Born Joseph Mallord William Turner, this artist suffered many family hardships during his young life. The death of a sister and the institutionalization of his mother, Turner was sent to his uncle to be raised. On a happier note, it was during these times in his young life which his interest in art grew. His family - what little of it he had - supported his artistic endeavours, and when he was just fourteen years old, he was accepted into the Royal Academy of Art.
Turner was quite the prodigy. Exhibiting his work just after a year of study, he continued entering his paintings into successful exhibitions. He became a master in both watercolour and oil medium. Travelling all around Europe, J. M. W. Turner was not just a well-known name in London.
His works are absolutely gorgeous. There are few landscape artists that create paintings so striking as his. The way he works the paint to give the land such airy, cloudy, and atmospheric feel required an immense talent. He often painted destroyed landscapes, such as shipwrecks and even the 1834 Burning of Parliament. Capturing often naturally violent scenes, Turner clearly understood the effects of lighting. This understanding clearly shows itself in his later works, which became more impressionistic and held less focus on the subject matter itself. Colour and lighting help priority and is exactly what sets Turner’s art apart from many other painters of the time.
It’s difficult picking a favourite piece by Turner, but I feel these above, Modern Rome (Campo Vacino)andSnow Storm: Steam-Boat off a Harbour’s Mouth (1842), illustrate the specific style he incorporated during his whole artistic career.