If Latin America had not been pillaged by the U.S. capital since its independence, millions of desperate workers would not now be coming here in such numbers to reclaim a share of that wealth; and if the United States is today the world’s richest nation, it is in part because of the sweat and blood of the copper workers of Chile, the tin miners of Bolivia, the fruit pickers of Guatemala and Honduras, the cane cutters of Cuba, the oil workers of Venezuela and Mexico, the pharmaceutical workers of Puerto Rico, the ranch hands of Costa Rica and Argentina, the West Indians who died building the Panama Canal, and the Panamanians who maintained it.
—  Juan Gonzalez - Harvest of Empire: A History of Latinos in America
Puerto Rico remains a colony of the United States, with no voting representation in Congress.

Juan González, Democracy Now! co-host and columnist at the New York Daily News.

Days after Puerto Rico failed to pay a small portion of the massive $72 billion it owes to bondholders, the White House rejected a bailout package for the U.S. territory. It was the biggest municipal bond default in U.S. history. Hear González discuss the roots of the crisis at democracynow.org.

¡¡¡¡¡ INTELIGENCIA !!!!!!

Existe una tendencia general a asociar nivel de inteligencia de una persona con nivel de valía o de valor de la persona. En el fondo independientemente de que podamos variar nuestra idea de qué supone ser inteligente, lo que suponga ser inteligente implica ser algo valioso, algo deseable. Todos queremos ser más inteligentes.

 Aunque las personas no se suelen quejar de no ser suficientemente inteligentes, es una cuestión interesante, nos quejamos de que no somos tan altos, tan guapos, tan delgados pero no nos solemos quejar de que seamos poco inteligentes. Nos da reparo asumir que podamos tener limitaciones en este campo precisamente porque supone un campo de desarrollo vital de una persona que valoramos mucho.

¿Qué es la inteligencia? es un problema complejo definir qué supone ser inteligente, en las últimas décadas se ha ido ampliando la idea de lo que puede suponer ser inteligente. La visión tradicional de la inteligencia supone entenderla como la capacidad de resolver problemas de carácter lógico matemático principalmente. Se entiende como una capacidad para aprender y comprender de una manera racional sobre contenidos abstractos, pero en los últimos 30 años se ha ido ampliando la idea de esta definición de inteligencia a otros contenidos que no son directamente vinculados a razonamiento abstracto o a la resolución de problemas que tienen una única solución. 

Hay muchos problemas vitales que tienen múltiples soluciones y resulta más difícil acertar y comportarse de manera inteligente. En un test de inteligencia normalmente el problema que se debe resolver solo tiene una respuesta correcta, pero la vida, con quién me caso, qué estudio, a qué me dedico, con quién me asocio etcétera ese tipo de problemas vitales que son los que alteran más nuestra felicidad realmente no tienen una única solución correcta, sino que tienen múltiples soluciones y sin embargo esta capacidad para resolver estos problemas complejos apenas está considerada en el estudio tradicional de la inteligencia.

Por eso ha surgido en los últimos años diferentes modelos de lo que puede ser una persona inteligente, y uno de los modelos recientes es el de una persona emocionalmente inteligente, ser capaz de resolver problemas relativos a cómo esa persona afronta y vive las emociones. 

Juan Carlos Pérez González

11 Arrested During #20NovMX Ayotzinapa Protests Released From Prison

Lawyers call for resignation of Attorney General Murillo Karam

The 11 arrested during November 20th protests in support of the 43 disappeared students of Ayotzinapa in Mexico City were finally released from maximum security prisons Saturday.

A judge from the Seventeenth District Court based in Veracruz issued the release order due to lack of evidence. The 11 were originally charged with terrorism, organized crime, attempted murder, rioting and vandalism. Charges of terrorism and organized crime were later dropped.

César Roberto Jasso, Angel Ramon Dominguez Patlán, Hugo Bautista Hernández, Atzin Andrade Gonzalez, Juan Daniel López Ávila, Laurence Maxwell Ilabaca, Luis Carlos Ricardo Moreno, Francisco García Martínez, Hillary Analí González Olguin, Liliana Garduño Ortega and Tania Ivonne Damian Rojas were all detained when riot police charged the more than 200,000 protesters assembled in or around the Zócalo of Mexico City.

Family and supporters of the 11 say they were arbitrarily arrested on the street, some while riding their bikes or returning home from school. Lawyers and human rights activists also say the 11 were beaten, forced to stand against a wall for more than 20 hours, held incommunicado and denied the right to a lawyer of their choice while in detention.

“The organizations that worked in the defense of the accused…all agree that after this important resolution, Attorney General Jesús Murillo Karam and Mexico City Secretary of Public Security, Jesus Rodriguez Almeida, should resign,” Karla Micheel Salas of Mexico’s National Association of Democratic Lawyers told La Jornada.

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At a time of heated and divisive debate over immigration, the new feature-length documentary, “Harvest of Empire,” examines the direct connection between the long history of U.S. intervention in Latin America and the immigration crisis we face today. Based on the groundbreaking book by award-winning journalist and Democracy Now! co-host Juan González, “Harvest of Empire” takes an unflinching look at the role that U.S. economic and military interests played in triggering an unprecedented wave of migration that is transforming our nation’s cultural and economic landscape. González is a columnist at the New York Daily News and author of three other books, including “News for All the People: The Epic Story of Race and the American Media.” We’re also joined by the film’s co-director, Eduardo López

For months, actor Rosario Dawson has been campaigning across the country for Bernie Sanders. She spoke in Chicago at The People’s Summit on how to build off the momentum generated by Sanders’ campaign.

Watch: Rosario Dawson at People’s Summit: We Need to Stay the Course to Build a New Movement

Meet Abdullah Muflahi, the convenience store owner who filmed Alton Sterling’s shooting and was then detained by Baton Rouge Police.

Today, Democracy Now! looks at a side of the Baton Rouge police shooting that has received little attention: What has happened to the individuals who filmed and distributed the shocking videos of Alton Sterling’s death?

Watch the full interview with Abdullah Muflahi.

Few incidents in U.S. history so directly confront our cultural identity as does the Texas War of Independence and its legendary Battle of the Alamo. For more than a century and a half, the fort’s siege has been a part of American mythology. Its 187 martyred defenders, among them William Barret Travis, Jim Bowie, and Davy Crockett, have been immortalized as American heroes despite the fact that they openly defended slavery, that they were usurping the land of others, and that they were not even American citizens. Technically, they were Mexican citizens rebelling to found the Republic of Texas.

Most of the Anglo settlers had been in the province less than the two years. Many were adventurers, vagabonds, and land speculators. Travis had abandoned his family and escaped to Texas after killing a man in the United States. Bowie, a slave trader, had wandered into the Mexican province looking to make a fortune in mining. Sam Houston, commander of the victorious rebels, and Crockett were both veterans of Andrew Jackson’s grisly victoy over the Creeks at Horseshoe Bend, and they shared Old Hickory’s racist and expansionist views toward Latin America.

—  Juan Gonzalez, Harvest of Empire: A History of Latinos in America

In a stunning new exposé for Mother Jones, Shane Bauer chronicles the four months he spent undercover last year as a guard at Louisiana’s Winn Correctional Facility.

Watch Democracy Now!’s interview with Shane Bauer, journalist and author of "My Four Months as a Private Prison Guard"

The four most populous states– California, New York, Texas, and Florida–contain more than 60 percent of the nation’s Latinos. In both California and Texas, one of every four residents is Latino.
This demographic shift is so massive it is transforming the ethnic composition of the country and challenging key aspects of its accepted national identity, language, culture, and official history, a seismic social change that caught the power structures and institutions of U.S. society unprepared. Instead of seeking to address the causes of that change, those institutions attempted in the 1990s simply to repress and reverse it.
Not too long ago, Latin American was thought of as an exotic and beckoning backyard for U.S. power and influence, a series of nondescript banana republics and semicivilized nations were Americans often ventured for adventure or for vacations or to accumulate cheap land or make huge fortunes. The region’s hapless government became perpetual prey to the intrigues of competing circles of U.S. bankers and investors and to the gunboat diplomacy of U.S. presidents. But now Latino migrants, the product of those old inequities have invaded the North American garden, kitchen, and living room. We are overflowing its schools, even its jails.
That mushrooming presence has sparked enormous insecurity among citizens of European descent, a disturbing number of whom started to believe in the 1990s that the country was under attack by modern-day Huns, hordes of Spanish-speaking “barbarians at the gate.” They saw images of Mexican street gangs in Los Angelges and Phoenix, Puerto Rican unmarried mothers on welfare in New York and Boston, Colombian drug dealers in Miami, or illegal Central American laborers in Houston and San Francisco. These immigrants, they were told in countless news and were disproportionately swelling the ranks of the country’s poor.

(to be continued…)

—  Harvest of Empire.  Juan Gonzalez