There’s a comforting-to-white-people fiction about racism and racial inequality in the United States today: They’re caused by a small, recalcitrant group who cling to their egregiously inaccurate beliefs in the moral, intellectual and economic superiority of white people.
The reality: racism and racial inequality aren’t just supported by old ideas, unfounded group esteem or intentional efforts to mistreat others, said Nancy DiTomaso, author of the new book, The American Non-Dilemma: Racial Inequality Without Racism. They’re also based on privilege, she said – how it is shared, how opportunities are hoarded and how most white Americans think their career and economic advantages have been entirely earned, not passed down or parceled out.
The way that whites, often unconsciously, hoard and distribute advantage inside their almost all white networks of family and friends is one of the driving reasons that in February just 6.8 percent of white workers remained unemployed while 13.8 percent of black workers and 9.6 percent of Hispanic workers were unable to find jobs, DiTomaso said
DiTomaso concludes, based on her research, that most white Americans engage, at least a few times per year, in the activities that foster inequality. While they may not deliberately discriminate against black and other non-white job seekers, they take actions that make it more likely that white people will be employed – without thinking that what they’re doing amounts to discrimination.
“The vast majority assumed everyone has the same opportunities, and they just somehow tried harder, were smarter,” DiTomaso said of those she interviewed. “Not seeing how whites help other whites as the primary way that inequality gets reproduced today is very helpful. It’s easy on the mind.”
So white Americans tell a neighbor’s son about a job, hire a friend’s daughter, carry the resume of a friend (or, for that matter, a friend’s boyfriend’s sister) into the boss’s office, recommend an old school mate or co-worker for an unadvertised opening, or just say great things about that job applicant whom they happen to know. But since most Americans, white and black, live virtually segregated lives, and since advantages, privileges and economic progress have already accrued in favor of whites, the additional advantages that flow from this help go almost exclusively to whites, DiTomaso said.
DiTomaso’s work does confirm that networks – not just the kind you build over awkward conversations, finger foods and watered-down cocktails but the kind you’re born into – matter, Austin said. It also points to just how different forms of inequality feed one another. Family-and-friends segregation feeds job and income inequality. That in turn feeds neighborhood and school segregation. That then leaves some kids less likely to receive a quality education and escape from the cycle, he said.
It’s not that black workers don’t attempt the same sort of job assists within their own networks, said Deirdre Royster, an economic sociologist at New York University and author of Race and the Invisible Hand: How White Networks Exclude Black Men From Blue Collar Jobs.
African Americans ask neighbors, significant others, the significant others of neighbors, relatives and friends about open jobs, too. But since black unemployment rates were far higher than white rates before, during and after the recession, the number of people in a typical black social network who are in a position to help is far more limited.
According to Royster, there’s an additional twist: When blacks are aware of a job, they describe the job, the boss, the company and its preferences and needs. Then they follow up with a warning.
“They give the person looking for a job all sorts of information and then they say, ‘But don’t tell them I sent you,’” said Royster.
Black workers are aware of something that researchers are still trying to explain: White bosses often worry, lack of statistical evidence aside, that black workers are more likely to sue them or band together in the workplace and try to change things, Royster said. That seems all the more likely if the black workers already know one another, she said. And many white hiring managers still assume, consciously or unconsciously, that black workers bring undesirable workplace habits and qualities, Royster said.
Dej Loaf looks good. I just wanted to
acknowledge that. I don’t know what I was expecting from “Try Me”, but it’s not
what I got. Her, her new management, and brother fought her old manager…she was suppose to perform. smh
Kendrick’s performance was really dope
Mama Minaj was on stage like “What do I do now?
Do I stand like this? No…How about this? No…ok…me stand like this”
Sanah’s wig was a mess. Yea, I notice stuff like
that. You mad? LOL
Haven’t we done the “Woe is me, my husband isn’t
paying attention to me, so I date the psycho” movie enough?
Janelle…I love her. I was waiting on the
haters..It’s called evolution…It’s called empowerment
I’m a classic man
MeeK Mills gets his polos from Marshall’s…I’m
convinced. Nothing wrong with that. But he always looks like he has on the
newest Beverly Hills Polo gear.
The game…awkward moment indeed. No more (Random
moment from show)…I haven’t watched The Game since that chick Eggs was on
Chris broan and Tyga…Illum….nevermind…show
Why can’t you sing with your backup track???!
Everyone is waiting on jhene aiko…and she never
I just want Omarion to do “Touch” right now…that
was my jam
They show Rihanna on Jhene’s part…petty
They wanna be illuminati so bad…smh
Who thought it was a good idea to make a new
colonel sanders? Let’s make a new Walt Disney and see how that goes
The Weeknd and this five finger hand hair…but
people fail to realize that he is an International star. Dude is getting paid.
50 Shades of Grey and Arian Grande pretty much locked dude in for a ton of
checks that will flow for a lifetime and there after…but one thing is for sure…Abel ain’t worried about us.
I’m a huge fan of the weeknd…I just play his
music at home and just let my emotions run…usually ……wait….is he saying the f
Alicia messed the song up…Gotta take it off the “Timmy
take down” list
When Kelly messed up Destiny’s Childs’ name lol
Uncle Charlie..That guy is awesome
What you thought?!
Anthony Anderson as Sam Smith…funny
“Arriving, but definitely not coming (You know
what they mean)”…what?! This is the tagline for your new show, TVOne. Born
Again Virgin? OK…smh
When Donnie McClurkin walked on stage, the
internet did this…
Folks out here acting like Tori Kelly is on amateur
night at the Apollo. The girl is sangin’
Ugh, robin. Stop looking like you haven’t washed
your man parts…get up and move on.
Keyshia cole- People have been making “She
selling fish plates outside the awards show” jokes for years and this was your
moment. And what did you do? Let us all know that you no longer have a record
deal. Not only did you walk out looking like an Instagram bundles boutique, you
did it in a way that on you could. Kudos? Does that deserve a Kudos? I don’t
know. I mean…It’s Keyshia.
Janet Janet tribute- Ok, for years, I have said
that Ciara would do well with a “Pleasure Principle” cover…along with a full
reenactment of the video. Maybe, that would be good for her “Career”. *shrug*
Just always been something I thought. So what does BET do? They present Janet
with a “Comeback Plug” award and finds artists/dancers that haven’t had hits or
haven’t had a hit since “Body Party”….THEN…THEN…ON TOP OF IT ALL…You have
Tinashe gives us a middle school recital version of “Pleasure Principle”…and I
Then Jason Defoolo came out…and I was like…
Then Ciara came out….and I was like…
Very unclean dancing…It looked like they practiced this
Friday…and that was it. Then you have the offspring from the “That’s the way
that love goes” video slide around to the new track…man…I was done. Janet looks
What was this award for? Nicki…come on, babe.
Even if you didn’t know, you could have turned around and looked. That was a
little tacky to me.
Rihanna-You know, she actually made the show a
little more interesting. But I could have done without the 1 minute trailer. Sorry, babe. I had to say it.
Tracee and Anthony did a good job.
Smokey Robinson will always like that bachelor
uncle that has all the H*** to me. I loved his speech.
Did I talk about K.Michelle and Tamar? No? I
didn’t? Ok. It was on purpose.
Ladies, where is the book that said “Men love
booties that make you look like a toddler with a messy diaper on”?
Some people just don’t sing well live
YOU DON’T SING AN EPIC SONG IF YOU AND/OR YOUR
VOICE ISN’T JUST AS EPIC. I ALMOST THREW MY IPAD AT THE TV WHEN “If only you
knew” started. I was thinking, “Patti better come out here and save the day”. Patti stepped out there like…
The Bad Boy Tribute had me in my feelings…
great. Diddy is getting old…clearly…and that fall was epic…but let’s address
the Lawsuit elephant in the room. Where was Da Band? Danity Kane? Day 26? Carl
Thomas? Mario Winans? Hell, Cheri Dennis?! Where were they? Craig Mac!!!
Bruh!!! Like…how could you have tribute without them? Diddy didn’t want to pay
for Megabus transfers?! I’m so lost.
Fetty Wap ended the show. You know, I can
respect him. “Trap Queen” is not the ideal love song, but she’s helping him
commit a felony, so he treats her well. Plus, he had a pretty dope post about
marriage equality so we definitely see eye to…eye. Sigh…that was petty. Wasn’t it?
HONORABLE DIDN’T WANT TO MENTION GOES TO BOBBY VALENTINO for
his new role as the Fierce Ranger in Hedwig and the Angry Itch. Bruh really came out the house looking like he was going to an all-white
party in Atlanta…Comic-Con Power Rangers table…a dance battle in Dubai….looking like one of the Jacksons…bruh
doesn’t have friends.