Kanji for 21 January 2017 / 平成29年1月21日

  • ON: ボウ、モウ
  • Kun: いぞが・しい、せわ・しい、おそ・れる
  • Nan: none

busy, occupied; restless

忙中有閑 (ぼうちゅうゆうかん) “having free time to spare in the midst of busyness, leisure in the intervals of one's work”

多忙 (たぼう) “busy; pressure of work”

Refresher! Yesterday’s kanji: 臭 (シュウ; くさ・い、にお・う、にお・い; none)


KAD Classic

  • ON: レン
  • Kun: ね・る、ね・り
  • Nan: ねり

practice, train, drill, refine, gloss, polish

4

let me recommend you an app called “Kanji Teacher”

as the name says, this app will guide you through the Japanese kanjis by teaching you how to pronounce them, their meanings, and their stroke order. it also gives you the components.


this app will also allow you to practice them, by writing them on your screen and it will automatically correct them whenever you get it wrong.

as you can see, when a kanji isn’t well-known by you, they will show you the structure of it and then all you have to do is to guess the stroke order BUT when the app considers you know a kanji, you have to guess its structure and the stroke order.

as you can see, the kanjis lessons are made for JLPT from N5 to N1. the K part helps you practice your kanas.

flickr

IMG_8967 by Kazuya Minami

Thorough explanation to differentiate kudasai & onegaishimasu

When you want to request something, someone might teach you to say お願いします (onegaishimasu). But in another case, they use 下さい (kudasai). What exactly is the difference between them?

The subtle difference in meaning

下さい (kudasai) : Please do …
お願いします (onegaishimasu) : Could you please do … for me?

…………………………………………

When the request involves action, you cannot use onegaishimasu

We mean, when you want to make these kind of requests:
– Please listen to this
– Please write using a pencil
– Please read this form

In this case, you use ください
First you change the verb form into it’s て form then add ください.

Here’s a sample:
たべる -> 食べてください
taberu -> tabetekudasai
eat -> Please eat

よむ -> 読んでください
yomu -> yondekudasai
read -> Please read

…………………………………………

Things where only お願いします could be used

In these occasions below, you cannot use ください.

Accepting offer/Ending an order in restaurant
Consider these few situations below:
– You’re in a restaurant, finishing order, and the waiter ask “Is this all?”
– You’re in a shop, and the salesclerk ask you “Is this okay?”
– When you’re in a hotel and the bellboy ask to offer you help with

In that case, you can reply with “お願いします (onegaishimasu)”. The implied meaning are “I entrust them to you/Please do/Please help.

Asking someone for help to do something that you cannot do by yourself.
For example, asking a taxi driver to help you take you somewhere. In this case you use Onegaishimasu.

新宿駅までお願いします
Shinjuku eki made onegaishimasu.
To Shinjuku station, please.

Asking for someone on the phone

山田さんおねがいします
Yamada-san onegaishimasu
Can I please speak to Yamada?

Calling someone for attention
When you want to call someone or a waiter, you could raise your hand and say “お願いします (onegaishimasu)”. And someone should be coming on your way! You can also use すみません for this purpose.

…………………………………………

You don’t need を for onegaishimasu

Check out this example below:

水を下さい
Mizu o kudasai
Water please

水お願いします
Mizu onegaishimasu
Please let me have some water

…………………………………………

Happy learning! We hope it helps °˖✧◝(⁰▿⁰)◜✧˖°

Links:
CrunchyNihongo - Easy to Learn Japanese Lessons Site
Get our easy Japan lessons on your facebook timeline

Have you ever heard of of tried the 六度法 (Rokudo method) for writing kanji beautifully? It’s basically a series of 6° angled lines that are supposed to help your kanji look well balanced and aesthetically pleasing.

I’ve seen some kanji workbooks designed for Japanese people recently with this kind of grid system, I’m curious to see if it gives me a neater or more natural writing style than the kind of kanji writing grid I currently prefer:

I’ve been told by native speakers several times that whilst my kanji are very legible, they’re too font-like, meaning they don’t have the slope and sweep that they would if written by a native speaker. I know studying calligraphy could potentially help this, but before I try formal study I thought I’d give this a try.

There’s a video series that can help you learn how to try this system for yourself.

I made this printable so you can try it out, if you use it, please tag me in a picture of the results, I’d love to see how you do and hear your thoughts on this.

You can download the PDF here.

学校 (がっこう) gakkou - School

学生 (がくせい) gakusei /  生徒 (せいと) seito - Student/pupil

小学校 (しょうがっこう) shougakkou - Primary school

小学生 (しょうがくせい) shougakusei - Primary student

中学校 (ちゅうがっこう) chuugakkou - Junior high school

中学生 ( ちゅうがくせい) chuugakusei - Junior high school student

高等学校 (こうとうがっこう) koutougakkou - High school

高校生 (こうこうせい) koukousei - High school student

大学 (だいがく) daigaku - College/university

大学生 ( だいがくせい) daigakusei - College/university student

留学生 (りゅうがくせい) ryuugakusei  - Exchange student

教師 (きょうし) kyoushi - Teacher

先生 (せんせい) sensei - Teacher, master

学年 (がくねん) gakunen - School year

クラス kurasu - Class

教室 (きょうしつ) kyoushitsu - Classroom

黒板 (こくばん) kokuban - Blackboard

机 (つくえ) tsukue - Desk

椅子 (いす) isu - Chair

本 (ほん) hon - Book

ノートnooto  - Notebook

ペン pen - Pen

クレヨン kureyon - Crayon

鉛筆 (えんぴつ) enpitsu - Pencil

消しゴム (けしゴム) keshigomu - Rubber

筆箱 (ふでばこ) fudebaku - Pencil case

リュックサック ryukkusakku - Rucksack, backpack

テスト tesuto - Test

宿題 (しゅくだい) shukudai - Homework

学課 ( がっか) gakka - Lesson

点数 ( てんすう ) tensuu - Score, grade

英語 (えいご) eigo - English

日本語 (にほんご) nihongo - Japanese

数学 (すうがく) suugaku - Mathematics

地理学 (ちりがく) chirigaku - Geography

生物学 (せいぶつがく) seibutsugaku - Biology

化学 (かがく) kagaku - Chemistry

物理学 (ぶつりがく) butsurigaku - Physics

体育 (たいいく) taiiku - Physical education

It’s the first time I’ve done a Japanese vocabulary list so please let me know if there are any mistakes!