john hopkins bloomberg school of public health

“…Dr. Henderson, who lived in Baltimore, died in a hospice of complications of a hip fracture, including infection with antibiotic-resistant staphylococcus, a dangerous pathogen he had himself researched and raised alarms about, said his daughter, Leigh Henderson.

Starting in 1966, Dr. Henderson, known as D. A., led the World Health Organization’s war on the smallpox virus. He achieved success astonishingly quickly. The last known case was found in a hospital cook in Somalia in 1977.

Long after the disease was officially declared eradicated in 1980, he remained in the field as a dean of what is now the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and as an adviser on bioterrorism to several presidents.”

http://nyti.ms/2byxMKx

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In partnership with San Diego State University Graduate School of Public Health, Tumblr is hosting Scholars of Change, an op-ed series dedicated to featuring the voices of academic experts on the issues most impacting our communities. 

Promoting Adolescent Mental Health

Adolescence lays the foundation for a life of emotional and physical health, as well as the ability to work productively and form positive relationships. Yet adolescents face profound risks that threaten their path to a healthy adulthood, including untreated mental health issues. For instance, it has been estimated that 1 out of every 4 to 5 adolescents in the United States has a mental disorder that causes significant impairment in functioning, and half of first depression episodes occur during adolescence. Mental health issues such as depression are associated with school and relationship problems, substance use, and suicide risk.

Trauma exposure is a powerful risk factor for adolescent mental health issues. Forty-six million children in the U.S., over 60%, were estimated to have experienced violence, abuse, and crime in 2012 alone. Traumas such as neighborhood violence, family conflict, housing instability, and other adversities linked to poverty disproportionately affect youth in low-income communities. For instance, more than 85% of youth from disadvantaged urban communities reported witnessing violence, and as many as 69% have reported direct victimization. Trauma exposure, especially if it continues over time, can cause difficulties with emotion regulation and stress management, increasing risk for academic and social problems and for mental health issues like depression, anxiety, and traumatic stress.

Adolescents are resilient, but they need positive connections to thrive. Positive connections with family, school, and work can help buffer adolescents from mental health problems. These connections can foster adolescents’ personal interests, passions, and goals and give them hope for the future. Unfortunately, many young people in the U.S. grow up without these positive connections. A staggering 4.9 million U.S. young people aged 16-24 are disconnected from both school and work. These young people, who are more likely than “connected youth” to be poor and of minority race or ethnicity, frequently do not have a voice in our society. They deserve our attention and support to reach their potential.

Want to take Action? Here are some initiatives and organizations that help promote adolescent mental health.

-The Bloomberg American Health Initiative at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health: http://www.jhsph.edu/about/bloomberg-american-health-initiative/information/index.html

–The Center for Adolescent Health at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health:

http://www.jhsph.edu/research/centers-and-institutes/center-for-adolescent-health/

–Healthy Teen Network

http://www.healthyteennetwork.org/

Dr. Mmari and  Dr. Mendelson

The views and opinions expressed in this post are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of Tumblr.

masaki

Sepenting apa perempuan bisa masak?

Pertanyaan klasik itu masih memancing perdebatan seru dan membelah dua kubu. Cinta pertama kita sama masakan rumah berawal dari pesona makanan penuh kepul asap yang dibawa ibu - yang diwariskan kemampuan memasak dari nenek atau bereksperimen sendiri tanpa henti untuk jadi yang paling jago di area dapur dan sekitarnya.

Ibu saya pernah cerita kalau dulu beliau menikah tanpa kemampuan masak bawaan. Berangkat dari titik 0. Mungkin sama dengan banyak perempuan modern. Belasan taun masa percobaan, ratusan lembar halaman buku resep dan puluhan tips hasil barter antar sanak famili memperluas wawasan kedapurannya. Tiga hal itu didorong sama semangat utama untuk mengisi perut keluarga dengan makanan sedap. Sejak saat itu, masakan rumah jadi urusan kebutuhan.

Keistimewaan rasanya bikin kita kadang mau berbekal makanan rumah saat bepergian. Siapapun yang ketemu dengan para pembawa bekal, pasti ngeh kalau makanan rumah emang perlu dibela sejak nasibnya terus terpinggirkan. Kalah pamor sama maraknya penganan siap saji yang dianggap lebih kekinian. Padahal, makanan bikinan koki top sekalipun enggak pernah bisa menggantikan masakan ibu. Masakan yang jadi setelan dasar lidah kita sejak kecil.

Isi kotak bekal jadi sebentuk sayang yang diekspor dari ruang makan ke tempat manapun kita pergi. Ia dihabiskan dengan tuntas supaya kerepotan di dapur enggak berujung percuma. Alasannya, supaya ibu selalu semangat mengolah makanan dengan sepenuh hati. “Food for the body is not enough. There must be food for the soul”. Masakan rumah memuaskan jasmani dan rohani.

Ada sebagian orang yang memandang geli setiap saya mengeluarkan kotak makan dari tas. Kadang kotaknya bergambar Minnie Mouse dan warnanya merah jambu sih. Tapi, bukan tentang kotaknya. Saya lebih peduli sama isinya yang enaknya selangit dan bikin pengeluaran mengirit. Ada puluhan ribu Rupiah yang bisa disisihkan setiap harinya karena enggak harus mampir ke restoran. Masakan rumah juga berurusan dengan keuangan.

Riset Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health menyatakan bahwa anak yang makan makanan rumahan mengonsumsi 130 kalori lebih sedikit setiap hari. Mereka terhitung ngabisin 2.164 kalori per hari ketimbang anak yang sering makan di luar rumah dengan jumlah 2.310 kalori per hari. Riset itu diperkuat dengan penelitian Public Health Nutrition (2014) yang nyimpulin kalau orang yang sering memasak di rumah lebih banyak mengonsumsi makanan sehat dibandingkan dengan orang yang jarang memasak.

Ditambah dengan fakta studi bahwa perempuan lebih peduli sama kebaikan makanan dibanding laki-laki, masakan rumah erat sama urusan kesehatan dengan kaum ibu sebagai nutrisionis nya.

Kembali ke pertanyaan pembuka tulisan, jawaban saya adalah penting. Alasan simpelnya karena masakan rumah beririsan dengan banyak urusan: kebutuhan, perasaan, keuangan dan kesehatan. Mungkin saya kolot dengan berpandangan bahwa perempuan memang sebaiknya bisa masak untuk keluarganya. Mungkin saya berlebihan dengan berpikir bahwa penyaluran kasih seorang ibu lewat masakan itu luar biasa berlimpah manfaatnya.

“Other things may change us, but we start and end with the family”. Masakan rumah jadi pembuka-penutup dari petualangan perut manapun karena sejatinya semua orang selalu memulai dan mengakhiri cerita dari tengah keluarga, tengah rumah, tengah meja makan. Dimulai dengan sarapan, diakhiri dengan makan malam.

Para perempuan punya kesempatan berbahagia dengan mengungkapkan kehangatan lewat makanan. Terlebih lagi, mereka lalu bisa bertumbuh jadi sosok ibu yang menyenangkan juga mengenyangkan. Seperti halnya hadiah-hadiah berkesan yang datang dari sesuatu yang dibikin sendiri, kita tau kalau ada segenap ketulusan yang meresap di tiap suap masakan ibu. Enaknya beda, soalnya ditaburi cinta.

The moringa tree is a scrappy plant that grows like a weed in dry, tropical climates and produces bitter leaves that taste like horseradish. Moringa is also contending for a spot as the next hot “superfood,” with an emerging focus on its potential to make life better for people in developing countries. Moringa supplements and bars are also becoming more popular here in the U.S.

Although most parts of the plant are edible, moringa’s power is in its leaves and seed pods, which are high in digestible protein, calcium, iron, vitamin C and antioxidants and have a nutritional profile that rivals milk and eggs, says Jed Fahey, a nutritional biochemist at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health who has been studying the plant for 20 years.

“One doesn’t need to do very much to prove that if you are hungry or nutritionally replete, then eating moringa as a source of vegetable protein in a varied diet is a good thing to do,” says Fahey, who will speak at an international symposium on moringa in November in Manila, Philippines. “We’re beyond the need to prove that.”

The Marketing Of Moringa: Is This The New Kale?

Photo by Mahafreen H. Mistry/NPR

Ebola Comes to New York, Everything Is Fine

Until yesterday evening, no one in New York cared much about where a man named Craig Spencer had gone or what he had done. Now his movements seem to be all anyone can talk about.

The 33-year-old doctor tested positive for Ebola last night, a week after returning from Guinea where he was working with Doctors Without Borders to help patients with the deadly disease. After flying back to JFK on October 17 he rode the A, L, and 1 trains, visited the High Line park, went on a three-mile run, ate at an unnamed restaurant (later revealed to be the Meatball Shop), and, on Wednesday night went out bowling in Williamsburg before taking an Uber back to his apartment in Harlem. The next morning, October 23, he had a temperature—a possible symptom of Ebola—so he called the authorities and was rushed to Manhattan’s Bellevue Hospital by health workers in protective gear, where he remains in an isolation ward.

The public and the press were told all this at a press conference last night during which Mayor Bill de Blasio, New York Governor Andrew Cuomo, and New York City Health Commissioner Mary Bassett all took pains to reassure everyone that the situation was solidly under control. Spencer (who, Bassett kept reminding us, is a “medical doctor”) had been taking his temperature twice a day since returning from West Africa, and before Thursday he hadn’t exhibited any symptoms other than fatigue, which is common enough among the Ebola-free population—we’re all fatigued; you’re probably fatigued right now. It’s a hard, tiring life out there.

Those sorts of reassurances from health professionals are important, according to Paul Slovic, president of Decision Research, a nonprofit that studies public health and perceptions of threat. “[Ebola] is a deadly disease that’s new, unfamiliar, and basically seen as uncontrollable—we don’t have medicines for it, we don’t have vaccines to prevent it,” he said. “All these things contribute to a certain dread of Ebola, which makes it understandable that people are anxious or nervous.”

Retracing Spencer’s steps and who he may have brushed against while strolling along the High Line is close to impossible. “You’ll never figure out who all was on the subway or at the bowling alley or whatever,” said Diane Griffin, chair of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology at Johns Hopkins University’s Bloomberg School of Public Health. “Although at the same time those kinds of very casual contacts are highly unlikely to lead to transmission.” (Try telling that to Motherboard's Jason Koebler.)

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Broccoli-Sprout Beverage Can Detoxify Pollutants

“Scientists have developed a drink that can clear people in China of pollutants.

China has a serious pollution problem and it’s harming the health of people who live there—even those living outside of the biggest cities. But scientists from Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health think they’ve found a very simple and cost-effective solution. Or at least something that could curb risk. Their answer is a broccoli-sprout beverage.” Learn more from timemagazine.