25 January 1503—Margaret Tudor married James IV of Scotland by proxy.The marriage between the
Thistle and the Rose
was to have repercussions for Scottish history down to this day. Margaret was thirteen years old and James was thirty when the couple were married. The official wedding rite was performed on August 8, 1503 at Holyrood Palace. A short coronation ceremony followed. The marriage was one of strong affection, James was attentive and generous. The first three years of the marriage were pleasant and full of social engagements. At age sixteen the couple had their first child, and eventually six different pregnancies would follow.
In 1513, Margaret was torn between her brother and her husband. She had prophetic dreams and asked James not to go to war. James met the English at Flodden Field on September 9, 1513 where he lost his life along with the flower of the Scottish nobility. Margaret was to pass of a stroke on October 18, 1541 at Methven Castle. Her brother Henry VIII had excluded her heirs from the line of succession in his will. Her lasting legacy was that her great-grandchild ended up on the throne. Scotland and England were joined together into Great Britain.
Arthur Tudor, Prince of Wales (1486-1502): The eldest son and heir apparent of Henry VII and Elizabeth of York, Arthur was viewed as the great hope of the newly established House of Tudor. Soon after his marriage to Catherine of Aragon, daughter of Spanish Catholic Monarchs, he died suddenly of an unknown ailment.
Lady Jane Grey (1536/37-1553): Also known as the “Nine Days Queen”, Jane was a great-granddaughter of Henry VII and was nominated as the successor to the Crown by her cousin, Edward VI, in an effort to avoid his half-sister - the Catholic Mary Tudor - from taking the crown. Jane was Queen of England for nine days before Mary and her supporters deposed her, later executing her when Protestants rebelled in her name during Mary’s reign.
Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots (1542-1587): The only surviving legitimate child of James V of Scotland, Mary was six days old when her father died and she became the queen of Scotland. After discontent amongst her subjects forced her to abdicate, she sought the protection of her first cousin once removed, Elizabeth I of England. As the Catholic Mary was a threat to Elizabeth’s crown due to her descent from Henry VII, she was held as a virtual prisoner for nearly two decades until she was finally executed after being found guilty of plotting to assassinate her queenly cousin.
Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales (1594-1612): The elder son of James VI and I, King of England and Scotland, and Anne of Denmark, he was destined to inherit both the English and Scottish thrones but he predeceased his father when he died young of typhoid fever.
James Francis Edward Stuart, Prince of Wales (1688-1766): Also known as the “Old Pretender”, James was the only surviving son of James II and VII, who had failed to produce a living son after nearly three decades of marriage to two different women. His Catholic father was deposed in the Glorious Revolution just months after James’s birth due to the realm’s unwillingness to have a James’s Catholic son succeed to the throne. James spent the rest of his life unsuccessfully attempting to win back his father’s thrones with the backing of his Jacobite followers.
Prince William, Duke of Gloucester (1689-1700): The only child of Anne, Queen of Great Britain, and Prince George of Denmark to survive infancy, William was seen as a Protestant champion as his birth seemed to cement the Protestant succession established in the Glorious Revolution. His death at the age of eleven precipitated a succession crisis, resulting in the Crown passing over to his Protestant Hanoverian cousins after his mother’s death.
Sophia of the Palatinate, Electress of Hanover (1630-1714): A granddaughter of James I and VI, Sophia became heir presumptive to the Kingdom of Great Britain when her cousin Anne lost her only child, resulting in the end to the Protestant line of succession established by the Bill of Rights. However, she died less than two months before she would have become queen, and her position as heir passed on to her eldest son, the future George I.
Frederick, Prince of Wales (1707-1751): The eldest but estranged son of George II and Caroline of Ansbach, Frederick was heir apparent to the British throne from 1727 until he predeceased his father by nine years. His position as Prince of Wales passed on to his young son, the future George III.
Princess Charlotte of Wales (1796-1817): The only child of the future George IV and his cousin, Caroline of Brunswick, she was the only legitimate grandchild of George III during her lifetime, meaning she was destined to be the future Queen of the United Kingdom. After a year and a half of happy marriage to the future Leopold I of Belgium, she died after delivering a stillborn son, resulting in a succession crisis and pressure on the King’s unmarried sons to produce an heir.
Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence & Avondale (1864-1892): the eldest child of Albert Edward, Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII) and grandson of the reigning Queen Victoria, he was second in the line of succession from the time of his birth but never became king after dying of influenza weeks after becoming engaged.
Optimistically entitled, this treaty promised an alliance
between England and Scotland, sealed with a marriage alliance. James IV
of Scotland was betrothed to Princess Margaret, the daughter of Henry
VII of England. The borders of this document illustrate the thistle
(James’ emblem), the Tudor rose and the marguerete representing
On March 24th, in 1603, Elizabeth I died at Richmond Palace between
two and three in the morning after having been Queen for a total of 44
years, 127 days. She was the last ruler of the Tudor Dynasty and is
still considered to be one of England’s most popular monarchs.
her life, she had infamously never married or had any children, leading
to her nickname of “The Virgin Queen”. Elizabeth was succeeded on the
throne by her 1st cousin twice removed, James VI of Scotland, who was
the great-grandson of her father’ sister Margaret. He would rule in
England as James I, becoming the first monarch of the House of Stuart.
Ok so it was suggested that they do this several years back and turned down but now they might and I am so happy. It may be unlikely that they find anything, but I’m so glad they’re trying because this really means a lot as far as Perth’s religious life in the Middle Ages is concerned too (Perth was also the scene of a pretty successful dig in 80s or 90s when they found out a lot about how the mediaeval burgh would have functioned so I’ll keep my fingers crossed).
Perth Charterhouse was the only Carthusian house in Scotland, and was the special project of James I. As well as this, though he spent more time in Edinburgh, he held most of his parliaments in Perth and also tried to move the University of St Andrews there- this has led to a common theory that he may have been thinking of trying to establish Perth, with it’s good position in the heart of Scotland between Highland and Lowland, as a main centre of government. He was also murdered there on the night of 20th February 1437, in the Blackfriars on the edge of town, and buried in the Charterhouse he founded. His queen, Joan Beaufort, would also be buried there in 1445, while nearly a hundred years later, in 1541, Margaret Tudor was also buried in the Charterhouse after her death at Methven. However, the Charterhouse was destroyed during the Reformation, like many of Perth’s other religious foundations.
So essentially, even if they don’t find the king or either of the two queens, they will probably still make some really important discoveries if the project goes ahead and I for one would be popping champagne bottles if it weren’t a weeknight.