kapuseru

かぜをひく(kaze wo hiku): to catch a cold / pegar um resfriado
せきが出る(seki ga deru):to cough / tossir
熱が出る (netsu ga deru): to have a fever / ter febre 
けがをする (kega wo suru): to injury oneself / se machucar
指を切る (yubi wo kiru): to cut a finger / cortar um dedo
やけどする (yakedo suru): to burn oneself / se queimar
骨折する (kossetsu suru):to fracture a bone / fraturar um osso

頭がいたい (atama ga itai): having a headache / ter dor de cabeça
おなかがいたい (onaka ga itai): having a stomachache / ter dor de estômago
のどがいたい (nodo ga itai): to have a sore throat / ter dor de garganta
手がかゆい (te ga kayui): to have an itching on the hand / ter coceira na mão
目がかゆい (me ga kayui):to have an itching on the eye /  ter coceira nos olhos

病気になる (byouki ni naru): get sick / ficar doente
しんさつする (shinsatsu suru): to go to a  medical examination / ir ao médico
入院する (nyuuin suru): to get  hospitalized / se internar
けんさする (kensa suru): to do a check-up / fazer um check-up geral
手術する (shujutsu suru): to do a  surgical operation / fazer uma cirurgia
病気が治る (byouki ga naoru): to be cured / se curar
退院する (taiin suru): leaving hospital / receber alta

薬局 (yakkyoku): chemist / farmácia
カプセル (kapuseru): capsule / cápsula
じょうざい (jouzai): pill / comprimido
こな薬 (konakusuri): powder medicine / remédio em pó
ぬり薬 (nurikusuri): ointment / pomada


*page taken from 日本語チャレンジ文法と読む練習N4