karuk

It kind of makes me angry when people comment on posts about why it is wrong to appropriate Native American culture saying “Well I have Native blood and I don’t care about that stuff”…well, okay? You obviously don’t hold that part of yourself very closely because Natives that do take their culture seriously generally give a lot of fucks when they see Non-Natives wearing cheap knockoffs of things from their culture.

All of the natural world from the earthworm to the mammals, trees, specific geological formations (certain granite outcroppings, for example), sacred sites, mountains, creeks, the sun, the moon,even the mosquito, were once Ikxareeyav [spirit deity] People. … Wherever our ancestors looked or walked in the Karuk world, there was an Ikxareeyav associated with the place…

It is easy to overlook the sacredness of land nowadays, but it’s as foolish today as it would have been 150 years ago. It’s encouraging to know that our Ikxareeyavs rarely recede into oblivion. After all, are there not yet rattlesnakes? Or frogs, eels, mountains, creeks, trees, and sacred ceremonies? If you look closely enough you’ll see they are all Ikxareeyavs.

—  Julian Lang, Karuk linguist and artist, from Ararapikva, quoted in Cathedrals of the Spirit by T. C. McLuhan.
Language Families Part 1: Language Isolates

I’m starting a series of masterposts detailing the different language families around the world. This will be exclusively living, documented languages. Dialects will not be included (eg Flemish, Canadian French, Latin American Spanish which are not distinct languages). Dead languages will be addressed in a stand-alone post.

Some of these languages will have more information than others due to limited resources and studies having been made available. Languages for which I do not have time to write a summary will include a Wikipedia link. This does not reflect personal preference and is not intended to offend anyone. Please understand that I do not have unlimited time.

So without further ado, let’s begin!

Language Isolates are languages that have no known relatives. This means no supportable connection can be made to any other living language.

Europe:

- Basque is the only language isolate in Europe and is spoken in Northern Spain and Southern France. Researchers have been unable to determine the origin of the Basque language though it is presumed to be pre-Indo-European, meaning it may be what many languages in the area sounded like before mass migration.

Africa:

Many African language have not been thoroughly researched. As more are discovered, feel free to update this list.

The three known language isolates are:

Bangime

Hadza

Sandawe

Asia:

- Ainu is spoken on the island of Hokkaido in Japan. Until recently, more Ainu languages existed, but the political situation has resulted in all except one becoming extinct. Speakers are desperately trying to revive Ainu language and culture but are struggling.

- Burushaski is spoken in Northern Pakistan by about 87000 people. There are plenty of theories about its origin but none have proven viable yet.

- Korean is the most widely spoken language isolate in the world at 78 million speakers. It is spoken in North and South Korea as well as bordering regions of China. There is some debate whether the Jeju dialect should be considered a separate language, creating a Koreanic language family due to its significant differences to mainland Korean.

- Kusunda is spoken by a handful of people in western Nepal, only 3 native speakers and 8 fluent speakers having been counted in 2014. Like Basque, it seems to be a remainder of the languages spoken before the most recent wave of mass migration. 

- Nihali is spoken in west-central India with around 2000 native speakers. No monolingual speakers remain.  It is notable for the large amount of borrowed features.

- Nivkh  is spoken in North Western Russia (Siberia) and has around 1000 native speakers. It is often classified as a Paleosiberian language for the sake of convenience. While the ethnic Nivkh population has remained stable, native speakers have declined to 23%.


Australasia and Oceania:

Language Isolates spoken in Australia:

Enindhilyagwa

Tiwi

Language Isolates spoken in Papua New Guinea:

- Abinomn

- Anem

- Busa

Isirawa

Kol

- Kuot

- Pele-Ata

- Pyu (New Guinean)

- Sulka 

- Taiap 

Yalë 

- Yawa

Yélî Dnye


North America:

- Haida is a language spoken in Alaska and British Columbia with around 20 native speakers.

- Huave is spoken in Oxaca, Mexico by round 18000 people. Although it is endangered it shows positive signs of revitalisation with teenagers using it to text in and radio stations beginning to use it in broadcasting.

- Karuk  is spoken in California by around 12 native speakers and 30 second language speakers. 

- Kutenai is spoken on the corner of Idaho, Montana and British Columbia by around 30 native american speakers. 

- Purépecha is spoken in Mexico and has a relatively large amount of speakers. It was once widespread in northwestern Mexico in the 15th and 16th centurey.

- Seri  is spoken in Mexico by around 760 people across two villages.

- Washo is spoken in California by around 20 native americans.

- Yuchi  is spoken by only 5 people in the southeastern US.

- Zuni is spoken by a relatively large number of people in New Mexico and is on the way to a revival as a significant nubmer of children speak it.


South America:

Aikaná

-  Camsá

-  Candoshi

-  Cofán

-  Huaorani

-  Itonama

-  Leco

-  Mapudungun  

-  Movima

Tequiraca

Trumai

Warao

Yámana

Yuracaré

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Thank you so much! I’m an extreme weirdo, so why anyone follows me is a mystery, but I really appreciate it ^^;. Um, this is less than half of who I follow, and I know I’m forgetting people because I spent like five minutes on this graphic, so if you’re not on here it’s because I’m lazy not because I don’t love you. Anyway, names are reprinted below, and my follow blogroll is here. Thanks again for supporting a loser like me!!

symbol-j: -jenjam, 0kamii, acrobiotics, akacest, akashis, akirassendoh, alchemisty, altairis, aominnes, asukia, atsush-i, awake-spirit, bakamura, barajou-x, chitouse, chizuhime, chizuyus, dandere, daughterofsatan, erwinsmth, escarletes, garekis, hakurens, hanae-ichihara, hartfilia, hawuka, hayasakas, hazuiki, hiyorih, heichuus, houtarouh, ichij0u, imayoshishouichi, jakrar, jukous, junnkos

k-o: kaasamatsu, kadrena, kagayamas, kanariiya, karukou, kazuunari, keiko-chan, kisetsune, knightwalker08, korumi, kougamy, kurocrotchin, kurummi, kuzuryus, infiniterhapsody, itslenaleebitch, lordzuuko, lulukou, mak0-chan, makoto-t, maruuji, matsuokaplz, midoricchis, mihuramiro, mitsukamis, mochichou, mochiru, moemoekyuuun, murasakibaraatsushi, nanodayoh, naruzumake, nezumura, nishikki, nyuun, ohayocelestia, oheichoumyheichou, ohymir, oniisann, oreikis, oumoi

p-z: perfvert, prince-alibaba, rainnieday, ratotax, red-hana, reizuo, reshio, rikkaidais, rivaiomine, rivailution, saiyakas, sakurakous, seijurohs, seijuros, seiryuus, sexjuro, sexpai, shizuuku, starkana, starukos, taikos, taitetsu, thejacketslut, tsumikis, watashi-akuma, yaatos, yoshiiwara, yuugurenai, yuukiina, yyatogamis, zeino, zetsueen

Again, blogroll is here. Thank you for everything, everyone!

We'll make it back to our home village

Thank you so much for following me! I never in my wildest dreams thought I would ever have more than 500 followers, let alone 5000! It’s only been 3 ½ weeks since there were 4000 of you, I just don’t even… I’m so thankful I can’t even form sentences right now! Anyway, I’m sorry this isn’t more glamorous (no animations or what not), I’ve been pretty sick, but I saw the Volume 10 manga cover, and new I had to use it for this! Names are reprinted below: without anyone who I follow my blog would seemingly not exist, so thank you to everyone on my blogroll here.

symbol-i: -jenjam, acrobiotics, akacest, akashis, akirassendoh, alchemisty, alibakakun, altairis, amertis, aominnes, asukia, atsush-i, awake-spirit, baka-satan, bakamura, barajou-x, chitouse, chizuhime, chizuyus, dandere, daughterofsatan, emirikimidorii, escarletes, erwinsmth, garekis, hachikenz, hakurens, hakuuryuus, hanae-ichihara, hartfilia, hayasakas, hawuka, hazuiki, heichuus, houtarouh, ichij0u, imayoshishouichi, infiniterhapsody, irishiko, ishitakas, izayah

j-o: jakrar, jukous, junnkos, kaasamatsu, kadrena, kanariiya, karukou, katsuraz, kazuunari, keiko-chan, kirschtein, kisetsune, knightwalker08, korumi, kougamisan, kougamy, kurummi, kuzuryus, levheichou, lordzuuko, lucysheartfilias, lulukou, majorkimblee, mak0-chan, makoto-t, mammura, maruuji, matsuokaplz, midoricchis, mihuramiro, mitsukamis, mochichou, mochiru, moemoekyuuun, murasakibaraatsushi, nanodayoh, naruzumake, nezumura, nishikki, ohayocelestia, ohymir, oniisann, otakucchis, oumoi

p-z: perfvert, prince-alibaba, rainnieday, ratotax, red-hana, reizuo, reshio, rikkaidais, rivaiomine, rivailution, saiyakas, sakurakous, saruhikoh, seijurohs, seijuros, seikis, sennenkoi, sexjuro, sexpai, shizuuku, shokugekis, shouchans, starkana, starukos, taikos, taitetsu, tareui, thejacketslut, tsumikis, watashi-akuma, yaatos, yoshiiwara, yuugurenai, yuukiina, yuureis, yuzuhira, yyatogamis, zeino, zetsueen, zetsuuen

I know it’s not Friday or whatever, so I hope you have fabulous rests of your weeks (that’s not grammatically correct but you get it ^^).

We have already survived so much together. We can make it outside of these walls [to a place that does not exist on maps]

Well that’s not a grim quote >.> Hello!! Um, so, I woke up a few days ago with a bit over 4000 followers, so now that it is Friday, I decided to make a follow forever.  I’ve been going crazy with these new Shingeki no Kyojin scans haven’t I? I’ll try to lay off them for a bit, but I saw this one, and knew I had to make something with it!  I know it’s not the most… bright and fun follow forever anyone has ever made, but I hope the caption clears up what I was trying to do.  Normally when I make these I include my whole blogroll, but I decided to do something different this time.  Um, yeah, sorry this wasn’t more eloquent, but I’m still in shock, so the only thing I can think of saying is thank you, thank you, thank you.  Names are reprinted and linked below, and I implore everyone to check out at least a few of them because they are really great blogs, without which my blog would be rather uneventful.
bold= Someone who I annoy a lot, and I’m really sorry for that
italic= Hover because you’ve got mail!

symbol-g: -jenjam, 0kamii, acrobiotics, akashis, akirassendoh, alchemisty, alibakakun, amertis, altairis, asukia, atsush-i, awake-spirit, bakamura, baka-satan, bakusaiga, barajou-x, chitouse, chizuhime, chizuyus, dandere, daughterofsatan, emirikimidorii, escarletes, garekis

h-lhachikenz, hakurens, hakuuryuus, hanae-ichihara, hartfilia, hawuka, hayasakas, hazuiki, heichuus, hhiyori, houtarouh, ichij0u, imayoshishouichi, infiniterhapsody, jakrar, junnkos, kaasamatsu, kanariiya, karukou, kazuunari, keiko-chan, kisetsune, knightwalker08, korumi, kougamy, kurocchii, kurummi, kuzuryus, levheichou, lordzuuko, lucysheartfilias, lulukou

m-r: majorkimblee, mak0-chan, makoto-t, maruuji, matourou, matsuokaplz, midoricchis, midorimas, mihuramiro, milkasa, mitsukamis, mochichou, mochiru, moemoekyuuun, murasakibaraatsushi, nanodayoh, naruzumake, nezumura, nishikki, ocarine, ohayocelestia, oniisann, oumoi, perfvert, prince-alibaba, rainnieday, rakuzan, ratotax, red-hana, reizuo, rikkaidais, rivaiomine, rivaillevi, rivailution

s-z: sakurakous, saruhikoh, saiyakas, seijurohs, seijuros, seikis, seiryuus, sexjuro, sexpai, sexuoh, shizuuku, shokugekis, shouchans, starkana, starukos, taikos, taitetsu, thejacketslut, watashi-akuma, yaatos, yoshiiwara, yuugurenai, yuukiina, yuureis, yyatogamis, zeino, zetsueen

+blogroll

That’s it really. Thank you again, and if I spelled your url wrong, please don’t kill me because I’m still waiting for the announcement of a second season for SnK and Free! ^^;

Follow Saturday, New Years Edition: Um, hi! So, I know I’m on hiatus for another week, but I decided to just make this really quickly because I wanted to ^^ Again, this contains every blog I follow, and I just want you and all of my wonderful followers to have an amazing New Years! I also hit 3k a couple of weeks ago, so this is also for that, and I want to thank you all for that as well. Names are reprinted below because I don’t know how ledgable they are. I apologize if anything is spelled wrong, or a url is old, my internet access is not so great here:

Symbol-H:-jenjam, 0kamii, 0takugirl, acrobiotics, akashis, alchemisty, altairis, alibakakun, amertis, aomiki, arleltos, asukia, awake-spirit, babyshinji, baka-satan, bakamura, bakusaiga, barajou-x, bellpickle, chinats-u, chitouse, chizuhime, chizuyus, chuutan, dandere, daughterofsatan, emirikimidorii, erenjaehger, escarletes, garekis, gurrenlagging, hachikenz, hakurens, hakuuryuus, hanae-ichihara, hanamimiya, hartfilia, hotarubis, houtarouh, hawuka, hayasakas, hazuiki, heichuus, hidekiblog 
I-M: imayoshishouichi, irishiko, ishitakas, itslenaleebitch, izayah, jakrar, jeankirschteinz, junnkos, leona-dracontis, kaasamatsu, kaizokuh, kakuzai, kanariiya, karukou, kazuunari, keiko-chan, kisetsune, knightwalker08, komadead, korumi, kougamisan, kougamy, kurocchii, kurohnomei, kurummi, kuzuryus, leona-dracontis, levheichou, lordzuuko, lucysheartfilias, mak0-chan, makoto-t, maruuji, masaomi-s, matourou, matsuokaplz, midorimas, midoricchis, midorincchi, mihuramiro, milkasa, mitsukamis, mochichou, mochiru, moemoekyuuun, murasakicchis, mukizu, myriotworld 
N-Z: nahgito, naruzumake, nanodayoh, nezumura, nishikki, ocarine, ohayocelestia, oniisann, oumoi, oureki, otakucchis, perfvert, princessfreewill, prince-alibaba, psychopas-s, rainnieday, rakuzan, ratotax, red-hana, rivaillevi, rivaiomine, rivailution, sakurakous, saruhhiko, saruhikoh, seijuros, seijurossxxou, seikis, seiryuus, sennenkoi, sexpai, sexuoh, shenops, shizuuku, shokugekis, soranyu, sorasan00, soundlessrawr, starkana, starukos, sugoihetai, taikos, taitetsu, takahohoho, tenimuhou, thejacketslut, trinityx, tsumidere, tsumikis, ukecchi, watashi-akuma. yoshiiwara, yukariis, yuugurenai, yuukiina, yuureis, yuzuhira, yymir, zeino, zetsueen, zetsuuen

Again, Happy New Years, stay safe and have fun everyone, you’re all fabulous! And please let me know if there is a mistake or anything, and I’ll definitely fix it, I apologize that this isn’t more grand.

*dramatic deep breath* Okay, so some of you are probably wondering, ‘what’s this girl doing, didn’t she make a follow forever last week? What a loser!’  There is a reason for this though!  Yesterday, I received an anonymous hate message saying “the way you worship *insert person’s name here* is really f–ing lame.”  At first I was upset because I didn’t really understand why someone would say something so rude only after I wrote the word “perfect” in the tags of an edit.  But then I started thinking that I follow so many blogs that I love worship is a really juvenile and inaccurate term I think!  While the individual that was mentioned is on here, and this is only a small sampling of the blogs I “worship,”  I want that anon to know that yes, I appreciate every person who lights up my day with their beautiful graphics and blogs, and I want the bloggers I follow to know it even just if there is a small chance they’d only see it through xkit tag checker. As I said, this is just a small sampling of the people who I follow and adore.  Names are reprinted and linked below and my blogroll is here.

symbol through j: -jenjam, acrobiotics, akashis, akirassendoh, alchemisty, alibakakun, altairis, amertis, asukia, atsush-i, awake-spirit, bakamura, bakusaiga, barajou-x, chitouse, chizuhime, chizuyus, dandere, emirikimidorii, escarletes, garekis, hakurens, hakuuryuus, hanae-ichihara, hartfilia, hawuka, hayasakas, hazuiki, hhiyori, houtarouh,  ichij0u, jakrar, jukous, junnkos

k-n: kaasamatsu, kanariiya, karukou, kazuunari, keiko-chan, kirschtein, kisetsune, knightwalker08, korumi, kurummi, kuzuryus, imayoshishouichi, infiniterhapsody, levheichou, lordzuuko, lucysheartfilias, lulukou, mak0-chan, makoto-t, maruuji, matsuokaplz, midoricchis, mihuramiro, mitsukamis, mochichou, mochiru, moemoekyuuun, murasakibaraatsushi,  nanodayoh, naruzumake, nezumura, nishikki

o-z: ohayocelestia, ohymir, oniisann, oumoi, perfvert, prince-alibaba, rainnieday, rakuzan, ratotax, red-hana, reizuo, rikkaidais, rivaiomine, rivailution, saiyakas, sakurakous, saruhikoh, seijuros, seijurohs, seikis, seiryuus, sexjuro, sexuoh, sexpai, shizuuku, shokugekis, shouchans, starkana, starukos, taikos, taitetsu, thejacketslut, watashi-akuma, yaatos, yoshiiwara, yuugurenai, yuukiina, yyatogamis, zeino, zetsueen

Again, I just want to reiderate: I implore you to check out my entire blogroll. I absolutely adore and appreciate every blog I follow, and would hope you look through a few.  I won’t make another one of these until the end of March, I apologize for being bothersome again. I’m going to shut up now, bye

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I found myself with some time between during class, so I made this.  It’s for May I guess? It’s still a few days away, but whatever, I’m excited for these April showers to end (get it? it’s a joke >.>).  That’s it really, um, yeah… now I feel stupid for making this.  I guess it’s to show my love. Yeah, let’s go with that.  I made this in like an hour, so the list of names is super partial, my full blogroll is here.

symbol-h: -jenjam, 0kamii, acrobiotics, akashis, akirassendoh, aruarlert, asukia, atsush-i, awake-spirit, bakamura, barajou-x, bassamsenpai, chitouse, daughterofsatan, erernjaeger, erwinsmth, escarletes, garekis, gurrenlagging, hanae-ichihara, hartfilia, hayasakas, heichuus, hhiyorin

i-p: ichij0u, itslenaleebitch, jakrar, jukous, junnkos, kanariiya, karukou, kazuunari, keiko-chan, knightwalker08, kurummi, kuzuryus, lucrious, lulukou, mak0-chan, matsuokaplz, mawaruu, mihuramiro, mitsukamis, mochiru, moemoekyuuun, naruzumake, nezumura, nyuun, ohayocelestia, oniisann, oumoi, prince-alibaba

r-z: rainnieday, red-hana, reizuo, rivaiomine, rivailleackerman, saiyakas, sakurakous, saruhikoh, seijuros, sexjuro, sexpai, shiirasu, shizuuku, starukos, taikos, taitetsu, thejacketslut, watashi-akuma, xxvioxx, yaatos, ymiryeager, yoshiiwara, yuugurenai, yyatogamis, zeino, zetsueen

I have this terrible feeling I forgot some really important people, so you can yell at me if you feel forgotten, I deserve it.