Some details on the President’s proposed tax credits:

  • $9,600 - tax credit for hiring an unemployed veteran with service-connected disabilities
  • $5,600 - tax credit for hiring an unemployed veteran
  • $4,000 - tax credit for hiring a long-term unemployed individual

Today is the end of the Republic. The end of a regime that acquiesces to disorder. At this very moment in a system far from here, the New Republic lies to the galaxy while secretly supporting the treachery of the rogues of the Resistance. This fierce machine which you have built, upon which we stand will bring an end to the Senate, to their cherished fleet. All remaining systems will bow to the First Order and will remember this as the last day of the Republic.

star wars aesthetics - general hux (requested by @huxgenereal) (c)

But what we can’t do – what I won’t do – is let this economic crisis be used as an excuse to wipe out the basic protections that Americans have counted on for decades.

I reject the idea that we need to ask people to choose between their jobs and their safety. I reject the argument that says for the economy to grow, we have to roll back protections that ban hidden fees by credit card companies, or rules that keep our kids from being exposed to mercury, or laws that prevent the health insurance industry from shortchanging patients. I reject the idea that we have to strip away collective bargaining rights to compete in a global economy.


President Obama

Damn right, Mr. Prez.

“These are difficult years for our country. But we are Americans. We are tougher than the times that we live in, and we are bigger than our politics have been. So let’s meet the moment. Let’s get to work, and show the world once again why the United States of America remains the greatest nation on Earth. Thank you, God bless you, and may God bless the United States of America.”
6 Congressmen skipped the President's jobs address...and they're all Republicans

Those members who announced that they will skip the speech are Sen. Jim DeMint, R-S.C., and Reps. Paul Broun, R-Ga., Rep. Joe Walsh, R-Ill. and Ron Paul, R-Texas [and Rep. Jeff Landry, R-New Iberia]…..

Unlike with Landry, who said skipping the House GOP meeting with the president was to avoid wasting his time being “lectured to by a president whose failed policies have put our children and grandchildren in a huge burden of debt, ” [Sen. R-La, David] Vitter took a much less strident approach, referring mainly to his love for the Saints.

“As a fanatic (Saints fan), I have my priorities,” Vitter joked.

Still, Norm Ornstein, the veteran political analyst for the American Enterprise Institute, said skipping a presidential speech “is just another example of the debasement of our politics and our institutions.”

“I simply cannot recall a time in the past when lawmakers openly gave the finger to the president of the United States on a huge issue like jobs,” Ornstein said. “It is frankly depressing.”

My emphasis

ETA: Oops. My math was wrong. It was actually 6 Congressmen, not 5. And yes, they’re still all Republicans.


Look, man.  I was raised differently to you, okay?  I wasn’t raised in a house with a supportive family, encouraging me to share my feelings.  And in your case, every feeling.  The McGarrett men are a different breed.

So you got a Linguistics degree. Now what?

Now that you’ve graduate and you’ve got your degree in linguistics, what are you going to do with the rest of your life? You could spend a lifetime reading language books and learning to speak in obscure tongues, or live in an office somewhere and grade X-Bar trees drawn by students in your intro class. But besides that, what else is there?

First, it should be worth mentioning that learning linguistics gives you a wonderfully useful set of skills that will help you both in and outside of your career. For example, the scientific study of language cultivates

  • heightened cultural awareness,
  • insightful observational skills,
  • the ability to structure and support a logical argument,
  • analytic reasoning skills,
  • the ability to formulate and test hypotheses, and
  • powerful communication skills.

These skills come in handy in academia, which is one of the most obvious places to continue your work in linguistics. If you’re studying linguistics at a college or university, I encourage you to talk to some of your professors (or anyone in your department) and see what kinds of research they do, how they got into academia, and why they chose to teach. Doing research and teaching is a great combination, especially if you’re looking to stick around for your Ph.D. Knowing what to research can be tricky, but talking to professors and researchers is the best place to start.

But may you’re not a fan of the university setting and research just isn’t your thing. Maybe you feel that there isn’t really much for you to do in linguistics besides become a language instructor or speech therapist. Well, fear not! There are tons of opportunities awaiting you! This list is nowhere near exhaustive, however, and more resources will be added as we come across them!

Language Instruction

If you like teaching and want to apply your education to pedagogy, you can teach languages here in the US or abroad. Teaching English as a Second Language (TESL) is a field with plenty of room to find a career. Even if you only speak English, you can travel to pretty much any country in the world to teach English. Here are some places to go digging for opportunities in language instruction:

Working with the Government

Another possible route is to work with the government. Linguists and polyglots of all types are always in high demand in various government organizations, such as the FBI, NSA, and the CIA.

Additionally, international organizations like the United Nations and the European Union are always looking for competent translators and writers for their materials and meetings.

Linguistic Politics

While I don’t have a specific site to link you to, I do know that linguistic and language also play a large role in the political sphere. If you’re interested in pursuing a law degree and your love of language, applying both to language policy is where you might want to look. Working in this field includes the drafting and advising on language bills (education, multilingualism, national security, international relations, and so on). Having linguists help decide language pedagogy and encourage bills of linguistic inclusion for minority languages and dialects (not only in the US but also in other countries around the world dealing with these same issues) can help to curb some rather disparaging attitudes towards minority languages and multilingualism.

Computational Linguistics

Ever wonder how computers recognize and interpret human speech? Think Google Translate does a shitty job? Want to improve that? Pursuing an education in computational linguistics is where you want to go, then. Working for large tech companies like Google, Apple, Amazon, IBM, and Microsoft allows you to apply your linguistic knowledge to the computer realm, designing software to understand, interpret, translate, and produce speech.

Other Language and Linguistics Jobs

Linguists and their skills are needed all around the globe for positions of all kinds. Some other examples include:

  • Forensic Linguistics: the application of linguistic theory and analysis to the law, law enforcement, and forensic analysis.
  • Speech and Language Pathology: working with patients to recover language production and/or comprehension skills.
  • Audiology: the study of hearing, balance, and related disorders of human auditory perception.
  • (Simultaneous) Translator or Interpreter: translating and/or interpreting spoken, written, or signed speech.
  • Voice Coach: training individuals on how to produce particular accents, correct speech impediments, or speak a certain way (applications to speech therapy, mass media, telecommunications, and film/television).
  • Advertising: applying sociolinguistic knowledge to advertisements (to know, for example, which accents/types of voices will make a product more likely to sell).
  • Marketing: advise companies in the creation of logos, brands, ads, product names, and other written/auditory material and test it across languages.
  • Language Documentation and Revitalization: the study of endangered languages in order to preserve them, recording native speakers and analyzing their language to construct a grammar, dictionary, and auditory/video records of the language.
  • Lexicography: the study of words in current use for the purpose of developing dictionaries (practical lexicography) and the study of words and how they relate to one another (theoretical lexicography).
  • Language Pedagogy: work to create language materials for the classroom and for self-taught learners, such as textbooks, curriculum, dictionaries, and tests.

Non-Profit Linguistics Organizations

I thought that I would end this post with a quick overview of some non-profit organizations that do linguistic work. While it won’t necessarily put food on the table, working with these organizations will provide resources and experiences to its volunteers and will benefit the global community.

I hope the resources above help you in determining where to go with your linguistics degree after you graduate. If you have any field, organization, or general question that you would like to talk about and add to this post, please shoot us an ask or an email at! You can also reply directly to this post via an answer!

The media will spend the night focusing on how many Republicans refused to clap, or comparing Obama to Perry, insinuating that Perry is manly and Obama is a pussy, Maureen Dowd will write another column calling him a wimp, and we’ll have a rogues gallery of rightwing dickheads from Ed Rollins to Mark Halperin to whomever the Politico shits up spewing bullshit on every channel. Each network will be sure to include one milquetoast corporatist Democrat like Evan Bayh for balance, because all the left’s effective communicators are busy sending dick pics to random women on twitter or lunching at AIPAC. Glenn Kessler will find one minor mistake in grammar and give him four pinnochios.

15 words you should eliminate from your vocabulary to sound smarter

1. That

It’s superfluous most of the time. Open any document you’ve got drafted on your desktop, and find a sentence with “that” in it. Read it out loud. Now read it again without “that.” If the sentence works without it, delete it. Also? Don’t use “that” when you refer to people. “I have several friends that live in the neighborhood.” No. No, you don’t. You have friends who. Not friends that.

2. Went

I went to school. Or the store, or to church, or to a conference, to Vegas, wherever it is you’re inclined to go. Instead of “went,” consider drove, skated, walked, ran, flew. There are any number of ways to move from here to there. Pick one. Don’t be lazy and miss the chance to add to your story.

3. Honestly

People use “honestly” to add emphasis. The problem is, the minute you tell your reader this particular statement is honest, you’ve implied the rest of your words were not. #Awkward

4. Absolutely

Adding this word to most sentences is redundant. Something is either necessary, or it isn’t.Absolutely necessary doesn’t make it more necessary. If you recommend an essential course to your new employees, it’s essential. Coincidentally, the definition of essential is absolutely necessary. Chicken or egg, eh?

5. Very

Accurate adjectives don’t need qualifiers. If you need to qualify it? Replace it. “Very” is intended to magnify a verb, an adjective, or another adverb. What it does is makes your statement less specific. If you’re very happy? Be ecstatic. If you’re very sad, perhaps you’re melancholy or depressed. Woebegone, even. Very sad is a lazy way of making your point. Another pitfall of using very as a modifier? It’s subjective. Very cold and very tall mean different things to different people. Be specific. She’s 6'3" and it’s 13 degrees below freezing? These make your story better while also ensuring the reader understands the point you’re making.

6. Really

Unless you’re a Valley Girl, visiting from 1985, there’s no need to use “really” to modify an adjective. Or a verb. Or an adverb. Pick a different word to make your point. And never repeat “really,” or “very” for that matter. That’s really, really bad writing.

If you are visiting from 1985? Please bring the birth certificate for my Cabbage Patch Doll on your next visit. Thanks.

7. Amazing

The word means “causing great surprise or sudden wonder.” It’s synonymous with wonderful, incredible, startling, marvelous, astonishing, astounding, remarkable, miraculous, surprising, mind-blowing, and staggering. You get the point, right? It’s everywhere. It’s in corporate slogans. It dominated the Academy Awards acceptance speeches. It’s all over social media. It’s discussed in pre-game shows and post-game shows.

Newsflash: If everything is amazing, nothing is.

8. Always

Absolutes lock the writer into a position, sound conceited and close-minded, and often open the door to criticism regarding inaccuracies. Always is rarely true. Unless you’re giving written commands or instruction, find another word.

9. Never

See: Always.

10. Literally

“Literally” means literal. Actually happening as stated. Without exaggeration. More often than not, when the term is used, the writer means “figuratively.” Whatever is happening is being described metaphorically. No one actually “waits on pins and needles.” How uncomfortable would that be?

11. Just

It’s a filler word and it makes your sentence weaker, not stronger. Unless you’re using it as a synonym for equitable, fair, even-handed, or impartial, don’t use it at all.

12. Maybe

This makes you sound uninformed, unsure of the facts you’re presenting. Regardless of the topic, do the legwork, be sure, write an informed piece. The only thing you communicate when you include these words is uncertainty.

13. Stuff

This word is casual, generic even. It serves as a placeholder for something better. If the details of the stuff aren’t important enough to be included in the piece? Don’t reference it at all. If you tell your reader to take your course because they’ll learn a lot of stuff? They’re likely to tell you to stuff it.

14. Things

See: Stuff.

15. Irregardless

This doesn’t mean what you think it means, jefe. It means regardless. It is literally (see what I did there?) defined as: regardless. Don’t use it. Save yourself the embarrassment.

Whether you’re ghostwriting for your CEO, updating a corporate blog, selling a product, or finishing your doctoral thesis, you want to keep your reader engaged. These 15 words are a great place to start trimming the fat from your prose. Bonus? You’ll sound smarter.

Linguistics jobs - Interview with a Speech Pathologist

Occasionally on Superlinguo you’ll see a cameo from Speech Path Annie. I’ve been pestering her to be part of our Linguistics jobs interview series, and she kindly agreed. Annie and I became friends in Honours year at The University of Melbourne. We collaborated on some of my earliest gesture work - actually it’s some of my earliest academic research - so Annie has been putting up with me for a long time!

What did you study at university?

I did a Bachelor of Arts with a double major in Linguistics and Swedish and a diploma in French, and then honors in Linguistics looking at first language acquisition.  

I fell upon linguistics by accident: when I was first considering subjects, I had thought the real challenge would be choosing between anthropology and psychology for a major.  I picked my first linguistics subject because I had a spot on my timetable to fill.  My sister had taken a single subject in linguistics and told me the odd fun fact from it and I figured it would be fun to collect some more fun facts of my own. After that first subject, I knew I was going to keep going. Throughout my degree, it almost felt a little bit decadent, doing something so fun and interesting for a major.  

In the last year of undergrad, I started to think about what I would do after linguistics. I had a friend doing speech pathology whose passion for it convinced me to apply, and after taking a year off after honors, I did a two year Masters of Speech Pathology.  

What is your job?

I’m a speech pathologist (also known as a speech and language pathologist, or a speech and language therapist, or, by those in the know, a speechie).  I work in six schools doing assessments and therapy with primary school age kids, working with their parents, and working with teachers to make schools more inclusive for children with speech, language and literacy needs.

How does your linguistics training help you in your job?

Linguistics is a part of any speech pathology degree, but I certainly appreciated the breadth of knowledge I entered my masters with. Now, on any given day, I might be analyzing a language sample from a child, explaining linguistic concepts to teachers, or helping a group of children build their phonological awareness so they can learn to read and write.

Before working as a speechie, I admit to being apprehensive that there actually wouldn’t be much linguistics to it, especially with the kids. I feared that the speech side would focus on motor skills and the language side would be looking how quickly a kid learned a list of fifteen morphemes. And yes, I definitely do have to know and consider motor skills and tick off a morpheme checklist from time to time. But that is a very small part of what I do. In fact, language difficulties tend to be a lot more subtle and sly than an overtly misused morpheme. More often, the difficulties mean a person finds it hard to control and manipulate their language so what they say doesn’t fulfill their pragmatic intent or fully express their thoughts and ideas. Similarly, many speech and literacy difficulties link straight back to phonological rather than motor difficulties, in all phonology’s dramatic complexity. So my fears were allayed: there is definitely real, complex and gritty linguistics to speech path work. And one of my favorite parts of the job is the chance to explain the grittiness to a whole range of people.  

Do you have any advice do you wish someone had given to you about linguistics/careers/university?

I’ve always been lucky that I have had very wise people around me who have always given me very wise advice. Advice like: everyone stuffs up.  When you stuff up, no one cares that much that you stuffed up. What they really care about is how you resolve the stuff up. Or: people can only judge you by what they understand. They have no idea if the expert advice you are giving them is right or wrong – if they did, they wouldn’t need to ask – but they do know straight away if something is late or has a typo in it.

One piece of advice I have for uni is: if you’re really not sure what you want to do after uni, and you are going to do a Masters or further study, do something where, at the end, you know the exact search term you’ll use to look for jobs in the area. I sort of did this by accident but am incredibly glad I did! And even if it doesn’t end up being the best fit, remember that every job, and every uni course, no matter how specific, has transferable skills.

Any other thoughts or comments?

Language, communication and literacy difficulties and differences are far more prevalent than most people would imagine, and their impacts have profound effects on people’s lives. Unfortunately, a lack of knowledge in the world about both areas means these impacts tend to be negative. I highly recommend reading up on language, communication and literacy difficulties and differences, and the social model of disability.  

Superlinguo posts featuring Speech Path Annie:


The contemptuous reaction from the House speaker, John Boehner, to the president’s request to address a joint session next Wednesday — the day Congress returns from its summer recess — was appalling. No matter how he feels about Mr. Obama personally or politically, there can be no excuse for his lack of respect for the office, to which he is second in the line of succession. And it was distressing to watch President Obama fail, once again, to stand up to an opposition that won’t brook the smallest compromise.
—  The New York Times Editorial Board • In a piece titled “Oh, Grow Up,” on the infighting between Obama and Boehner over the timing of the president’s speech on jobs. To put it simply, we’re with them. Especially on this particular point: “Worse, the vital importance of the speech — and the need for Congress to take its full responsibility for creating jobs and reviving the economy — was upstaged by yet another Washington soap opera.” God, it’s like Washington breaks a little more with each passing day. source (viafollow)