johann and caroline

4

Your Majesty. Don’t get up. I managed to slip away from the ministers’ wives. Years of practice. Do you think we’ll ever be free? The people, I mean. Mankind. Will your treasured Enlightenment free us from stupidity and fear of divine punishment? I think so Yes. Frederik’s generation will be the standard bearer for a new dawn. So we should lie on our deathbeds and rejoice as the new dawn passes us by? You will never see your brilliant ideas carried out. At Court I have the authority of a mere maid. And my husband? He has the authority. I don’t think you realize how much influence you have on Christian. He trusts you unconditionally.

2

These violent delights have violent ends
And in their triumph die, like fire and powder,
Which as they kiss consume: the sweetest honey
Is loathsome in his own deliciousness
And in the taste confounds the appetite:
Therefore love moderately; long love doth so;
Too swift arrives as tardy as too slow
.” -Act 2, Scene 6 of Romeo and Juliet 

4

Locke and Voltaire are excellent. But some of the Enlightenment’s ideas are a bit extreme, don’t you think? Rousseau’s notion of abandoning civilization and living in trees. He knows it’s not actually possible. But still. I agree that some of society’s norms prevent people from living their lives. How so? Religion. Marriage. Anything that takes away from personal freedom. Don’t have children, Struensee. I hadn’t planned to. So what do you want? I want to travel the world, Your Majesty and see places you only read about. That sounds like a good life. 

10

“- Do you remember our first night together?

- It feels like we’ve been unhappy ever since.

- I have been happy.”

A Royal Affair - En kongelig affære (2012)

8

8 Historic Relationships

 ♥ Lorenzo de Medici & Clarice Orsini

 ♥ Marc Anthony & Cleopatra

 ♥ Johann Struensee & Caroline Mathilde

 ♥ Edward of York & Elisabeth Woodville

 ♥ Henry Tudor & Anne Boleyn

 ♥ Francis de Valois & Mary Stuart

 ♥ Louis de Bourbon & Marie Antoinette

 ♥ Albert of Saxony & Victoria of Kent

Sex, lies, and DENMARK!!!!!11

Caroline Mathilde Does Pretty Much What Every King Did

It’s a staple of modern, post-feminist fiction: the princess forced to marry a not-so-charming prince. “An arranged marriage?” She says, as if this is the most shocking thing to ever happen to someone who’s been groomed for such a life since birth. “How could this be???”

Truth be told, arranged marriages were not only the norm in bygone eras, but they generally went… okay. You hear more about the women who suffered than those who didn’t, and rightfully so. But plenty of noble women were groomed from childhood to be complacent wives, and many accepted their less than ideal lots in life. If their husbands slept around—if they fathered children with other women—they were expected to put up with it, and often did.

There’s a reason why you don’t often hear about women—let alone queens—cheating on their husbands in the land of yesteryear. The double standard was strong; strong enough to get Anne Boleyn beheaded on trumped up charges, and a teenage Katherine Howard to receive the same fate from the same husband on… well, less trumped up charges. But still!

Caroline Mathilde was an English princess sent to marry Denmark’s King Christian. A teenage bride, she possessed manners entirely different from those in the Danish court. She was natural—later known to ride horses in breeches like a man—and seemed to lack the finesse some expected of her. Furthermore, her husband was mentally ill and fond of prostitutes and generally inappropriate behavior. Some have since speculated that Christian may have been bipolar or schizophrenic. Either way, it was less than a match made in in Heaven. Christian sired the perfunctory son upon Caroline, and once she’d done her duty, he was back to hanging out with his favorite courtesan and perusing the brothels of Copenhagen.

This is your face when you’re bored with the hubs.

Keep reading

chilope  asked:

Hi um so I have a problem. My mom has a parakeet and he lives in this cage that I think is probably too small for him. He used to live in an even smaller one and at the time he started developing signs of bird ocd, like plucking his feathers and ...

[cont.] … flying from one perch to the other over and over. I explained to my mom that this meant he didn’t have enough space or enrichment, but she didn’t believe me. She did move him to a slughtly bigger cage but it hasn’t helped with the ocd or anything. So, my question is, short of kidnapping the bird, is there anything I can do to maybe help him a little?? Thanks in advance

First let’s talk about what you are seeing, and then we’ll go over what you can do to treat the situation.

What you are calling ‘bird OCD’ is what we like to call Locomotor Stereotypies (aka. sterotypies or LST). These are “abnormal repetitive behaviors that do not have an obvious function or purpose.” (x) While LST is abnormal, it is not necessarily detrimental. In fact they can actually be (somewhat) natural responses to boredom, frustration, or a reaction to some environmental / external stimulus (think fight or flight response).

  • Example. Patas monkeys (Erythrocebus patas) are observed pacing in their enclosure at the zoo. 
    Is this behavior considered LST? Yes.
    Is this behavior bad for the animal? Well… it depends.
    Patas monkeys are like the cheetahs of the primate world, reaching speeds up to 55km/hr. They are used to travelling long distances daily for foraging for their high quality, but widely dispersed, diet. (x) So when we see a patas monkey pacing it isn’t necessarily bad. They are built for movement and if they have their diet handed to them in easy to eat monkey biscuits… well… they need *something* else to do with all their time. This is where environmental enrichment comes in. 
    Note the difference between the pacing here and the purposeful locomotion here.

We do not want lazy lethargic animals, but we also don’t want furious LST behavior as certain prolonged LST behaviors can indicate impaired brain function or malfunctioning motor control. What we want is a balance. A situation where the animal is encouraged to express their naturalistic behavioral repertoire, with all of the peaks and valleys in activity that one would expect.

The feather plucking behavior you are describing is not just an LST, but is actually a Self-Directed Behavior (SDB). If left untreated SDBs like feather plucking (pterotillmania) can progress into Self-Injurious Behaviors (SIB). These are behaviors that cause tissue damage and may even require veterinary attention. The goal of enrichment is to prevent abnormal and potentially detrimental behaviors like these from occurring, and to treat them when then do. Again, this is accomplished by promoting the naturalistic behaviors of the species, and customized for the individual differences of each animal.

So, how do we do that?

  1. Let’s be social.
    Parrots are very social animals – as I’m sure you can tell. If you are unable to pair / group house this parrot with conspecifics, then it is absolutely vital that the parrot receives a ton of social interaction from you / your mom / other family members EVERY DAY. For a social species, being isolated from the group is a death sentence in the wild. Social species are reliant on their group members for physical and mental well-being. Heck, being in social isolation can even impact DNA repair! (x)

    (x)

    Please note that there are appropriate and inappropriate interspecies behaviors. Let’s foster the good ones. (x, x)

  2. Fiendish foraging.
    Dinner should be difficult to come by. In the wild there are tons of challenges an individual needs to overcome so they can get a meal. They need to find the food, crack nuts / access the inside of the fruit, remove the husk from seeds, etc. all the while keeping a look out for predators and making sure another animal doesn’t run off with their meal! What do they have to do in captivity? Eat the seeds from a dish in the cage. See the problem?  

    We need to kick this diet up a knotch by giving whole fruits and nuts (according to species diet of course!), hiding forage in shredded paper, giving pinecones and letting them remove the seeds themselves, roll forage in paper bags, hanging / skewering forage on branches (I’m a fan of manzanita wood!) to encourage movement while foraging, and a ton of other tasks.


    King (or queen) of the manzanita tree! (spoiledbirdtoys.net)

  3. Brain teasers are beautiful.
    Parrots are pretty intelligent, so let’s put that to good use. We don’t need to bribe them into activity with a tasty treat (nor do we want to encourage that limited behavior). But with or without foraging matter, parrots are naturally curious and will readily explore novel enrichment devices. By giving them toys that are complex colors and shapes, that can be manipulated, that need to be ‘solved’ for a toy (or food) treat… these things keep your parrot occupied and engaged. 



    (x, x)

 

So yes, space is important, but if your mom cannot get a new cage I hope she at least amps up the enrichment. Please check out the sources throughout this post and in the links below for more info and vendors where you can get these enrichment items. It should be noted that rearing conditions can have a lot to do with abnormal behavior as well. (x) So if this parrot was restrictively or isolate reared then enrichment may help but will probably not completely ‘cure’ the situation.
I wish you the best of luck with this and please let me know if there is anything else I can do to help!


References:

Abnormal Repetitive Behavior in captive animals (www.aps.uoguelph.ca)

Aydinonat, Denise, et al. “Social Isolation Shortens Telomeres in African Grey Parrots (Psittacus erithacus erithacus).” PloS one 9.4 (2014): e93839. (x)

Echols, M.S. Captive Bird Welfare and Enrichment (Part 1). FosterParrots.Com (x)

Echols, M.S. Foraging as a Means of Behavior Modification. LafeberVet.com. (2007) (x)

Engebretson, M. “The welfare and suitability of parrots as companion animals: a review.” ANIMAL WELFARE-POTTERS BAR THEN WHEATHAMPSTEAD-15.3 (2006): 263. (x)

Lumeij, Johannes T., and Caroline J. Hommers. “Foraging ‘enrichment’as treatment for pterotillomania.” Applied animal behaviour science 111.1 (2008): 85-94. (ResearchGate)

Meehan, C. L., J. R. Millam, and J. A. Mench. “Foraging opportunity and increased physical complexity both prevent and reduce psychogenic feather picking by young Amazon parrots.” Applied Animal Behaviour Science 80.1 (2003): 71-85. (x)

Porter, Kris. The Parrot Enrichment Activity Book, V 2.0. Phoenixlanding.org (2007) (x)

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“I’m trying to remember him. Johann. I have to tell you about him. About us. Why we did the things we did.”
I saw this movie recently .. And I found it beautiful. Really. I love it! ♥
I had to do something on it! So here’s my contribution to the fandom  \o/