jousting

Tobias Capwell in his custom made armour, based on an effigy from about the 1450s. It is a beautifully tailored second skin designed to protect him while jousting or (with a different helmet) in foot combat.

Properly made armour does not restrict movement, armour like this actually has a greater range of movement than the human inside it.

For those of you unfamiliar with Tobias, he is a big name on the jousting international scene.

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ZODIAC SIGNS AS PROTAGONISTS
↪ TAURUS AS THE KNIGHT                                         disclaimer

                                    He will give you his sword, shield, and life
                                                        [read more]
Yesterday at the renaissance faire, there was a woman jousting.

She was about my age, and unlike me (wonderfully petite, though stocky, at 5 ft tall), she was a giant. They introduced her as a woman, they didn’t bother with some storyline of her hiding herself. And she was beautiful. She rode three times, and each time she ATTACKED on the hit - she never held back for a second. She fell on her last pass, but it didn’t matter. Ever since I can remember, my dream was always to be the knight, not the princess. That dream was intensified by Tamora Pierce’s Protector of the Small series. That dream was kind of dashed by my lack of height, but also by the fact that I’d only ever heard of a couple of women ever jousting, and it had only been in a theatrical, not competitive setting. I’d certainly never seen one do it. GUYS. Yesterday my dream came true, at least in a way. I was too shy to go talk to her afterwards, and part of me regrets that. But by the Gods I hope she knows the impact she had on so many girls in the audience. I CRIED. Openly wept as I watched her joust. Ten-year-old me’s dream was alive again. Goddess bless, Lady Knight.

(and the best part? She rode in green, just like Kel did under Raoul)

anonymous asked:

Do you have anything on Jousting? I only know the points earned (three for unhorsing your opponent, two for hitting them in the helm, and one for breaking a lance.) but I'm not even truly sure if that's the accurate points system. Anything you can offer will be greatly appreciated!

Jousting was just one of the events included in tournaments of the Middle Ages. Other competitive fighting contests included the melee a’ pied, which consisted of teams of knights fighting on foot, and the melee a’ cheval, which was the same competition as the melee a’ pied except the knights were mounted. This post will focus strictly on jousting, however.

Jousting originated in the High Middle Ages (11th-13th centuries), based on the prevalence of the use of the lance as a weapon by heavy cavalry. By the Late Middle Ages (14th and 15th centuries), the lance had been phased out as an integral part of military tactics, and jousting instead became a separate and specialized sport. It remained a popular sporting activity through the 16th century in parts of Europe including Germany and England, though it was discontinued in France after the accidental death of King Henry II in 1559.

Jousting Terms

Lists – The barriers that defined the jousting field.

Tilt – The barrier down the center of the jousting field, introduced in the 14th Century to prevent collisions.

Attaint – A term for a hit during a joust.

Armor

Jousting armor consisted simply of chainmail in the initial iterations of the sport, but by the 13th century, had developed into knights wearing full plate armor. In the early days of jousting, contests were not always limited to the lance as a weapon, as after becoming unseated, the competitors could continue their fight on the ground with various other weapons. By the Late Middle Ages, the joust became more regulated due to common courtly ideals of chivalry. 

Horses

Two kinds of horses were commonly used in jousting contests – the charger and the destrier. The charger was the smaller of these two, and was bred for agility and stamina. The destrier had a heavier build, and was often used as a war horse, though it was smaller than a modern draft horse.

Competing horses wore a caparison, a cloth covering that showed the knight’s heraldic symbols, and a champron, a metal face guard to protect against direct hits by a lance. The horse would also be outfitted with a special saddle with a high back to provide leverage during a charge and support if the rider were to be hit by his opponent’s lance.

Types of Competition

There were two common types of jousting competition.

  • Joust a’ Plaisance – Elimination-type jousting tournament. A pair of knights would “run the lists” three times. The loser would be eliminated, and the victor would move on to compete against another knight. These contests would last for several days, culminating in a championship round on the final day. 
  • Pas d’armes – In this style of tournament, a knight would send out a proclamation declaring that he would receive opponents at a specific time and place. Often these knights lived close to a main thoroughfare and would require that other knights traveling by their estate joust them in order to pass.

Rules of the Joust

The rules of a joust often varied from tournament to tournament, as did the points awarded. The two rules that always held true were that only knights were allowed to compete in the joust and that the competitor must own his own horse and equipment. In early jousting contests, the losing knight could sometimes be relieved of both as a consequence for his failure.

Ceremony of the Joust

Because a jousting tournament was generally an important and expensive event, there was a large amount of ceremony surrounding the actual competition.

  • The Vespers Tourney was a small tournament held before the larger event. In this tourney, squires and younger knights could compete against each other in a joust to show their prowess to a crowd of onlookers as a prequel to the tournament the day after.
  • On the opening day, the contestants and judges would ride in a formal procession known as the Invocation. 
  • In the case of a Pas d’armes tournament, there was a location called the Tree of Shields where several differently colored shields would be hung. Challenging knights would select their preferred contest by hitting a specific color of shield. 
  • On the second day of the tournament, there would be a display of the competitors’ helms.
  • On the third day, a chevalier d’honneur was chosen by the noble women. There’s not a lot of information about this role, but perhaps he was an honorary referee, though he was not removed from the competition.
  • Each day of the tournament was concluded with a feast, complete with music and dancing.
  • The final day of the tournament, a ceremony for awarding tournament prizes was held.

Victory

The victor of the jousting competition was rewarded with the purse, or the prize money. In addition to the winner’s monetary gain, he also gained personal fame (and perhaps notoriety), and glory for his liege lord. Upon the completion of the tournament, participants would often gather in the lists to congratulate each other in a display of chivalry.

-Written by sir-bilbro-swaggins

Edit by lupusdraconis:

I would like to add that eventually, armor became highly specialized for jousting! The later plate armor literally made your entire body on the impact side a rigid structure, to better withstand the blows.

This led to the idea that knights needed cranes to get onto their horses. Plate armor used in actual warfare was much more practical and non-restrictive. But jousters needed cranes because their upper bodies were immobilized by the armor, and thus they couldn’t climb onto their mounts on their own.

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Battered Remains of Medieval Knight Discovered in UK Cathedral

The battered remains of a medieval man uncovered at a famous cathedral hint that he may have been a Norman knight with a proclivity for jousting.

The man may have participated in a form of jousting called tourney, in which men rode atop their horses and attacked one another, in large groups, with blunted weapons.

Archaeologists uncovered the man’s skeleton, along with about 2,500 others — including a person who had leprosy and a woman with a severed hand — buried at Hereford Cathedral in the United Kingdom. The cathedral was built in the 12th century and served as a place of worship and a burial ground in the following centuries, said Andy Boucher, a regional manager at Headland Archaeology, a commercial archaeology company that works with construction companies in the United Kingdom. Read more.

ロンドン塔 − ホワイト・タワーでロイヤル武器庫。プレート・アーマー・ガルニチュールとハーフ・シャッフロン。ジョスト物。1570年。

Tower of London - Royal armouries of the White Tower. Plate armour guarniture and half shaffron. Jousting items. Around 1570s.