“The thing about Joan I keep coming back to is the incredible weight she carried from childhood, the terrible abuse, poverty and a mother who never wanted her. She carried this incredible sorrow. From there, she climbed to the top. Her ambition was monumental. MGM taught her how to walk, how to talk- there’s this Mid-Atlantic upper-class accent- and yet there are moments when you see it all fall away.” -Jessica Lange
“…very disturbing childhood, raised by a tyrant of a mother who whipped her causing bleeding welts across her legs…young Joan’s father had abandoned the family. Her brother Hal showed no sympathy for her. Her mother’s second husband Mr.Henry Cassin was kind to her, but he also left the family. Sent to a catholic boarding school, St. Agnes, she worked at waiting on tables because her mother could not afford tuition. Finishing her curriculum at St Agnes, her mother found her Rockingham Academy, in Kansas, who took her on as a pupil in exchange for her cleaning fourteen rooms of the mansion, scrubbing toilets, bathing the young children and tucking them in bed. She got five hours sleep on average. Life was hard at the academy as the principal would also beat the child. She tried running away, but was returned and further beaten. Neither her home nor school allowed escape from beatings. While Joan was schooling, her mother had a new man installed at home and he too would beat Joan mercilessly…this was when she dreamed of becoming a professional dancer.” -Vince Voice
“She had a Dickinson childhood. She was abandoned by her father before she could even remember him, then her stepfather abandoned her. She was forced to go to work in schools at the age of nine, clean toilets, she was beaten by her mother, by sadistic school mistresses, she was treated as a third class citizen by the other students in those schools.” -Bob Thomas
Power means different things to different people. For poets and politicians, words are power. For some, money is power. For most of Earth’s history, weaponry and resources have constituted power. My grandfather always told me—and I believed for many years—that knowledge was power. But the funny thing about power is that no matter what you think it is, or how much you think you have, it’s the people above and all around you who get the final say.
Every man gives his life for what he believes. Every woman gives her life for what she believes. Sometimes people believe in little or nothing, and so they give their lives to little or nothing. One life is all we have, and we live it as we believe in living it…and then it’s gone. But to surrender who you are and to live without belief is more terrible than dying – even more terrible than dying young.
‘Photo album’ of the queens of England, 1066-1422.
1. Matilda of Flanders (1031-1083)
Queen consort to William I, ‘the Conqueror’, 1066-1083.
2. Matilda of Scotland (1080- 1118)
First queen consort of Henry I ‘Beauclerc’ 1100-1118.
3. Adeliza of Louvain (1103-1151)
Second queen consort of Henry I ‘Beauclerc’, 1121-1135.
4. Empress Matilda (1102-1167), the ‘Lady of the English’
Never crowned, but I thought she belonged on here because of her efforts to secure her claim. Matilda was the disputed claimant to the English throne from 1141-1148. She would have been the first queen regnant of England if crowned.
5. Matilda of Boulogne (1105-1152)
Queen consort of Stephen I, 1136-1152.
6.Aliènor of Aquitaine (1122-1204)
Queen consort of Henry II, 1154-1189. From 1172-1183, she held the title jointly with Marguerite of France, the wife of Henry the Young King.
7. Marguerite of France (1157-1197)
Queen consort of Henry the Young King. Co-queen with Aliènor of Aquitaine.
8. Berengaria of Navarre (sometime between 1165-1170- 1230)
Queen consort of Richard I ‘Lionheart’, 1191-1199.
9. Isabella of Angoulême (1188-1246)
Queen consort of John I ‘Lackland’, 1200-1216.
10. Eleanor of Provence (1223- 1291)
Queen consort of Henry III, 1236-1272.
11. Eleanor of Castile (1241-1290)
First queen consort of Edward I ‘Longshanks’, 1272-1290.
12. Marguerite of France (1279-1318)
Second queen consort of Edward I ‘Longshanks’, 1299-1307. She was never crowned, though she did use the title of queen.
13. Isabella of France (1295-1358), the ‘She-Wolf’
Queen consort of Edward II, 1308-1327. Regent for her son Edward III from 1327 to 1330.
14. Philippa of Hainault (1314-1369)
Queen consort of Edward III, 1330- 1369.
15. Anne of Bohemia (1366-1394).
First queen consort of Richard II, 1382-1394.
16. Isabella of Valois (1389-1409)
Second queen consort of Richard II, 1397-1399. Older sister of Catherine of Valois.
17. Joan of Navarre (1370-1437)
Queen consort of Henry IV ‘Bolingbroke’, 1403-1413.
18. Catherine of Valois (1401-1437)
Queen consort of Henry V, 1421-1422. Younger sister of Isabella of Valois.