joseph the frenchman

The Appearances of the Marquis

1Where to see the Marquis de Lafayette in various films, tv shows, etc. Have more to add? PLEASE tell me! 

UPDATE: October 9th, 2017

Liberty’s Kids Episode 122: Lafayette Arrives

– Quite funny but slightly childish
– Pretty accurate for a kid show
– Cartoon
– watch it now. i demand you.

TURN: Washington’s Spies (TV SHOW)

((he is in other episodes but here are some of the main ones))

Season 2 Episode 8: Providence
(Lafayette returns from France with news of an imminent alliance between France and America)
– 7:34 to 9:55 FIRST APPEARANCE // emotional reunion (canons and fireworks // fluff overload)

Season 3 Episode 9: Blade of a Feather
– 11:45 to 14:18 Meeting Acquaintances and Drinking Wine (ft. Polite and Quiet!Laf)
– 34:32 to 35:37 Short Battle Meeting ((Very Short))
– 38:15 to 39:22  Some Table Manners and Sitting (Also suspicious look) ((Very Short))

Season 4 Episode 6: Our Man In New York
(Rochambeau arrives and Lafayette serves as translator between him and George Washington)
– 17:10 to 19:44 FLAWLESS Translator!Laf

Season 4 Episode 9: Belly of the Beast
(Lafayette argues with another officer over plans for Yorktown)
– 17:34 ((Very Short))
– 20:18 to 21:13 More Translating (Some Violence)
– 33:15 to 34:16 Argument over Plans

Really Cool and Amazing Documentary (that u should watch now. like rite now.)

*George Washington (1984 TV Mini-Series)

((he is in other episodes but here are some of the main ones))

Part 9: Meeting the Marquis
–26:01 GWash meets our fav. fightin’ Frenchman

Part 10: Various Short Clips
– 10:52 Gates and slight outburst
– 12:47 Horseback tour (very short)
– 15:39 *Discuss* Conway Cabob over dinner

Part 11: Monmouth
–18:15 Begging for command and the Battle of Monmouth

Part 12: Foreign Allies
– 9:24 Outburst and Stuttering (Need for French Aide)***WATCH***
– 12:49 GWash and Rochambeau one-on-one w/ translator!Laf
(WATCH cuz some words don’t translate and both generals speak too fast for Laf at times)

Part 13: Yorktown
– 7:22 Informed of surrender
– 8:45 Yankee Doodle surrender 

Lafayette Headcannon

So I always picture Laf as being really touchy-feely all the time? Like French people are a lot more contact-oriented in general

I always picture Laf putting his arms around the boys, kissing them on both cheeks, holding their hands to emphasize a sincere message, flinging himself into the boys’ arms when overjoyed, etc.

intersectsational  asked:

Okay, so here in NZ you can buy a few different species of tree (different oaks, pines etc) inoculated with the truffle fungus. Problem is, they cost about 50 dollars each. Do you think, theoretically, that if one was to purchase a single specimen of inoculated tree, pot it up in a big pot with a bunch of sterile soil, wait a few months and then plant acorns around the outside, that the baby oak trees, when sprouted, would also be inoculated? Worth a try? Or madness?

Truffle mycorrhiza

“It wasn’t until the early 1800s when Frenchman Joseph Talon decided to sow acorns at the foot of truffle-producing oak trees that cultivating the prized fungi became successful. The host plant’s truffle fungus infected the roots of the seedling and the seedling was then transplanted to a new location. His experiments resulted in large harvests of truffles across France.“

-The Talon Method

Is the Earth 6,000 Years Old, 9,000 Years Old, or 13,000 Years Old?
How biblical literalists get their numbers.

Rep. Paul Broun, R-Ga., called evolution “lies from the pit of hell” in a speech and argued that the Earth is 9,000 years old. Scientists have determined the Earth’s age is 4.5 billion years, based on evidence from meteorites and molecular decay rates. How do biblical literalists come up with their estimates?

Using Greek history. The Bible provides plenty of internal chronological information. Adam lived 930 years, and his son Seth 912 years. The Israelites lived in Egypt for 430 years “to the very day.” Saul reigned as king of Israel for 42 years. Summing up the dates is tedious, but it’s doable. The real challenge is that the Bible is a “floating chronology:” It doesn’t date the beginning or ending of its story. Irishman James Ussher, the 17th-century archbishop of Armagh, famously solved this puzzle by comparing events in the Bible with histories from other civilizations. Most critically, Ussher found a reference to the death of Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar in the Second Book of Kings. Ussher then used Ptolemy’s history of Babylonian kings, combined with Greek historical events of known dates, to pinpoint the death of Nebuchadnezzar in 562 B.C. Adding together the generations of Old Testament begetting and the reigns of kings, Usher surmised that 3,442 years passed between the creation and Nebuchadnezzar’s death. Ussher thereby arrived at his now famous estimate for the Earth’s creation: 4,004 B.C. He eventually went one step further, marking the Earth’s birthday as 6 p.m. on Saturday, Oct. 22, 4004 B.C.

Many biblical chronologists have come up with roughly similar estimates. Second-century St. Theophilus of Antioch guessed 5529 B.C. In his 1583 work De emendatione temporum, Frenchman Joseph Juste Scaliger put the creation in 3949 B.C. There are, however, occasional outliers. American doomsday evangelist Harold Camping believes that time began in 11013 B.C.

Most of these variations result from differences in Old Testament interpretation. For example, one of Ussher’s greatest dilemmas was choosing which text to follow. The Greek Septuagint version suggested that 2,242 years elapsed between the dawn of time and the biblical flood. Ussher rejected that estimate because, if it were accurate, Armageddon should already have occurred. (Seventeenth-century theologians thought the earth would end after 6,000 years.) The Samaritan Pentateuch suggested 1,307 years between the creation and the flood, but Ussher eventually went with the traditional Hebrew text’s 1,656-year-estimate. Harold Camping’s methodology in arriving at a vastly different date is perplexing. He added together the lifespans of Old Testament fathers and sons, assuming that their lives didn’t overlap.

It’s not clear how Rep. Broun settled on 9,000 years, but Ussher’s creation date of 4004 B.C. is by far the most cited. It was, and possibly remains, the most meticulous Bible-based calculation ever attempted. Ussher’s estimate for the death of Nebuchadnezzar is still the authoritative date. Perhaps more importantly, Ussher’s research yielded an auspicious number. Theologians and astronomers of his day estimated that Christ was born in the year 4 B.C., based on the mention of a lunar eclipse in the work of first-century historian Josephus. Ussher’s creation calculations thus suggested that precisely 4,000 years passed between the creation and the birth of the Christian messiah. The 1960 film Inherit the Wind also cemented Ussher’s place in the American imagination. In the movie, Matthew Harrison Brady insists on the witness stand that Ussher’s estimate is “literal fact.” When the crowd turns on him, Brady is reduced to hysterics, turning to his wife and memorably declaring, “They’re laughing at me, mother. I can’t stand it when they laugh at me!”