just a queue!

anonymous asked:

is it possible that plants have consciousness?

this is actually a small sub branch of botany thats been growing and gaining some recognition in the past 5 years or so called plant cognition! we’ve been thinking about if plants can possibly be intelligent to any degree for centuries, but the main paper that started up this huge discussion in the modern era was one called Experience Teaches Plants to Learn Faster and Forget Slower in Environments Where It Matters by Monica Gagliano, a plant researcher in Australia who specializes in it. because the results indicated that plants were possible of learning and retaining information in a kind of memory in response to environmental changes, it received a lot of backlash and denial- generally in science, that kind of intelligent reaction to an organism’s environment is a good indicator of cognitive behavior in the organism. it got rejected by 10 different journals before being published in 2014. 

the experiment worked like this. i’ve talked before about mimosa pudica, a tropical plant that curls its leaves back when touched (they go back to normal in a few minutes):

this is to help deter predators among other things. but in this experiment, Gagliano used it as an indicator of stimulus and to test cognitive function. It’s well known that pudica has a rudimentary nervous system that can even be temporarily inhibited using anesthetics (just like ours can!). she hooked up a ton of these plants in pots to identical rail systems that allowed them to be lightly dropped in an identical way, juuuuust heavy enough to trigger the stimulus so all the leaves drop down when they hit the bottom (a piece of foam so they wouldn’t actually hurt the plants). every time the plants would be dropped, they would close up. 

but after the plants were dropped about 60 times each, they stopped responding to the drop. 

they remembered that no harm was coming from this action and decided that it was against their best interests to keep expending energy closing their leaves. they 200% learned to stop. 

she decided to test it further. she put some of the plants in a shaker and let them receive a more jarring response; the plants closed up as usual. then, she put them back in the droppers and dropped them again. they didn’t close up. they had remembered that response. this dispels the obvious rebuttal to this experiment of the plants just being tired; they still closed up when stimulated differently.

they just chose not to close up when they hit a stimulus they remembered. 

it turns out that not only could they remember to keep their leaves open when dropped on the apparatus, but they remembered after 28 days when she kept testing it!! apparently by the end of the experiment, all the plants had decided to keep their leaves open when dropped!!!!

how do they do this?? we literally dont know. they have no central brain, only a basic nervous system. can other plants do this??? 

well, adding onto that, venus fly traps can count! like. they have three hairs inside their traps, and all three must be touched within 20 seconds for the trap to close. once closed, those three trigger hairs must continue to be stimulated by thrashing prey, or the trap will reopen. 

so yeah like. basically ‘are they sentient’: apparently to an extent???? we dont know exactly why or how but they are??? maybe???? sort of????? at least some of them are?? but they dont have a brain so everyones like????????????????????? maybe its through a signaling network????????????????? but like how would that even work?????????

plant consciousness is still new enough to be dismissed as crazy by a lot of biologists but like. the evidence is there. we don’t know a whole lot and its clearly a radically different kind of intelligence than we know in animals, but it’s there and we 200% dont know how it works yet or even the full extent of how plants use this intelligence (for example: does a redwood have the same intelligence as a venus fly trap?? how does it learn things and use that knowledge???) 

national geographic wrote an awesome article visualizing the experiment here if you want to read more!


└ When cinnamon rolls members demonstrate how to start well and keep things interesting.

Cr: VS Arashi 20.07.2017

“I’m so sorry to bother you at home…”


└ Those editors have no~ consideration for fangirls’ hearts. None whatsoever.

*fans herself desperately*

Cr: Bokura no Yuuki Miman City 2017 SP

Shipping Info!

Answer the following for your muse(s) so people know how shipping works on your blog. REPOST. Don’t reblog.

  1. WHAT’S YOUR OTP FOR YOUR MUSE?: I ship… well my original ship for Kanami was with Yu, if we’re being completely honest.
  2. WHAT ARE YOU WILLING TO RP WHEN IT COMES TO SHIPPING?: Fluff is always my jam, it makes the world go round. I’m also a terrible sucker for angst, not gonna lie. My… smutting leaves a lot to be desired on a good day so I’d rather not.
  3. HOW LARGE DOES THE AGE GAP HAVE TO BE TO MAKE IT UNCOMFORTABLE?: Pretty big, usually. Any ship involving a minor is a big no, I don’t care if the other person literally just became of age, get that shit out of my face. Otherwise, I have some pretty weird personal ships so age doesn’t bother me…
  4. ARE YOU SELECTIVE WHEN SHIPPING?: Ish? I just want chemistry, honestly. Come talk to me OOC, come plan shit. Bury me in relationship headcanons and I am putty in your hands. Let them be close, let them get close in the first place. She’s a shy turtle you can’t just pounce on her and expect results, it has to click.
  5. HOW FAR DO STEAMY MOMENTS HAVE TO GO BEFORE THEY’RE CONSIDERED NSFW?: Not far. I am not only as shy as Kanami but I’m not incredibly confident in my nsfw writing considering how full of it my ff.net was???? I turn into a blushy monstrosity so easily that even just heavy make-outs would be hard for me.
  6. WHO ARE OTHER MUSES YOU SHIP YOUR MUSE WITH?:  This is turning into a callout post, like wow. @steelbanchou @skullheist @cadcnce (I know you said it’s an uphill climb but I am scaling that mountain!)@mewnyarukami @bleachblondbeefcake
  7. DOES ONE HAVE TO ASK TO SHIP WITH YOU?:  If the characters hit it off, it usually just… pops up in conversation somehow anyway. If you’re coming to this blog with the idea that they could be cute, then you’re better off asking about it, ‘cause otherwise I might miss it or Kanami might miss it ‘cause she’s like a Fire Emblem protag in that regard.
  8. HOW OFTEN DO YOU LIKE TO SHIP?: Whenever I can, which is hardly ever right now like wtf.
  9. ARE YOU MULTISHIP?: Yes. Each in their own universe ‘cause I know I said I liked angst but I didn’t mean that kind.
  11. WHAT IS YOUR FAVORITE SHIP IN YOUR CURRENT FANDOM?:  As in the Persona fandom? I am SouYo/YuYo trash, always and forever.
  12. FINALLY, HOW DOES ONE SHIP WITH YOU?: With hard work, dedication and more determination than Undertale.

tagged by stolen from: @bopnty
tagging: @skullheist @cadcnce @steelbanchou @bleachblondbeefcake @mewnyarukami @chxntpleure @oracleofphantoms @electonequeen @seraphxx @appxssionato @cryxtaltime


└ Ah~~~~ I need a fic to be written for these Model Pair phone pics~~~~

Cr: Bokura no Yuuki Miman City 2017 SP

wishful-lolita  asked:

*hugs you tightly* i'm also supposed to be sleeping bc where i live it's 2am but instead i'm browsing tumblr and listening to music in the dark pretending to sleep

at least you’re pretending

im dancing /terribly/ on my coffee table

the cats are staring

the dogs are concerned

im an idiot and im probably gonna fall off ~Admin 404