japanese immigration

That was in 1942. Earlier that year, on February 19, 75 years ago this Sunday, President Franklin D. Roosevelt issued an executive order, No. 9066, which set the internment into motion. On its face, the order was “neutral,” authorizing the military to designate whole swaths of land as military zones, and evacuate any persons from it as they saw fit.

But behind that facade lay a much darker purpose: to tear 120,000 innocent Japanese-Americans from their homes along the West Coast and relocate them to 10 prison camps scattered throughout the United States.

It didn’t matter, back then, that most of us were US citizens and had never even been to Japan. We were presumed guilty, and held without charge for four years, simply because we happened to look like the people who had bombed Pearl Harbor. For that crime, we lost our homes, our livelihoods and our freedoms.

Every year, on February 19, we Japanese-Americans honor this day as Remembrance Day, and we renew our pledge to make sure what happened to us never happens again in America. I am always amazed, and saddened, that despite our decades long efforts, so many young people today are not even aware that such a tragedy and miscarriage of justice took place here.

[…]

We are an interdependent people, sharing a common bond of humanity. The most pernicious aspect of Trump’s policies is thus the denial of those basic bonds and that humanity. I will not stand for it, and no people of good conscience should.

The internment is not a ‘precedent,’ it is a stark and painful lesson. We will only learn from the past if we know, understand and remember it. For if we fail, we most assuredly are doomed to repeat it.

“Remember that consciousness is power. Consciousness is education and knowledge. Consciousness is becoming aware. It is the perfect vehicle for students. Consciousness-raising is pertinent for power, and be sure that power will not be abusively used, but used for building trust and goodwill domestically and internationally. Tomorrow’s world is yours to build.” - Yuri Kochiyama, Japanese-American activist (May 19, 1921 - June 1, 2014)

Allow me to present to you this headcanon: Shiro as a Japanese Brazilian!

  • Brazil has the most number of Japanese immigrants in the world. This is a result from a large number of Japanese people fleeing from Japan to Brazil at the beginning of the 20th century. Bairro da Liberdade (Freedom) is a district in São Paulo (Brazilian State) that is home to the largest Japanese community outside of Japan. I’ve been there and it’s both huge and amazing! Most people living in there speak both Portuguese and Japanese and there are also some Japanese newsspapers that run in this area. It’s a very welcoming place for anime and manga fans and it’s not hard to find cosplayers meeting in the area. Karaoke contests are famous in the area. There are also a smaller number of Chinese and Korean folks living in Liberdade.
  • Introducing the Voltron team to chimarrão. Coran absolutely falls in love with it, Hunk loves the smell and taste, Pidge and Keith are very reluctant to even try it out and Lance dives right in in one go. Allura is suspicious and finds out it’s not really to her taste but still appreciates the thought.
  • Whenever the panic attacks get bad and he needs to calm down, Shiro likes to isolate himself from the others and listen to bossa nova and Maria Gadú. It really helps him out.
  • Shiro’s father is Japanese, his mother is Brazilian.
  • He’s fluent in Japanese, Portuguese and English, which helps him get that scholarship at the garrison. He learns some Russian as well, though he’s not as good at it, but it’s important for the space program. 
  • Shiro and Lance thinking they can understand each other because Portuguese and Spanish are similar and then realizing how bad an idea that was.


  • Shiro came to fall in love with space while visiting the SONEAR (Southern Observatory for Near Earth Asteroids Research) observatory with his parents as a kid, located in the state of Minas Gerais. It was an experience unlike any other and that’s when he decided he wanted to be an astronaut for real.

Thank you @quotidiandreams for sharing this idea with me and @phospenumbra for translating Lance’s Spanish for me!  ❤

But until then we would stay in America just a little bit longer and work for them, for without us, what would they do? Who would pick the strawberries from their fields? Who would get the fruit down from their trees? Who would wash their carrots? Who would scrub their toilets? Who would mend their garments? Who would iron their shirts? Who would fluff their pillows? Who would change their sheets? Who would cook their breakfasts? Who would clear their tables? Who would soothe their children? Who would bathe their elderly? Who would listen to their stories? Who would keep their secrets? Who would tell their lies? Who would flatter them? Who would sing for them? Who would dance for them? Who would weep for them? Who would turn the other cheek for them and then one day - because we were tired, because we were old, because we could - forgive them? Only a fool. And so we folded up our kimonos and put them away in our trunks and did not take them out again for years.
—  Julie Otsuka, The Buddha in the Attic
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It is said that there are more than one million Japanese immigrants and their descendants are living in Brazil today – the largest such population outside of Japan.  Japanese Brazilians, well into the second and third generations, participate in every facet of Brazilian life – social, political and economic. 

Japanese immigration to Brazil has followed patterns of their exclusion from the United States. In 1908, when the Gentlemen’s Agreement was signed to limit Japanese immigration to the United States, the first shipload of some 800 Japanese arrived at the port of Santos in the State of São Paulo.  In the1920s when Exclusion Acts were passed by the United States government, the slow stream of Japanese immigrants to Brazil became a flood, and thousands came to Brazil to work as contract laborers on coffee plantations.  By 1940 more than 190,000 Japanese had passed through the port city of Santos, disembarking from any one of 32 Japanese steamships that crossed the oceans in over 300 trips.  While the vast majority of these immigrants came to Brazil as contract laborers, a small percentage came as settlers, buying tracts of land and colonizing farming communities.

Karen Tei Yamashita, Pre-Foreword - Brazil Maru

According to Scott Watanabe, Big Hero 6 is set in an alternate future where after the 1906 earthquake, San Francisco was rebuilt by Japanese immigrants using techniques that allow movement and flexibility in a seismic event. After the city was finished being rebuilt, it was renamed San Fransokyo due to it being a city with Japanese and American architecture combined.

anonymous asked:

for your consideration: the team goes to an alien planet that's famous for having really rare ingrediants, right? hunk has a field day gathering up supplies for the ship, and lance jokingly asks if hunk could whip him up some earth food. hunk knows that lance really loved the garlic knots on the beach, so he makes some as a surprise for lance. lance eats one and starts crying because they taste like home. (not really angst but i didn't know who else to send this to ^^") PS you're really cool! :)

hOLY MOLY- And he proceeds to cook foods like the ones Lance mom makes, and he just is awed that Hunk is such a pure bean. So everyone kinda is like, “Can you make something from {Insert where they’re from}?” 

Hunk, the bean, is like, “Yeah!” 

He makes Pidge a type of beef stroganoff that her mom used too make, and she almost cries because it taste just like her moms despite there not being any real beef in it. She hugs hunk, and tells him thank you over and over again.

He makes Shiro  Nabemono (a variety of Japanese hot pot dishes) and Shiro is suddenly reminded of his moms cooking, which he hasn’t had in a long time. [I hc his mom as a Japanese immigrant so… yeah]

Keith requested something, however, and Hunk gets right on it. Getting something akin too peaches Hunk, the most beautiful bean, makes peach cobbler and peach sweet tea [two of my favorite things, I can make both. My peach cobbler is gold, guys]. The whole team teases Keith for his Texas-ness, but Kieth is just reminded of his neighbor who used to bring sweet tea and cobbler to him and his dad in exchange for them helping her out with building around the house. 

[Bonus; 

Hunk makes Allura and Coran an Altean recipe that he had been working on for awhile, not knowing it was King Alfor’s favorite. They cry and he’s like, “Oh no was it bad?!” 

They’re crying because it taste exactly how it used too, and Alfor would have loved it.]


Your cool too, fam, and i am a dork 

officialbizness  asked:

okay wait here's an actual question for you: with everyone's cultural heritage/nationality now revealed, how connected do you think Shiro feels to his Japanese background?

i like to think Shiro is really connected to his Japanese background, personally. he just strikes me as the type of person who would be very family-oriented and who would want to keep connected to things like language and culture. i often imagine him having parents who are Japanese born and raised and moved to America as adults - maybe Shiro was even born in Japan and moved to America as a young child (i tend to assume he was raised in America because of his accent)

Shiro is honestly the type of person who would call his grandma in Japan and spend an hour talking to her in flawless Japanese cos he’s such a GOOD BOY okay? i just… really love the idea of him being very connected to his culture.

(disclaimer - i am not Japanese so i can’t really give you a very full answer to this. however i would literally give my right arm to Haggar for some Japanese Shiro headcanons from anyone who’s Japanese so like… hmu fam i live for those i would cry i get very emotional about this kind of thing)

Pinball is big business in Japan. Known as pachinko, the multibillion-dollar industry is dominated by Korean Japanese, an immigrant community that has been unwelcome and ill-treated for generations. In her new novel, Pachinko, Min Jin Lee tells the story of one family’s struggle to fit into a society that treats them with contempt.

Lee got the idea for her book when she was still a college student. It was 1989 and she went to a lecture by an American missionary who had been working with the Korean Japanese in Japan. He told a story about a 13-year-old boy who committed suicide. After his death the boy’s parents found his school yearbook.

“And in this yearbook several of his classmates had written things like: Go back to your country,” Lee says. “They had written the words: die, die, die. The parents were born in Japan, the boy was born in Japan. … That story just really could not be more fixed in my brain.”

‘Pachinko’ Is A Family Saga Of Exile, Discrimination … And Japanese Pinball

Winter 2017 Anime watchlist

Lmao this was supposed to go up last week but it takes me forever to write these things up orz.

Anyway, we’re 1/3 of the way into this barren Winter season, and thus my watchlist has shrunk significantly. I think I’m currently watching what, 10 shows? vs 23-ish last season? Anyway we’ve had a couple neat surprises this season, but it’s mostly the sequels that are keeping everything interesting. Also there’s quality hatewatch material which I hadn’t had in a while.

Because I fucked up, this time I’m going from best to worst rather than the usual opposite

Top Priority

Showa Genroku Rakugo Shinju: Futatabi Sukeroku-hen

To no one’s surprise, Rakugo maintains it’s tightly written character drama in top form. The direction is still unusually creative and masterful, especially considering this is a DEEN anime, production team deserves every kudo. If season one was a tragedy, season 2 is gearing up for a story of salvation. Every week I go in completely prepared to suffer and am repeatedly surprised by how happy I feel at the end of each episode.  Scenes like Yakumo consoling a sleeping Konatsu with her father’s rakugo or his performing an old play in Sukeroku’s style for Yotaro are as heart-wrenching as they’re heartwarming. S1 was a strong contender for anime of the year 2016 (and for me it was a toss up between that and YOI) and season 2 seems ready to pick on that and go for a second run.

Originally posted by cutefujoshiyaoi

High-Priority

Ao no Exorcist: Kyoto saga

Honestly this one had my full devotion guaranteed when they decided to commit to those thick af Kansai accents. I am also very pleased with the budget this is getting, it looks reeeaaally nice. Kato’s designs have translated to animation greatly (not that this was a surprise since they did that pretty well on the first series too). The plot seems to be moving rather fast so I wonder if they won’t suffer to fill in the full cour (although this arc is quite long) but for the time being I’m excited to get the Kyoto otaku in me continually catered to.

Originally posted by vongrell

Yowamushi Pedal: Next Generation

I was a Little dubious about how well they’d manage the transition of Makishima’s departure, and while killing him off was rather abrupt to the point I’d even say the guy was fridged for the sake of Onoda’s development, they did a rather good job in setting Teshima as the new role model for the 1st years (who is also very dreamy). I also laughed my ass off with how gigantic they made Ashikiba who is a rather delightful addition to the cast. Kudos to you show, you’ve got me excited in a new season even without my favorite character.

Originally posted by yowa-pedal

Little Witch Academia

It’s hard to find something to say about this show other than it’s energetic, lively and fun to a fault and that Sucy is still Best Girl. It’s very easy to tell how passionate the folks at TRIGGER are about this project and I’m glad they didn’t give up and continued to work on it even if it was poorly received by Japanese audiences. The show reminds me a bit of The Worst Witch, which I used to love in my early teens so there’s also that.

Originally posted by senor-sama

Kuzu no Honkai

This is such a fascinatingly disturbing show to watch. Like watching a trainwreck I guess, except that it’s not a trainwreck in the sense of Hand Shakers, but in you’re just watching all these horrible people destroy each other and self-destruct emotionally and it’s really interesting. I’m particularly invested in Hanabi’s internal struggle and self-deprecation. Could complete dispose of Moca (whose choice of nickname makes my skin crawl) but otherwise I’m constantly at the edge of my seat waiting for the next developments. I also continue to be rather fond of the vagina imagery in the ending, and I appreciate that there’s actually a show that treats female sexuality in a layered, human way, for purposes beyond otaku titillation.

Originally posted by sugoihentai

All Out!! 

This show continues to grow on me with its unique approach to team dynamics. The fact that rugby teams are so big gives us an interesting opportunity of seeing many characters take the spotlight at different times, and this show’s cast continues to be funny and extremely likable to the point that even if Gion has had to sit out most of the games, and even if there isn’t as much focus on Sekizan as I’d like, they’re still engaging and fun. There have also been genuinely emotional peaks, notoriously when that one guy quite the team and it crushed Sekizan’s heart. Also kudos for how even in-show Sekizan’s amazing hair is considered cray-cray

Originally posted by dailyanimefans

Classicaloid

Honestly this second cour just keeps getting better? I don’t know how they did it but they managed to make me not care about whether we’ll ever get some semblance of plot or explanations, I could watch the Beethoven, Mozart, Schubert, Chopin and Liszt doing nonsense stuff show all year round. Whoever wrote the Fish!Schubert episode should get an Oscar and a Nobel Prize

Originally posted by mimimochi

Here we make a drastic leap between things I’m loving and things I’m just eh-watching

ACCA 13-ku Kansatsu-ka

Aaaahhh what should I do about you, show. Ep 1 was okay, ep 2 was great, ep 3 was kind of nothing. There’s obviously way more than meets the eye in this allegedly peaceful country and once that starts to unfold the show will start gaining momentum, hopefully, but as it is I think it suffers greatly from how inscrutable the main character is. I have no idea of Jean’s motivations beyond his love of cigarettes (and I feel they’re overdoing it, unless they plan to make the tabacco thing a  crucial part of the plot later on, they’re hammering the whole ‘tobacco is rare and this guy is weird for smoking’ thing way too hard) so we’re at this weird position of not really knowing where we’re going. I’m intrigued enough to keep watching, but I certainly hope we get some form of interesting developments sooner rather than later.

Originally posted by wakata

Gundam Iron-Blooded Orphans

The writing continues to be notoriously better while the story gets more and more tragic and I still don’t know how to feel about it. Seeing bad guys cheating their way to victory always upsets me a lot, and seeing people die meaninglessly only adds insult to injury. I’m in too deep to drop it at this point, but I honestly can’t forgive how they didn’t even give us that final revenge moment against the Kujan kid. Also every time Atra brings up her dream life of being part of a polyamorous marriage with Mikazuki creeps me the fuck out because obviously Mikazuki doesn’t have the emotional maturity to engage in any such relationship

Originally posted by captainstarlord

Onihei

I’m very uncertain about what to do with this show. First episode was promising, with murky direction, but interesting setting. Episode two was mostly unimpressive, the final twist was rather predictable and the moral outcome wasn’t particularly satisfying. And then episode three put me to sleep. My first impression was that the dyamics between Heizo and his thief-turned-snitch subordinate would be the core of the show, but the latter seems to have been mostly sidelined in favor of focusing on the coolness of Heizo. Which isn’t a problem per say, but the execution just isn’t working and they’re completely wasting the Edo setting, with the cases turning out quite generic. I don’t know, ep 4 is already out so I guess I’ll check that out and decide from there (watched episode 4 already, fell asleep again which I guess is as good a sign as any that this isn’t working for me,but I’m too lazy to move it to the bottom. Dropped)

Originally posted by oboreta-ningyo

Hate-watching

Hand Shakers

Why is this pile of steaming garbage over the mediocre (and gross) show? Well, this one’s gross too, but exceedingly terrible is always better for ironic entertainment than plain boring stuff. At least Hand Shakers keeps me engrossed with its terribleness. Honest to good, even if I hardly remember what the previous episode was about, I’m always looking forward to the next one, I enjoy the terribleness too much.

Also, this is a little insignificant, but this is the first time I see any reference to the Japanese immigrants in Brazil (th, which was kind of a big thing back in the 1930s, in any anime I’ve ever watched, and since I had to look up into that for my thesis, it felt kinda nice to see it and understand why Brazil of all countries.

Super Lovers 2

This is so boring. Even when they try to address the issues I had with the previous season (mainly questioning the nature of Haru and Ren’s relationship), they always do it half-assedly. No drama, no tension, no resolution and certainly no semblance of any plot progression and it’s becoming increasingly tedious. The introduction of the new host guy could add at least some drama to the plot, but I’m not holding my breath. The dog continues to be cute

Originally posted by plisetskiz

I dropped Marginal #4 since episode 2 and I can’t quite remember what it was about other than there was a long sequence of one of the guys desperately looking for his “lucky undies” and I’m too old for this level of juvenile “lol undies” humor. Turns out “not putting me to sleep” wasn’t that strong an asset after all.

Anyway really dead season but the scarce good stuff is really quite good, and the truly terrible stuff is so terrible it’s hilarious so overall the season doesn’t feel as terrible as it could. 

“Dressed in his uniform marking service in the first World War, this veteran enters the Santa Anita assembly center for persons of Japanese ancestry evacuated from the west coast.” This is the original caption to this photo, taken in Arcadia, California, on April 5, 1942.

The attack on Pearl Harbor launched a rash of fear about national security, especially on the West Coast. In February 1942, just two months after Pearl Harbor, President Roosevelt as commander-in-chief, issued Executive Order 9066, which had the effect of relocating all persons of Japanese ancestry, both citizens and aliens, inland, outside of the Pacific military zone.

Roosevelt’s order affected 117,000 people of Japanese descent, two-thirds of whom were native-born citizens of the United States. Within weeks, all persons of Japanese ancestry–whether citizens or enemy aliens, young or old, rich or poor–were ordered to assembly centers near their homes. Soon they were sent to permanent relocation centers outside the restricted military zones. (Read more here: http://bit.ly/2ghV2PB)

On Saturday, November 19, the Japanese American National Museum is hosting our next National Conversation. This time the topic is “Immigration: Barriers and Access.” You can register to attend in person or watch the livestream: http://bit.ly/2eDdEVj

Stripper/Dancer AU

Stripper Yuuri

6 Inch -  It’s not a ritual, per se, for Chris to take Viktor out somewhere the second night before the short program, but it happens more often than not. Usually it’s harmless fun – a nice dinner, an opera – until one year, it’s a strip club?

Applause -  Victor Nikiforov is a four-time gold medalist from the Grand Prix Final. In his fifth year going for gold, he travels to the United States, and meets Yuri Katsuki. Yuri is a Japanese immigrant who works at a strip club to put himself through school and to support his family who are struggling to dig their roots into the new country. The two meet at said strip club, with Yuri not realizing just who Victor is. The two go on a date and things go on from there.

Cause or Effect -  Chris threatens him that he’s growing into an old man, and Viktor can’t refuse the invitation without confirming the slander. He let’s himself get dragged to a stripclub, set on drinking himself into a stupor in revenge. Though as it turns out the dancer is really hot, and despite the awful tie, Viktor really wants to bang Yuuri.

Guilty Pleasure -  Viktor Nikiforov is to be believed to be the best figure skater around but he starts getting bored and uninspired when everyone expects the unexpected from him. One day while he’s in Detroit for the World Championship this year, he goes to an exotic club and finds inspiration from a raven-haired boy with captivating eyes.
~Or a stripper!yuuri story where viktor and yuuri fall in lust and then love~

Let’s Be Sinners To Be Saints -  Viktor is a rich businessman who’s struggling with depression, feeling trapped in a life he has no control over. Yuuri works as an exotic dancer at a high-end club in New York to help pay his tuition. When they meet both their lives become a little bit better, and a whole lot more complicated.

My Heart Dances for You -  Katsuki Yuri is one of the world’s best Strippers. He travels to every country, visiting clubs and dancing his heart out on the pole. One fateful night, he meets Victor Nikiforov at a show. At first glance Victor is the most handsome club owner Yuri has ever met. And maybe, just maybe his heart started to dance for Victor that same night.

Private Show -  Chris had dragged Victor to an insane amount of strip clubs over the years, but that didn’t mean Victor expected to fall in love with a stripper.

Sharm - Sharm, - noun. - To bring shame, to something, someone or yourselfThe way he looked, The way he moved, Was apparently hundred percent different in person.
“Nē~ Viktor! You want to know about him. He’s a new addition. Japanese, he’s not Russian nor does he speak too much of it. But, the way he speaks is exotic. Quite a turn on, in my opinion. Though.. he’s so awkward. It’s adorable.”“He does have nice features. Though, his movements are quite sloppy. But..You always like gems in the rough.”

Sex on ice -  The stripper AU nobody asked for

Yu-topia Gentleman’s Club - Victor hadn’t exactly wanted the end of his long training day to finish at the bottom of a glass alongside his friend Chris, however he hadn’t expected Chris to drag him to a strip club, of all places. Of course, he also hadn’t expected to be introduced to one of the most alluring and blinding dancers he had ever seen in his life.He would have to thank Chris later once the show was over.

Stripper Yuri

Narcissist - For the first time Yuri felt his thighs wrap around that warm pole, felt the crisp caress of ones being stuffed in his glittery thong.For the first time Otabek felt a boner in his pants and a pull from his alpha instincts to pursue and possess.And for the first time JJ felt the sting of rejection.JJ doesn’t handle rejection well.

Madam Lilia’s Peep Show -  Yuri is a dancer for a peep show run by Madam Lilia. Otabek goes to watch a show… and this is what happened… (Yuri is of age in this btw)

Tantalizing -  The young man that was up there made Otabek’s heart stop, his breath hitched as he found his eyes laying on the most beautiful man he had ever seen. He could say that a million times and it would always be true. Everything about the man up there was just… Tantalizing. It was torture, it was bait. Never in his whole life had Otabek seen someone so gorgeous,

Stripper Viktor

Young and Memeiful -  Viktor is a famous stripper that nobody knows the name of, just a fake one.
Yuuri is an college student struggling to graduate in time so he can go home.
Combined they’re a mess but they probably couldn’t live without each other, even if they did meet with Yuuri passing out in an alleyway and Viktor wearing no pants and being slapped for intrusiveness over Ibuprofen.

it wasn’t supposed to be like this - Viktor Nikiforov, AKA Vitya, is the Living Legend™ of modern-day porn, who has always thrived on surprising his audience. Though his viewer count has never dwindled once, he finds himself bored of doing the same thing. So his manager, Yakov, sets him up with pole-dancing lessons Viktor can add to his repertoire, taught by a man who goes by the name ‘Eros’.This guy, Eros doesn’t know it yet, but he’s in for one hell of a ride (if you know what I mean).

[I]n celebration of [the] model minority [myth], pundits and politicians have exaggerated Asian-American ‘success.’ Their comparisons of incomes between Asians and Whites fail to recognize the regional location of the Asian-American population. Concentrated in California, Hawaii, and New York, Asian Americans reside largely in states with higher incomes but also higher costs of living than the national average: 59 percent of all Asian Americans lived in these three states in 1980, compared to only 19 percent of the general population. The use of 'family incomes’ by Reagan and others has been very misleading, for Asian American families have more persons working per families than white families. In 1980, white nuclear families in California had only 1.6 workers per family, compared to 2.1 for Japanese, 2.0 for immigrant Chinese, 2.2 for immigrant Filipino, and 1.8 for immigrant Korean… Thus the family incomes of Asian Americas indicate the presence of more workers in each family, rather than higher incomes.
-
Actually, in terms of personal incomes, Asian Americans [had] not reached equality [to those of whites]. In 1980 the mean personal income for white men in California was $23,400… Korean men earned only $19,200, or 82 percent of the income of white men, Chinese men only $15,900 or 68 percent, and Filipino men only $14,500 or 62 percent. In New York, the mean personal income for white men was 21,600, compared to only $18,900 or 88 percent for Korean men, $16,500 or 76 percent for Filipino men, and only $11,200 or 52 percent for Chinese men. In the San Francisco Bay Area, Chinese immigrant men earned only 72 percent of what their white counterparts earned, Filipino men 68 percent, Korean 69 percent and Vietnamese men 52 percent. The incomes of Asian American men were close to and sometimes even below those of Black men (68 percent) and Mexican American men (71 percent).
— 

Ronald Takaki: A History of Asian Americans: Strangers from a Different Shore (Ch. 12 - “The Myth of the ‘Model Minority’”)

I wanted to share this because I often see statistics floating around that Asian Americans earn more than other racial groups, including whites, and I think these facts are important to keep in mind. The statistics in this quote are dated (1980s), so they likely have changed, but it’s important to notice how statistics can be misleading and how they were skewed in the 80′s to create this stereotype and erase struggles Asian Americans face, especially since Asian Americans are often lumped together, erasing differences.