and whether I deserve to be treated this way. The loss of their love and support, both financial and emotional, won’t be easy to get over.
While I’m lucky to have close friends who have offered their love and support, it does absolutely nothing for the hole my family ripped into my heart. I know what they did to me was horrible and wrong, but they are still my family and reconciling with them will take time.
While I’m working through all of this on a personal level, I know that I want to do everything I can to prevent this from happening to others like me. I have been meeting with the State Department and others to discuss what can be done to stop this barbaric practice, which is all too prevalent
Gay conversion therapy in and of itself is exceedingly abhorrent. It is still used in the United States and while it can’t alter someone’s sexual orientation, it certainly scars them for life. Suicide rates are extremely high for people who are forced into these conversion camps. However, these sorts of camps operate in complete secrecy in parts of Africa. The fact that homosexuality is still illegal in most of Africa makes these conversion camps even crueler.
Unlike conversion therapy in the United States, the ones in East Africa (and other Muslims dominated regions) aren’t commonly reported on or talked about. We don’t have exact numbers of how many young people are forced to go to these camps, but we know the numbers are growing. Many of the people held captive have similar stories to myself. Their family immigrated to the United States, and their family brought them back to Somalia or Kenya to force them into these re-education camps.
I am lucky enough to be over eighteen, a U.S. citizen, and have a large support network, so it made it easier for me to get out of this horrible situation. Not everyone’s that lucky. That is why I’m sharing my story. I’m sharing it with you all so you could know that this shit still happens. I’m sharing it so that the U.S. and other governments can do what they can to protect the vulnerable youth of Muslim backgrounds whose parents abuse them in the name of religion and culture.
I don’t know if I will ever be able to have a relationship with my family, but I am thankful that I am alive. For now, I am taking it one day at a time.
Thanks for reading.
—  universe01
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Superb Starling

The superb starling (Lamprotornis superbus) is a member of the starling family of birds. This species has a very large range and can commonly be found in East Africa, including Ethiopia, Somalia, Uganda, Kenya, Sudan, and Tanzania. These starlings live in savanna, in thornbush and acacia arid areas, open woodland, lakeshore woodlands, gardens and cultivated fields.

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Fun Fact 146

Illegal plastic bag smuggling has become a lucrative market in some African countries like Rwanda. Numerous African countries including Mauritania, Rwanda, Tunisia, Cameroon, Mali, Malawi, Ethiopia, Uganda, Botswana, Somalia, Kenya, South Africa, Tanzania, and Morocco all have partial or full bans on the manufacture, use and import of plastic bags. Many of these countries are made up of pastoralists, fishermen and farmers and plastic bags pose a significant threat to their animals and the environment on which they’re reliant.

somali independence day

today is the 1st july 2017. 57 years ago, somalia gained independence from italy. it joined with northern somalia who gained independence from britain on 26th june 1960. 

together, they became the Federal Republic of Somalia - Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliya.

as it’s my country of origin’s birthday, i believed that it was a good day to provide y’all with some somali education. lets do this


where is somalia?

somalia is located  in the Horn of Africa. It is bordered by Ethiopia to the west, Djibouti to the northwest, the Gulf of Aden to the north, the Indian Ocean to the east, and Kenya to the southwest. Somalia has the longest coastline on Africa’s mainland


what language(s) do you speak in somalia?

the basic answer people say is somali and this is pretty accurate. it’s the most widely spoken language within somalia (approximately 16.6 million speakers of Somali, of which about 8.3 million reside in somalia) and you can pretty much confidently learn that language and survive in somalia. however, with languages, there’s dialects and believe me, some somali dilects are a completely different language. but despite this, you can learn a particular dialect and people are still able to understand you.

apart from dialects, some somalis can also speak another language in addition to somali. these languages are usually spoken due to their deeper ethnic background that makes them somali. these include af maay, booran and garre. 

people usually forget about other languages spoken within somalia by the ethnic minorities that live in somalia. there are bantus living in somalia and yes, they speak somali but they additionally speak their mother language which is something amazing because they haven’t forgotten their roots and still keep it close to their hearts. minority languages include the Bravanese dialect (also known as Chimwiini or Chimbalazi), a variant of the Bantu Swahili language that is spoken along the southern coast by the Bravanese people. Kibajuni is another Swahili dialect that is the mother tongue of the Bajuni ethnic minority group. Additionally, a number of Bantus speak Mushunguli as a mother tongue.

oromo is also spoken in somalia by the immigrant population (ngl i wanna learn oromo one day bYE)

arabic is used also by people and the media but despite having an official language status, it isn’t used as widely as somali.

being a langblr, imma get into the language history and indepth knowledge sometime if y’all want


how does the somali flag look like?

The blue field is the same shade used by the united nations. the five-pointed white “Star of Unity” is symbolic of the Somali race found in Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya and the former associated British and Italian colonies. when somalia gained independence, the italian flag was lowered in the mogadishu state house and this was resurrected. this symbol was a light for the somali people.


how does somalia look like?

when people think of any country that isn’t associated with europe, australia/nz or north america, they assume that the place is ugly. somalia is regenerating and it used to be a favourite holiday destination for many before the civil war occurred. thanks to the turkish people and its country in addition to the many somali diaspora that are returning to rebuild the country, somalia is becoming an amazing place. i’ve attached a couple of pictures to show you somalia and its coast i have found on instagram.


if anyone liked this, tell me and i might continue with a somali info series

June 24, 2017 - Northern White-crowned Shrike or White-rumped Shrike (Eurocephalus ruppelli)

These shrikes are found in dry thornbush and open woodlands of eastern Africa, in parts of South Sudan, Uganda, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, and Somalia. They eat mostly insects, including beetles, grasshoppers, and butterflies. Little is known about their breeding habits, though their nests are probably built from grasses and spider webs and their breeding season varies throughout their range.

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Jackals

Jackals are medium-sized omnivorous mammals of the genus Canis, which also includes wolves and the domestic dog. While the word “jackal” has historically been used for many small canids, in modern use it most commonly refers to three species: the closely related black-backed jackal and side-striped jackal of sub-Saharan Africa, and the golden jackal of south-central Eurasia, which is more closely related to other members of the genus Canis

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March 24, 2017 - Magpie Starling (Speculipastor bicolor)

These starlings are found in eastern Africa, in Ethiopia, Somalia, Uganda, Kenya, and Tanzania. They frequent open bushy or wooded habitats in arid areas. They eat a variety of fruits, including those from fig and sumac trees, and insects. Their breeding season is between February and June, depending on where in their range they live.

United States, Canada, Mexico, Panama
Haiti, Jamaica, Peru,
Republic Dominican, Cuba, Carribean
Greenland, El Salvador too.
Puerto Rico, Columbia, Venezuela
Honduras, Guyana, and still,
Guatemala, Bolivia, then Argentina
And Ecuador, Chile, Brazil.
Costa Rica, Belize, Nicaragua, Bermuda
Bahamas, Tobago, San Juan,
Paraguay, Uruguay, Surinam
And French Guiana, Barbados, and Guam.

Norway, and Sweden, and Iceland, and Finland
And Germany now one piece,
Switzerland, Austria, Czechoslovakia
Italy, Turkey, and Greece.
Poland, Romania, Scotland, Albania
Ireland, Russia, Oman,
Bulgaria, Saudi Arabia
Hungary, Cyprus, Iraq, and Iran.
There’s Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan
Both Yemens, Kuwait, and Bahrain,
The Netherlands, Luxembourg, Belgium, and Portugal
France, England, Denmark, and Spain.

India, Pakistan, Burma, Afghanistan
Thailand, Nepal, and Bhutan,
Kampuchea, Malaysia, then Bangladesh (Asia)
And China, Korea, Japan.
Mongolia, Laos, and Tibet, Indonesia
The Philippine Islands, Taiwan,
Sri Lanka, New Guinea, Sumatra, New Zealand
Then Borneo, and Vietnam.
Tunisia, Morocco, Uganda, Angola
Zimbabwe, Djibouti, Botswana,
Mozambique, Zambia, Swaziland, Gambia
Guinea, Algeria, Ghana.

Burundi, Lesotho, and Malawi, Togo
The Spanish Sahara is gone,
Niger, Nigeria, Chad, and Liberia
Egypt, Benin, and Gabon.
Tanzania, Somalia, Kenya, and Mali
Sierra Leone, and Algiers,
Dahomey, Namibia, Senegal, Libya
Cameroon, Congo, Zaire.
Ethiopia, Guinea-Bissau, Madagascar
Rwanda, Mahore, and Cayman,
Hong Kong, Abu Dhabi, Qatar, Yugoslavia…
Crete, Mauritania
Then Transylvania,
Monaco, Liechtenstein
Malta, and Palestine,
Fiji, Australia, Sudan

—  Yakko Warner

Comment: problack.princess said “This is so beautiful. ✨✨✨
#Africa #westafrica #eastafrica #nigeria #cameroon #kenya #ethiopia #egypt #ghana #somalia #congo #senegal #mozambique #zimbabwa #diversity #diverse #angola #gambia #ivorycoast #mali #centralafrica #southafrica”

an east african thot's thoughts on mississippi masala

the long history of south asians in east africa is not one brought about by colonialism; their presence is not new, nor is it necessarily foreign in the way whiteness is in the region. the indian ocean stretching out along the coast of somalia, kenya, tanzania and mozambique had cemented a trading relationship  leading to groups settling alongside our coasts and mixing and creating new dialects, fusing cultures along the way. globalisation had existed in these coasts long before western jargon had found the words to articulate this movement. gujarati and hindi found their way into somali and swahili vernacular alongside arabic linguistic influence. our languages, food, cultures often serve as reminders unto ourselves of our intersecting histories, however, this supposed blissful time was complicated by british colonialism, when tens of thousands of south asians were brought to east africa to build the railways.

my grandmother’s phone cards were spent speaking to family who had relocated to various countries along the coast. my relatives sprawled from somalia, kenya and tanzania. as an east african diasporic woman, my family and friends living in the coast gave and continue to offer me me slices of home through long distance calls about the ongoing local matters including the never-ending politics (which i usually found no interest in), who got married and the gossip that ensued, complaints about economy as well the tensions between an understood us and them

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