july 1 1863

On This Day: July 1

Keti Koti

  • 1863: Keti Koti (Emancipation Day) in Suriname, marking the abolition of slavery by the colonial Dutch government.
  • 1871: Samuel Joseph May dies in Syracuse, New York. He was a radical reformer on education, women’s rights & abolitionism. He published Liberal Christian.
  • 1876: Mikhail Bakunin dies in Berne, Switzerland.
  • 1894: Oreste Lucchesi assassinates Giuseppe Bandi, Livourne editor of the newspaper Il Telegrafo, whose articles resulted in the repression and arrest of numerous anarchists.
  • 1916: Social dance and benefit for the defense funds of David Caplan and Enrique and Ricardo Flores Magón held in Los Angeles. Emma Goldman and Alexander Berkman celebrate their success in raising the $10,000 bail for the Mexican anarchist Magon brothers.
  • 1920: Second Congress of the Unione Anarchica Italiana begins in Bologna.
  • 1921: The Communist Party of China was founded.
  • 1922: Start of the US Great Railroad Strike. Over 400,000 workers go on strike.
  • 1932: Iowa farmers blockade roads, and armed with pitchforks & shotguns refuse to allow farm produce to go to market.
  • 1971: American Postal Workers Union founded by merger of 5 existing postal unions.
  • 1972: First Gay Pride Rally held in London.
  • 1977: Native American activist Leonard Peltier gets two life sentences.
  • 1984: Minister Leon Brittan endorses use of Criminal Law rather than Civil Law against the miners during the British Miners’ Strike.
  • 1993: In Britain, three public sector unions, NALGO, COHSE, NUPE, merge. The new union is called UNISON.
  • 1997: David Thoreau Wieck dies in Albany, New York.
  • 2001: Protests in Salzburg, Austria during the World Economic Forum.
  • 2003: Over 500,000 people protested against efforts to pass anti-sedition legislation in Hong Kong
  • 2008: Rioting erupted in Mongolia in response to electoral fraud.
July 1

In 1863, at a sleepy little town called Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, soldiers of the United States Army began a battle against the soldiers of the treasonous Confederacy.  Over the next three days, it would turn into the largest single battle ever fought in North America.  Over 170,000 soldiers would struggle there, and the rebel armies would be turned back from their last invasion of Union territory.  It was the beginning of the end for the treachery of the slave states, and thank the god of battles for that. 

The Union general in charge, George Meade, was on his fourth day commanding the Army of the Potomac.  So you could say there was a pretty steep learning curve for him. 

When the last shot had been fired, over 50,000 men from both armies were dead, wounded, or missing.  The entire time, there was one civilian casualty.  One!  A poor woman named Ginnie Wade was hit by a stray bullet while she was baking bread.  I defy you to find any other battle in modern times where so many soldiers clashed with so little collateral damage. 

You can and should read all about what happened around that little town; how the heroes of the Iron Brigade, the 1st Minnesota, and the 20th Maine accomplished superhuman feats of arms and saved the Union.  Even that fuckhead George Armstrong Custer acquitted himself very well. 

There would be almost two more years of bloody struggle, but the slavers’ insurrection would finally be put down.  After Gettysburg, it was simply a matter of time.

3

July 3rd 1863: Battle of Gettysburg ends

On this day in 1863 during the American Civil War, the Battle of Gettysburg ended. The battle was a key turning point in the war with its decisive Union victory under George Meade which turned the tide in the Union’s favour. The Confederacy, whose forces were led by Robert E. Lee, were defeated and thus Lee’s invasion of the North was ended. The last day of the battle also saw Pickett’s Charge, a Confederate cavalry charge which was repulsed by Union fire and thus led to many Confederate deaths. The battle was the bloodiest of the war, and President Lincoln famously honoured the fallen with his Gettysburg Address.